The Info List - Timeline Of Scientology

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This is a TIMELINE OF SCIENTOLOGY, particularly its foundation and development by author L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard


* 1 1938 * 2 1949

* 3 1950s

* 3.1 1950 * 3.2 1951 * 3.3 1952 * 3.4 1952 * 3.5 1953 * 3.6 1954 * 3.7 1955 * 3.8 1956 * 3.9 1959

* 4 1960s

* 4.1 1963 * 4.2 1965 * 4.3 1966 * 4.4 1967 * 4.5 1968 * 4.6 1969

* 5 1970s

* 5.1 1970 * 5.2 1971 * 5.3 1975 * 5.4 1977 * 5.5 1979

* 6 1980s

* 6.1 1980 * 6.2 1982 * 6.3 1983 * 6.4 1985 * 6.5 1986

* 7 1990s

* 7.1 1991 * 7.2 1992 * 7.3 1993 * 7.4 1994 * 7.5 1995 * 7.6 1996 * 7.7 1997 * 7.8 1998 * 7.9 1999

* 8 2000s

* 8.1 2000 * 8.2 2002 * 8.3 2003 * 8.4 2004 * 8.5 2005 * 8.6 2006 * 8.7 2007 * 8.8 2008 * 8.9 2009

* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links


* L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard
authors a manuscript called "Excalibur " which contains ideas that were later incorporated into Scientology.


* First published work on Dianetics
appeared in the Winter/Spring issue of the Explorers Club Journal entitled "Terra Incognita: The Mind". At this time, he offered his findings on the mind to both the American Medical Association
American Medical Association
and the American Psychiatric Association . Both organizations rejected them.



* On May 9, 1950 L. Ron Hubbard's Dianetics
— The Modern Science of Mental Health was published. * In August 1950, amidst the success of Dianetics, Hubbard held a demonstration in Los Angeles' Shrine Auditorium
Shrine Auditorium
where he presented a young woman called Sonya Bianca (a pseudonym) to a large audience including many reporters and photographers as "the world's first Clear ." However, despite Hubbard's claim that she had "full and perfect recall of every moment of her life", Bianca proved unable to answer questions from the audience testing her memory and analytical abilities, including the question of the color of Hubbard's tie. Hubbard explained Bianca's failure to display her promised powers of recall to the audience by saying that he had used the word "now" in calling her to the stage, and thus inadvertently froze her in "present time", which blocked her abilities. Later, in the late 1950s, Hubbard would claim that several people had reached the state of Clear by the time he presented Bianca as the world's first; these others, Hubbard said, he had successfully cleared in the late 1940s while working incognito in Hollywood posing as a swami . In 1966, Hubbard declared South African Scientologist
John McMaster to be the first true Clear. McMaster left the Sea Org
Sea Org
in November 1969, expressing continuing belief in the Scientology
Tech , but disapproval of the way Scientology
was managed.


* June: Science of Survival was published.


* Early Dianetics
supporter Joseph Winter M.D. breaks with Hubbard, convinced "that it is dangerous for laymen to try to audit each other".


* February: After learning that the Hubbard Dianetic Foundation of Wichita, Kansas
Wichita, Kansas
would be liable for the debts of the defunct Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation of Elizabeth, New Jersey
Elizabeth, New Jersey
, the board of directors, led by Don Purcell, voted to file for voluntary bankruptcy over Hubbard's objections. Hubbard forms a rival Hubbard College, also in Wichita, and disputes control of the copyrights of the Dianetics materials. * May: Hubbard publicly announces the formal establishment of the philosophy of Scientology
and the formation of the Hubbard Association of Scientologists International, demonstrates the E-meter
, and moves to Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
. * July: Scientology: A History of Man published.


* Church of Scientology, Church of American Science and Church of Spiritual Engineering incorporated in Elizabeth, New Jersey
Elizabeth, New Jersey
by L. Ron Hubbard. Co-signatories were Henrietta Hubbard, L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard
Jr. , John Galusha, Verna Greenough and Barbara Bryan. Named as trustees of the Church of Scientology
were L. Ron Hubbard, Mary Sue Hubbard (not present), and John Galusha.


* The Church of Scientology
is incorporated in California and Arizona. * The Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service
grants a tax exemption to the Church of Scientology
of California (CSC).


* April: The Hubbard Association of Scientologists International holds the First Australian Scientology
Congress in Prahran, Victoria
Prahran, Victoria
, Australia. * July: The Founding Church of Scientology, now known as the Original Founding Church of Scientology
was organized in Washington, D.C.


* The church is recognized as a tax-exempt religious organization in the United States.


* Hubbard moved to England and bought Saint Hill Manor in Sussex
, from which he would direct international operations and expansion until 1967.



* January 4: The US Food and Drug Administration raided the Original Founding Church of Scientology
and seized approximately 100 of the Church's E-meters as illegal medical devices. The devices are now required to carry a disclaimer saying that they are a purely religious artifact. They are used in a Scientology
counseling technique known as "auditing".


* The Church of Scientology
was banned in several Australian states, starting with Victoria . The ban was based on the Anderson Report , which found that the auditing process involved "command" hypnosis, in which the hypnotist assumes "positive authoritative control" over the patient." * Classification, Gradation and Awareness Chart released in East Grinstead, United Kingdom


* Narconon
founded. * August 1966 - OT I released. * September 1966 - OT II released.


* The IRS strips the Church of Scientology
in California, Scientology's headquarters, of its tax-exempt status, asserting that its activities are commercial and operated for the benefit of Mr. Hubbard, rather than charitable or religious reasons. * OT III is made available to Scientologists. This level of Operating Thetan contains the story of Xenu
, which becomes a source of enormous controversy for Scientology
from the 1990s onward. * The Sea Organization (or Sea Org) officially established. * December 27: The first Advanced Organization, offering the advanced levels of Scientology
to the public, was established aboard the Royal Scotman, the flagship of the Sea Organization. (This ship was later renamed the Apollo.)


* Introduction to Scientology
Ethics is published.


* The U.S. court of appeals recognizes Scientology
as a religion, marking the high point of the case of Scientology
vs. the FDA. * Standard Dianetics
released. * Citizens Commission on Human Rights
Citizens Commission on Human Rights
(CCHR) founded in the United States.



* February 22: Church of Scientology
Celebrity Centre in Los Angeles founded. * Criminon founded. * November: Hubbard begins delivery of Flag Executive Briefing


* The FDA is ordered to return the materials and E-meters seized during the 1963 raid.


* Scientologists buy former Fort Harrison Hotel
Fort Harrison Hotel
and old Bank of Clearwater. * Scientology
is recognized as a non-profit organization in South Africa, despite the 1972 report of a formal government Commission of Inquiry that recommended otherwise.


* Various locations of the Church of Scientology
are raided by the FBI


* As a result of FBI
raids, eleven senior people in the church's Guardian\'s Office were convicted of obstructing justice, burglary of government offices, and theft of documents and government property. (See Operation Snow White
Operation Snow White
) * December: An estimated 3,000 gather at Clearwater City Hall to protest the church coming to Clearwater. Across the street, Scientologists stage a counter rally, dressed as clowns and wearing animal costumes.


Center in New York City


* Acquisition of the former White Rats Club building at 227 West 46th in the Broadway Theater District
Theater District
in New York City. The building was built in 1912 and the church acquired it from the Seventh-day Adventist Church .


* Clearwater's government holds hearings to explore allegations that the church is a cult.


* The High Court of Australia
High Court of Australia
overturns the Scientology
ban, declaring that "The applicant has easily discharged the onus of showing that it is religious. The conclusion that it is a religious institution entitled to the tax exemption is irresistible." * The Church of Scientology
of Toronto is raided. (See R. v. Church of Scientology
of Toronto )


* The Church of Scientology
acquires yacht " Bohème " and renames it to " Freewinds


* January 24: Hubbard dies at his ranch near San Luis Obispo, California . * David Miscavige
David Miscavige
, Chairman of the Board of the Author Services Inc. , becomes head.



* After the completion of a 4-year long program to reissue the books and courses of Dianetics
and Scientology, a general amnesty is declared for members.


* June: The Church of Scientology
is found guilty on two counts of breach of the public trust in Ontario
, Canada in R. v. Church of Scientology
of Toronto and fined $250,000. Seven members are also convicted.


* December: The Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service
of the United States grants full religious recognition and tax exemption to all Scientology Churches, missions and social betterment groups in that country.


* December 24: a number of Scientology's confidential Operating Thetan documents are published on the newsgroup alt.religion.scientology through an anonymous remailer . This marks the beginning of Scientology's online activities, often referred to as Scientology
versus the Internet .


* July 20: The Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
upholds the largest libel award in Canadian history against the Church of Scientology. (See Hill v. Church of Scientology
of Toronto ) * December 5: Lisa McPherson
Lisa McPherson
, a 36-year-old Scientologist
dies after 17 days under the care of Church of Scientology
Flag Service Organization . Police begin an investigation the following day.


* The Church releases the Golden Age of Tech program with the express goal of improving and speeding up the training of its practitioners.


* February: McPherson's family files a wrongful-death lawsuit against the church. * The Church of Scientology, operating as the Greek Center of Applied Philosophy, is ordered closed in Greece. Decision upheld in 1998.


* November: After reviewing the McPherson case for 11 months, State Attorney Bernie McCabe charges the Church of Scientology
with two felonies: practicing medicine without a license and abuse of a disabled adult. Also, the church begins construction of the Flag Building , launching a $160-million construction project in downtown Clearwater, Florida.


* The Charity Commission for England and Wales
Charity Commission for England and Wales
denies the Church of Scientology's application for charitable status, ruling that it is not a religion and that there is no established "public benefit arising out of the practice of Scientology". The Church does not appeal the decision. * November: The government of Sweden declares that the Church of Scientology
is a charitable, non-profit organization with a religious purpose. A year later, the Church's ministers are granted the right to perform marriages, completing official recognition as a church in Sweden. * Bob Minton , a banker critical of Scientology, starts a protest organization called the Lisa McPherson
Lisa McPherson
Trust . The organization picketed Scientology
buildings on the anniversary of McPherson's death. The group was disbanded in November 2001.



* March: The Italian Supreme Court upholds Scientology's religious status in Italy while reaffirming that Narconon
is a non-tax-exempt for-profit business. * Scientology
ministers are granted the right to perform marriages in South Africa. * In the United Kingdom, the Church of Scientology
is exempted from value added tax on the basis that it is a not-for-profit body. * June: McCabe drops the criminal case against the church, noting that the medical examiner's change of opinion about the cause of McPherson's death undercuts the prosecution's effort to prove the criminal case beyond a reasonable doubt.


* The government of New Zealand issues an official decree fully recognizing the Church of Scientology
of New Zealand as an exempt religious and charitable organization.

* The Austrian tax office concludes that the work of the Church of Scientology
in Vienna
is for the public benefit rather than anyone's personal profit, and grants that church tax-exempt status as a charitable religious organization. * July: A Paris judge rules that a 13-year-old case against the Church of Scientology
alleging fraud and illegal practice of medicine cannot go to trial, due to lack of progress in the investigation. The judge rules that the statute of limitations has expired.


* March: The National Ministry of the Interior for Taiwan
recognizes the Church of Scientology
of Taiwan
as a charitable religious institution, officially adding it to the rolls of the country's recognized religions.


* May: The church and the estate of Lisa McPherson
Lisa McPherson
reach a private settlement.


* The U.S. Department of State's 2005 Report on International Religious Freedom announces that the Church of Scientology
has been registered as a religious group by the Kyrgyzstan
State Commission on Religious Affairs. * David Miscavige
David Miscavige
announces the Golden Age of Knowledge, a Church program intended to make all Scientology
materials available. It starts with the release of 18 congresses.


* Scientology
applies for status as a religious confessional community in Austria, but later withdraws its application.


* In the next major step of the Golden Age of Knowledge program, 18 revised books and 11 lecture series are released. * April: the European Court of Human Rights
European Court of Human Rights
rules against Russia for repeatedly refusing to consider the Moscow Church of Scientology's application for the status of a legally valid religious association. The court finds that the reasons given to deny re-registration of the church by the justice department and endorsed by the Moscow courts have no legal basis. * A Belgian state prosecutor recommends that a case should be brought against 12 physical persons associated with Scientology
and two legal entities – the Belgian Church of Scientology
and Scientology's Office of Human Rights – on counts of extortion, fraud, organized crime, obstruction of medical practice, illegal medical practice, invasion of privacy, conspiracy and commercial infractions like abusive contractual clauses. The proposal is referred to an administrative court who is to decide at a later date whether charges will be brought. * October 31: Scientology
is formally recognized as a religion in Spain

* November: Scientology
is officially recognized as a religion in Portugal. * December 3: South Africa grants the Church tax exemption and issues a certificate recognizing it as a "Public Benefit Organisation". * December 7: German federal and state interior ministers formally express the view that the Scientology
organization continues to pursue anti-constitutional goals and ask Germany's domestic intelligence agencies to collect and evaluate the necessary information that would be required for a possible judicial inquiry aimed at banning the organization. The move is criticized by politicians from all parts of the political spectrum, with legal experts expressing concern that an attempt to ban the organization would most likely fail in the courts. This view is echoed by the German intelligence agencies, who warn that a ban would be doomed to fail.


* Internet-based group Anonymous launches Project Chanology
Project Chanology
, a worldwide protest against the Church of Scientology, which drew about 7,000 people in more than 93 cities on February 10, 2008.

* November: Germany drops its attempt to ban Scientology, after finding insufficient evidence of illegal or unconstitutional activity. However, monitoring of Scientology's activities by the German intelligence services continues.


* Scientologists convicted of fraud in France on October 27, 2009.


* History of Dianetics
* Tax status of Scientology
in the United States


* ^ Chryssides, George D. (1999). Exploring new religions. London: Cassell. p. 281. ISBN 0-8264-5959-5 . * ^ Eisenberg, Ellen (June 1969). "The Dangerous New Cult of Scientology". Parents Magazine . * ^ "Of Two Minds". TIME Magazine . 1950-07-24. Retrieved 2008-10-02. * ^ Miller, Russell (1987). Bare-Faced Messiah: The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard. ISBN 0-8050-0654-0 . * ^ A B Atack, Jon (1990). A Piece of Blue Sky: Scientology, Dianetics
and L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard
Exposed. ISBN 0-8184-0499-X . * ^ Hubbard, L. Ron (October 1958). The Story of Dianetics
and Scientology, Lecture 18 (Speech). by 1947, I had achieved clearing. * ^ Levy, Alan (1968-11-15). "Scientology". Life. * ^ Michener, Wendy (1966-08-22). "Is This the Happiest Man in the World?". Maclean's. * ^ "Departure in Dianetics". TIME Magazine . 1951-09-03. Retrieved 2008-10-14. * ^ Miller, Russell Bare-faced messiah: The true story of L. Ron Hubbard, publisher M. Joseph (1987) ISBN 0-7181-2764-1 * ^ "Remember Venus?". TIME Magazine . 1952-12-22. Retrieved 2008-10-02. * ^ "Advertising.". Healesville Guardian . Lilydale, Vic. 18 March 1955. p. 3. Retrieved 13 August 2013 – via National Library of Australia. * ^ Banville, Jule (2007-09-11). "The L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard
House: Get There Before Travolta". Washington City Paper
Washington City Paper
. Retrieved 2009-04-03. * ^ A B C D E F G H Davis, Derek H. (2004). "The Church of Scientology: In Pursuit of Legal Recognition" (PDF). Zeitdiagnosen: Religion and Conformity. Münster, Germany: Lit Verlag. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 8, 2010. Retrieved 2008-05-10. * ^ United States of America v. Founding Church of Scientology, 333 F 1–63 (D.C. 1971). * ^ Melton 2000 , p. 14 * ^ Report of the Board of Enquiry into Scientology
by Kevin Victor Anderson, Q.C. Published 1965 by the State of Victoria, Australia, p. 155 * ^ Lewis, J. (2017). Lewis, James R.; Hellesoy, Kjersti, eds. Handbook of Scientology. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Brill. ISBN 9789004330542 . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Lewis, J. (2017). Lewis, James R.; Hellesoy, Kjersti, eds. Handbook of Scientology. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Brill. ISBN 9789004330542 . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ A B ’’Handbook of Scientology, Brill, James R. Lewis, ed., 2017 * ^ Hankins, Barry; Davis, Derek Russell (2003). New Religious Movements and Religious Liberty in America. Waco, Tex: Baylor University Press. p. 46. ISBN 0-918954-92-4 . * ^ A B "Cults". Retrieved March 1, 2015. * ^ Lewis, J. (2017). Lewis, James R.; Hellesoy, Kjersti, eds. Handbook of Scientology. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Brill. ISBN 9789004330542 . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Lewis, J. (2017). Lewis, James R.; Hellesoy, Kjersti, eds. Handbook of Scientology. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Brill. ISBN 9789004330542 . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Lewis, J. (2017). Lewis, James R.; Hellesoy, Kjersti, eds. Handbook of Scientology. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Brill. ISBN 9789004330542 . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Lewis, J. (2017). Lewis, James R.; Hellesoy, Kjersti, eds. Handbook of Scientology. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Brill. ISBN 9789004330542 . access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Scientology: A Religion in South Africa by David Chidester, University of Cape Town, South Africa Archived May 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ A B Welkos, Robert W.; Sappell, Joel (1990-06-24). "Burglaries and Lies Paved a Path to Prison". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved 2008-10-02. * ^ Kennedy, Shawn G. (1987-03-01). "Q And A". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-25. * ^ "Scientology: The 1982 Clearwater Hearings". Retrieved March 1, 2015. * ^ "1982 Clearwater commission Hearings". Retrieved March 1, 2015.

* ^ St. Petersburg Times: Special
Report on Scientology
Archived January 24, 2016, at the Wayback Machine .> * ^ High Court of Australia
High Court of Australia
CHURCH OF THE NEW FAITH v. COMMISSIONER OF PAY-ROLL TAX (VICT.) 1983 154 CLR 120 * ^ Reynolds, W. Richard (1991-04-23). " Scientology
church on trial in Canada". St. Petersburg Times . Retrieved 2008-10-03. * ^ "L. Ron Hubbard, Church of Scientology
founder, dies". Seattle Post-Intelligencer . 1986-01-28. Retrieved 2008-10-03. * ^ Claridge, Thomas (1992-09-12). "Church of Scientology
fined $250,000 for espionage". Globe and Mail
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. * ^ 1994 IRS letter to German government minister * ^ Post, David (1996-04-01). "New World War". Reason Magazine . Retrieved 2008-10-14. * ^ Full text of Supreme Court of Canada
Supreme Court of Canada
decision at LexUM and CanLII * ^ Frantz, Douglas (1 December 1997). "DISTRUST IN CLEARWATER -- A special report.; Death of a Scientologist
Heightens Suspicions in a Florida Town". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 February 2015. * ^ Waldrip, Cheryl (20 February 1997). "Suit accuses Scientologists of negligence in death". Tampa Tribune. Retrieved 17 February 2015. (subscription required) * ^ Morgan, Lucy (1999-03-29). "Abroad: Critics public and private keep pressure on Scientology". St. Petersburg Times . Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2006. * ^ http://www.tampabay.com/news/humaninterest/church-of-scientology-sets-opening-of-long-delayed-flag-building-in/2136935 * ^ A B Harry Wallop: Scientology
tax victory could cost Revenue millions, Daily Telegraph
Daily Telegraph
, Aug. 11, 2006 * ^ A B U.S. Department of State – 2007 Report on International Religious Freedom: United Kingdom * ^ "Decision of the Charity Commissioners for England and Wales" (PDF). Charity Commission . 1999-11-17. Retrieved 2006-07-06. (PDF) * ^ O'Neil, Deborah (7 July 2002). "How Scientology
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gets tax-exempt status". New Zealand Herald
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. 2002-12-27. Retrieved 2007-08-01. the IRD said the church was a charitable organisation dedicated to the advancement of religion * ^ U.S. Department of State – 2003 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Austria * ^ A B Staff (July 31, 2002). "FRANCE Statute of limitations nixes case against Church of Scientology". The Salt Lake Tribune
The Salt Lake Tribune
. . * ^ Farley, Robert (May 29, 2004). "Scientologists settle death suit". St. Petersburg Times . Retrieved April 7, 2009. * ^ "Kyrgyzstan". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved March 1, 2015. * ^ http://www.scientologynews.org/david-miscavige/a-renaissance-for-scientology.html * ^ "Austria". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved March 1, 2015. * ^ http://www.tampabay.com/news/scientology/pervasive-pitch-scientology-book-and-lecture-series-the-basics-unleashes-a/1201177 * ^ "HUDOC Search Page". Retrieved March 1, 2015. * ^ Independent Newspapers Online. "Scientologists 1, Russia 0". Independent Online. Retrieved March 1, 2015. * ^ A B "Church of Scientology
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can be listed as a religion". AFP. November 1, 2007. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. * ^ "La Audiencia Nacional reconoce a la Cienciología como iglesia". El País. November 1, 2007. (in Spanish) * ^ "Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Portugal". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved March 1, 2015. * ^ SA Church of Scientology
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– Zweifel an Verbotsplänen, article in Tagesspiegel , 2007-12-8 (in German) * ^ Sammlung der zur Veröffentlichung freigegebenen Beschlüsse der 185. Sitzung der Ständigen Konferenz der Innenminister und -senatoren der Länder am 7. Dezember 2007 in Berlin (in German) * ^ Innenminister fordern Verbot von Scientology, article in Die Welt , 2007-12-8 (in German) * ^ "Lack of Evidence: Agencies Warn Scientology
Ban Doomed to Fail". Der Spiegel