Thiès (pronounced chess in Noon language) is the third largest city
Senegal with a population officially estimated at 320,000 in 2005.
It lies 72 km east of
Dakar on the N2 road and at the junction of
railway lines to Dakar,
Bamako and St-Louis. It is the capital of
Thiès Region and is a major industrial city.
5 International relations
5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
6 See also
8 External links
Before colonization, the
Thiès Plateau was a wooded frontier between
the kingdoms of
Baol inhabited by the Serer-Noon, an ethnic
sub-group of the Serer people. The
Serer-Noon still inhabit the
Thiès-Noon neighborhood of the south-west city today. They speak the
Noon language, one of the Cangin languages.
The plateau acquired strategic importance when the French embarked
upon an expansionist colonial policy. A military post was created in
1864 and the military have marked the city’s development ever since;
it is home to a major military base.
At first a simple rail stop, or "escale", on the Dakar-Saint Louis
line (completed in 1885)
Thiès became a rail junction with the
Dakar-Niger line (built 1906-1923). The national network of paved
roads created after World War II likewise converged on
Thiès (the N3
road joins the N2 road in the town), which thus commands nearly all
access to the
Dakar and Rufisque).
The railways brought commercial development and migrant laborers,
including Bambara from eastern regions of
Senegal and from Mali. The
rail workers of
Thiès played a key role in the immergence of
Senegal’s labor movement. Their strikes in 1937 and again in 1947-48
also marked the development of the independence movement across French
Thiès is best known for its tapestry-making industry, an exclusive
factory having been set up in 1966, producing work designed by
Senegal’s top artists. The famous Birds of Paradise tapestry was
manufactured in Thiès. The city also contains a polytechnic school,
the University of Thiès.
As the transportation hub of a productive agricultural hinterland:
rice, peanuts, manioc, millet, and fruit, the city is a leading
livestock-trading and meat-packing center. It has rail yards and
repair shops, and alumina phosphate deposits are worked at nearby Palo
Dial and Taïba.
Thiès is developing increasingly as an extension of the
Cap-Vert Peninsula. It is attracting industrial investments
(electrical and mechanical engineering) and there are plans to link it
Dakar by highway and commuter train.
Other attractions in
Thiès include a museum, an artisanal and crafts
village and a few remains of old fortifications.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2015)
École Française Docteur René Guillet, a French international
school, is located in Thiès. Malick Sy high school is the largest
school in the city and one of the biggest of Senegal. Many Senegalese
politicians were trained in this school which also produced many
laureates of the Senegalese General Contest.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Senegal
Twin towns – Sister cities
Thiès is twinned with:
Railway stations in Senegal
Students without Borders: Afrique 2007
^ Home page. École Française Docteur René Guillet. Retrieved on 3
^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation
pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales
(Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the
original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-12-26.
Much of this article was translated from French's fr:Thiès.
Thiès public services
(in French) Site of the Mayor of Thiès
(in French) Thiesinfo, Local newspaper webportal[permanent dead link]
(in French) Situation économique et sociale (For year 2004) (Local
government, Service régional de Thiès, September 2005)
Coordinates: 14°47′N 16°55′W / 14.783°N 16.917°W