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THIèS (pronounced chess in Noon language , French pronunciation: ​ ) is the third largest city in Senegal
Senegal
with a population officially estimated at 320,000 in 2005. It lies 72 km east of Dakar
Dakar
on the N2 road and at the junction of railway lines to Dakar
Dakar
, Bamako and St-Louis . It is the capital of Thiès Region
Thiès Region
and is a major industrial city.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Transport * 3 Economy * 4 Education

* 5 International relations

* 5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

Before colonization , the Thiès
Thiès
Plateau was a wooded frontier between the kingdoms of Cayor
Cayor
and Baol
Baol
inhabited by the Serer-Noon , an ethnic sub-group of the Serer people . The Serer-Noon still inhabit the Thiès-Noon neighborhood of the south-west city today. They speak the Noon language , one of the Cangin languages
Cangin languages
.

The plateau acquired strategic importance when the French embarked upon an expansionist colonial policy. A military post was created in 1864 and the military have marked the city’s development ever since; it is home to a major military base.

TRANSPORT

At first a simple rail stop, or "escale", on the Dakar-Saint Louis line (completed in 1885) Thiès
Thiès
became a rail junction with the Dakar-Niger line (built 1906-1923). The national network of paved roads created after World War II likewise converged on Thiès
Thiès
(the N3 road joins the N2 road in the town), which thus commands nearly all access to the Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
Peninsula
Peninsula
( Dakar
Dakar
and Rufisque ).

The railways brought commercial development and migrant laborers, including Bambara from eastern regions of Senegal
Senegal
and from Mali
Mali
. The rail workers of Thiès
Thiès
played a key role in the immergence of Senegal’s labor movement . Their strikes in 1937 and again in 1947-48 also marked the development of the independence movement across French West Africa
French West Africa
.

ECONOMY

View of Thiès
Thiès
Market.

Thiès
Thiès
is best known for its tapestry -making industry, an exclusive factory having been set up in 1966, producing work designed by Senegal’s top artists. The famous Birds of Paradise tapestry was manufactured in Thiès. The city also contains a polytechnic school, the University of Thiès
Thiès
.

As the transportation hub of a productive agricultural hinterland: rice , peanuts , manioc , millet , and fruit , the city is a leading livestock -trading and meat -packing center. It has rail yards and repair shops, and alumina phosphate deposits are worked at nearby Palo Dial and Taïba .

Today, Thiès
Thiès
is developing increasingly as an extension of the congested Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
Peninsula. It is attracting industrial investments (electrical and mechanical engineering) and there are plans to link it to Dakar
Dakar
by highway and commuter train.

Other attractions in Thiès
Thiès
include a museum , an artisanal and crafts village and a few remains of old fortifications .

EDUCATION

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (May 2015)

École Française Docteur René Guillet , a French international school, is located in Thiès. Malick Sy high school is the largest school in the city and one of the biggest of Senegal. Many Senegalese politicians were trained in this school which also produced many laureates of the Senegalese General Contest.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Senegal
Senegal

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

Thiès
Thiès
is twinned with:

* Caen
Caen
, France
France
* Sousse
Sousse
, Tunisia
Tunisia
* Solingen
Solingen
, Germany
Germany

SEE ALSO

* Railway stations in Senegal