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Thetis
Thetis
(/ˈθɛtɪs/; Greek: Θέτις [tʰétis]), is encountered in Greek mythology
Greek mythology
mostly as a sea nymph or known as the goddess of water, one of the 50 Nereids, daughters of the ancient sea god Nereus.[1] When described as a Nereid
Nereid
in Classical myths, Thetis
Thetis
was the daughter of Nereus
Nereus
and Doris,[2] and a granddaughter of Tethys with whom she sometimes shares characteristics. Often she seems to lead the Nereids as they attend to her tasks. Sometimes she also is identified with Metis. Some sources argue that she was one of the earliest of deities worshipped in Archaic Greece, the oral traditions and records of which are lost. Only one written record, a fragment, exists attesting to her worship and an early Alcman
Alcman
hymn exists that identifies Thetis
Thetis
as the creator of the universe. Worship of Thetis
Thetis
as the goddess is documented to have persisted in some regions by historical writers such as Pausanias. In the Trojan War
Trojan War
cycle of myth, the wedding of Thetis
Thetis
and the Greek hero Peleus
Peleus
is one of the precipitating events in the war which also led to the birth of their child Achilles.

Contents

1 Thetis
Thetis
as goddess 2 Mythology

2.1 Thetis
Thetis
and the other deities 2.2 Marriage to Peleus 2.3 The Iliad
Iliad
and the Trojan War

3 Thetis
Thetis
worship in Laconia
Laconia
and other places 4 Thetis
Thetis
in other works 5 Gallery

5.1 Thetis, Peleus
Peleus
and Zeus 5.2 Wedding of Peleus
Peleus
and Thetis 5.3 Thetis
Thetis
and Achilles

6 Notes 7 External links

Thetis
Thetis
as goddess[edit] Most extant material about Thetis
Thetis
concerns her role as mother of Achilles, but there is some evidence that as the sea-goddess she played a more central role in the religious beliefs and practices of Archaic Greece. The pre-modern etymology of her name, from tithemi (τίθημι), "to set up, establish," suggests a perception among Classical Greeks of an early political role. Walter Burkert[3] considers her name a transformed doublet of Tethys. In Iliad
Iliad
I, Achilles
Achilles
recalls to his mother her role in defending, and thus legitimizing, the reign of Zeus
Zeus
against an incipient rebellion by three Olympians, each of whom has pre-Olympian roots:

You alone of all the gods saved Zeus
Zeus
the Darkener of the Skies from an inglorious fate, when some of the other Olympians—Hera, Poseidon, and Pallas Athene—had plotted to throw him into chains... You, goddess, went and saved him from that indignity. You quickly summoned to high Olympus the monster of the hundred arms whom the gods call Briareus, but mankind Aegaeon,[4] a giant more powerful even than his father. He squatted by the Son of Cronos with such a show of force that the blessed gods slunk off in terror, leaving Zeus
Zeus
free

E.V. Rieu translation

Quintus of Smyrna, recalling this passage, does write that Thetis
Thetis
once released Zeus
Zeus
from chains; but there is no other reference to this rebellion among the Olympians, and some readers, such as M. M. Willcock,[5] have understood the episode as an ad hoc invention of Homer's to support Achilles' request that his mother intervene with Zeus. Laura Slatkin explores the apparent contradiction, in that the immediate presentation of Thetis
Thetis
in the Iliad
Iliad
is as a helpless minor goddess overcome by grief and lamenting to her Nereid
Nereid
sisters, and links the goddess's present and past through her grief.[6] She draws comparisons with Eos' role in another work of the epic Cycle concerning Troy, the lost Aethiopis,[7] which presents a strikingly similar relationship—that of the divine Dawn, Eos, with her slain son Memnon; she supplements the parallels with images from the repertory of archaic vase-painters, where Eos
Eos
and Thetis
Thetis
flank the symmetrically opposed heroes, Achilles
Achilles
and Memnon, with a theme that may have been derived from traditional epic songs.[8] Thetis
Thetis
does not need to appeal to Zeus
Zeus
for immortality for her son, but snatches him away to the White Island Leuke in the Black Sea, an alternate Elysium[9] where he has transcended death, and where an Achilles
Achilles
cult lingered into historic times. Mythology[edit] Thetis
Thetis
and the other deities[edit]

Immortal Thetis
Thetis
with the mortal Peleus
Peleus
in the foreground, Boeotian black-figure dish, c. 500–475 BC - Louvre.

Pseudo-Apollodorus' Bibliotheke asserts that Thetis
Thetis
was courted by both Zeus
Zeus
and Poseidon, but she was married off to the mortal Peleus because of their fears about the prophecy by Themis[10] (or Prometheus, or Calchas, according to others) that her son would become greater than his father. Thus, she is revealed as a figure of cosmic capacity, quite capable of unsettling the divine order. (Slatkin 1986:12) When Hephaestus
Hephaestus
was thrown from Olympus, whether cast out by Hera
Hera
for his lameness or evicted by Zeus
Zeus
for taking Hera's side, the Oceanid Eurynome and the Nereid
Nereid
Thetis
Thetis
caught him and cared for him on the volcanic isle of Lemnos, while he labored for them as a smith, "working there in the hollow of the cave, and the stream of Okeanos around us went on forever with its foam and its murmur" (Iliad 18.369). Thetis
Thetis
is not successful in her role protecting and nurturing a hero (the theme of kourotrophos), but her role in succoring deities is emphatically repeated by Homer, in three Iliad
Iliad
episodes: as well as her rescue of Zeus
Zeus
(1.396ff) and Hephaestus
Hephaestus
(18.369), Diomedes recalls that when Dionysus
Dionysus
was expelled by Lycurgus with the Olympians' aid, he took refuge in the Erythraean Sea with Thetis
Thetis
in a bed of seaweed (6.123ff). These accounts associate Thetis
Thetis
with "a divine past—uninvolved with human events—with a level of divine invulnerability extraordinary by Olympian standards. Where within the framework of the Iliad
Iliad
the ultimate recourse is to Zeus
Zeus
for protection, here the poem seems to point to an alternative structure of cosmic relations"[11] Marriage to Peleus[edit]

Thetis
Thetis
changing into a lioness as she is attacked by Peleus, Attic red-figured kylix by Douris, c. 490 BC from Vulci, Etruria - Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Bibliothèque Nationale de France
in Paris.

Main article: Judgement of Paris Zeus
Zeus
had received a prophecy that Thetis's son would become greater than his father, as Zeus
Zeus
had dethroned his father to lead the succeeding pantheon. In order to ensure a mortal father for her eventual offspring, Zeus
Zeus
and his brother Poseidon
Poseidon
made arrangements for her to marry a human, Peleus, son of Aeacus, but she refused him. Proteus, an early sea-god, advised Peleus
Peleus
to find the sea nymph when she was asleep and bind her tightly to keep her from escaping by changing forms. She did shift shapes, becoming flame, water, a raging lioness, and a serpent.[12] Peleus
Peleus
held fast. Subdued, she then consented to marry him. Thetis
Thetis
is the mother of Achilles
Achilles
by Peleus, who became king of the Myrmidons. According to classical mythology, the wedding of Thetis
Thetis
and Peleus
Peleus
was celebrated on Mount Pelion, outside the cave of Chiron, and attended by the deities: there they celebrated the marriage with feasting. Apollo
Apollo
played the lyre and the Muses
Muses
sang, Pindar
Pindar
claimed. At the wedding Chiron
Chiron
gave Peleus
Peleus
an ashen spear that had been polished by Athene and had a blade forged by Hephaestus. While the Olympian goddesses brought him gifts: from Aphrodite, a bowl with an embossed Eros, from Hera
Hera
a chlamys while from Athena
Athena
a flute. His father-in-law Nereus
Nereus
endowed him a basket of the salt called 'divine', which has an irresistible virtue for overeating, appetite and digestion, explaining the expression '...she poured the divine salt'. Zeus
Zeus
then bestowed the wings of Arce to the newly-wed couple which was later given by Thetis to his son, Achilles. Furthermore, the god of the sea, Poseidon
Poseidon
gave Peleus
Peleus
the immortal horses, Balius
Balius
and Xanthus.[13] Eris, the goddess of discord, had not been invited, however. She threw, in spite, a golden apple into the midst of the goddesses that was to be awarded only "to the fairest." In most interpretations, the award was made during the Judgement of Paris
Judgement of Paris
and eventually occasioned the Trojan War.

Thetis
Thetis
dips Achilles
Achilles
in the Styx
Styx
by Peter Paul Rubens (between 1630 and 1635)

In the later classical myths Thetis
Thetis
worked her magic on the baby Achilles
Achilles
by night, burning away his mortality in the hall fire and anointing the child with ambrosia during the day, Apollonius tells. When Peleus
Peleus
caught her searing the baby, he let out a cry.

" Thetis
Thetis
heard him, and catching up the child threw him screaming to the ground, and she like a breath of wind passed swiftly from the hall as a dream and leapt into the sea, exceeding angry, and thereafter returned never again."

In a variant of the myth, Thetis
Thetis
tried to make Achilles
Achilles
invulnerable by dipping him in the waters of the Styx
Styx
(the river of Hades). However, the heel by which she held him was not touched by the Styx's waters, and failed to be protected. In the story of Achilles
Achilles
in the Trojan War
Trojan War
in the Iliad, Homer
Homer
does not mention this weakness of Achilles' heel. A similar myth of immortalizing a child in fire is connected to Demeter
Demeter
(compare the myth of Meleager). Some myths relate that because she had been interrupted by Peleus, Thetis
Thetis
had not made her son physically invulnerable. His heel, which she was about to burn away when her husband stopped her, had not been protected. Peleus
Peleus
gave the boy to Chiron
Chiron
to raise. Prophecy said that the son of Thetis
Thetis
would have either a long but dull life, or a glorious but brief one. When the Trojan War
Trojan War
broke out, Thetis
Thetis
was anxious and concealed Achilles, disguised as a girl, at the court of Lycomedes. When Odysseus found that one of the girls at court was not a girl, he came up with a plan. Raising an alarm that they were under attack, Odysseus knew that the young Achilles
Achilles
would instinctively run for his weapons and armour, thereby revealing himself. Seeing that she could no longer prevent her son from realizing his destiny, Thetis
Thetis
then had Hephaestus make a shield and armor. The Iliad
Iliad
and the Trojan War[edit]

Thetis
Thetis
and attendants bring armor she had prepared for him to Achilles, an Attic black-figure hydria, c. 575–550 BC, Louvre.

Thetis
Thetis
played a key part in the events of the Trojan War. Beyond the fact that the Judgement of Paris, which essentially kicked off the war, occurred at her wedding, Thetis
Thetis
influenced the actions of the Olympians and her son, Achilles.

Jupiter and Thetis, Ingres: "She sank to the ground beside him, put her left arm round his knees, raised her right hand to touch his chin, and so made her petition to the Royal Son of Cronos" (Iliad, I.)

Nine years after the beginning of the Trojan War, the Iliad
Iliad
starts with Agamemnon, the King of the Achaeans, and Achilles, son of Thetis, arguing over Briseis, a war prize of Achilles. After initially refusing, Achilles
Achilles
relents and gives Briseis to Agamemnon. However, Achilles
Achilles
feels disrespect for having to give up Briseis and prays to Thetis, his mother, for restitution of his lost honor.[14] She urges Achilles
Achilles
to wait until she speaks with Zeus
Zeus
to rejoin the fighting, and Achilles
Achilles
listens.[15] When she finally speaks to Zeus, Thetis convinces him to do as she bids, and he seals his agreement with her by bowing his head, the strongest oath that he can make.[16] Following the death of Patroclus, who wore Achilles' armor in the fighting, Thetis
Thetis
comes to Achilles
Achilles
to console him in his grief. She vows to return to him with armor forged by Hephaestus, the blacksmith of the gods, and tells him not to arm himself for battle until he sees her coming back. While Thetis
Thetis
is gone, Achilles
Achilles
is visited by Iris, the messenger of the gods, sent by Hera, who tells him to rejoin the fighting. He refuses, however, citing his mother's words and his promise to her to wait for her return.[17] Thetis, meanwhile, speaks with Hephaestus
Hephaestus
and begs him to make Achilles
Achilles
armor, which he does. First, he makes for Achilles
Achilles
a splendid shield, and having finished it, makes a breastplate, a helmet, and greaves.[18] When Thetis
Thetis
goes back to Achilles
Achilles
to deliver his new armor, she finds him still upset over Patroclus. Achilles
Achilles
fears that while he is off fighting the Trojans, Patroclus' body will decay and rot. Thetis, however, reassures him and places ambrosia and nectar in Patroclus' nose in order to protect his body against decay.[19] After Achilles
Achilles
uses his new armor to defeat Hector
Hector
in battle, he keeps Hector's body to mutilate and humiliate. However, after nine days, the gods call Thetis
Thetis
to Olympus and tell her that she must go to Achilles and pass him a message, that the gods are angry that Hector's body has not been returned. She does as she is bid, and convinces Achilles
Achilles
to return the body for ransom, thus avoiding the wrath of the gods.[20] Thetis
Thetis
worship in Laconia
Laconia
and other places[edit]

Thetis
Thetis
and the Nereids mourning Achilles, Corinthian black-figure hydria, 560–550 BC; note the Gorgon
Gorgon
shield, Louvre

A noted exception to the general observation resulting from the existing historical records, that Thetis
Thetis
was not venerated as a goddess by cult, was in conservative Laconia, where Pausanias was informed that there had been priestesses of Thetis
Thetis
in archaic times, when a cult that was centered on a wooden cult image of Thetis
Thetis
(a xoanon), which preceded the building of the oldest temple; by the intervention of a highly placed woman, her cult had been re-founded with a temple; and in the second century AD she still was being worshipped with utmost reverence. The Lacedaemonians were at war with the Messenians, who had revolted, and their king Anaxander, having invaded Messenia, took as prisoners certain women, and among them Cleo, priestess of Thetis. The wife of Anaxander asked for this Cleo from her husband, and discovering that she had the wooden image of Thetis, she set up the woman Cleo in a temple for the goddess. This Leandris did because of a vision in a dream, but the wooden image of Thetis
Thetis
is guarded in secret.[21] In one fragmentary hymn [22] by the seventh century Spartan poet, Alcman, Thetis
Thetis
appears as a demiurge, beginning her creation with poros (πόρος) "path, track" and tekmor (τέκμωρ) "marker, end-post". Third was skotos (σκότος) "darkness", and then the sun and moon. A close connection has been argued between Thetis
Thetis
and Metis, another shape-shifting sea-power later beloved by Zeus
Zeus
but prophesied bound to produce a son greater than his father because of her great strength.[23] Herodotus[24] noted that the Persians sacrificed to "Thetis" at Cape Sepias. By the process of interpretatio graeca, Herodotus
Herodotus
identifies the deity of another culture as the familiar Hellenic "Thetis" a sea-goddess who was being propitiated by the Persians. Thetis
Thetis
in other works[edit]

Thetis
Thetis
depicted (left) on a CSA $10 bill in 1861-62.

Homer's Iliad
Iliad
makes many references to Thetis. Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica
Argonautica
IV, 770–879. Bibliotheca 3.13.5. WH Auden's poem The Shield of Achilles
Achilles
imagines Thetis's witnessing of the forging of Achilles's shield. In 1981, British actress Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
portrayed Thetis
Thetis
in the Ray Harryhausen film Clash of the Titans (for which she won a Saturn Award). In the film, she acts as the main antagonist to the hero Perseus
Perseus
for the mistreatment of her son Calibos. In 2004, British actress Julie Christie
Julie Christie
portrayed Thetis
Thetis
in the Wolfgang Petersen film Troy. In 2011, American novelist Madeline Miller
Madeline Miller
portrayed Thetis
Thetis
in The Song of Achilles
Achilles
as a harsh and remote deity.

Gallery[edit] Thetis, Peleus
Peleus
and Zeus[edit]

Wedding of Peleus
Peleus
and Thetis[edit]

Thetis
Thetis
and Achilles[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ "NEREUS : Sea-God, the Old Man of the Sea Greek mythology, w/ pictures". Theoi.com. Retrieved 2013-05-04.  ^ Hesiod, Theogony 240 ff.; her mother was Thalassa according to Lucian, Dialog of the Sea Gods, 11, 2. ^ Burkert, The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age, 1993, pp 92-93. ^ The "goatish one" ^ M. M. Willcock, "Ad Hoc Invention in the Iliad," Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 81 (1977), pp. 41-53. ^ Slatkin, "The Wrath of Thetis" Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974)116 (1986), pp 1-24. ^ The summary by Proclus survives. ^ "When Achilles
Achilles
fights with Memnon, the two divine mothers, Thetis and Eos, rush to the scene—this was probably the subject of a pre- Iliad
Iliad
epic song, and it also appears on one of the earliest mythological vase paintings." (Walter Burkert, Greek Religion 1985, p 121. ^ Erwin Rohde
Erwin Rohde
calls the isle of Leuke a sonderelysion in Psyche: Seelen Unsterblickkeitsglaube der Grieche (1898) 3:371, noted by Slatkin 1986:4note. ^ Pindar, Eighth Isthmian Ode. ^ Slatkin 1986:10. ^ Ovid:Metamorphoses xi, 221ff.; Sophocles: Troilus, quoted by scholiast on Pindar's Nemean Odes iii. 35; Apollodorus: iii, 13.5; Pindar: Nemean Odes iv .62; Pausanias: v.18.1 ^ Photius, Bibliotheca 190.46. Translated by John Henry Freese, from the SPCK edition of 1920, now in the public domain, and other brief excerpts from subsequent sections translated by Roger Pearse (from the French translation by Rene Henry, ed. Les Belles Lettres) ^ Lattimore, Richmond (2011). The Iliad
Iliad
of Homer. Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press. pp. 59–70. ISBN 0226470490.  ^ introduction, Homer ; translated by Robert Fagles ;; Knox, notes by Bernard (2001). The Iliad
Iliad
([Repr. with revisions]. ed.). New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books. p. 91. ISBN 0140275363.  ^ introduction, Homer ; translated by Robert Fagles ;; Knox, notes by Bernard (2001). The Iliad
Iliad
([Repr. with revisions]. ed.). New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books. p. 95. ISBN 0140275363.  ^ introduction, Homer ; translated by Robert Fagles ;; Knox, notes by Bernard (2001). The Iliad
Iliad
([Repr. with revisions]. ed.). New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books. pp. 472–474. ISBN 0140275363.  ^ introduction, Homer ; translated by Robert Fagles ;; Knox, notes by Bernard (2001). The Iliad
Iliad
([Repr. with revisions]. ed.). New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books. pp. 480–487. ISBN 0140275363.  ^ introduction, Homer ; translated by Robert Fagles ;; Knox, notes by Bernard (2001). The Iliad
Iliad
([Repr. with revisions]. ed.). New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books. p. 489. ISBN 0140275363.  ^ introduction, Homer ; translated by Robert Fagles ;; Knox, notes by Bernard (2001). The Iliad
Iliad
([Repr. with revisions]. ed.). New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books. pp. 592–593. ISBN 0140275363.  ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 3.14.4–5 ^ The papyrus fragment was found at Oxyrhynchus. ^ M. Detienne and J.-P. Vernant, Les Ruses de l'intelligence: la métis des Grecs (Paris, 1974) pp. 127–64, noted in Slatkin 1986:14note. ^ Herodotus
Herodotus
Histories 6.1.191.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thetis.

Thetis: very full classical references Slatkin: The Power of Thetis: a seminal work freely available in the University of California Press, eScholarship collection.  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Thetis". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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Ancient Greek deities by affiliation

Primordial deities

Achlys Aether Aion/Chronos Ananke Chaos Erebus Eros/Phanes Gaia Hemera Nyx The Ourea Pontus/Thalassa Tartarus Uranus Fates

Atropos Clotho Lachesis

Titan deities

Titanes (male)

Coeus Crius Cronus Hyperion Iapetus Oceanus Ophion

Titanides (female)

Dione Eurybia Mnemosyne Phoebe Rhea Tethys Theia Themis

Hyperionides

Eos Helios Selene

Koionides

Asteria Leto

Krionides

Astraeus Pallas Perses

Iapetionides

Atlas Epimetheus Menoetius Prometheus

Mousai (Muses)

Aoide Arche Melete Mneme

Olympian deities

Dodekatheon

Aphrodite Apollo Ares Artemis Athena Demeter Dionysus Hephaestus Hera Hermes Hestia Poseidon Zeus

Theoi Olympioi

Asclepius Deimos Ganymede Eileithyia Enyo Eris Iris Harmonia Hebe Heracles Paean Pan Phobos

Mousai (Muses)

Daughters of Zeus

Calliope Clio Euterpe Erato Melpomene Polyhymnia Terpsichore Thalia Urania

Daughters of Apollo

Apollonis Borysthenis Cephisso

Muses
Muses
of the Lyre

Hypate Mese Nete

Muses
Muses
at Sicyon

Polymatheia

Charites
Charites
(Graces)

Aglaea Antheia Euphrosyne Hegemone Pasithea Thalia

Horae
Horae
(Hours)

Dike Eirene Eunomia

Styktides

Bia Kratos Nike Zelos

Aquatic deities

Theoi Halioi

Amphitrite Benthesikyme Brizo Calypso Ceto Glaucus The Ichthyocentaurs Kymopoleia Leucothea Melicertes Nereus Nerites The Nesoi Oceanus Phorcys Pontus/Thalassa Poseidon Proteus Rhodos Tethys Thaumas Thetis Triton

Oceanids

Acaste Admete Adrasteia Amalthea Asia Callirrhoe Ceto Clytie Dione Dodone Doris Electra Eurynome Idyia Melia Metis Nemesis Perse Pleione Plouto Styx Telesto Zeuxo

Nereides

Amphitrite Arethusa Dynamene Galatea Galene Psamathe Thetis

Potamoi

Achelous Almo Alpheus Anapos Asopus Asterion Axius Caanthus Cebren Cephissus Clitumnus Enipeus Kladeos Meander Nilus Numicus Phyllis Peneus Rivers of the Underworld

Cocytus Eridanos Lethe Phlegethon Styx

Sangarius Scamander Simoeis Strymon

Naiads

Aegina Achiroe Aganippe The Anigrides Argyra Bistonis Bolbe Caliadne Cassotis Castalia Cleocharia Creusa Daphne Drosera Harpina The Ionides Ismenis Larunda Lilaea Liriope Melite Metope Minthe Moria Nana Nicaea Orseis Pallas Pirene Salmacis Stilbe The Thriae

Corycia Kleodora Melaina

Tiasa

Chthonic deities

Theoi Chthonioi

Angelos Demeter Gaia Hades Hecate The Lampads Macaria Melinoë Persephone Zagreus

Erinyes
Erinyes
(Furies)

Alecto Megaera Tisiphone

Earthborn

Cyclopes Gigantes Hecatonchires Kouretes Meliae Telchines Typhon

Apotheothenai

Trophonius Triptolemus Orpheus Aeacus Minos Rhadamanthus

Personifications

Children of Nyx

Achlys Apate Dolos Eleos Elpis Epiphron Eris Geras Hesperides Hybris Hypnos Ker The Keres The Moirai

Aisa Clotho Lachesis

Momus Moros Oizys The Oneiroi

Epiales Morpheus Phantasos Phobetor

Nemesis Philotes Sophrosyne Thanatos

Children of Eris

Algos Amphillogiai Ate The Androktasiai Dysnomia Horkos Hysminai Lethe Limos Machai Phonoi Ponos Neikea Pseudea Logoi

Children of other gods

Aergia Aidos Alala Aletheia Angelia Arete Bia Caerus The Younger Charites

Eucleia Eupheme Euthenia Philophrosyne

Corus Deimos The Erotes

Anteros Eros Hedylogos Hermaphroditus Hymen

Eupraxia Hedone Homonoia Iacchus Kratos The Litae Homonoia Nike Peitho Phobos Tyche Zelos

Others

Adephagia Alala Alke Amechania Anaideia Alastor Apheleia Aporia The Arae Dikaiosyne Dyssebeia Ekecheiria Eulabeia Eusebeia Gelos Heimarmene Homados Horme Ioke Kakia Kalokagathia Koalemos Kydoimos Lyssa The Maniae Methe Nomos Palioxis Peitharchia Penia Penthus Pepromene Pheme Philotes Phrike Phthonus Pistis Poine Polemos Poros Praxidike Proioxis Prophasis Roma Soter Soteria Techne Thrasos

Other deities

Sky deities

The Anemoi The Astra Planeti

Stilbon Eosphorus Hesperus Pyroeis Phaethon Phaenon

Aura Chione The Hesperides The Hyades Nephele The Pleiades

Alcyone Sterope Celaeno Electra Maia Merope Taygete

Agricultural deities

Aphaea Ariadne Carmanor Demeter Despoina Eunostus Philomelus Plutus

Health deities

Asclepius Aceso Epione Iaso Hygieia Panacea Telesphorus

Rustic deities

Aetna The Alseids The Auloniads Amphictyonis The Anthousai Aristaeus Attis Britomartis The Cabeiri Comus The Dryades

Erato Eurydice The Hamadryades

Chrysopeleia

The Epimeliades Hecaterus Leuce Ma The Maenades The Meliae The Napaeae The Nymphai Hyperboreioi The Oreads

Adrasteia Echo Helike Iynx Nomia Oenone Pitys

The Pegasides Priapus Rhapso Silenus Telete

Others

Acratopotes Adrasteia Agdistis Alexiares and Anicetus Aphroditus Astraea Circe Eiresione Enyalius Harpocrates Ichnaea Palaestra

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 35258385 GN

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