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The Last Metro
The Last Metro
(French: Le Dernier Métro) is a 1980 historical drama, written and directed by François Truffaut, that stars Catherine Deneuve and Gérard Depardieu.[4] Opening in 1942 during the German occupation of France, it follows the fortunes of a small theatre in the Montmartre
Montmartre
area of Paris which keeps up passive resistance by maintaining its cultural integrity, despite censorship, antisemitism and material shortages, to emerge triumphant at the war’s end.[5] The title evokes two salient facts of city life under the Germans: fuel shortages led people to spend their evenings in theatres and other places of entertainment, but the curfew meant they had to catch the last Métro train home. In 1981, the film won ten Césars for: best film, best actor (Depardieu), best actress (Deneuve), best cinematography, best director (Truffaut), best editing, best music, best production design, best sound and best writing.[4][6] It received Best Foreign Film nominations in the Academy Awards[7] and Golden Globes.[8] The Last Metro
The Last Metro
was one of Truffaut's most successful productions, grossing $3,007,436 in the United States; this was also true in France, where it had 3,384,045 admissions, making it one of his most successful films in his native country.[1]

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Themes 5 Reception 6 Awards and nominations 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Plot[edit] On his way to start rehearsals at the Théâtre Montmartre, where he has been hired as male lead for a new production, young Bernard Granger tries to talk to an attractive women, who repeatedly rebuffs him. When he arrives, she turns out to be the costume designer Arlette, a lesbian. He is taken to see the icily beautiful Marion, who is both owner of the theatre and leading lady. Her Jewish husband Lucas is believed to have left Paris but is in fact living in the cellars, where Marion visits him each evening to bring books and food and talk about the new production. She is quite struck by Bernard, who Lucas can hear through a heating vent but has never seen, and Lucas tells her not to be so cold with him onstage. Unknown to anybody at the theatre, Bernard is a member of a Resistance group and delivers the bomb that kills a German admiral. The first night is loved by a full house but one of the newspaper reviews next morning is viciously hostile, damning the show as Jewish. The writer Daxiat, an anti-semite, hopes to oust Marion and take over her theatre. While cast and crew are celebrating their success in a night club, Daxiat enters. Bernard, furious that the man has insulted the gentile Marion, hustles him out to the street and pushes him around. Furious that Bernard has jeopardised her theatre, Marion refuses all contact with him offstage. One night, pretending to be air raid wardens, two Gestapo
Gestapo
men start searching the theatre and it is Bernard who Marion turns to in desperation for urgent help in concealing Lucas and his effects. When Bernard's Resistance contact is arrested by the Gestapo, he decides to devote his life to the cause and give up acting. As he is clearing out his little dressing room, Marion comes in to say goodbye and the two make love on the floor. After the war, Bernard returns to be male lead in a new play that the freed Lucas wrote while hiding. In it, the female lead played by Marion offers to share her life, but he claims he never really loved her. At the end of the opening night, Bernard, Marion and Lucas stand hand in hand to take the applause. Cast[edit]

Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
as Marion Steiner Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
as Bernard Granger Heinz Bennent as Lucas Steiner Jean Poiret
Jean Poiret
as Jean-Loup Cottins Andréa Ferréol
Andréa Ferréol
as Arlette Guillaume, the costume designer Paulette Dubost as Germaine Fabre, the older woman employed by the theatre Sabine Haudepin as Nadine Marsac, the young actress Jean-Louis Richard as Daxiat Maurice Risch as Raymond Boursier, the technician of the theatre Marcel Berbert as Merlin Richard Bohringer
Richard Bohringer
as a Gestapo
Gestapo
Officer László Szabó as Lieutenant Bergen Jean-Pierre Klein as Christian Leglise, a resistant Franck Pasquier as Jacquot/Eric Rose Thierry as Jacquot's mother Martine Simonet as Martine Sénéchal Christian Baltauss as the actor replacing Bernard Rénata as Greta Borg, a singer in a club Hénia Ziv as Yvonne Jean-José Richer as René Bernardini Jessica Zucman as Rosette René Dupré as M. Valentin Alain Tasma as Marc Pierre Belot as the Hotel porter Jacob Weizbluth as Rosen[9]

Production[edit] Truffaut had wanted to create a film set during the French occupation period for a long time, as his uncle and grandfather were both part of the French Resistance, and were once caught while passing messages. This event was eventually recreated in The Last Metro.[10] Truffaut was inspired by the actor Jean Marais’ autobiography, basing the film on this and other documents by theatre people from during the occupation.[11] This film was one instalment—dealing with theatre—of a trilogy on the entertainment world envisaged by Truffaut.[12] The instalment that dealt with the film world was 1973's La Nuit Américaine (Day for Night),[12] which had won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Truffaut completed the screenplay for the third instalment, L'Agence Magique, which would have dealt with the world of music hall.[12] In the late 1970s he was close to beginning filming, but the failure of his film The Green Room forced him to look to a more commercial project, and he filmed Love on the Run instead. Truffaut began casting in September 1979, and he wrote the role of Marion especially with Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
in mind for her energy.[13] Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
initially did not want to be involved in the film, as he did not like Truffaut’s directing style, but he was subsequently convinced.[14] Most of the filming took place in an abandoned chocolate factory on Rue du Landy in Clichy, which was converted into a studio. During shooting Deneuve suffered an ankle sprain from a fall, resulting in having to shoot over scenes at short notice. Scriptwriter Suzanne Schiffman was also hospitalised with a serious intestinal obstruction.[15] The film shoot lasted fifty-nine days and ended on April 21, 1980.[16] Themes[edit] A recurring theme in Truffaut’s films has been linking film making and film watching.[17] The Last Metro
The Last Metro
is self-conscious in this respect. In the opening the film mixes documentary footage with period re-creations alongside shots of contemporary film posters.[18] Truffaut commented “this film is not concerned merely with anti-semitism but intolerance in general” and a tolerance is shown through the characters of Jean Poiret
Jean Poiret
playing a homosexual director and Andrea Ferreol plays a lesbian designer.[19] As in Truffaut's earlier film Jules et Jim, there is a love triangle between the three principal characters: Marion Steiner (Deneuve), her husband Lucas (Heinz Bennent) and Bernard Granger (Depardieu), an actor in the theatre's latest production.[4] The themes are extensively referenced in the Quentin Tarantino film Inglourious Basterds, which turns the theatre under a gentile woman into a cinema under a Jewish woman. Reception[edit] The film recorded admissions in France of 3,384,045.[20] Awards and nominations[edit]

Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(USA)

Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film

National Board of Review
National Board of Review
(USA)

Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film[21]

Boston Film Critics (USA)

Won: Best Foreign Language Film

César Awards
César Awards
(France)

Won: Best Actor – Leading Role (Gérard Depardieu) Won: Best Actress – Leading Role (Catherine Deneuve) Won: Best Cinematography (Néstor Almendros) Won: Best Director (François Truffaut) Won: Best Editing (Martine Barraqué) Won: Best Film Won: Best Music (Georges Delerue) Won: Best Production Design (Jean-Pierre Kohut-Svelko) Won: Best Sound (Michel Laurent) Won: Best Writing ( Suzanne Schiffman and François Truffaut) Nominated: Best Actor – Supporting Role (Heinz Bennent) Nominated: Best Actress – Supporting Role (Andréa Ferréol)

David di Donatello Awards
David di Donatello Awards
(Italy)

Won: Best Foreign Actress (Catherine Deneuve)

Golden Globe Awards
Golden Globe Awards
(USA)

Nominated: Best Foreign Film

See also[edit]

List of submissions to the 53rd Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Foreign Language Film List of French submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

References[edit]

^ a b JP. "Le Dernier métro (1980)- JPBox-Office". Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ " The Last Metro
The Last Metro
(1981) - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ Box Office information for Francois Truffaut films at Box Office Story ^ a b c Lanzoni, Rémi Fournier (2002). French Cinema: From Its Beginnings to the Present. Continuum. pp. 314–315. ISBN 978-0-8264-1600-1.  ^ Holmes, Diana; Ingram, Robert (1998). François Truffaut. Manchester: Manchester university press. p. 18. ISBN 0-7190-4554-1.  ^ "Palmares". Académie des César. Retrieved 19 November 2008.  ^ "The 53rd Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1981) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08.  ^ "Golden Globes, USA: 1981". IMDB. Retrieved 19 November 2008.  ^ Allen, Don. Finally Truffaut. New York: Beaufort Books. 1985. ISBN 0-8253-0335-4. OCLC 12613514. pp. 238-239. ^ Baecque, Antoine de; Temerson, Serge Toubiana (2000). Truffaut. Translation from French by Catherine. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-520-22524-4.  ^ Insdorf, Annette (9 February 1981). "How Truffaut's 'The Last Metro' Reflects Occupied Paris". The New York Times.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b c Higgins, Lynn A. (1998). New Novel, New Wave, New Politics. University of Nebraska Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-8032-7309-2.  ^ Baecque, Antoine de; Temerson, Serge Toubiana (2000). Truffaut. Translation from French by Catherine. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 353. ISBN 978-0-520-22524-4.  ^ Baecque, Antoine de; Temerson, Serge Toubiana (2000). Truffaut. Translation from French by Catherine. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 354. ISBN 978-0-520-22524-4.  ^ Baecque, Antoine de; Temerson, Serge Toubiana (2000). Truffaut. Translation from French by Catherine. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 356. ISBN 978-0-520-22524-4.  ^ Baecque, Antoine de; Temerson, Serge Toubiana (2000). Truffaut. Translation from French by Catherine. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 357. ISBN 978-0-520-22524-4.  ^ Insdorf, Annette (1994). François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(Rev. and updated ed.). Cambridge u.a.: Cambridge Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0-521-47808-3.  ^ White, Armond. "Truffaut's Changing Times: The Last Metro". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 15 February 2013.  ^ Insdorf, Annette. "How Truffaut's 'The Last Metro' Reflects Occupied Paris". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2013.  ^ Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
box office information at Box Office Story ^ "1981 Award Winners". National Board of Review
National Board of Review
of Motion Pictures. 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

http://www.criterion.com/current/posts/1044-truffaut-s-changing-times-the-last-metroThe Last Metro at AllMovie The Last Metro
The Last Metro
on IMDb Ulrich Bach: The Visual Representation of the German Occupation in France: François Truffaut's The Last Metro
The Last Metro
(1980) [1]

v t e

François Truffaut

Films directed

The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
(1959) Shoot the Piano Player
Shoot the Piano Player
(1960) The Army Game (1961) Jules and Jim
Jules and Jim
(1962) The Soft Skin
The Soft Skin
(1964) Fahrenheit 451 (1966) The Bride Wore Black
The Bride Wore Black
(1968) Stolen Kisses
Stolen Kisses
(1968) Mississippi Mermaid
Mississippi Mermaid
(1969) The Wild Child
The Wild Child
(1970) Bed and Board (1970) Two English Girls
Two English Girls
(1971) Such a Gorgeous Kid Like Me (1972) Day for Night (1973) The Story of Adele H.
The Story of Adele H.
(1975) Small Change (1976) The Man Who Loved Women (1977) The Green Room (1978) Love on the Run (1979) The Last Metro
The Last Metro
(1980) The Woman Next Door
The Woman Next Door
(1981) Confidentially Yours
Confidentially Yours
(1983)

Short films

Une Visite (1955) Les Mistons (1957) A Story of Water
A Story of Water
(1958) Antoine and Colette
Antoine and Colette
(from Love at Twenty, 1962)

Written only

Breathless (1960) The Little Thief
The Little Thief
(1988)

Books

Hitchcock/Truffaut

Related

Antoine Doinel François Truffaut
François Truffaut
Award François Truffaut: Stolen Portraits (1993 documentary) Two in the Wave
Two in the Wave
(2010 documentary) Hitchcock/Truffaut (2015 documentary)

v t e

French submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

1948–1960

Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
(1948) The Walls of Malapaga (1950) Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) Gervaise (1956) Gates of Paris (1957) My Uncle (1958) Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
(1959) La Vérité (1960)

1961–1980

Last Year at Marienbad
Last Year at Marienbad
(1961) Sundays and Cybele
Sundays and Cybele
(1962) The Fire Within
The Fire Within
(1963) The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
(1964) Pierrot le Fou
Pierrot le Fou
(1965) A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
(1966) Live for Life (1967) Stolen Kisses
Stolen Kisses
(1968) My Night with Maud (1969) Hoa-Binh (1970) Ramparts of Clay (1971) The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
(1972) Day for Night (1973) Lacombe, Lucien
Lacombe, Lucien
(1974) India Song
India Song
(1975) Cousin, cousine (1976) Madame Rosa
Madame Rosa
(1977) Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
(1978) A Simple Story (1979) The Last Metro
The Last Metro
(1980)

1981–2000

Diva (1981) Coup de Torchon (1982) Entre Nous (1983) So Long, Stooge
So Long, Stooge
(1984) Three Men and a Cradle (1985) Betty Blue
Betty Blue
(1986) Au revoir, les enfants (1987) La Lectrice (1988) Camille Claudel (1989) Cyrano de Bergerac (1990) Van Gogh (1991) Indochine (1992) Germinal (1993) Wild Reeds
Wild Reeds
(1994) French Twist (1995) Ridicule
Ridicule
(1996) Western (1997) The Dreamlife of Angels
The Dreamlife of Angels
(1998) East/West
East/West
(1999) The Taste of Others
The Taste of Others
(2000)

2001–present

Amélie
Amélie
(2001) 8 Women
8 Women
(2002) Bon Voyage (2003) The Chorus (2004) Joyeux Noël
Joyeux Noël
(2005) Avenue Montaigne (2006) Persepolis (2007) The Class (2008) A Prophet
A Prophet
(2009) Of Gods and Men (2010) Declaration of War (2011) The Intouchables
The Intouchables
(2012) Renoir (2013) Saint Laurent (2014) Mustang (2015) Elle (2016) BPM (Beats per Minute)
BPM (Beats per Minute)
(2017)

v t e

César Award
César Award
for Best Film

Le vieux fusil
Le vieux fusil
(1976) Monsieur Klein
Monsieur Klein
(1977) Providence (1978) L'argent des autres
L'argent des autres
(1979) Tess (1980) The Last Metro
The Last Metro
(1981) Quest for Fire (1982) La Balance
La Balance
(1983) Le Bal and À Nos Amours
À Nos Amours
(1984, tie) My New Partner
My New Partner
(1985) Three Men and a Cradle (1986) Thérèse (1987) Au revoir les enfants
Au revoir les enfants
(1988) Camille Claudel (1989) Too Beautiful for You
Too Beautiful for You
(1990) Cyrano de Bergerac (1991) Tous les Matins du Monde
Tous les Matins du Monde
(1992) Savage Nights
Savage Nights
(1993) Smoking/No Smoking
Smoking/No Smoking
(1994) Wild Reeds
Wild Reeds
(1995) La Haine
La Haine
(1996) Ridicule
Ridicule
(1997) Same Old Song
Same Old Song
(1998) The Dreamlife of Angels
The Dreamlife of Angels
(1999) Venus Beauty Institute (2000) The Taste of Others
The Taste of Others
(2001) Amélie
Amélie
(2002) The Pianist (2003) The Barbarian Invasions
The Barbarian Invasions
(2004) Games of Love and Chance (2005) The Beat That My Heart Skipped
The Beat That My Heart Skipped
(2006) Lady Chatterley (2007) The Secret of the Grain (2008) Séraphine (2009) A Prophet
A Prophet
(2010) Of Gods and Men (2011) The Artist (2012) Amour (2013) Me, Myself and Mum
Me, Myself and Mum
(2014) Timbuktu (2015) Fatima (2016) Elle (2017) BPM (Beats per Minute)
BPM (Beats per Minute)
(2018)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 207937793 GND: 4338491-2 SUDOC: 059557788 BNF:

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