The TEUTONS (
Latin : Teutones, Teutoni) were a Germanic tribe or
Celtic tribe mentioned by Greek and Roman authors, notably
Marcus Velleius Paterculus . According to a map by
Ptolemy , they
originally lived in
Jutland , which is in agreement with Pomponius
Mela , who placed them in
Scandinavia (Codanonia), implying that they
may have originally inhabited both regions previously—although there
was disagreement between these scholars as to whether or not they were
related to the Celts.
Rather than relating directly to this tribe, the broad term, Teutonic
peoples or Teuton in particular, is used now to identify members of a
people speaking languages of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European
language family .
* 1 History
* 2 Mass suicide of the women of the Teutones
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 External links
In the late second century BC, many of the Teutones, under their
Teutobod as well as the
Cimbri , migrated from their original
homes in southern
Scandinavia and on the
Jutland peninsula of Denmark
, south and west to the
Danube valley, where they encountered the
Roman Republic . The Teutones and
Cimbri were recorded as
passing west through
Gaul before attacking Roman Italy . After
decisive victories over the Romans at Noreia and Arausio in 105 BC,
Cimbri and Teutones divided forces and were then defeated
Gaius Marius in 102 BC and 101 BC respectively, ending
Cimbrian War . The defeat of the Teutones occurred at the Battle
of Aquae Sextiae (near present-day
Aix-en-Provence ). Some of the
surviving captives were reported to have been among the rebelling
Gladiators in the
Third Servile War .
The linguistic affinities of the Teutones are a matter of dispute
amongst historians. Their name is Celtic in form and many writers
believe that the Teutones really were
Celts , however, a people of
this name are mentioned by the early traveller,
Pytheas , as
inhabitants of the northern ocean coasts.
Strabo and Marcus Velleius
Paterculus, moreover, classify them as
Germanic peoples , and this is
perhaps a more probable view, although the distinction between Celts
and Teutones is not clearly realized by some earlier historians. If
the Teutones really came from the same quarter as the Cimbri, it is
possible that their name may have been preserved in the Thyland or
Thythsyssel regions, found in the far north-west of Jutland.
MASS SUICIDE OF THE WOMEN OF THE TEUTONES
According to the writings of
Valerius Maximus and
Florus , the king
of the Teutones, Teutobod, was taken in irons after the Teutones were
defeated by the Romans. Under the conditions of the surrender, three
hundred married women were to be handed over as Roman slaves. When the
matrons of the Teutones heard of this stipulation, they begged the
consul that they might instead be allowed to minister in the temples
of Ceres and Venus . When their request was denied, the Teutonic women
slew their own children. The next morning, all the women were found
dead in each other's arms, having strangled each other during the
night. This act passed into Roman legends of Teutonic fury .
* ^ A B Waldman, Carl; Mason, Catherine (2006). "Teutons".
Encyclopedia of European Peoples. Infobase Publishing. pp. 797–798.
ISBN 1438129181 . Retrieved May 25, 2013.
* ^ Strauss, Barry (2009). The Spartacus War. Simon and Schuster.
pp. 21–22. ISBN 1-4165-3205-6 .
* ^ A B C D Chisholm 1911 , p. 673.
* ^ Lucius Annaeus
Florus , Epitome 1.38.16–17 and Valerius
Maximus, Factorum et Dictorum Memorabilium 6.1.ext.3
* Fick, August, Alf Torp and Hjalmar Falk: Vergleichendes
Wörterbuch der Indogermanischen Sprachen. Part 3, Wortschatz der
Germanischen Spracheinheit. 4. Aufl. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public
domain : Chi