Teutons (Latin: Teutones, Teutoni, Greek: "Τεύτονες") were
a Germanic tribe or Celtic tribe mentioned by Greek and Roman authors,
Strabo and Marcus Velleius Paterculus. According to a map by
Ptolemy, they originally lived in Jutland, which is in agreement with
Pomponius Mela, who placed them in
needed], implying that they may have originally inhabited both regions
previously, but scholars disagreed on whether they were related to the
Rather than relating directly to the tribe, the broad term Teutonic
peoples or particularly Teuton is now used to identify members of a
people speaking Germanic languages, a branch of the Indo-European
2 Mass suicide of the women of the Teutones
3 See also
5 External links
In the late second century BC, many of the Teutones, under their
Teutobod as well as the Cimbri, migrated from their original
homes in southern
Scandinavia and on the
Jutland peninsula of
Denmark, south and west to the
Danube valley, where they
encountered the expanding Roman Republic. The Teutones and
recorded as passing west through
Gaul before attacking Roman Italy.
After decisive victories over the Romans at Noreia and Arausio in 105
Cimbri and Teutones divided forces and were then defeated
Gaius Marius in 102 BC and 101 BC respectively, ending
the Cimbrian War. The defeat of the Teutones occurred at the Battle of
Aquae Sextiae (near present-day Aix-en-Provence). Some surviving
captives were reported to have been among the rebelling Gladiators in
the Third Servile War.
The linguistic affinities of the Teutones are a matter of dispute
amongst historians. Their name is Celtic in form and many writers
believe that the Teutones really were Celts, however, a people of this
name are mentioned by the early traveller
Pytheas as inhabitants of
the northern ocean coasts.
Strabo and Marcus Velleius Paterculus,
moreover, classify them as Germanic peoples, and this is perhaps a
more probable view, although the distinction between
Teutones[which?] is not clearly realized by some earlier
Mass suicide of the women of the Teutones
According to the writings of
Valerius Maximus and Florus, the king of
the Teutones, Teutobod, was taken in irons after the Teutones were
defeated by the Romans. Under the conditions of the surrender, three
hundred married women were to be handed over to the victorious Romans
as concubines and slaves. When the matrons of the Teutones heard of
this stipulation, they begged the consul that they might instead be
allowed to minister in the temples of Ceres and Venus. When their
request was denied, the Teutonic women slew their own children. The
next morning, all the women were found dead in each other's arms,
having strangled each other during the night. Their joint martyrdom
passed into Roman legends of Teutonic fury.
^ a b Waldman, Carl; Mason, Catherine (2006). "Teutons". Encyclopedia
of European Peoples. Infobase Publishing. pp. 797–798.
ISBN 1438129181. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
^ Strauss, Barry (2009). The Spartacus War. Simon and Schuster.
pp. 21–22. ISBN 1-4165-3205-6.
^ a b Chisholm 1911, p. 673.
^ Lucius Annaeus Florus, Epitome 1.38.16–17 and Valerius Maximus,
Factorum et Dictorum Memorabilium 6.1.ext.3
Fick, August, Alf Torp and Hjalmar Falk: Vergleichendes Wörterbuch
der Indogermanischen Sprachen. Part 3, Wortschatz der Germanischen
Spracheinheit. 4. Aufl. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht), 1909.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Teutoni".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Teutons.
Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "Teutones". The New Student's
Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Com