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A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state. In most countries, a territory is an organized land controlled division of an area that is controlled by a country but is not formally developed into, or incorporated into, a political unit of the country that is of equal status to other political units that may often be referred to by words such as "provinces" or "states". In international politics, a territory is usually a non-sovereign geographic area which has come under the authority of another government; which has not been granted the powers of self-government normally devolved to secondary territorial divisions; or both.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Types

2.1 Capital territory 2.2 Dependent territory 2.3 Federal territory 2.4 Overseas territory

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Etymology[edit] The origins of the word territory begin with the Proto-Indo-European root ters ('to dry').[1] From this emerged the Latin word terra ('earth, land') and later the Latin word territorium ('land around a town').[2][3] Territory made its debut as a word in Middle English during the 14th century. At this point the suffix -orium, which denotes place, was replaced with -ory which also expresses place.[4] Types[edit] Types of territory include:

Capital territory Dependent territory Federal territory Overseas territory Unorganized territory, a region of land without a "normally" constituted system of government. This does not mean that the territory has no government at all or that it is unclaimed territory. In practice, such territories are always sparsely populated. Disputed territory, a geographic area claimed by two or more rival governments. For example, the territory of Kashmir
Kashmir
is claimed by the governments of both India
India
and Pakistan; for each country involved in the dispute, the territory is claimed as part of the existing state. Another example is the Republic of China
Republic of China
(commonly labeled "Taiwan"), whose sovereignty status is disputed by and territory claimed by the People's Republic of China. Occupied territory, a region that is under the military control of an outside power that has not annexed the region. Current examples are Gaza, the West Bank
West Bank
and East Jerusalem, occupied by the State of Israel. Other examples of occupied territory include the country of Kuwait
Kuwait
after it was briefly invaded by Iraq in 1990, Iraq after the American invasion of 2003, Germany after World War II and Kosovo
Kosovo
after 1999.

Capital territory[edit] Main article: Capital districts and territories A capital territory or federal capital territory is usually a specially designated territory where a country's seat of government is located. As such, in the federal model of government, no one state or territory takes pre-eminence because the capital lies within its borders. A capital territory can be one specific form of federal district.

In Australia, the capital Canberra
Canberra
lies within the Australian Capital Territory and was originally called the FCT. The National Capital Territory is where New Delhi, the capital of India, is located. Nigeria
Nigeria
has its capital Abuja
Abuja
in the Federal Capital Territory. In Pakistan, the capital city Islamabad
Islamabad
lies within the Islamabad Capital Territory.

Dependent territory[edit] Main article: Dependent territory Dependent territory is a designation for a territory that is not an independent sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the governing state's integral area.[5] Presently, all dependent territories are either overseas territories or non-sovereign associated states. Only four countries currently possess dependent territories: the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Norway
Norway
and the United States. Examples include:

The 14 British Overseas Territories
British Overseas Territories
are dependent territories of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
with varying degrees of self-governance. Bouvet Island, Peter I Island
Peter I Island
and Queen Maud Land
Queen Maud Land
are uninhabited dependent territories of Norway. The three Crown dependencies
Crown dependencies
are associated states of the United Kingdom. Cook Islands
Cook Islands
and Niue
Niue
are associated states of New Zealand.

Federal territory[edit] A federal territory is an area within the direct and usually exclusive jurisdiction of the central or national government within a federation. Federal territories include:

Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria) Federal Territory (Malaysia)

Overseas territory[edit] "Overseas territories" redirects here. For the designation of EU member state territories, see Special
Special
member state territories and the European Union § Overseas countries and territories of the European Union. Overseas territory is a broad designation for a territorial entity that is separated from the country that governs it by an ocean. An overseas territory may be either a constituent part of the governing state or a dependent territory. Examples include:

Overseas France
Overseas France
includes the five overseas collectivities of France, which are broadly autonomous territories, as well as overseas territories, overseas regions, and overseas departments. Greenland
Greenland
and the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
are constituent parts of the Kingdom of Denmark
Denmark
which are internally self-governing. The 14 British Overseas Territories
British Overseas Territories
are dependent territories of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
with varying degrees of self-governance. American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
and US Virgin Islands are dependent territories of the government of the United States
United States
with varying local autonomy. Bouvet Island, Peter I Island
Peter I Island
and Queen Maud Land
Queen Maud Land
are uninhabited dependent territories of Norway. Claimed parts of Antarctica.

See also[edit]

Category:Territories under military occupation List of enclaves and exclaves

References[edit]

^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27.  ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27.  ^ "Definition of TERRITORY". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27.  ^ Dunmore, Charles; Fleischer, Rita (2008). Studies in Etymology (Second ed.). Focus. ISBN 9781585100125.  ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514

External links[edit]

Peace Palace Library – Research Guide

v t e

Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1

Area

Insular area Local government area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area

Canton

Half-canton

Borough

County
County
borough Metropolitan borough

Capital

Federal capital Imperial capital

City

City
City
state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city

Community

Autonomous community Residential community

County

Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county

Non-metropolitan

Viscountcy

Country

Overseas country

Department

Overseas department

District

Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district

Division

Census division Police division Subdivision

Municipality

City
City
municipality County
County
municipality

Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality

Prefecture

Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture

Province

Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province

Region

Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion

Reserve

Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve

State

Federal state Free state Sovereign state

Territory

Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory

Town

Census town Market town

Township

Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township

Unit

Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit

Zone

Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms

Current

Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner

Autonomous

Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor

Royal

Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector

Autonomous

Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer

Ward

Historical

Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords

Current

Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast

Autonomous

Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine

Historical

Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

v t e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

v t e

French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

v t e

Greek terms for country subdivisions

Modern

apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§

Historical

archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

v t e

Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição

Settlements

Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Slavic terms for country subdivisions

Current

dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija

Historical

darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

v t e

Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

Modern

il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

Historical

ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative di

.