The Info List - Teldec

The Teldec
(Telefunken-Decca Schallplatten GmbH) is a German record label in Hamburg, Germany. Today the label is a property of Warner Music Group.


1 History

1.1 TeD video disc 1.2 Direct Metal Mastering

2 Record label

2.1 Das Alte Werk

3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Teldec
was a producer of (first) shellac and (later) vinyl records. The Teldec
manufacturing facility was located in Nortorf
near Kiel
in Germany. The company was founded in 1950 as a co-operation between Telefunken
and Decca Records. The name Teldec
is the result of taking the first three letters of both labels: Telefunken
and Decca. Records manufactured by Teldec
mostly were released under the Telefunken
or Decca label, but normally these records contained no hint that they were made by Teldec. In 1983 Telefunken
and Decca pulled out of Teldec and in 1987 Teldec
was sold to Time Warner. In 1997 the remaining compact-disc production facility in Nortorf
was to be closed by Time Warner, but after a management buyout, the new company OK Media, is continuing CD production. In 2001, after the merger of AOL & Time Warner, Teldec
closed. TeD video disc[edit]

Design prototype of a player for the Telefunken
TeD video disc

In the early 1970s Teldec
was acting for Telefunken
in the development of a disc manufacturing technology for Telefunken's "TeD" BRuhh video disc player TD1005, released in 1975. The Television Electronic Disc (TeD) system was more or less a predecessor of the more successful optical Philips LaserDisc
video system, as the TeD system employed the idea of using FM instead of AM for storing the video signal on a disc for the first time. The TeD video-disc player used a piezo-electric pick-up cartridge with a diamond stylus, mechanically sampling the frequency-modulated, PAL-encoded audio-video signal from thousands of concentric grooves, vertically recorded into the surface of a very thin, flexible vinyl disc. The disc was freely rotating on a thin cushion of air between the disc and a fixed plate at 1500rpm (25 Hz), the disc being stabilised only by centrifugal force. The sampling frequency of the combined audio-video signal was about 2.7 MHz. Maximum video playing time was ten minutes on a 210 mm disc, amounting to about 15,000 concentric grooves on the disc, each storing two half-frame PAL-video-lines. Direct Metal Mastering[edit] A technological spin-off from the short-lived TeD video system was Teldec's Direct Metal Mastering
Direct Metal Mastering
technology, called DMM, for the manufacturing of vinyl records: The cutting lathe engraves the audio signal groove directly into a copper-plated master disc, instead of a lacquer-plated aluminium disc. Record label[edit] Teldec
/ Telefunken
issued recordings under its own record label since the 1950s. Notably classical recordings with the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra, Berlin Symphony Orchestra, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Hamburg
State Philharmonic Orchestra, and international orchestras including the Orchestre symphonique de la Radiodiffusion Nationale Belge. The conductors under contract included Keilberth, Artur Rother and Belgian conductor Franz André. The American violinist Joan Field recorded for Telefunken
the great violin concertos by Bruch, Dvorak, Mendelssohn, Mozart
and Spohr. A project of the 1980s was the first recording of the original versions of the symphonies of Anton Bruckner with the Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
conducted by Eliahu Inbal. Das Alte Werk[edit] A focus in the catalog of the Teldec
was the field of early music and historical performance practice, which were marketed from 1958 under its own sub-label Das Alte Werk. The first significant recordings were by Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
and his Concentus Musicus Wien, then later also with other orchestras, who became one of the main artists of the label. Teldec's largest project in this area was the prize-winning complete recording of Bach cantatas, which were recorded from 1970–1989 jointly by the Concentus Musicus Wien conducted by Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
and by the Leonhardt-Consort with Gustav Leonhardt. Teldec
did not however achieve the distinction of completing the first set of these works, losing to the rival series by Hänssler Classic on conventional modern instruments by Helmuth Rilling. (This started later in 1975 but managed to meet Teldec's original 1985 Bach tricentary year deadline for completion).[1] Das Alte Werk also produced the first recordings of reconstructed versions of Monteverdi's operas L'Orfeo, Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria
Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria
and L'incoronazione di Poppea
L'incoronazione di Poppea
in a Zurich Opera cycle under Harnoncourt. In the 1990s Das Alte Werk recorded a few newer artists such as Tragicomedia and Chanticleer, but effectively ceased new projects after Teldec's acquisition by Warner Classics. References[edit]

^ Richard Taruskin
Richard Taruskin
Text and Act: Essays on Music and Performance 1995 Page 308 "Meanwhile, a competing series, inaugurated in 1975 under the leadership of the German choral specialist Helmuth Rilling, did make it to the finish line in time."

External links[edit]

Official site Teldec
exhibition in the museum of Nortorf Telefunken's TED video player TP 1005 at radiomuseum.org Website of a German vinyl record manufacturer, containing informations about DMM technology Video of the internal functions of a working TED player

v t e

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