Telcordia Technologies, Inc., doing business as iconectiv, is an American subsidiary of the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson. The company provides interconnection technology and clearinghouse solutions for numbering plan, routing, call billing, and technical standards coordination between competing telecommunications carriers. Telcordia's headquarters are located in Bridgewater, New Jersey (U.S.). The company maintains several branches and subsidiaries in the Americas, Europe, and Asia.
Telcordia was formerly known as Bell Communications Research, Inc. or Bellcore. It was the telecommunication research and development company created as part of the break-up of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T).
Telcordia was created on October 20, 1983, as Central Services Organization. as part of the 1982 Modification of Final Judgment that broke up the Bell System. It later received the name Bell Communications Research. Nicknamed Bellcore, it was a consortium established by the Regional Bell Operating Companies upon their separation from AT&T. Since AT&T retained Bell Laboratories, the operating companies desired a separate research and development facility. Bellcore, the tenth company to register an Internet domain name in com TLD, provided joint research and development, standards setting, training, and centralized government point-of-contact functions for its co-owners, the seven Regional Holding Companies that were themselves divested from AT&T as holding companies for the 22 local Bell Operating Companies.
Bellcore's initial staff and corporate culture were drawn from the nearby Bell Laboratories locations in northern New Jersey, plus additional staff from AT&T and regional operating companies. The company originally had its headquarters in Livingston with dedication by New Jersey Governor Thomas Kean in 1985, but moved its headquarters to Morristown a decade later. Bellcore operated the former Bell System Center for Technical Education in Lisle, Illinois.
In 1996, the company was provisionally acquired by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). The sale was closed one year later, following a regulatory approval process that covered all the states individually. Since the divested company no longer had any ownership connection with the Bell regional companies, the name was officially changed to Telcordia Technologies. in 1999. The headquarters was eventually moved to Piscataway. Stake in the company was subsequently sold in November 2004 to Providence Equity Partners and Warburg Pincus, who both held equal stakes in the company. On June 14, 2011, Ericsson announced an agreement to acquire Telcordia for $1.15 billion. On January 12, 2012, Telcordia became a wholly owned subsidiary of Ericsson.
Telcordia has been a major architect of the United States telecommunications system and has pioneered many services, including caller ID, call waiting, mobile number portability and toll-free telephone number (800). Its expertise is in managing large, complex projects across the operations and communications spectrum.
Telcordia offers products and services in the area of network planning and engineering, service assurance, delivery, fulfillment and data management and operations support. Telcordia’s software products are designed to solve communications problems, support complex operations missions and system interoperability issues. It also writes proposed Generic Requirements (GRs) for telecommunications industry hardware and offers consulting on these GRs.
Telcordia maintained headquarters in Piscataway, New Jersey, and operates a software development facility in Chennai, India. Telcordia pioneered the prepaid charging system, the Intelligent Network. Most of the development work in intelligent networks is conducted in the laboratories in India and the United States. The former headquarters campus in Piscataway and its offices and laboratories in Red Bank, New Jersey, are former Bell Labs locations that were transferred to Telcordia.
On June 15, 2011, Ericsson announced the purchase of Telcordia for $1.15 billion from private-equity firms Providence Equity Partners and Warburg Pincus in order to pursue industry trends that include mobile broadband, managed services/outsourcing and global OSS/BSS transformation. The acquisition, which officially closed on January 12, 2012, added about 2,600 employees to Ericsson’s staff. Telcordia was folded into Ericsson’s multimedia unit, now called Support Solutions. On June 4, 2012, Telcordia and its products were officially rebranded as Ericsson.
As part of the deal, Telcordia’s Advanced Technology Solutions business unit, the company’s research arm, was rebranded as Applied Communication Sciences, and became a wholly owned subsidiary of Ericsson that operated operating independently on day-to-day operations pursuant to a proxy structure mandated by the U.S. government. In October 2012, Applied Communication Sciences relocated its headquarters to Basking Ridge, New Jersey, occupying the former headquarters of AT&T Wireless.
In February 2013, Ericsson launched iconectiv as the new brand for its interconnection business. During this time, Ericsson maintained its corporate presence in Piscataway, New Jersey, where Telcordia was headquartered.
In 2015, Telcordia won a contract procured by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to operate the Number Portability Administration Center (NPAC). The service had been operated by Neustar Inc. for 18 years.