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Number Portability Administration Center
The Number Portability Administration Center (NPAC) is a function of the Federal Communications Commission The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in different jurisdictions. I ... (FCC) in the United States. It administers the routing of telephone call A telephone call is a connection over a telephone network A telephone network is a telecommunications network that connects Telephone A telephone is a telecommunications Appliance (other), device that permits two or more users ...s and text messages Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktop computer, desktops/laptops, or another type of c ... (SMS) for the telecommunications indus ...
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Federal Communications Commission
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in different jurisdictions. In some cases it is the technical term used for a traditional nonprofit ch ... of the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or Ameri ... that regulates communications by radio Radio is the technology of signaling and communicating Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Subject (philosophy), entities or Organization, groups through the use ..., television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommun ...
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Telephone Call
A telephone call is a connection over a telephone network A telephone network is a telecommunications network that connects Telephone A telephone is a telecommunications Appliance (other), device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be h ... between the called party The called party (in some contexts called the "B-Number") is a person who (or device that) answers a telephone call. The person who (or device that) initiates a telephone call is the calling party. In some situations, the called party may number mo ... and the calling party The calling party (in some contexts called the "A-Number") is a person who (or device that) initiates a telephone call A telephone call is a connection over a telephone network between the called party and the calling party. First telephone cal .... First telephone call The first telephone call was made on March 10, 1876, by Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Graham Bell ...
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Text Messaging
Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known a ...s, desktops/laptop A laptop, laptop computer, or notebook computer is a small, portable personal computer File:Crystal Project computer.png, upright=0.9, An artist's depiction of a 2000s-era desktop-style personal computer, which includes a metal case with ...s, or another type of compatible computer. Text messages may be sent over a cellular network A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network A telecommunications network is a group of nodes In general, a node is a localized swelling (a "knot") or a point of ...
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Telecommunication
Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Euro ..., radio, optical Optics is the branch of physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through Spacetime, space and time, and the related entities ..., or other electromagnetic Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electric charge, electrically charged particles. The electromagnetic force is carried by electromagneti ... systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication over a distance greater ...
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Local Number Portability
Local number portability (LNP) for landline, fixed lines, and full mobile number portability (FMNP) for mobile phone lines, refers to the ability of a "customer of record" of an existing fixed-line or mobile telephone number assigned by a local exchange carrier (LEC) to reassign the number to another carrier ("service provider portability"), move it to another location ("geographic portability"), or change the type of service ("service portability"). In most cases, there are limitations to transferability with regards to geography, service area coverage, and technology. Location Portability and Service Portability are not consistently defined or deployed in the telecommunication industry. In the United States and Canada, mobile number portability is referred to as WNP or WLNP (Wireless LNP). In the rest of the world it is referred to as mobile number portability (MNP). Wireless number portability is available in some parts of Africa, Asia, Australia, Latin America and most European ...
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Telecommunications Act Of 1996
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 was the first significant overhaul of United States telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire, radio, Optical system, optical, or other Electromagnetism, electromagnetic systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication ov ... law in more than sixty years, amending the Communications Act of 1934 The Communications Act of 1934 is a United States federal law signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 19, 1934 and codified as Chapter 5 of Title 47 of the United States Code, et seq. The Act replaced the Federal Radio Commission with t .... The Act, signed by President Bill Clinton William Jefferson Clinton ('' né'' Blythe III; born August 19, 1946) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 42nd president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and ..., represented a ...
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Local Exchange Carrier
Local exchange carrier (LEC) is a regulatory Regulation is the management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends. In systems theory, these types of rules exist in various fields of biology and society, but the term has slightly different meanings according to context. For ... term in telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Gr ...s for the local telephone company. In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ..., wireline telephone companies are divided into two large categories: long-distance (interexchange carrier I ...
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FCC Record
The ''FCC Record'', also known as the ''Federal Communications Commission Record'' and variously abbreviated as FCC Rcd. and F.C.C.R., is the comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the Federal Communications Commission The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in different jurisdictions. I ... (FCC), published since 1986. It is a biweekly pamphlet available from the Government Printing Office A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a . In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and . Government is a means by whic ... Superintendent of Documents. Citations should provide the volume, page number and year, in that order, e.g., 1 FCC Rcd. 1 ...
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Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin Corporation is an American aerospace Aerospace is a term used to collectively refer to the and . Aerospace activity is very diverse, with a multitude of commercial, industrial and military applications. consists of and . Aerospace organizations research, design, manufacture, ope ..., arms, defense, information security Information security, sometimes shortened to infosec, is the practice of protecting information by mitigating information risks. It is part of Risk management information systems, information risk management. It typically involves preventing or at ..., and technology corporation with worldwide interests. It was formed by the merger In corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of Company, companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or Consolidation (business), consolidated with other entit ... of Lockheed Corporation The Lockheed Corporation w ...
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Neustar
#REDIRECT Neustar Neustar, Inc. is an American technology company that provides real-time information and analytics for the Internet, risk, digital performance, and defense, telecommunications, entertainment, and marketing industries, and also provides clearinghouse ...
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North American Numbering Council
The North American Numbering Council is an advisory committee of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) of the United States, chartered in 1995. Its function is to develop and recommend efficient and fair administrative procedures in the administration of the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), including telephone numbering plan policy and technical implementation. The council is headed by a Designated Federal Officer appointed by the FCC. It is renewed on a two-year term schedule pursuant to the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and meets approximately four times per year. Its work is structured and conducted in working groups. The committee reports to the FCC via the Federal Communications Commission#Bureaus, Wireline Competition Bureau. Founding The original charter of the North American Numbering Council was filed with the United States Congress on October 5, 1995. The charter is renewed periodically in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FA ...
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Telcordia Technologies
iconectiv is a supplier of network planning and network management services to telecommunications providers. Known as Bellcore after its establishment in the United States in 1983 as part of the break-up of the Bell System The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company The Bell Telephone Company, a common law joint stock company, was organized in Boston, Massachusetts on July 9, 1877, by Alexander Graham Bell's father-in-law Ga ..., the company's name changed to Telcordia Technologies after a change of ownership in 1996. The business was acquired by Ericsson (lit. "Telephone Stock Company of LM Ericsson"), commonly known as Ericsson, is a Swedish Swedish or ' may refer to: * Anything from or related to Sweden, a country in Northern Europe * Swedish language, a North Germanic language spoken pri ... in 2012, then restructured and rebranded as iconectiv in 2013. A major architect of the United States telecommunications system, the ...
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