( Serer religion )
• 1030s War Jabi
HISTORICAL ERA Middle Ages
• Established 800s
• Islam 1030s
• Conquered by Mali Empire 1285
PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY
PART OF A SERIES ON THE
History of the Gambia
Senegambian stone circles
* v * t * e
TAKRUR, TEKRUR or TEKROUR (c. 800 – c. 1285) was an ancient state of West Africa , which flourished roughly parallel to the Ghana Empire .
Takrur was the name of the capital of the state which flourished on
The formation of the state may have taken place as an influx of
Fulani from the east settled in the
CENTRE OF TRADE
Located in the
According to Levtzion, "It is significant that the cotton tree and the manufacture of cloth were first reported from Takrur." :179
ADOPTION OF ISLAM
The kings of
Takrur eventually adopted
Islam . Sometime in the 1030s
during the reign of king
War Jabi , the court converted to Islam, the
first regent to officially pronounce orthodoxy in the
establishing the faith in the region for centuries to come. In 1035
War Jabi introduced
The Fulani of Tarkur became independent after Ghanaian power faded. Takrur in turn set out to conquer the Kingdom of Diara, which was a Ghanaian province before. Then in 1203, Takrur leader Sumanguru took control of Kumbi Saleh , the capital of Ghana. Thus, Takrur became the sole power in the region.
Among these were the Susu who carved out the sizeable though short-lived Kaniaga . Waalo , the first Wolof state, emerged out its south. By the time Mandinka tribes united to form the Mali Empire in 1235, Takrur was in a steep decline. The state was finally conquered by the usurper emperor Sabakoura of Mali in the 1280s.
Takrur was later conquered by Mali ; it was also conquered by Jolof in the 15th century. However, Koli (a Fula rebel) did finally manage to regain Takrur, and named it Fouta Toro in the 15th century, thereby setting up the first Fula dynasty ( Denanke ). This dynasty also did not last and in 1776 during the Fouta Revolution, led by Muslim clerics , the kingdom was entered and the house of Denanke was brought down.
* ^ Charles Becker et Victor Martin, « Rites de sépultures
préislamiques au Sénégal et vestiges protohistoriques », Archives
Suisses d'Anthropologie Générale, Imprimerie du Journal de Genève,
Genève, 1982, tome 46, no 2, p. 261-293
* ^ Trimingham, John Spencer, "A history of
Islam in West Africa",
pp 174, 176 & 234, Oxford University Press, USA (1970)
* ^ Becker
* ^ Gravrand, "Pangool", pp 9, 20-77
* ^ 'Umar Al-Naqar (1969). "
Takrur the History of a Name". The
Journal of African History. 10 (3): 365–374.
JSTOR 179671 . doi
* ^ Ibn Khalikan, op. cit. vi, 14.
* ^ Hrbek, I. (1992). General History of Africa volume 3: Africa
from the 7th to the 11th Century: Africa from the Seventh to the
Eleventh Century v. 3 (Unesco General History of Africa (abridged)).
James Carey. p. 67. ISBN 978-0852550939 .
* ^ Creevey, Lucy (August 1996). "Islam, Women and the Role of the
State in Senegal". Journal of Religion in Africa. 26 (3): 268–307.
JSTOR 1581646 . doi :10.1163/157006696x00299 .
* ^ Fage, John Donnelly (1997). "Upper and Lower Guinea". In Roland