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The Info List - Taphrinomycotina



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Archaeorhizomycetes Neolectomycetes
Neolectomycetes
Pneumocystidomycetes
Pneumocystidomycetes
Schizosaccharomycetes Taphrinomycetes

The TAPHRINOMYCOTINA are one of three subdivisions constituting the Ascomycota
Ascomycota
(fungi that form their spores in a sac-like ascus ) and is more or less synonymous with the slightly older invalid name Archiascomycetes (sometimes spelled Archaeascomycetes). Recent molecular studies suggest that the group is monophyletic and basal to the rest of the Ascomycota.

The Schizosaccharomycetes are yeasts (e.g. Schizosaccharomyces ) that reproduce by fission rather than budding, unlike most other yeasts, many of which are in the subdivision Saccharomycotina .

The Taphrinomycetes are dimorphic plant parasites (e.g. Taphrina ) with both a yeast state and a filamentous (hyphal ) state in infected plants. They characteristically infect leaves, catkins, and branches, not roots.

The Neolectomycetes
Neolectomycetes
are species in a single genus, Neolecta
Neolecta
, which are the only members of the subdivision that form fruiting bodies, and which specifically grow out of root tips. They may have a yeast state (ascospores bud in the asci).

The Pneumocystidomycetes
Pneumocystidomycetes
also encompasses only one genus, Pneumocystis, one of which causes Pneumocystis
Pneumocystis
pneumonia in humans. All species infect mammalian lungs and are yeasts .

None has ascogenous hyphae giving rise to the asci.

REFERENCES

* ^ Eriksson, O.E. & K. Winka (1997). "Supraordinal taxa of Ascomycota". Myconet. 1: 1–16. * ^ Lutzoni, F.; et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". Amer. J. Bot. 91 (10): 1446–1480. doi :10.3732/ajb.91.10.1446 . PMID 21652303 . * ^ James, T.Y.; et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny". Nature . 443 (7113): 818–822. doi :10.1038/nature05110 . PMID 17051209 .

* The Oregon Coalition of Interdisciplinary Databases: "Archiascomycetes: Early Diverging Ascomycetes"

* v * t * e

Opisthokont
Opisthokont
: True fungi classification, fungal orders

Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukaryota (Supergroup Plant Hacrobia Heterokont Alveolata Rhizaria Excavata Amoebozoa Opisthokonta Animal Fungi )

DIKARYA

Ascomycota
Ascomycota
(sac fungi)

PEZIZOMYCOTINA

LEOTIOMYCETA

DOTHIDEOMYCETA

* Coniocybomycetes * Lichinomycetes
Lichinomycetes
* Arthoniomycetes
Arthoniomycetes
* Dothideomycetes * Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes
* Lecanoromycetes

SORDARIOMYCETA

* Xylonomycetes * Geoglossomycetes * Leotiomycetes
Leotiomycetes
* Laboulbeniomycetes * Sordariomycetes
Sordariomycetes

OTHER

* Orbiliomycetes * Pezizomycetes
Pezizomycetes

SACCHAROMYCOTINA

* Saccharomycetes
Saccharomycetes

TAPHRINOMYCOTINA

* Archaeorhizomycetes * Neolectomycetes
Neolectomycetes
* Pneumocystidomycetes
Pneumocystidomycetes
* Schizosaccharomycetes * Taphrinomycetes

Basidiomycota
Basidiomycota
(with basidia )

PUCCINIOMYCOTINA

* Tritirachiomycetes * Mixiomycetes
Mixiomycetes
* Agaricostilbomycetes * Cystobasidiomycetes * Microbotryomycetes * Classiculomycetes * Cryptomycocolacomycetes * Atractiellomycetes * Pucciniomycetes
Pucciniomycetes

USTILAGINOMYCOTINA

* Monilielliomycetes * Malasseziomycetes * Ustilaginomycetes * Exobasidiomycetes
Exobasidiomycetes

AGARICOMYCOTINA

HYMENOMYCETE

* Dacrymycetales
Dacrymycetales
* Agaricomycetes
Agaricomycetes

OTHER

* Wallemiomycetes * Bartheletiomycetes * Tremellomycetes

ENTORRHIZOMYCOTA

* Entorrhizomycetes

GLOMEROMYCOTA

* Glomeromycetes
Glomeromycetes

Zygomycota
Zygomycota
(paraphyletic)

MUCOROMYCOTINA

* Mortierellomycetes * Mucoromycetes
Mucoromycetes

KICKXELLOMYCOTINA

* Zoopagomycetes * Kickxellomycetes

ENTOMOPHTHOROMYCOTINA

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