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Tanta
Tanta
(Arabic: طنطا‎ Ṭanṭa  pronounced [ˈtˤɑntˤɑ], Coptic: ⲧⲁⲛⲧⲁⲑⲟ) is a large city in Egypt. It is the country's fifth largest populated area, with 421,076 inhabitants as of 2006.[1] Tanta
Tanta
is located between Cairo and Alexandria: 94 km (58 mi) north of Cairo
Cairo
and 130 km (81 mi) southeast of Alexandria. The capital of Gharbia Governorate,[2] it is a center for the cotton-ginning industry.[3] One of the major railway lines goes through Tanta.[4][5] Three annual festivals are held in Tanta
Tanta
in honor of Ahmad al-Badawi, a revered Sufi figure of the 13th century, who founded the Badawiyya Tariqa
Tariqa
in Egypt
Egypt
and is buried in Ahmad Al-Badawi Mosque, the main mosque of Tanta. Tanta
Tanta
is known for its sweets shops and roasted chickpeas.[6]

Contents

1 Overview 2 Art, and culture 3 Organizations 4 Sites 5 Climate 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Overview[edit]

'hubb el 'Aziz' ('seeds of the Beloved Prophet'

With its large cotton plantations, in 1856, Tanta
Tanta
became a stop on the railway network, primarily for the benefit of exporting its cotton to European markets.[7] Even by 1986 the area around Tanta
Tanta
was mostly open fields with scattered villages but by 2001, Tanta
Tanta
had grown into a large, busy city.[8] Tanta
Tanta
is known for its sweets, eaten mostly when large numbers of Egyptians descend upon on the city, during the mulid (Arabic: المولد‎) festivals.[9][10] This city comes to life in late October at the end of the cotton harvest. Three million people,[2] from around the Delta and other parts of the Arab world, come for the Moulid of Sayid Ahmed el-Badawi,[11] which is a colorful,[12] religious, eight-day celebration. The moulid is centered around the mosque and tomb of Sayid Ahmad al-Badawi.[13] He founded one of Egypt's largest Sufi orders called Ahmadiyyah or Badawiyya.[14] He was born in Morocco, but emigrated to Arabia and was sent to Tanta
Tanta
in 1234 as a representative of the order from Iraq. He was given permission to start a new order in Tanta
Tanta
and it soon flourished into "one of Egypt's largest Sufi brotherhoods".[11] During the festival many sugar-coated nuts called 'hubb el 'Aziz' ('seeds of the Beloved Prophet') are eaten. They have been considered a delicacy since the 1800s.[15] Tanta
Tanta
has cotton ginning factories and textile industries,[11] and is also a university town with Tanta University since 1972.[16] The people of Tanta
Tanta
are called Tantawy and enjoy leisurely walks along the streets.[17][10] Art, and culture[edit] What originally began in Cairo, spread to Tanta
Tanta
when a group of young Egyptians began showing European movie screenings at Rivoli Cinema, the oldest cinema in Tanta. Called the 8th Edition Panorama of European Films, the young media students invited a film director to speak with the audience: people were enticed and the film screenings became a huge success. The group also began the Association of Cinema and Literature Lovers Group to encourage young filmmakers in Tanta.[18] Organizations[edit] Tanta
Tanta
Sporting Club: It is An Egyptian Sports Club Based In Tanta, Egypt. Mohamed Saied Basha Founded Tanta
Tanta
Sporting Club In July 1932, As A Gathering Place For Tanta
Tanta
's professionals. The Club's First President was Mohamed Saied Basha. First, it named Municipality Club, In 1936 after the King Farouk visited the club, it called First Foaud King Club. After the 1952 revolution, it called Tanta
Tanta
Sporting Club. The Club activities include social events and sports activities. Social activities include meeting areas for all the members, playground for children, Theater, Library, and restaurant. The sports activities include soccer ball, basketball, Swimming, and Tennis.[1] There is a Young Men's Muslim Association
Young Men's Muslim Association
(YMMA) in Tanta
Tanta
and in 1994 had about 1000 members.[19] Tanta
Tanta
is the home of Egypt's most popular non-profit hermaphrodite charity. Telecom Egypt, the main telephone landline Egyptian company, has one of its main centers in Tanta.[20] Sites[edit] St. Mary Coptic Orthodox church, which is over 200 years old, is located in Tanta. Some people believe that the icon of the Virgin Mary has healing powers.[21][22] The Museum of Tanta
Tanta
contains items from ancient nearby sites of Sais, Naucratis, and Buto, such as pottery and statues.[23][24] El Mahallah is a large industrial town near Tanta, famous for its textile.[11]

Tanta's city center, Algeish street

Tanta's railway station

Mosque
Mosque
of st. Ahmed El-Badawy

Ferial palace, currently Al-Azhar school for girls

Climate[edit] As all of Egypt, has a hot desert climate (BWh), according to Köppen-Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for Tanta, Egypt

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 29.2 (84.6) 32 (90) 36.8 (98.2) 41.6 (106.9) 45.3 (113.5) 44.7 (112.5) 41.5 (106.7) 42.5 (108.5) 41.2 (106.2) 38.7 (101.7) 35.6 (96.1) 28.2 (82.8) 45.3 (113.5)

Average high °C (°F) 18.7 (65.7) 19.4 (66.9) 22.1 (71.8) 27.1 (80.8) 31 (88) 33.6 (92.5) 33.1 (91.6) 32.7 (90.9) 31.6 (88.9) 29.2 (84.6) 24.2 (75.6) 20.3 (68.5) 26.9 (80.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12 (54) 12.8 (55) 14.5 (58.1) 18.4 (65.1) 22.1 (71.8) 25.4 (77.7) 26 (79) 25.8 (78.4) 24.2 (75.6) 21.6 (70.9) 17.5 (63.5) 13.5 (56.3) 19.5 (67.1)

Average low °C (°F) 6.5 (43.7) 6.6 (43.9) 7.8 (46) 11.2 (52.2) 14.3 (57.7) 17.3 (63.1) 19.7 (67.5) 19.7 (67.5) 17.8 (64) 15.3 (59.5) 11.5 (52.7) 8 (46) 13.0 (55.4)

Record low °C (°F) 0.2 (32.4) 0.4 (32.7) 0.8 (33.4) 4.6 (40.3) 8.3 (46.9) 12 (54) 14.8 (58.6) 16.4 (61.5) 13.7 (56.7) 9.1 (48.4) 5 (41) 1.6 (34.9) 0.2 (32.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 13 (0.51) 8 (0.31) 7 (0.28) 3 (0.12) 2 (0.08) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.08) 4 (0.16) 12 (0.47) 51 (2.01)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.7 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.6 1.5 6.6

Average relative humidity (%) 72 69 68 60 57 58 66 71 69 67 70 71 66.5

Mean monthly sunshine hours 205.6 198.8 256.7 280.3 325.1 357.9 332.6 342.8 280.5 278.0 229.7 205.3 3,293.3

Source #1: NOAA[25]

Source #2: Record Meteo for record temperatures (1961–1990)[26]

Notable people[edit]

Kamal Amien (Arabic: كمال أمين‎‎) (1923–1979) Egyptian artist[27] Khairy Beshara
Khairy Beshara
(Arabic: خيري بشارة‎ ) Film director[28] Abdu Al-Hamouli
Abdu Al-Hamouli
(Arabic: عبده الحامولى‎‎) (1836–1901) Arab-Egyptian singer[29] Mahmoud Khalil Al-Hussary
Mahmoud Khalil Al-Hussary
(Arabic: محمود خليل الحصرى‎‎) (1917–1980) reciter of the Qur'an[30] Mohamed Fawzi (Arabic: محمد فوزى‎‎), (1918–1966) Egyptian composer, singer, and actor[31] Naima Akef
Naima Akef
(Arabic: نعيمة عاكف‎‎) (1939–1966) Egyptian belly-dancer and movie superstar[32] Doria Shafiq
Doria Shafiq
(Arabic: درية شفيق‎‎) (1908–1975) a leader of the Women's Liberation Movement in the early 1950s[33] Dr Osama abou Hammer, NeuroPsychiatrist Consultant based In London, simplified the disease strikes Psychological and Behavioral problems in UK and Europe Media World public media Ahmed Ibrahim Hegazy (1936-2011) Known as "Hegazy", a caricature artist[34] Nasr Abu Zayd "Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd" (1943–2010) Egyptian Qur'anic thinker and a liberal theologian in Islam[35] Ahmed Khaled Towfik (1962 - ) Egyptian author[36] Amina Rizk
Amina Rizk
(1910–2003) Egyptian actress[37] El-Sayed Mohamed Nosseir, (1905-1977) Olympic Gold medal winner in weightlifting[38] Maximos V Hakim, Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarch[39] Nabil Farouk, Novelist who influenced Egyptian youth during the 1980s and 1990s.[40][41] Bishop Paula, Head of the Coptic Orthodox Council for Marital Affairs.[42]

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tanta.

Nile Delta Egyptian festivals

References[edit]

^ World Gazetteer. "Statistical information on Tanta, Egypt". Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 2016-11-14.  ^ a b Raafat, Shaimaa (October 21, 2014). " Tanta
Tanta
receives 3 million visitors participating in Moulid Al-Sayed Al-Badawy festival". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Chaichian, Mohammad A. (2009). Town and Country in the Middle East: Iran and Egypt
Egypt
in the Transition to Globalization, 1800-1970. Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739126776. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Ayyad, Mohamed (July 27, 2015). "Siemens, Egyptian Railway sign MoU to develop major lines' sign lighting". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Seif, Ola R (October 12, 2015). "Train of thoughts". ahram online. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Dan, Richardson; Jacobs, Daniel (February 1, 2013). The Rough Guide to Egypt. Penguin. ISBN 9781409324263. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Chaichian, Mohammad A. (2009). Town and Country in the Middle East: Iran and Egypt
Egypt
in the Transition to Globalization, 1800-1970. Lexington Books. p. 131. ISBN 9780739126776. Retrieved 18 November 2016.  ^ Huston, Perdita (2001). Families as We are: Conversations from Around the World. Feminist Press at CUNY. ISBN 9781558612501. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Marcus, Antoine. "A Glimpse of Tanta, Egypt's "Boss Town"". Egyptian Streets. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ a b Elsamadouny, Zeyad. "Night Ride in Tanta". Youtube. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ a b c d Richadson, Dan; Jacobs, Daniel (August 2, 2010). The Rough Guide to Egypt. Penguin. ISBN 9781405387736.  ^ Denny, Frederick (September 21, 2015). Introduction to Islam. Routledge. p. 245. ISBN 9781317347279. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ Brockman, Norbert. Encyclopedia of Sacred Places, Volume 1. p. 321. ISBN 9781598846546. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ el-Aswad, El-Sayed (July 13, 2012). Muslim Worldviews and Everyday Lives. Rowman Altamira. p. 77. ISBN 9780759121195. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ Karl, Baedeker (1885). Egypt: Handbook for Travellers : Part First, Lower Egypt, with the Fayum and the Peninsula of Sinai. Harvard: Karl Baedeker. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ " Tanta University History". Tanta
Tanta
University. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ Marcus, Antoine. "A Glimpse of Tanta, Egypt's "Boss Town"". Egyptian Streets. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Nasr, Nahed (30 October 2016). "Archives: 8th Panorama out of Cairo: A dream in fulfilment". ahram online. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ Sullivan, Denis Joseph (1994). Private Voluntary Organizations in Egypt: Islamic Development, Private Initiative, and State Control. University Press of Florida. p. 73. ISBN 9780813012902.  ^ CIA, United States. The CIA World Factbook 2010, Book 2010. Skyhorse Publishing Inc. ISBN 9781602397279. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ "Christianity in Ebiar Village Tanta". A Sense of Belonging. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ "St. Mary Coptic Orthodox Church Tanta". St. Mary Coptic Orthodox Church Tanta. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ "SCA Tanta
Tanta
Museum". Supreme Council of Antiquities. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Hudson, Kenneth; Nicholls, Ann (June 18, 1985). The Directory of Museums & Living Displays. Springer. p. 208. ISBN 9781349070145. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ " Tanta
Tanta
Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 25, 2015.  ^ "Tanta, Egypt
Egypt
weather Station Record Meteo". Record Meteo. Retrieved 4 July 2013.  ^ "Kamal Amien Bio". Fine Art Gov Egypt. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ " Khairy Beshara
Khairy Beshara
Biography". IMDB. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016.  ^ "'Abduh al-Ḥāmūlī". Foundation for Arab Music Archiving & Research. Retrieved 14 November 2016.  ^ "Mahmoud Khalil Al Hussary". Assabile. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ "Mohamed Fawzy (1918 - 1966) محمد فوزي". El Cinema. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ "Naima Akef". IMDB. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2016.  ^ Smith, Bonnie G. (2008). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History: 4 Volume Set. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 27. ISBN 9780195148909.  ^ Mahmoud, Sayed (October 24, 2011). "Hegazy, Master of Egyptian cartoons". ahram online. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ "Professor Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd". Philosophers of the Arabs. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ Yaqoob, Tahira (March 16, 2012). "Ahmed Khaled Towfik, Egypt's doctor of escapism". Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ "Amina Rizk". IMDB. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2016.  ^ "Sayed Nossier". SR / Olympic Sports. Archived from the original on 2015-02-20.  ^ "Patriarch Maximos V (George) Hakim †". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 17 November 2016.  ^ "Dr. Nabil Farouk Biography". Rewayat Club. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ Almazroui, Ayesha (March 8, 2015). "If we want to keep Arabic alive, don't blame English". The National. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.  ^ "Bishop Paula of Tanta
Tanta
and Synod Member speaks to Al-Hayat TV Channel on Egyptian Copts, relations with Al-Sisi and patriotism". Middle East Monitor. June 11, 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Egypt: Handbook for Travellers : Part First, Lower Egypt, with the Fayum and the Peninsula of Sinai by Karl Baedeker (1885) Families as We are: Conversations from Around the World by Perdita Huston, 2001 The Encyclopædia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information by Hugh Chisholm, 1910 The Coptic Diocese of Tanta

v t e

Governorates capitals of Egypt

Governorate (capital)

Alexandria
Alexandria
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Aswan
(Aswan) Asyut
Asyut
(Asyut) Beheira (Damanhur) Beni Suef
Beni Suef
(Beni Suef) Cairo
Cairo
(Cairo) Dakahlia (Mansoura) Damietta
Damietta
(Damietta) Faiyum
Faiyum
(Faiyum) Gharbia (Tanta) Giza
Giza
(Giza) Ismailia
Ismailia
(Ismailia) Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh
(Kafr El Sheikh) Luxor
Luxor
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Port Said
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Qena
(Qena) Red Sea (Hurghada) Sharqia (Zagazig) Sohag
Sohag
(Sohag) South Sinai (El Tor) Suez
Suez
(Suez)

v t e

Egyptian cities and towns by population

1,000,000 and more

Alexandria Cairo Giza Shubra El Kheima

300,000-999,999

Asyut Bilbeis Damietta Faiyum Imbaba Ismailia El Mahalla El Kubra Kom Ombo Mansoura Luxor Port Fuad Port Said Suez Tanta Zagazig

100,000-299,999

6th of October Arish Aswan Banha Beni Suef Damanhur Desouk Edfu Hurghada Kafr El Dawwar Kafr El Sheikh Mallawi Minya New Borg El Arab New Cairo Obour Qena Shibin El Kom Sohag

<99,999

Abydos Ain Sokhna Akhmim Dahab Dakhla Dendera Dekernes El Alamein El Gouna Esna Hamrah Dom Hala'ib Kharga Marsa Alam Marsa Matruh Nag Hammadi New Nubariya Nuweiba Rosetta Sadat Safaga Saint Catherine Siwa Sharm El

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