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Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
/tæmɪnræsɪt/ (Arabic: تمنراست , also known as Tamenɣest, Tamanghasset or Tamenghest, Tuareg: ⵜⵎⵏⵘⵙⵜ ) is an oasis city and capital of Tamanrasset Province
Tamanrasset Province
in southern Algeria, in the Ahaggar Mountains. It is the chief city of the Algerian Tuareg. It is located an altitude of 1,320 metres (4,330 ft). As of the 2008 census, it has a population of 92,635,[1] up from 72,741 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 2.5%.[1] Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
was originally established as a military outpost to guard the trans-Saharan trade routes. Surrounded by the barren Sahara Desert, very high temperatures of over 47 °C (117 °F) have been recorded here. Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
is located at an oasis where, despite the difficult climate, citrus fruits, apricots, dates, almonds, cereals, corn, and figs are grown. The Tuareg people
Tuareg people
were once the town's main inhabitants. Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
is a tourist attraction during the cooler months. Visitors are also drawn to the Museum of the Hoggar, which offers many exhibits depicting Tuareg life and culture. The city is served by Tamanrasset Airport
Tamanrasset Airport
and the Trans-Sahara Highway.

Contents

1 History 2 Climate 3 Education 4 Localities 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Woman in a doorway, 1916

Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
originated as the centre of a network of camel caravan trading routes from Kano, Lake Chad, Gao, Agades
Agades
and Zinder.[3] When Algeria
Algeria
was under French rule the town was established as a military post, originally named Fort Laperrine, after General François-Henry Laperrine[4] who died in the desert nearby. Charles de Foucauld
Charles de Foucauld
was shot to death outside his Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
compound by Sermi ag Thora under the command of El Madani ag Soba on December 1, 1916.[5] On 13 February 1960, during the Algerian War, Gerboise Bleue
Gerboise Bleue
- the first French nuclear test - detonated in the middle of the Algerian Sahara desert, located about 800 km southwest of Tamanrasset.[6] On May 1, 1962, near Ecker, 150 km north of Tamanrasset, there was an accidental venting of a French underground nuclear test. Due to improper sealing of the shaft, a spectacular flame burst through the concrete cap and radioactive gases and dust were vented into the atmosphere. The plume climbed up to 2600 m high and radiation was detected hundreds of kilometres away. About a hundred French soldiers and officials, including two ministers, were irradiated. The number of contaminated Algerians is unknown. In 2003 Air Algérie Flight 6289
Air Algérie Flight 6289
crashed in the city. In 2010, the oasis town is the site of the Joint Military Staff Committee headquarters for combating Al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb. The four-country Committee (Algeria, Mali, Niger, Mauritania) intends to use Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
to coordinate their military activity in the Pan-Sahel.[7] Climate[edit]

Climate chart

Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
Airport

Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
viewed from the air

Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers (which are moderated by its elevation) and mild winters. There is very little rain throughout the year, although occasional rain does fall in late summer from the northern extension of the Intertropical Convergence Zone.

Climate data for Tamanrasset

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 27.5 (81.5) 29.9 (85.8) 29.8 (85.6) 35.0 (95) 39.1 (102.4) 44.7 (112.5) 47.4 (117.3) 47.4 (117.3) 42.5 (108.5) 34.8 (94.6) 28.6 (83.5) 27.2 (81) 47.4 (117.3)

Average high °C (°F) 20.1 (68.2) 22.1 (71.8) 25.4 (77.7) 30.1 (86.2) 33.6 (92.5) 35.4 (95.7) 35.3 (95.5) 34.7 (94.5) 33.2 (91.8) 29.5 (85.1) 24.7 (76.5) 21.3 (70.3) 28.8 (83.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.7 (54.9) 14.5 (58.1) 18.2 (64.8) 22.7 (72.9) 26.7 (80.1) 29.1 (84.4) 29.2 (84.6) 28.7 (83.7) 27.2 (81) 23.0 (73.4) 17.6 (63.7) 13.9 (57) 22.0 (71.6)

Average low °C (°F) 5.2 (41.4) 6.9 (44.4) 10.9 (51.6) 15.3 (59.5) 19.7 (67.5) 22.8 (73) 23.1 (73.6) 22.6 (72.7) 21.1 (70) 16.4 (61.5) 10.4 (50.7) 6.4 (43.5) 15.1 (59.2)

Record low °C (°F) −5.3 (22.5) −4.4 (24.1) −2.9 (26.8) 0.4 (32.7) 4.7 (40.5) 6.9 (44.4) 7.2 (45) 7.0 (44.6) 5.7 (42.3) −0.1 (31.8) 0.0 (32) −4.6 (23.7) −5.3 (22.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.4 (0.094) 1.5 (0.059) 5.2 (0.205) 2.1 (0.083) 5.1 (0.201) 7.1 (0.28) 5.1 (0.201) 8.1 (0.319) 7.7 (0.303) 6.8 (0.268) 0.8 (0.031) 1.7 (0.067) 53.6 (2.11)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.5 2.8 1.6 2.9 2.8 1.5 0.4 0.6 17.3

Average relative humidity (%) 29 31 26 27 29 24 21 25 26 29 32 31 27.5

Source #1: World Meteorological Organization
World Meteorological Organization
(average temperatures and precipitation, 1976–2005)[8]

Source #2: Weatherbase (extremes, humidity)[9]

Education[edit] 4.3% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 14.1% has completed secondary education.[10] The overall literacy rate is 69.8%, and is 78.4% among males and 60.8% among females.[11] Localities[edit] The commune is composed of 14 localities:[12]

Tamanrasset Amsel Outoul Tit Assekrem Tahifet Tarhenanet Tagmart Talan Teidit Efak Ihelfène Tarhaouhaout In Dalag Izernène

References[edit]

^ a b "Population: Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
Wilaya" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ " Algeria
Algeria
Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013.  ^ John Gunther, "Inside Africa" Hamish Hamilton, page132 ^ fr:François-Henry Laperrine ^ Fleming, Fergus. The Sword and the Cross: Two Men and an Empire of Sand. New York: Grove Press, 2003. ^ French Senate report #179: The first French tests in the Sahara ^ "Saharan states to open joint military headquarters". BBC News. 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2011-03-01.  ^ "World Weather Information Service–Tamanrasset". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 21 October 2016.  ^ "Weatherbase: Weather for Tamanrasset, Algeria". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 22, 2011. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1551. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  Check date values in: archive-date= (help)

External links[edit]

Algeria
Algeria
portal

Saharan Forts

Places adjacent to Tamanrasset

Adrar In Amguel Tit Ouargla Idlès Tarhenanet Illizi Tazrouk Izernène

Ouloul Abalessa

Tamanrasset

In Dalag Tarhaouhaout

Tin Zaouatine Amsel In Guezzam Talan Teidit

v t e

Provincial seats of Algeria

Adrar Aïn Defla Aïn Témouchent Algiers Annaba Batna Béchar Béjaïa Biskra Blida Bordj Bou Arréridj Bouïra Boumerdès Chlef Constantine Djelfa El Bayadh El Oued El Taref Ghardaïa Guelma Illizi Jijel Khenchela Laghouat Mascara Médéa Mila Mostaganem M'Sila Naâma Oran Ouargla Oum El Bouaghi Relizane Saida Sétif Sidi Bel Abbès Skikda Souk Ahras Tamanrasset Tébessa Tiaret Tindouf Tipasa Tissemsilt Tizi Ouzou Tlemcen

v t e

Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
Province

Tamanrasset
Tamanrasset
District

Tamanrasset Amsel In Dalag Izernène Outoul Tahifet Talan Teidit Tarhaouhaout Tarhenanet Tit

In Amguel Arak In Eker

In Salah
In Salah
District

In Salah El Barka Hassi Lahdjar Igostène Sahla Fougania Sahla Tahtania

Foggaret Ezzaouia Foggaret el Arab Hinoune Silafène

Tazrouk
Tazrouk
District

Tazrouk

Idlès Amguid Hirhafek Mertoutek

Abalessa
Abalessa
District

Abalessa Iglène Issalissekine Silet Tahart Tefert El Fougania Tefert El Tahtania Tin Amansagh

In Ghar
In Ghar
District

In Ghar

Tin Zaouatine
Tin Zaouatine
District

Tin Zaouatine

In Guezzam
In Guezzam
District

In Guezzam

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tamanrasset.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to

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