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Tallaght
Tallaght
(/ˈtælə/ TAL-ə; Irish: Tamhlacht, IPA: [ˈt̪ˠəul̪ˠəxt̪ˠ]) is the largest town, and county seat, of South Dublin, Ireland. The village area, dating from at least the 1st century, held one of the earliest settlements known in the southern part of the island, and one of medieval Ireland's more important monastic centres.[2] Up to the 1960s Tallaght
Tallaght
was little more than a small village in County Dublin, linked to several nearby rural areas which were part of the large civil parish of the same name - the local council estimates the then population at 2,500.[3] Suburban development began in the 1970s and a town centre area has been developing since the late 1980s. There is no legal definition of the boundaries of Tallaght, but the electoral divisions known as "Tallaght" followed by the name of a locality have, according to the 2016 census, a population of 76,119,[1] up from 69,454 over five years.[4][5] There have been calls in recent years for Tallaght
Tallaght
to be declared a city.[6] The village core of the district is located north of, and near to, the River Dodder, and parts of the broader area within South Dublin
South Dublin
are close to the borders of Dublin
Dublin
City, Kildare, Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown and County Wicklow. Several streams flow in the area, notably the Jobstown
Jobstown
or Tallaght
Tallaght
Stream (a tributary of the Dodder River), and the Fettercairn Stream (a tributary of the River Camac), while the Tymon River, the main component of the River Poddle (Liffey tributary), rises in Cookstown, near Fettercairn.

Contents

1 Etymology

1.1 Historical names of the area (by source)

2 History

2.1 Prehistory 2.2 8th to 12th centuries 2.3 13th to 20th centuries 2.4 Modern development 2.5 Irish language
Irish language
use 2.6 Chronology

3 Geography

3.1 Location 3.2 Transport 3.3 Population 3.4 Districts 3.5 Rural areas

4 Features

4.1 St. Maelruain's Church 4.2 Tallaght
Tallaght
Castle 4.3 Recent construction

5 Politics and government 6 Education 7 Sports 8 Arts and entertainment 9 Events 10 People 11 See also 12 External sources 13 References 14 External links

Etymology[edit] The place name Tallaght
Tallaght
is said to derive from támh-leacht, meaning "sleepy water" in Irish, and consisting of "támh", meaning sleep, and "leacht", meaning liquid. The earliest mention of a Tallaght
Tallaght
is in Lebor Gabála Érenn (the Book Of Invasions), and is there linked to Parthalón, said to be the leader of an early invasion of Ireland. He and many of his followers were said to have died of the plague. The burials that have been found in the Tallaght
Tallaght
area, however, are all normal pre-historic interments, mainly from the Bronze Age, and nothing suggesting a mass grave has so far been recorded here. The Annals of the Four Masters
Annals of the Four Masters
record the legendary event as follows:

Naoi mile do ecc fri h-aoin-sechtmain do muinter Parthaloin for Shenmhaigh Ealta Eadoir .i. cúig míle d'feroibh, & ceithre míle do mnáibh. Conadh de sin ata Taimhleacht Muintere Parthalain. Trí ced bliadhain ro caithsiot i n-Erinn."[7]

In translation:

"Nine thousand of Parthalón's people died in one week on Sean Mhagh Ealta Edair, namely, five thousand men, and four thousand women. Whence is named Taimhleacht Muintire Parthalóin. They had passed three hundred years in Ireland."[8]

The name in Irish, Tamhlacht, is found at other places, such as Tamlaght in Magherafelt District, Northern Ireland,[9] though the mention of Eadoir, probably Binn Éadair (Howth) in the passage below, suggests that Tallaght
Tallaght
is the more likely location for this tale. Upon Mount Seskin (the tallest of the Tallaght
Tallaght
Hills) can be seen numerous stone structures. The one that lies a top this mountain is commonly referred to as "The Hell Fire Club" and was built by a man called Speaker Conolly. It was built upon a passage tomb; this one known locally as a "fairy ring", an ancient monument similar to Newgrange. Thus was created the perfect location for very many myths and legends, as the destruction of these structures, for any reason, is said to bring bad luck. Today all across the countryside of Ireland can be found random mounds of earth. Such "fairy rings" are avoided by farmers, as they would rather leave them than risk the wrath of the "good people", the "Sí". Places near Tallaght
Tallaght
featured in the ancient legends of the Fianna, a band of warriors that roamed the country and fought for the High King at Tara. In Lady Gregory's 'Gods and Fighting Men', mention is made of, in particular, Gleann na Smól: in Chapter 12 "The Red Woman", on a misty morning, Fionn says to his Fians, "Make yourselves ready, and we will go hunting to Gleann-na-Smol."[10] There they meet Niamh of the Golden Hair, who chose Oisín from among all the Fianna to be her husband, told him to come with her on her fairy horse, after which they rode over the land to the sea and across the waves to the land of Tír na nÓg. Historical names of the area (by source)[edit] Taimhleacht Muintire Parthaloin (ar Sean Mhagh Ealta Edair) – AM2820?[citation needed]

Tamlactense (Monasterium) – 769?[citation needed]

History[edit] Prehistory[edit] The documented history of Tallaght
Tallaght
dates back to early Christendom in Ireland but the many archaeological sites in the area suggest the presence of Bronze Age
Bronze Age
and perhaps even earlier settlers in the area. 8th to 12th centuries[edit] With the foundation of the monastery of Tallaght
Tallaght
by St. Maelruain
St. Maelruain
in 769 A.D. we have a more reliable record of the area's early history. The monastery was a centre of learning and piety, particularly associated with the Céli Dé
Céli Dé
spiritual reform movement. It was such an important institution that it and the monastery at Finglas
Finglas
were known as the "two eyes of Ireland".[11] St. Aengus, an Ulsterman, was one of the most illustrious of the Céli Dé
Céli Dé
and devoted himself to the religious life. Wherever he went he was accompanied by a band of followers who distracted him from his devotions. He secretly travelled to the monastery at Tallaght
Tallaght
where he was not known and enrolled as a lay brother. He remained unknown for many years until his identity was discovered by Maeilruain. They may have written the Martyrology of Tallaght
Tallaght
together, and St Aengus also wrote a calendar of saints known as the Féilire of Aengus. St. Maelruain
St. Maelruain
died in 792 and was buried in Tallaght. The influence of the monastery continued after his death, as can be judged by the fact that, in 806, the monks of Tallaght
Tallaght
were able to prevent the holding of the Tailteann Games, because of some infringement of their rights. In 811 the monastery was devastated by the Vikings but the destruction was not permanent and the annals of the monastery continued to be recorded for several following centuries. After the Anglo-Norman invasion in 1179, Tallaght
Tallaght
and its appurtenances were confirmed to the Diocese of Dublin
Dublin
and became the property of the Archbishop. The complete disappearance of every trace of what must have been an extensive and well organised monastic settlement can only be accounted for by the subsequent history of the place, the erection and demolition of defensive walls and castles, and the incessant warfare and destruction that lasted for hundreds of years. 13th to 20th centuries[edit] Throughout the greater part of the 13th century a state of comparative peace existed at Tallaght, but subsequently the O'Byrnes and O'Tooles, in what would become County Wicklow, took offensive action and were joined by many of the Archbishop's tenants. As a result of this the land was not tilled, the pastures were not stocked and the holdings were deserted. In 1310 the bailiffs of Tallaght
Tallaght
got a royal grant to enclose the town. No trace of these defensive walls survive and there is no evidence of their exact location, except, perhaps, for the name of the Watergate Bridge which spans the Dodder on the Oldbawn Road. The continuation of such raids prompted the construction, in 1324, of Tallaght
Tallaght
Castle, and it was finished some time before 1349. Tallaght had become an important defensive site on the edge of the Pale. A century later it was reported to be in need of repair. The 17th and 18th centuries brought many changes to Tallaght. Many mills were built along the Dodder and this brought new prosperity to the broad area, which saw the building of many houses. When Archbishop Hoadley replaced Archbishop King in 1729 he found the castle in ruins, and had it demolished, building himself a palace at a cost of £2,500. By 1821 the palace too had fallen into ruin and an Act of Parliament was passed which stated that it was unfit for habitation. The following year it was sold to Major Palmer, Inspector General of Prisons, who pulled the palace down and used the materials to build his mansion, Tallaght
Tallaght
House, as well as a schoolhouse and several cottages. Tallaght House
Tallaght House
is now incorporated in St Joseph's Retreat House, situated in the grounds of St Mary's Priory. An ancient tower was spared in the demolition of the palace and was later incorporated into the buildings of St. Mary's Priory, where it still stands today. It contains a spiral staircase and was originally four storeys high but is now reduced internally to two. Attached to the castle was a long building which was used in the archbishop's time as a brewery and later as a granary and stables. When the Dominicans came, it was converted into a chapel and was used as such until 1883 when the new church dedicated to Fr Tom Burke (now the older part of the parish church)was built. The Dominicans came to Tallaght
Tallaght
in 1855/6 and soon established a thriving priory that was also a seminary for the formation of Dominicans in Ireland and on missions in Trinidad and Tobago, South America, Australia, India, and elsewhere. The cramped accommodation of Tallaght
Tallaght
house was replaced by the austere priory in phases of 1864, 1903 and again in 1957. All are bleak, and remain so, but the work that goes on in these buildings is various and dedicated: St Joseph's retreat house, the Tallaght
Tallaght
parish, St Catherine's counselling centre, at least two publishing enterprises, individual writing and international research in several domains. Most recently Tallaght Priory has seen the birth of an institute for distance learning, started in 2000 but adapting well to new challenges and the possibility of outreach to a generation awake to the possibilities offered by the internet. This is validated through the Institute for Technology, Tallaght, the priory's closest neighbours. The grounds of the Priory, the old palace gardens, still retain many features from the historic past such as the Archbishop's bathhouse, the Friar's Walk and "St. Maelruain's Tree", a Persian walnut of the eighteenth century. They are an essential part of the retreat experience for those who come to St Joseph's Retreat House, and also for the life of the community that is otherwise so busy. The old constabulary barracks on the main street was the scene of the engagement known as the Battle of Tallaght, which occurred during the Fenian rising on 5 March 1867. On that night the Fenians moved out to assemble at the appointed place on Tallaght
Tallaght
Hill. The large number of armed men alarmed the police in Tallaght
Tallaght
who sent warning to the nearest barracks. There were fourteen constables and a head constable under Sub-inspector Burke at Tallaght, and they took up a position outside the barracks where they commanded the roads from both Greenhills and Templeogue. The first body of armed men came from Greenhills and, when they came under police fire, retreated. Next a party came from Templeogue, and were also dispersed. In 1936 a skeleton, sword-bayonet and water bottle were found in a hollow tree stump near Terenure. It is thought that these were the remains of one of the Fenians who had taken refuge there after the Battle of Tallaght and either died of his wounds or was frozen to death. In 1888 the Dublin
Dublin
& Blessington Steam Tramway opened and it passed through Tallaght
Tallaght
Village. This provided a new means of transporting goods and also brought day-trippers from the city. Modern development[edit]

Arena Buildings

While no plan was formally adopted, Tallaght
Tallaght
was laid out as a new town, as set out in the 1967 Myles Wright masterplan for Greater Dublin
Dublin
(this proposed four self-contained "new towns" - at Tallaght, Clondalkin, Lucan and Blanchardstown
Blanchardstown
- all of which were at that time villages surrounded by extensive open lands, with some small settlements). Many of the social and cultural proposals in this plan were ignored by the Dublin
Dublin
local authorities, and contrary to planners' suggestions, Tallaght
Tallaght
and the other "new towns" were not provided with adequate facilities. Characterised by the same problems associated with poorly planned fringe areas of many European cities, during the 1970s and 1980s Tallaght
Tallaght
became synonymous with suburban mismanagement. While it was absorbed into the larger suburban area of Dublin (including becoming the postal district Dublin
Dublin
24 in the 1980s), Tallaght
Tallaght
has developed a distinctive identity, arising largely from its rapid growth during recent decades, and now has a thriving local arts, cultural, sports, and economic outlook. Tallaght's Civic Square contains the seat of the local authority, County Hall, a newly renovated and well-equipped library facility, a theatre building and a "cutting edge" 4-storey arts centre named RUA RED (which opened on 5 February 2009). Rua Red is south Dublin's hub for creative activity. The Dublin
Dublin
city council provides an opportunity for people of all ages and backgrounds to take part in Music, Dancing, Art, drama and literature.[12] Along with other local libraries and arts groups, it also has another theatre building, and a homegrown youth theatre company. It is also the home to the Tallaght
Tallaght
Swim Team, Tallaght
Tallaght
Rugby Club, the National Basketball Arena, Shamrock Rovers F.C., and several notable martial arts schools and Gaelic Athletic Association clubs. In October 2008 "An Bhratach Fhulaingt"[13] or "The Suffering Flag" was designed for Tallaght
Tallaght
during The D'No Project, run by Tallaght Youth Theatre in partnership with Tallaght
Tallaght
Community Arts, and funded by Léargas - and was intended to be flown at the new county arts centre, Rua Red, on April 17 and 18th 2009. However, the flag was ultimately not flown and instead its colours were utilised within aspects of the performance.[14] The flag developed into "An Bhratach Seasmhacht" [15], or "The Endurance Flag", which was flown from The Cabin at the Fettercairn Community Centre for 12 months, as part of Tallaght
Tallaght
Community Arts Headin' Out Project between 2013 and 2014. Since then, "An Bhratach Aontacht Thamlachta" [16], or "The Tallaght Unity Flag" has been adopted as the flag of Tallaght
Tallaght
by Tallaght Historical Society and by Tallaght
Tallaght
Community Council and has flown publicly from a flag pole at the Priory in Tallaght
Tallaght
Village during Tallafest 2017 and from The Dragon Inn since Easter 2018 [17]. Irish language
Irish language
use[edit] Tallaght
Tallaght
has a network of urban Irish speakers. This is largely dependent on Gaelphobal Thamhlachta, an activist group which grew out of Cumann Gaelach Thamhlachta, founded in 1974 as a branch of the Gaelic League.[18] Particular emphasis has been placed on providing education through Irish. There are now two Gaelscoileanna (Irish-speaking primary schools), Scoil Santain (founded in 1974)[19] and Scoil Chaitlín Maude (founded in 1986).[20] Caitlín Maude, after whom the latter is named, was a well-known Irish-language poet, singer and activist who settled in the area. There is also an Irish-medium secondary school, Coláiste de hÍde.[21] The importance of the language was given official recognition in 2015 with the announcement of a €50,000 council grant, supplemented by a government grant of €150,000 in 2016, meant to facilitate the creation of a local Irish-language cultural centre, incorporating a public cafe staffed by local Irish speakers.[22][23] Chronology[edit]

769: Saint Maelruain's monastery founded. 792: AI792.1 Kl. Mael Rúain, bishop of Tamlachta, [rested]. 811: Saint Maelruain's monastery devastated by the Vikings. AI824.2 Tamlachta of Mael Ruain plundered by the community of Cell Dara. 1179: Tallaght
Tallaght
and its hinterland, previously within the Diocese of Glendalough, confirmed as holdings of the Archdiocese of Dublin. 1310: bailiffs of Tallaght
Tallaght
given royal grant to enclose the town. 1324: Building of Tallaght Castle
Tallaght Castle
commences. 1331-1332; Tallaght Castle
Tallaght Castle
plundered by O'Toole of Imaile. 1378: Mathew, son of Redmond de Bermingham, takes up station at Tallaght Castle
Tallaght Castle
to resist the O'Byrnes. 1540: O'Tooles invade, and devastate Tallaght Castle
Tallaght Castle
and surrounding manors. 1635: Old Bawn House built. 1729: Tallaght Castle
Tallaght Castle
demolished; Archbishop's Palace built by Archbishop Hoadley. 1822: Archbishop's Palace demolished by Major Palmer, who then builds Tallaght
Tallaght
House. 1829: Modern Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
parish created. 1856: Tallaght House
Tallaght House
is sold to the Dominicans. 1864: Saint Mary's Priory built. 1867: Battle of Tallaght
Tallaght
fought in March.[24] July 2, 1882 Tom Bourke O.P. dies. 1883: New Priory Church built. 1888: The Dublin
Dublin
and Blessington Steam Tramway commences operation, passing through Tallaght
Tallaght
village. 1903: New wing built at the Priory, connecting Priory and church 1955: New retreat house built at the Priory, enclosing Tallaght
Tallaght
House. 1955: Michael Cardinal Browne buried in Tallaght
Tallaght
Dominican church 1984: Tallaght’s first public library, at Castletymon, opened in June. 1987: Alan Dukes outlines the Tallaght Strategy to the Tallaght Chamber of Commerce. 1990: The Square shopping centre opens. 1992: Institute of Technology, Tallaght
Institute of Technology, Tallaght
opens. 1994: South Dublin
South Dublin
County Council comes into existence, with new headquarters at Tallaght; Tallaght
Tallaght
Youth Theatre is founded; Tallaght’s second public library, situated beside the South Dublin County Council offices, opened in December. 1995: Tallaght
Tallaght
Theatre built in Kilnamanagh. 1997: Tallaght
Tallaght
Theatre is officially opened, on the Greenhill's Rd, Behind the Cuckoo's Nest Pub. 1998: Tallaght Hospital
Tallaght Hospital
opens. 1999: Civic Theatre opens adjacent to County Council headquarters in Tallaght
Tallaght
centre. 2004: The Red Line of the Luas
Luas
light rail system opens, connecting central Tallaght
Tallaght
to Heuston Station and Connolly Station in Dublin City. 2008: Extensive rebuilding of Tallaght's main library is completed; the first attempt to design a flag specifically for Tallaght
Tallaght
results in An Bratach Fulaingt (The Suffering Flag), created as part of a Tallaght
Tallaght
Youth Theatre project on citizenship. 2009: The County Arts Centre, Rua Red, is opened; completion of Tallaght
Tallaght
Stadium; An Bratach Fulaingt is utilised in a performance by Tallaght
Tallaght
Youth Theatre at the Rua Red Arts Centre. 2010: On March 1, the RPA held a special meeting in Belgard Heights Community Centre to reveal the Metro West schematic; the first 4 stops of which were planned for Tallaght
Tallaght
( Tallaght
Tallaght
East, Colberts Fort, Kilnamanagh and Newlands). 2011: On September 15, Shamrock Rovers
Shamrock Rovers
hosted Rubin Kazan
Rubin Kazan
in what was the first UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa League
group stage game to contain an Irish team. This game took place in the Tallaght Stadium
Tallaght Stadium
which would host 2 more games in the group stage.[25]

2015: An Bratach Seasmhacht (The Endurance Flag), the second stage of Tallaght's flag development, was flown from The Cabin at the Fettercairn Community Cebtre as part of the Headin' Out project by Tallaght
Tallaght
Community Arts.

2017: An Bhratach Aontacht Thamlachta (The Unity Flag of Tallaght) is adopted by Tallaght
Tallaght
Historical Society and Tallaght
Tallaght
Community Council as the flag of the entire Tallaght
Tallaght
area and is flown publicly from a flag pole at the Priory in Tallaght
Tallaght
Village during Tallafest on June 24th. 2018: From March 29th, The Unity Flag is flown from a public building for the first time at The Dragon Inn in Tallaght
Tallaght
Village

Geography[edit] Location[edit] Tallaght
Tallaght
is centred 13 km southwest of Dublin
Dublin
city, in the foothills of the Wicklow Mountains. While there is no formal definition as such, it can be described as beginning southwest of Templeogue, running west towards Saggart, towards Bohernabreena and Glenasmole in the south and to the borders of Firhouse
Firhouse
to the southeast and Knocklyon
Knocklyon
to the east, and to the southern edges of Clondalkin
Clondalkin
in the northwest and Walkinstown
Walkinstown
in the northeast. It lies outside the M50 Dublin
Dublin
orbital motorway, and in effect forms an irregular circle either side of the N81 Dublin-Blessington road. The rural villages of Saggart
Saggart
and of Rathcoole lie west of Tallaght, along with the Air Corps aerodrome at Baldonnell. There is also still considerable open land, some still farmed, in this direction. Transport[edit]

Luas
Luas
tram in Tallaght

Tallaght
Tallaght
is connected to Dublin
Dublin
city by Dublin
Dublin
Bus services, and by the Red Line of the Luas
Luas
light rail system, which opened in September 2004. Though the first stop ( Tallaght
Tallaght
Cross) of the Red Line is called 'Tallaght', the entire 'Red 4' zone (with the exception of the terminus at Saggart) lies within the broader Tallaght
Tallaght
area. The current price (2013) for a single ticket From Red 4 to Central 1 is €2.70. Tallaght
Tallaght
is not well connected to Dublin's other towns and suburbs, as public transport predominantly runs through the city centre; this has led to high levels of car dependence, however the 75 links Tallaght
Tallaght
to Rathfarnham, Nutgrove, Ballinteer, Dundrum, Stillorgan
Stillorgan
and Dún Laoghaire, while the 76 links Tallaght
Tallaght
to Clondalkin, Liffey Valley Shopping Centre and Ballyfermot. Routes to the city centre include the 27 (via Jobstown
Jobstown
and Tymon Park), 49 (The Square, Aylesbury, Old Bawn, Ballycullen and Firhouse), 54a (Kiltipper, Killinarden Heights, The Square, Tallaght
The Square, Tallaght
Hospital, Tallaght
Tallaght
Village, Balrothery), 56a (The Square, Springfield, Fettercairn and Kingswood), 65 ( The Square, Tallaght
The Square, Tallaght
Hospital, Tallaght
Tallaght
Village and Balrothery), 65b (Killinarden Heights, Kiltipper Road, Aylesbury, Old Bawn, Firhouse
Firhouse
and Ballycullen) and 77a (Blessington, Killinarden Heights, The Square, Tallaght
The Square, Tallaght
Hospital, Tallaght
Tallaght
Village, Old Bawn, Balrothery and Tymon Park). A metro rail system is potentially planned for Dublin
Dublin
but on hold following the global financial crisis. Two lines have been proposed: Metro North, running from Dublin
Dublin
city to the airport, and Metro West, which, taking a circuitous route, is proposed to link Tallaght
Tallaght
with the major satellite towns west of Dublin, of Clondalkin, Lucan, and Blanchardstown. This metro line will join up with Metro North and continue out to Dublin
Dublin
Airport in Fingal. The first 4 stops of the proposed Metro West would be in Tallaght, with the first stop, ' Tallaght
Tallaght
East' being situated near Tallaght
Tallaght
IT on the Belgard Road.

Preceding station   Dublin
Dublin
Metro   Following station

  Proposed  

Terminus   Metro West   Belgard

A Luas
Luas
extension from Tallaght
Tallaght
to Citywest and Saggart
Saggart
was added to the original Luas
Luas
system. This is a 4.2 km (2.5 mi) extension, funded by a Public Private Partnership with property developers. Identified as Line A1, this €150 million spur off the Red Line at Belgard runs to Saggart. Originally intended to be a spur off the proposed Red Line to Fortunestown, it was later decided to extend it to Saggart. Construction started on 9 February 2009, with the line completed by early 2011. Passenger services on the 4.2 km light rail link started in early 2011. It serves communities such as Cairnwood, Ambervale, Belgard Green, Fettercairn, Kilmartin, Brookview and Ardmore. Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1653 145 —    

1659 391 +169.7%

1821 510 +30.4%

1831 359 −29.6%

1841 348 −3.1%

1851 375 +7.8%

1861 537 +43.2%

1871 312 −41.9%

1881 267 −14.4%

1891 289 +8.2%

1901 299 +3.5%

1911 232 −22.4%

1926 333 +43.5%

1936 406 +21.9%

1946 378 −6.9%

1951 352 −6.9%

1956 710 +101.7%

1961 1,402 +97.5%

1966 2,476 +76.6%

1971 6,174 +149.4%

1981 55,104 +792.5%

1986 46,833 −15.0%

1991 62,570 +33.6%

1996 61,611 −1.5%

2002 60,215 −2.3%

2006 65,167 +8.2%

2011 69,454 +6.6%

2016 76,119 +9.6%

[26][1]

The County Council stated in 2003 that the population of Tallaght
Tallaght
and environs was just under 73,000.[3] Tallaght
Tallaght
is the seat of South Dublin
Dublin
County and has no specific local administration. In addition, while there exist two distinct local electoral areas in the form of " Tallaght
Tallaght
Central" (based around the historic village core and key modern developments) and " Tallaght
Tallaght
South" (the outlying "suburbs" and some rural areas), Tallaght
Tallaght
possesses no legal boundary and as a result, it is very difficult to define an official population figure for the area. The population of the village remains modest but the broader area is now one of Ireland's largest population agglomerations. In fact, if the entirety of Tallaght
Tallaght
and its broadly defined environs were taken into account, then the population would be greater than that of Galway city (75,414), rendering Tallaght
Tallaght
the fourth largest area of population in the state. Irish population statistics are calculated from District Electoral Divisions, and these are often combined to estimate "area populations". As shown in the table adjacent, the total population from the 2016 census is 76,119.

Tallaght
Tallaght
Ethnic groups 2011 White Irish Irish Traveller Other White Black Asian Other Not Stated

Tallaght
Tallaght
Population 69,454 58,596 787 3934 2001 1271 856 2009

[27] The population of the historic civil parish of Tallaght, including now quite separate areas such as Templeogue, Ballyroan, and wide areas of mountain as far away as Castlekelly, is 101,059[28] Districts[edit]

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"Greater Tallaght" comprises Tallaght
Tallaght
village and a range of areas that were formerly small settlements (Jobstown, Old Bawn, Kilnamanagh) and rural townlands, all developed in recent decades. The original village of Tallaght
Tallaght
lies west of the Tallaght
Tallaght
Bypass (N81). It stretches east-west from Main Road and Main Street to the Abberley Court Hotel at the end of High Street, and encompasses the Village Green shopping plaza, Tallaght
Tallaght
Courthouse, Westpark, and many shops, restaurants and banks. It also houses Tallaght
Tallaght
Youth Service, Tallaght's first newspaper printing house the Tallaght
Tallaght
Echo, and (formally) Tallaght
Tallaght
Community Arts Centre. The area's Institute of Technology, Saint Mary's Priory, and Saint Maelruain's Church are located in the historic quarter of Tallaght
Tallaght
village. The newer "town centre" lies immediately to the south across the Belgard Road, encompassing Belgard Square, the main shopping complex (known as The Square also known as the Pyramid), the Luas
Luas
Red Line terminus, Tallaght Hospital
Tallaght Hospital
(including the National Children's Hospital), County Hall, the Civic Theatre, South Dublin
South Dublin
County Library, Rua Red Arts Centre, and several bars, restaurants and hotels. To the northeast of the village lies the Tymon North / Balrothery area, which comprised rural townlands until the 1970s. This district includes estates such as Bancroft, Balrothery, Glenview, Castle Park, Saint Aongus, Tymon, Bolbrook and Avonbeg. These parts are home to several sporting facilities, including the National Basketball Arena, a fitness centre, two swimming pools, an athletics track, and an astroturf football facility. Tymon Park is watered by the River Poddle, and is Ireland's second largest city park. It borders Greenhills and Templeogue, and it contains extensive sporting grounds, ponds, Coláiste De Hide and one of Ireland's largest playgrounds at the Tymon North entrance. Old Bawn, formerly a small village in its own right, is immediately south of the village, bordered by Sean Walsh Memorial (also locally called Watergate) Park. To the east of Old Bawn, estates include Home Lawns, Mountain Park, Millbrook Lawns and Seskin View. To the south and southwest of the village lie Ellensborough, Aylesbury, and Killinarden (the latter comprising the residential areas of Deer Park, Cushlawn, Donomore, Killinarden Estate and Knockmore). Beyond these are rural lands, running towards the Wicklow Mountains. In the northwest is Belgard Green, with Belgard Heights and Kingswood (built 1974) to the north, Kingswood is also sometime considered as Clondalkin
Clondalkin
and half holding a D22 postcode. Half of Kingswood is served by Clondalkin
Clondalkin
Garda Station. Kingswood and Belgard Heights are adjacent to Clondalkin, while Kilnamanagh is situated beside Greenhills and south west of Walkinstown
Walkinstown
and Crumlin. Tallaght
Tallaght
Theatre is situated along the Greenhills Road. Virginia Heights and Springfield are close to the area's centre, and further west of the town centre are the former hamlet of Jobstown, now with dense housing estates, and also the recently rural areas of Kiltalown, Brookfield and Fettercairn. Rural areas[edit]

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To the far west, are newer estates such as Deselby, Mountain View, The Belfry, Ardmore, Westbrook Lawns. Features[edit]

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The new "town centre" area of Tallaght
Tallaght
holds offices of local and central government entities, including South Dublin
South Dublin
County Council, the Revenue Commissioners, the Department of Social and Family Affairs, the Health Service Executive (Eastern Region), County Dublin V.E.C., as well as local FÁS offices. It is also the location of the County Library, Rua Red - the County Arts Centre, the Civic Theatre, and many shops, bars, and restaurants. The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, incorporating the National Children's Hospital (commonly known as Tallaght
Tallaght
Hospital) is located nearby. Tallaght
Tallaght
is home to The Square (abbreviated to "sq."), one of Ireland's largest shopping centres, with three retail levels and accessible by the Luas
Luas
and extensive bus services. Anchor tenants at the centre include Tesco, Debenhams, Easons, Heatons
Heatons
and Dunnes Stores. Tallaght
Tallaght
lost its multiplex 12-screen cinema operated by United Cinemas International
United Cinemas International
on 8 March 2010 due to required modernisation being deemed unviable, but in April 2012 a modernised 13-screen cinema operated by I.M.C. opened in place of the old one. Three hotels are located in the "town centre" area: the Plaza Hotel near The Square, the Abberley Court Hotel at High Street, the Maldron Hotel at Whitestown Way, near Seán Walshe Park. The Glashus Hotel and Tallaght
Tallaght
Cross Hotel were at " Tallaght
Tallaght
Cross" but closed during the financial crisis.[29] Across the N81 dual carriageway - south of the "town centre" - is the 6,000 seat football ground called Tallaght
Tallaght
Stadium. Initially construction was undertaken by Shamrock Rovers F.C.
Shamrock Rovers F.C.
on lands belonging to South Dublin
South Dublin
County Council, but the project was marred by financial problems, and the site reverted to council ownership. Work on the site recommenced on 6 May 2008,[30] after a judicial review taken by a local GAA club had been thrown out of court the preceding January.[31] Sean Walsh Memorial Park also lies south of the N81. St. Maelruain's Church[edit] Further information: St. Maelruain's Church Tallaght
Tallaght
Castle[edit] Further information: Tallaght
Tallaght
Castle Recent construction[edit]

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The "town centre" area has witnessed much construction in recent years, predominantly of new apartment buildings, including Virginia Hall, a twelve storey building on the site of the farmhouse previously known as 'Virginia House' (the base of operations for many years of the Tallaght
Tallaght
Community Arts Centre). This new building is currently the tallest in Tallaght. A new arts centre for South Dublin
South Dublin
County called Rua Red was opened at a site near to County Hall, just south of the new library extension. Intensive work has been promised in the near future to further integrate Watergate Park with the new town centre. Part of this development will either include transforming a section of the current dual carriageway into a boulevard to better integrate the two areas, or the construction of a pedestrian land-bridge between them. The original Tallaght
Tallaght
village area has recently received a long-awaited face-lift in the form of landscaping, works on statues, and new paving. However, several new developments have not yet been completed, giving the unfinished village a ghost town appearance. ITT is in the process of redeveloping land donated by St. Mary's Priory for use as sports pitches. Politics and government[edit]

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Tallaght
Tallaght
is represented in the Dublin
Dublin
South-West constituency in Dáil Éireann with four TDs.[32] It is divided into two electoral areas on South Dublin
South Dublin
County Council - Tallaght
Tallaght
Central and Tallaght
Tallaght
South. Altogether 12 councillors are elected. It is regarded as being very left-leaning with the Labour Party, Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
and Anti-Austerity Alliance-People Before Profit being the largest parties in the area. Education[edit] Schools in Tallaght
Tallaght
include: St. Mark's National School, St. Mark's Community School, Scoil Maelruain, St. Martin de Porres, St. Dominic's NS, St. Aidan's, St. Thomas', Holy Rosary NS, Scoil Treasa, Old Bawn Community School, Tallaght
Tallaght
Community School, Killinarden Community School, Coláiste de hÍde gaelscoil,[33] St. Aidan's Community School, Firhouse
Firhouse
Community College and Mount Seskin Community School.[34] Tallaght
Tallaght
is the home of the Institute of Technology Tallaght
Institute of Technology Tallaght
(ITT), a third-level college offering undergraduate degrees[35] as well as Higher Certificates and post-graduate professional qualifications. The college was founded in 1992 as the Regional Technical College, Tallaght. It has had a number of name changes since, briefly becoming Tallaght
Tallaght
Institute of Technology before being renamed Institute of Technology, Tallaght. It was recently branded Institute of Technology, Tallaght, Dublin
Dublin
(ITT Dublin). ITT validates certificate, diploma and degree programmes in The Priory Institute neighbouring the Campus, at St. Mary's Priory. IT Tallaght
IT Tallaght
and Blachardstown IT are to merge with Dublin
Dublin
Institute of Technology and combined will have University Status. The Technological Bill was passed in February 2018 and names for the Offical title [currently running as TUD, Technical University of Dublin] can be voted on by students and staff of DIT/ITT/ITB soon. Sports[edit]

Ireland against Luxembourg at the National Basketball Arena.

Shamrock Rovers F.C.
Shamrock Rovers F.C.
are based in Tallaght, and started playing in Tallaght Stadium
Tallaght Stadium
in 2009. The club finished its first season in Tallaght
Tallaght
as runners-up in the league. The club won their first League title in 2010 ending a 16-year drought by narrowly beating Bohemians to the title on goal difference.[36][37] Rovers followed this up by winning the 2011 League of Ireland. Rovers hosted their first game in European competition in Tallaght
Tallaght
in the second qualifying round of the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa League
against Bnei Yehuda from Israel, the game in Tallaght
Tallaght
finished 1-1 and Rovers advanced 2-1 on aggregate after winning the second leg in Israel 1-0. Rovers faced former Champions League and UEFA Cup
UEFA Cup
winners Juventus, Rovers were beaten 2-0 in Tallaght
Tallaght
and 3-0 on aggregate. In 2011 the club played its first ever Champions League game and its first game in the highest level of European Cup Competition's since the 1987–88 European Cup, beating Estonian Champions Flora Tallinn in the 2011–12 Champions League Second qualifying round. They accomplished this feat by triumphing 1-0 in the first leg at Tallaght Stadium
Tallaght Stadium
and drawing 0-0 in the second leg in Estonia to advance 1-0 on aggregate. Rovers were then beaten 3-0 on aggregate in the next round by Danish Champions Copenhagen but advanced to the 2011-12 Europa League Play-off round. There they were drawn against Serbian Champions FK Partizan, whom they defeated 3-2 on aggregate (2-1 on the night after extra time) to reach the group stages of the Europa League. This marked a famous victory for Irish football, as it is the first time an Irish club has reached the group stages of a major European competition. Rovers also won the All Ireland Setanta Sports Cup
Setanta Sports Cup
in 2011 by defeating Dundalk in the final at Tallaght
Tallaght
Stadium. Rovers wrapped up a second league title in a row with a last-minute victory over UCD at Belfield on 25 October 2011.[38][39] Saint Anne's GAA, Saint Marks GAA and Thomas Davis GAA
Thomas Davis GAA
Club are local Gaelic Athletic Association
Gaelic Athletic Association
clubs. The National Basketball Arena
National Basketball Arena
lies east of the village. Tallaght
Tallaght
Swim Team is located at the Tallaght
Tallaght
Sports Complex, Balrothery, beside Tallaght
Tallaght
Community School. Brookfield Celtic, one of Dublin's largest underage football clubs, were founded in Tallaght
Tallaght
in 1999. Glenanne Sports Club, one of the most successful Irish field hockey teams of recent years[citation needed], are based in Tallght, playing their home games on the astroturf pitch located in St. Marks Community School The trailhead of the Dublin
Dublin
Mountains Way a long-distance walking route across the Dublin
Dublin
side of the Wicklow Mountains
Wicklow Mountains
between Tallaght and Shankill begins at Sean Walsh Park near Tallaght
Tallaght
Stadium.[40] South Dublin
South Dublin
Taekwondo and Eire Taekwondo Association are the only WTF (Olympic Style) Taekwondo clubs in Tallaght. Eire Taekwondo Association was founded in 1988 as St. Martin's Taekwondo club by head coach Master Martin O'Neill, and has since been rebranded and grown to include clubs around Dublin
Dublin
County, as well as in other counties, the original club in St. Martin De Porres National School will celebrate the club's 30th anniversary in September 2018. South Dublin
South Dublin
Taekwondo was founded in 2008 by head coach Master Robert Taaffe and are residents in the Tallaght
Tallaght
Leisure Centre. There are several I.T.F style Taekwon-do clubs in the area. Tallaght
Tallaght
Rugby Football Club is located in Ballymana Lane but play out of Tymon park whilst development of the Ballymana grounds begins in 2013. They were founded as a youth team in 2002 with financial support from the IRFU before setting up a senior team in 2006. St Maelruans FC is located in Bancroft Park near Tallaght
Tallaght
Village. They were founded in 1968 and are one of the oldest Association Football clubs in the area. They currently have teams playing at a variety of underage levels and a Senior team playing football in the United Churches Football League

[41] Arts and entertainment[edit]

Tallaght
Tallaght
Theatre, Tallaght's first dedicated theatre, launched in 1975 as a not-for-profit amateur dramatic group. Now one of Ireland's leading "am dram" theatres, Tallaght
Tallaght
Theatre remains in the heart of the community, situated on the Greenhills Road.[42] The Civic Theatre became Tallaght's second theatre, built in 1999 beside the civic offices, Tallaght.[43] Rua Red is one of the major buildings for the hosting of arts/entertainment events and groups.[44] Tallaght
Tallaght
Young Filmmakers are a youth film making group initiated by South Dublin
South Dublin
County Council's Arts Office in partnership with local young people.[45] IMC at Tallaght
Tallaght
is a cinema situated in the Square shopping centre.

Events[edit] On 12 July 1998, Tallaght
Tallaght
welcomed the Tour de France.[46] Tallaght
Tallaght
historically held an annual Saint Patrick's Day
Saint Patrick's Day
parade, but in recent years this once proud tradition has unfortunately been abandoned. Tallaght
Tallaght
has also been home to 'Tallafest' and 'NOISE Festivals': youth arts festivals in film, dance and music organised by South Dublin
Dublin
County Council every year[citation needed]. There is a farmers' market held every Friday from 10:00 to 16:00 in High Street.[citation needed] People[edit] Notable people from Tallaght
Tallaght
include:

Emmet Kerwin social commentator / artist Lynn Ruane
Lynn Ruane
Senator / activist Patrick Holohan, mixed martial artist Patrick Hyland, professional boxer Paul Hyland, professional boxer Eddie Hyland, professional Boxer Dessie Baker, football player Richie Baker, football player Graham Barrett, football player Ciarán Bourke, Former member of The Dubliners Stephen Bradley, football player and manager Jason Byrne, football player Kurtis Byrne, football player Richard Dunne
Richard Dunne
(1979-), football player Keith Fahey
Keith Fahey
(1983-), football player Evie Hone
Evie Hone
(1894–1955), artist, buried here Robbie Keane
Robbie Keane
(1980-), football player Stephen Kenny, football manager Kieran O'Reilly (1979-), actor, musician Graham Gartland, football player Jason Gavin, football player David O'Connor (footballer), football player Eric McGill, football player Barry Murphy, football player Mark Yeates
Mark Yeates
(1985-), football player Oisín Kelly
Oisín Kelly
(1915–1981), artist and sculptor Rob King, International television series producer / director Kojii Helnwein (née Wyatt), model and musician William Howard Russell
William Howard Russell
(1820–1907), journalist, and possibly the world's first modern war correspondent George Otto Simms (1910–1991), Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
Archbishop of Armagh, and Primate of All Ireland Katharine Tynan
Katharine Tynan
(1861–1931), writer Alan Joyce (executive)
Alan Joyce (executive)
(1966-), CEO Qantas
Qantas
Airlines Aidan Turner
Aidan Turner
(1983-), actor (Mitchell in Being Human) Shane O'Connor (1985), dart player Nucentz, rapper, born here in 1987 Dean Gibbons, one sixth of boyband Home Town

See also[edit]

List of towns and villages in Ireland List of abbeys and priories in County Dublin Tallaght
Tallaght
Strategy National Basketball Arena Virginia House, Tallaght

External sources[edit]

Dublin, Hodges Figgis, 1889; Handcock, William Domville, "The History and Antiquities of Tallaght
Tallaght
in the County of Dublin", 2nd edition, revised and enlarged " South Dublin
South Dublin
County Council history of Tallaght". Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2006-03-31. 

References[edit]

^ a b c Census data by DED, Tallaght- denominated areas, col. GETT ^ History and Antiquities of Tallaght
Tallaght
in the County of Dublin, 2nd edition, 1889; Handcock, William Domville ^ a b Tallaght, Dublin, Ireland: County Development Plan 2004-2010, p. 78 ^ Tallaght
Tallaght
is made up of sixteen electoral areas in South Dublin http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/el/2014/si/65/made/en/print[permanent dead link] ^ http://www.cso.ie/en/search/index.html?q=tallaght ^ Tallaght
Tallaght
City South Dublin
South Dublin
County Council ^ Annals of the Four Masters, M2820.1 ^ Annals of the Four Masters ^ Tamlaght, County Londonderry ^ And we will go hunting to Gleann na Smol ^ Feastdays of the Saints, 2006; Ó Riain,Pádraig ^ "Rua Red info".  ^ South Dublin
South Dublin
County, Ireland ^ South Dublin
South Dublin
County, Ireland ^ South Dublin
South Dublin
County, Ireland ^ South Dublin
South Dublin
County, Ireland ^ https://tallaghtflag.weebly.com/flag-protocol.html ^ http://www.gaelphobalthamhlachta.com/ ^ http://www.scoilsantain.com/ ^ http://www.scoilcm.ie/historystair.html ^ http://www.colaistedehide.ie/ ^ http://www.echo.ie/tallaght/article/50000-grant-for-irish-language-and-cultural-centre-in-village ^ http://tuairisc.ie/e150000-ceadaithe-dionad-gaeilge-i-dtamhlacht-ina-mbeidh-caife-gaelach-siopa-leabhar-agus-amharclann/ ^ Multitext - Flag captured from the Fenians at Tallaght, March 1867 Archived 2015-12-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "As it Happened: Shamrock Rovers
Shamrock Rovers
0-3 Rubin Kazan". RTÉ News. 2011-09-15. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-03-09. Retrieved 2013-08-24. . ^ "Search - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Retrieved 2015-10-27.  ^ Census data by traditional Civil Parish of Tallaght
Tallaght
area ^ Irish Independent, Jan. 9th ^ Tallaght Stadium
Tallaght Stadium
- Building Recommences May 2008 Archived May 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Shamrock Rovers F.C.
Shamrock Rovers F.C.
Published on 07-05-08. Retrieved on 14-05-08. ^ Shamrock Rovers
Shamrock Rovers
F.C Archived 2008-01-29 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Houses of the Oireachtas http://www.oireachtas.ie/members-hist/default.asp?housetype=0&HouseNum=32&ConstID=93&disp=mem. Retrieved 18 November 2016.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Coláiste de hÍde ^ " Tallaght
Tallaght
Schools". Tallaght
Tallaght
4 Kids. Retrieved 2011-06-24.  ^ "Institute of Technology, Tallaght : Complete Course List". Institute of Technology Tallaght. Retrieved 2011-06-24.  ^ McDonnell, Daniel (2010-10-30). "Twigg writes new chapter in Rovers' history". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2010-10-30.  ^ "How the title was won". The Irish Times. 2010-10-30. Retrieved 2010-10-30.  ^ " Shamrock Rovers
Shamrock Rovers
retain Irish title". UEFA.com. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2011.  ^ "O'Neill hails back-to-back champions". Irish Examiner. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2011.  ^ Dublin
Dublin
Mountains Way Dublin
Dublin
Mountains Way Dublin
Dublin
Mountains Partnership ^ "St Maelruans FC Website".  ^ tallaghttheatre.com - Tallaght's first theatre - Online ^ Civic Theatre ^ Rua Red ^ Tallaght
Tallaght
Young Filmmakers - YouTube ^ "Brisk wind blows riders through Tallaght
Tallaght
in a flash Tallaght". The Irish Times. 1998-07-07. 

External links[edit]

Editing Tallaght
Tallaght
SEA Tallaght
Tallaght
Youth Theatre[permanent dead link] Tallaght
Tallaght
Express Local Newspaper Tallaght
Tallaght
Directory Online for Business and Services

Preceding station Luas Following station

Hospital   Red Line   Terminus

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tallaght.

v t e

Divisions of County Dublin

County seats: Dublin Dún Laoghaire Tallaght Swords

Cities

Dublin

Counties

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown Fingal South Dublin

Districts

Northside Southside

See also

Dublin
Dublin
Region Dublin
Dublin
Metropolitan Area Greater Dublin
Dublin
Area List of townlands of County Dublin

v t e

Residential areas of Dublin

North of River Liffey (Northside)

Artane Ashtown Baldoyle Balgriffin Ballybough Ballyboughal Ballygall Ballymun Bayside Beaumont Blanchardstown Broadstone Cabra Castleknock Clonee Clongriffin Clonsilla Clontarf Coolock Corduff Darndale Dollymount Donabate Donaghmede Donnycarney Drumcondra East Wall Fairview Finglas Glasnevin Grangegorman Harmonstown Howth Kilmore

Kilmore West

Kilbarrack Killester Kinsealy Malahide Marino Mulhuddart North Strand North Wall Ongar Oxmantown Phibsborough Poppintree Portmarnock Portrane Priorswood Raheny Santry Sheriff Street Smithfield Stoneybatter Sutton Swords Tyrrelstown Waterville Whitehall

South of River Liffey (Southside)

Adamstown Ballinteer Ballsbridge Ballyboden Ballybrack Ballyfermot Ballymount Ballyroan Belfield Blackrock Bluebell Booterstown Cabinteely Carrickmines Chapelizod Cherrywood Churchtown Clondalkin Clonskeagh Cornelscourt Crumlin Dalkey Deansgrange Dolphin's Barn Donnybrook Drimnagh Dundrum Dún Laoghaire Edmondstown Firhouse Foxrock Glasthule Glenageary Glencullen Goatstown Greenhills Harold's Cross Inchicore Irishtown Jobstown Killiney Kilmacud Kilmainham Kilternan Kimmage Knocklyon Leopardstown Liberties Loughlinstown Lucan Milltown Monkstown Mount Merrion Newcastle Oldbawn Palmerstown Portobello Ranelagh Rathcoole Rathfarnham Rathgar Rathmichael Rathmines Rialto Ringsend Rockbrook Saggart Sallynoggin Sandycove Sandyford Sandymount Shankill Stepaside Stillorgan Tallaght Templeogue Terenure Walkinstown Whitechurch Windy Arbour

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 138412

.