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Tébessa
Tébessa
(Berber languages: ⵜⴱⴻⵙⴰ Tbessa or Tibesti, Arabic: تبسة‎), is the capital city of Tébessa
Tébessa
Province, in the Shawi region of Algeria, 20 kilometers west from the border with Tunisia. Nearby is also a phosphate mine. The city is famous for the traditional Algerian carpets in the region, and is home to over 634,332 people (in 2007).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Main sights

2 Climate 3 Transportation 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] For the Ancient Greeks, Tébessa
Tébessa
was known as Theveste
Theveste
(Θεβέστη or Hekatompyle, Ἑκατομπύλη; meaning hundred gates). In 146 BCE, Tbessa it became part of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
with the name Theveste. During the 1st century CE, the Legio III Augusta
Legio III Augusta
resided there before being transferred to Lambaesis. It was made a colonia probably under Trajan. There is mention of a council held there by the Donatists. Among its saints were Lucius, its bishop, who assisted at the Council of Carthage (256) and died as a martyr two years later; Maximilianus, martyred 12 March 295; Crispina, martyred 5 December 304. Some of its bishops are known: Romulus
Romulus
in 349; Urbicus in 411; Felix exiled by the Vandals
Vandals
in 484; Palladius mentioned in an inscription. During the 4th and 5th century AD Thebeste was a centre of Manichaeism as well. In June 1918 a codex of 26 leaves written in Latin
Latin
by Manichaeans was discovered in a cave near the city. A month later Henri Omont
Henri Omont
found the missing initial 13 leaves. The whole book is now known as the Tebessa codex and it is kept in Cologne. It has been edited by Markus Stein (Bonn). It was rebuilt by the patrician Solomon at the beginning of the reign of Justinian I, and he built a tomb there which still exists. Under the Ottoman Empire, Thebeste had a garrison of Janissaries. Tebessa is very rich in ancient monuments, among them being a triumphal arch of Caracalla, a temple, a Christian basilica of the 4th century. At the time of Trajan, it was a flourishing city with c. 30,000 inhabitants. In the 7th century AD, after the Arab
Arab
invasion of the region, Thebeste lost its importance. Later, during the 16th century, the Ottomans established a small military garrison there. In the 11th century, Banu Hilal, an Arab
Arab
tribe living between Nile
Nile
and Red Sea, settled in Tunisia, Tripolitania (western Libya) and Constantinois
Constantinois
(eastern Algeria) which was Tebessa party. In 1851 it was occupied by the French. Under the name of Tebessa it became the capital of a canton, then an arrondissement of the départment of Constantine in Algeria, later, it became capital of an arrondissement in the department of Bône, now (1974) it is capital of a province of its own, bearing the same name. Main sights[edit]

Arch of Caracalla, a Roman triumphal arch (214 AD). Roman theatre Temple of Minerva (early 3rd century AD), with walls decorated by mosaics. Amphitheatre
Amphitheatre
(4th century AD) Remains of the basilica of St. Crispinus (4th century AD), one of the biggest in Africa. It has also chapels, baptism urns, catacombs and gardens. Byzantine walls (6th century), popularly known as "Solomon's Walls" and flanked by thirteen square towers. Archaeological museum.

Climate[edit]

Climate in Tebessa

Tébessa
Tébessa
has a semi-arid climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
BSk), with hot, fairly dry summers and mild, somewhat wetter winters.

Climate data for Tébessa

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 24.0 (75.2) 30.1 (86.2) 32.0 (89.6) 32.4 (90.3) 40.6 (105.1) 41.3 (106.3) 42.5 (108.5) 43.0 (109.4) 40.0 (104) 37.3 (99.1) 31.0 (87.8) 27.0 (80.6) 43 (109.4)

Average high °C (°F) 11.7 (53.1) 13.5 (56.3) 15.7 (60.3) 19.2 (66.6) 24.6 (76.3) 30.7 (87.3) 34.2 (93.6) 33.3 (91.9) 28.6 (83.5) 22.6 (72.7) 16.5 (61.7) 12.9 (55.2) 21.96 (71.54)

Daily mean °C (°F) 6.4 (43.5) 7.7 (45.9) 9.5 (49.1) 12.6 (54.7) 17.4 (63.3) 22.5 (72.5) 25.4 (77.7) 24.9 (76.8) 21.2 (70.2) 16.1 (61) 10.7 (51.3) 7.5 (45.5) 15.16 (59.29)

Average low °C (°F) 1.1 (34) 1.9 (35.4) 3.4 (38.1) 5.9 (42.6) 10.0 (50) 14.2 (57.6) 16.5 (61.7) 16.4 (61.5) 13.7 (56.7) 9.5 (49.1) 4.8 (40.6) 2.0 (35.6) 8.28 (46.91)

Record low °C (°F) −8.0 (17.6) −6.6 (20.1) −6.0 (21.2) −4.0 (24.8) 0.0 (32) 3.0 (37.4) 8.9 (48) 8.0 (46.4) 2.0 (35.6) −1.0 (30.2) −3.4 (25.9) −11.0 (12.2) −11 (12.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.1 (1.067) 30.3 (1.193) 44.8 (1.764) 30.6 (1.205) 36.5 (1.437) 31.2 (1.228) 11.3 (0.445) 25.1 (0.988) 29.4 (1.157) 23.6 (0.929) 29.0 (1.142) 23.6 (0.929) 342.5 (13.484)

Average relative humidity (%) 75.1 70.8 65.0 64.1 58.7 49.6 43.9 48.3 61.6 64.9 72.2 74.7 62.41

Source #1: NOAA
NOAA
(1970–1990)[1]

Source #2: climatebase.ru (extremes, humidity)[2]

Transportation[edit] Tébessa
Tébessa
is connected by road and rail with the other parts of both Algeria
Algeria
and Tunisia. It is served by Tébessa Airport
Tébessa Airport
for air transport. References[edit]

^ "Climate Normals for Tebessa". Retrieved 11 February 2013.  ^ "Tebessa, Algeria". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 

Stein (M.) (ed.) Manichaica Latina 3.1. Codex Thevestinus (Papyrologica Coloniensia volume 27/3.1.) Paderborn, Munich, Vienna and Zurich: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2004, Pp. xx + 328. Stein (M.) (ed.) Manichaica Latina 3.2. Codex Thevestinus (Papyrologica Coloniensia volume 27/3.2.) Paderborn, Munich, Vienna and Zurich: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2006, Pp. vi + 81, ills.

External links[edit]

Media related to Tébessa
Tébessa
at Wikimedia Commons Official site of Tebessa Acta Maximiliani Martyris Page with photos of ancient ruins (in German)  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Theveste". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Tebessa". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

v t e

Provincial seats of Algeria

Adrar Aïn Defla Aïn Témouchent Algiers Annaba Batna Béchar Béjaïa Biskra Blida Bordj Bou Arréridj Bouïra Boumerdès Chlef Constantine Djelfa El Bayadh El Oued El Taref Ghardaïa Guelma Illizi Jijel Khenchela Laghouat Mascara Médéa Mila Mostaganem M'Sila Naâma Oran Ouargla Oum El Bouaghi Relizane Saida Sétif Sidi Bel Abbès Skikda Souk Ahras Tamanrasset Tébessa Tiaret Tindouf Tipasa Tissemsilt Tizi Ouzou Tlemcen

v t e

Tébessa
Tébessa
Province

Capital: Tébessa

Districts

Bir El Ater Bir Mokadem Cheria El Aouïnet El Kouif El Ma Labiodh El Ogla Morsott Negrine Ouenza Oum Ali Tébessa

Communes

Aïn Zerga Bedjene Bekkaria Bir el-Ater Bir El Mokadem Bir Dheb Boukhadra Boulhaf Dir Cheria El Aouinet El Kouif El Ma El Biodh El Meridj El Mezerra El Ogla el Malha El Ogla Ferkane Guorriguer Hammamet Lahouidjbet Morsott Negrine Ouenza Oum Ali Safsaf El Ouesra Stah Guentis Tébessa Tlidjene

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 238996

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