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The Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras, at one stage temporarily the Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras, or locally Mardi Gras, is an annual LGBT
LGBT
pride parade and festival in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia,[3] attended by hundreds of thousands of people from around Australia
Australia
and overseas. It is one of the largest such festivals in the world,[4] and includes a variety of events such as the Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade and Party, Bondi Beach
Bondi Beach
Drag Races, Harbour Party, the academic discussion panel Queer
Queer
Thinking, Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Film Festival, as well as Fair Day, which attracts 70,000 people to Victoria Park, Sydney. The Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
is one of Australia's biggest tourist drawcards,[5] with the parade and dance party attracting many international and domestic tourists. It is New South Wales' second-largest annual event in terms of economic impact,[6] generating an annual income of about A$30 million for the state. The event grew from gay rights parades held annually since 1978, when numerous participants had been arrested by New South Wales
New South Wales
Police. The Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade maintains a political flavour, with many marching groups and floats promoting LGBTQI rights issues or themes. Reflecting changes since the first Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras, participants in the Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade now include groups of uniformed Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
personnel, police officers from New South Wales State Police, as well as interstate and federal police officers, firefighters and other emergency services personnel from the Australian LGBTQI communities. Marriage equality was a dominant theme in the 2011 Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade with at least 15 floats lobbying for same-sex marriage.[7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1970s 1.2 1980 to 1999 1.3 2000 to 2009 1.4 2010 to 2015

2 Events

2.1 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade 2.2 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Party (post Parade) 2.3 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Festival 2.4 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Fair Day 2.5 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Awards

3 Support 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] 1970s[edit] On 24 June 1978 at 10 pm as a night-time celebration following a morning protest march and commemoration of the Stonewall Riots[8] organised by the Gay
Gay
Solidarity Group more than 500 people gathered on Oxford Street, in a planned street "festival" calling for an end to discrimination against homosexuals in employment and housing, an end to police harassment and the repeal of all anti-homosexual laws.[9] The figure rose to around 2,000 as revellers out for the Saturday night at Oxford Street bars and clubs responded to the call "Out of the bars and into the streets!".[10] Although the organisers had obtained permission, this was revoked, and the parade was broken up by the police. After the parade was dispersing in Kings Cross, 53 of the participants were arrested.[11] Although most charges were eventually dropped, The Sydney
Sydney
Morning Herald published the names of those arrested in full, leading to many people being outed to their friends and places of employment, and many of those arrested lost their jobs as homosexuality was a crime in New South Wales
New South Wales
(NSW) until 1984.[12] Only two people who were arrested were fined.[13] The rest were released without bail and the charges dismissed. The police response to a legal, local minority protest transformed it into a nationally significant event which stimulated gay rights and law reform campaigns.[10] The second Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade occurred in 1979 despite opposition by gay media, businesses and groups. The 1979 parade, in recognition of the Stonewall Riots
Stonewall Riots
and commemorating the riot of the previous year, was attended by 3,000 people. In that same year, the Labor Government of New South Wales, led by Neville Wran, repealed the Summary Offences Act (NSW) under which the arrests in 1978 were made.[13] The second Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
had the theme of Power in the Darkness.[13] While there was a large police presence, there were no arrests made.

Senior elected officers

1978 Garry Bennett (Spokesperson)

1981–82 Brian McGahen (Chairperson)

1982–83 Brian McGahen (Chairperson)

1983–84 Brian McGahen (Director)

1984–85 Bill Whittaker (Chairman) Damian Furlong (Chairman)

1985–86 Bill Whittaker (Chairman)

1986–87 Bill Whittaker (President, until September 1986) Murray McLachlan (President, from September 1986)

1987–88 Murray McLachlan (President)

1988–89 Murray McLachlan (President)

1989–90 Cath Phillips (President)

1990–91 Cath Phillips (President, until November 1990) Colin Fawcett (President, until June 1991) Richard Cobden (President, from June 1991)

1991–92 Richard Cobden (President)

1992–93 Susan Harben (President)

1993–94 Susan Harben (President)

1994–95 Rob Patmore (President)

Source: A history of the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras[14]

Poster designers

1978 Chris Jones

1979 Fine Arts Workshop, Sydney
Sydney
University

1980 Prue Borthwick

1981 Sheona White, printed by Lucifoil Posters

1982 Andrew Short

1983 Allan Booth

1984 Allan Booth

1985 Peter Tully (Parade), Allan Booth (Party), Phil Jacobs (Festival)

1986 David McDiarmid

1987 Michael Fenaughty

1988 David McDiarmid

1989 Phillip McGrath

1990 David McDiarmid

1991 Geoffrey Gifford

1992 Phillipa Playford

1993 Kendal Baker

1994 Glenn A Moffat

1995 Pierre et Gilles

1996 Darian Zam (Illustration), Brendan Williamson (Design)

1997 Suzanne Boccalatte (Art Direction and Design)

1998 David Corbet, Andrew Medhurst and Bryce Tuckwell, Design Nation

1999 Wendy Neill and Tanja Dunster, 10 Design

2000 Marita Leuver, Leuver Design

2001 Marita Leuver, Leuver Design

2002 Norman Edwards

2003 trigger design (Greg Anderson)

2004 Brett Bush

2005 Guy Campbell

2006 Guy Campbell

2007 Francisco Fisher

2008 Joel Wassermann, Gwarsh

2009 Lewis Oswald

2010 Lewis Oswald

2011 Ethel Yarwood (design concept), Techa Noble and Benja Harney (artwork) Lewis Oswald (designer)

2012 Lewis Oswald

2013 Lewis Oswald

2014 Lewis Oswald (creative director), Peter Novotny (season creative)

Source: A history of the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras[14]

1980 to 1999[edit] In 1980, after the third successful Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
parade, at community consultations, decisions were made to move the parade to the summer.[9] In 1981, the parade was shifted to February, with the name changed to the " Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
Mardi Gras".[11] An increasingly large number of people not only participated in the now summertime event, but a crowd of 5,000 came to watch it.[15] 1981's event saw a split develop between lesbian and gays over the inclusion of floats representing businesses. For most of the decade many lesbians excluded themselves from the event.[13] A large post-parade party was held in 1982, which 4,000 people attended. This would continue to become an integral part of the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
& Lesbian Mardi Gras. 1983 saw 44 floats participate with 20,000 onlookers.[13] Footage of the 1984 event appeared in the music video for the Cold Chisel
Cold Chisel
song "Saturday Night". In 1987, an estimated 100,000 people came to watch the parade.[16] The mid-1980s saw considerable pressure placed to the Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Committee following media controversy regarding AIDS. Despite calls for the parade and the party to be banned, the 1985 parade went ahead with the theme Fighting for Our Lives. In 1988 the parade was renamed the " Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras" at an Extraordinary General Meeting.[9] 1991 saw the eighth annual Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Film festival, a Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
event, included in a national film festival for the first time. In this year the parade had become the largest ever held in Australia.[16] In 1992, the festival lasted for four weeks, making it the largest gay and lesbian festival in the world.[16] By 1993, the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade had become the largest night time outdoor parade in the world.[16] Mardi Gras' Economic Impact Study found that the total Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
impact into the Australian economy was around A$38 million.[17] In February 1993 an Umbrella Event of the festival was the play "Nothing Personal" designed by Arthur Dicks. In 1994, Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Festival adopted the theme We are Family, a nod to it being International Year of the Family. That year there were 137 floats in the parade with 600,000 spectators.[13] For the first time, the parade was filmed by the ABC TV and shown on Sunday 6 March at 8.30 pm. It won its time slot and earned ABC TV its highest ratings in history.[9] The 1997 parade was covered by Libbi Gorr's current affairs show McFeast
McFeast
on ABC TV.[18] An Aboriginal man dressed as Captain Cook and Aboriginal float led the parade in 1988, 218 years after Cook's landing and claim on the land.[19] The State Library of NSW holds an extensive collection of material related to the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
including posters, clippings, photographs and the personal papers of people active in the event and festival over many years.[20] Criticism of the Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
was perhaps at its strongest during the early years of the AIDS
AIDS
crisis, and flared again when in 1994 the national broadcaster ABC telecast the parade for the first time.[11] In 1996 there was criticism over the inclusion of bisexuals and heterosexuals as members of the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras. It was claimed that the subsequent requirement for those people to correctly answer specific questions, created two classes of membership - namely (1) gays, lesbians and transgender people and (2) bisexuals and heterosexuals.[21] 2000 to 2009[edit]

Participant 2007

The 2001 Parade was broadcast on Network Ten
Network Ten
and had a theme of gay and lesbian parenting.[18] The 2002 event saw a loss of A$400,000.[22] In August the organising company was bankrupt.[23] In 2003, the festival organisers responded to claims that the event was becoming too commercialised by implemented a scaled-down, grassroots approach.[24] The 2009 performance figures indicated about 9,500 participants and 134 floats were part of the parade, making it the largest ever.[25] Up to 300,000 spectators from Australia
Australia
and overseas turned out in 2011 for the celebrations.[2] Mardi Gras, at different times, has attracted criticism from its own members, LGBTQI communities, and a variety of religious and political groups. Some argue Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
is inherently subversive to traditional Christian, Islamic and Jewish values.[13] Each year the event is held, Fred Nile, a member of the New South Wales
New South Wales
Legislative Council and a former minister of the Uniting Church in Australia, leads a prayer for rain on the event.[26] In January 2008 Robert Forsyth, the Anglican
Anglican
bishop of South Sydney, condemned Corpus Christi for opening the Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
because it depicted Judas seducing a gay Jesus as well as Jesus' administration of gay marriage between two apostles. Director Leigh Rowney accepted that it would generate discussion on Homosexuality
Homosexuality
and Christianity and stated: "I wanted this play in the hands of a Christian person like myself to give it dignity but still open it up to answering questions about Christianity as a faith system." Playwright
Playwright
Terrence McNally, a gay man, received death threats when it was played in the United States.[27] 2010 to 2015[edit]

Australian Defence Force
Australian Defence Force
2013[28]

In early 2011, members of the organisation unanimously voted to include intersex formally into the organisation at the Annual General Meeting and adopt the formal use of the LGBTQI acronym. To allow for greater inclusion of the LGBTQI community it represents (including those identifying as bisexual, transsexual, queer and intersex), on 17 November 2011 the festival and event organisers changed the event name to " Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras". On the same date the organisation reverted to its former name, " Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
& Lesbian Mardi Gras" (from "New Mardi Gras"),[29] as more than 9,100 participants joined in the 2012 Parade, on 134 floats.[1] In 2011 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
came under fire from LGBTQI communities for removing the words " Gay
Gay
and Lesbian" from the festival's name.[30] The organisation's board confessed that they did not adequately consult the community in such an important decision. The organisation has also been criticised for focusing on the requests of corporate sponsors, and allowing their floats rather than maintaining its original sense of identity.[31] This followed the 2010 season in which the Mardi Gras Parade and Party were held on separate dates for the first time in history. During the rebranding in 2011, Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Chairman Peter Urmson stated:[32]

"I think that whilst we are first and foremost a GLBTQI community organisation, we also are very open to all of our friends that do not necessarily identify within that alphabet soup." —  Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Chairman, Peter Urmson, in 2011 during debate on the rebranding of the organisation and the festival's name.

In addition to offending many, including former Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
president Richard Cobden, who says the group didn't have the authority to make such a change:[33]

"Peter Urmson says 'this is our gift to the city'. It was not his to give… For 20-plus years we have been able to force the mainstream media to call it the ' Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras.' They had to say the words. For a long time they did not want to but we made them. That has been thrown away." — Former Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
president Richard Cobden in 2011.

The name of the festival was subsequently restored as the Sydney
Sydney
Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras. In 2013, the New South Wales
New South Wales
Police were accused of police brutality after a video shot by a bystander showing a handcuffed man thrown to the ground by an officer.[34] By 2014, all charges against the bystander were withdrawn by police and the officer concerned was facing disciplinary proceedings.[35] On a number occasions, there have been controversies with, and bans of, the UFO-related Raelians
Raelians
participation in the parade. A Raelian spokesman said the bans were unfair as the Raelians
Raelians
support non-discrimination and have gay and lesbian members.[36][37][38][39] In 2012 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
organisers faced the issue of having a Sydney Polyamorists float in the parade, whilst also promoting marriage equality for couples. Particularly, as the 2012 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
theme was "universal and infinite love", some polyamorists felt discriminated against.[40] The issue was resolved[41] with a polyamory float, based on the theme, " Queer
Queer
Polyamory".[42] In the 2014 Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
there was another float, "Polyamory Sydney
Sydney
‘Birds of a Feather, love together’ – the infinite love Nest".[43] Some[who?] also believe that the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras perpetuates gay stereotypes and excludes other members of the LGBTIQ community.[44] Events[edit] Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade[edit]

External media

Images

2016 Parade

Video

2005 Parade

2012 Pool Party

Participants 2012[45]

The Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
festival culminates in the renowned Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade, an LGBTQI rights protest and celebration of sexuality. The parade features more than 8,500 entrants in colourful costumes and elaborate floats, who represent a community group, topical theme or political message. Parade entrants include members of Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays, the Australian Defence Force, Amnesty International Australia, Australian Marriage Equality, City of Sydney, Fire and Rescue NSW, Taronga Conservation Society and DNA (magazine) among many others. Each parade starts with approximately 200 Dykes on Bikes
Dykes on Bikes
riding up Oxford Street. It is often accompanied by fireworks displays, which are launched from the rooftops of buildings along the parade route. Approximately 300,000 spectators watch the Parade as it snakes 1.7 kilometres (1.1 mi) through the Sydney
Sydney
CBD and Darlinghurst.[7][46] The parade travels along Oxford Street before turning into Flinders Street and finally into the bus lane that runs parallel to Anzac Parade – to the parade end. These roads and others including some around Hyde Park, are closed to traffic for the duration of the parade and for a few hours after as clean-up operations proceed. Each year, a Chief of Parade (Grand Marshal), is chosen by the organisation New Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
as someone who represents the values and spirit of Mardi Gras. This honourable title has previously been awarded to:

2004 – Monica Hingston, former nun and cousin of Cardinal George Pell [47] 2007 – Rupert Everett, gay actor 2008 – Margaret Cho, bisexual American comedian 2009 – Matthew Mitcham, Australian Olympic gold-medalist, world record holder and 2008 Australian Sports Performer of the Year 2010 – Amanda Lepore, transgender model/performer 2011, instead of a single Chief of Parade leading the march, eight high-profile heroes were chosen to lead the Parade. These were Lily Tomlin, a gay actress and comedian; Peter Tatchell, a world-renowned gay rights campaigner; Don Baxter, Executive Director of the Australian Federation of AIDS
AIDS
Organisations at that time; Bev Lange, Chief Executive Officer of the Bobby Goldsmith Foundation at the time, a former President of the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras, and a former co-chair of the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
Games; Lex Watson and Sue Wills, Campaign Against Moral Prosecution's (CAMP) first Co-Presidents; and Hannah Williams and Savannah Supski, who had recently protested against the ban against same-sex couples at Hannah's Melbourne school formal.[48] The same year, Ignatius Jones consulted as Artistic Director to oversee the creative production of the Parade. 2012 – Shelley Argent, the national spokesperson for Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays and 2011 Queensland Senior Australian of the Year[49]

Participants 2016[50]

The Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade is extensively covered by the media. In 2011, it was broadcast on radio by Joy 94.9
Joy 94.9
FM Melbourne and 2SER
2SER
107.3 FM Sydney. The Parade was also shown live on Foxtel's Arena in its entirety. The Arena broadcast was presented by hosts Louie Spence of Pineapple Dance Studios, Charlotte Dawson, Ruby Rose and Matthew Mitcham. The Parade was also broadcast on radio live by various community radio stations, via the CBAA's Community Radio Network satellite. In 2012, Optus, a corporate sponsor, broadcast a delayed and edited highlights of the parade via www.mardigrastv.org.au. In 2014, SBS TV broadcast delayed and edited coverage of the parade highlights, hosted by Tom Ballard, Patrick Abboud and Heather Peace.[51] Despite its name, Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
is not held on Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(Shrove Tuesday) or indeed, on a Tuesday at all.[52] In recent years, the Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Parade has been on the first Saturday of March, with a festival of events going for approximately three weeks preceding it. The parade running order for 4 March 2017.[53] Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Party (post Parade)[edit]

Kylie Minogue
Kylie Minogue
2012[54]

Conchita Wurst
Conchita Wurst
2016[55]

The post parade party is one of the largest ongoing party events in the country.[citation needed] Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Party attendances at Sydney's Hordern Pavilion
Hordern Pavilion
/ Royal Hall of Industries peaked in 1998 with 27,000 tickets sold.[56] In the years since 17,000 to 20,000 tickets are consistently sold, an increase over the first Parade Ball held in 1980 at the Paddington Town Hall, a BYO event which attracted 700 guests.[57] Although, by the late first decade of the 21st century, ticket sales has begun to fall, with the 2012 post parade party selling out at 15,300 tickets;[1] and ticket sales a little lower again in 2013.[51] The 2010 party was not held on the night of the parade and was later described by the organisers as human error during scheduling. In the last 20 years, several well known local and international artists have performed at the Party and include:[58]

1990 – Sam Backo, Marcia Hines 1991 – Tina Arena 1994 – John Paul Young, Kylie Minogue 1995 – Boy George 1996 – Trudi Valentine, Thelma Houston 1997 – Chaka Khan, Village People 1998 – Jimmy Somerville, Kylie Minogue, Dannii Minogue 1999 – Dannii Minogue, Marcia Hines, Erin Hamilton, Jimmy Barnes 2001 – Vanessa Amorosi, Sheena Easton, Christine Anu 2002 – Human Nature, Bardot, Deborah Cox, Lorna Luft 2003 – Suzanne Palmer, Joan Rivers, Brandon Gaukel 2005 – Tina Arena, Nicki French, Darren Hayes, Courtney Act 2006 – Baby Marcelo, Jimmy Somerville, Mary Kiani 2007 – Young Divas, Boy George, Dannii Minogue, Log Log Binks 2008 – Cyndi Lauper, Walter Hanna, Olivia Newton-John 2009 – Alison Jiear, Tina Arena, Miami Horror 2010 – George Michael, Kelly Rowland, Adam Lambert, Amanda Lepore 2011 – Wynter Gordon, Calvin Harris, Alexis Jordan, Frankie Knuckles, Larry Tee, Bob Downe 2012 – Kylie Minogue, RuPaul, Sneaky Sound System, Shauna Jensen, Sam Sparro 2013 – Loreen, Delta Goodrem, Heather Small, The Presets, Jake Shears 2014 – Tina Arena, Courtney Act, Samantha Jade, Marcia Hines, Nathan Mahon, Adam George[51] 2015 – Dannii Minogue, Nick Jonas, Jessica Mauboy, Jake Shears, Betty Who, Rufus Wainwright, Courtney Act 2016 – Conchita Wurst, Deborah Cox, Courtney Act 2017 – Client Liaison, The Veronicas, Steve Grand, Nat Conway, Greg Gould 2018 - Cher[59], Starley[60], Seann Miley Moore[61]

Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Festival[edit] By 1987 the festival included 35 events.[19] The 1998 festival was estimated to contribute $99 million to the Sydney
Sydney
economy.[23] Multi-disc Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
compilation albums were released in 1995,[16] 1997, 2002 and 2003. The festival's live entertainment includes cabaret, comedy, music and theatre. The Mardi Gras Film Festival showcases international and local gay and lesbian films. There are many literature and arts events, forum and conferences to attend between the many social activities. Individual and team sports have always been a big part of the festival. Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Fair Day[edit]

Fair Day 2007 "Sea of Hearts" by the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Rights Lobby[62]

In 1979 an 'Alternative Lifestyle Fair' as part of a week of activities around International Gay
Gay
Solidarity Day. During the early 1980s the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Business Association held an annual Fair Day, which was brought into the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
program in 1985. From 1985 to 1988 the Business Association continued to run the Fair, which was subsequently run by the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras from 1989. The event is the kick off event for the official Mardi Gras season in Victoria Park, Sydney
Sydney
for Sydney's wider LGBTQI communities and their friends and family. Up to 70,000 people routinely turn out to sit on the grass, browse the stalls and catch up with old friends or make some new ones. Fair Day 2011 saw record numbers of attendees. Entertainment came from the Foxtel
Foxtel
Main Stage and included a set from Zoe Badwi
Zoe Badwi
and Garçon Garçon, and one of the biggest ever "Mr and Mrs Fair Day" competitions.[63] Approximately 250 volunteers assisted with 220 stalls made up of many LGBTQI community groups.[63] In 2017, Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Fair Day will be held at Camperdown Memorial Rest Park on Sunday 19 February.[64] Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Awards[edit]

Hall of Fame winners

26 April 1992 Lance Gowland, Bruce Belcher, Ron Muncaster,Kimberly O'Sullivan, Peter Tully, David Wilkins, and Brian McGahen

28 March 1993 Colin Fawcett, Leggs Galore, Robyn Laverack, and Cath Phillips

17 April 1994 Barry Cecchini, Peter Macdonnell, and Bruce Pollack

1 May 1995 Ron Austin, Murray McLachlan, and Bill Whittaker

28 April 1997 Kathy Pavlich and Susan Harben

14 April 2000 Bill Morley, David McDiarmid and John Marsden

Source: A history of the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras[14]

The Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Awards are presented to organisations and individuals who made an outstanding contribution to Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
and the gay and lesbian community.[14] Support[edit]

In 2017 Qantas
Qantas
displayed its Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
sponsorship on an Airbus A330-300, dubbed the Gay330 or PrideRoo.[65]

Political support has come from a number of local and federal politicians such as Senators Natasha Stott Despoja
Natasha Stott Despoja
and Penny Wong, Members of the House of Representatives Anthony Albanese
Anthony Albanese
and Tanya Plibersek, Premier Barry O'Farrell[66] as well as the present Lord Mayor of Sydney, Clover Moore.[67] Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull
Malcolm Turnbull
attended the 2016 Mardi Gras. There was a movement by some Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
members to disinvite him in 2017 due to "lack of action on marriage equality".[68] however the Sydney
Sydney
Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
board subsequently rejected the move.[69] Hundreds of thousands of Australians and international guests come out in support of the Parade, with many lining up for a viewing spot from early in the afternoon. By the 7.45 pm Parade kick-off, crowds are usually ten-people deep.[70] Though it has rained on several Mardi Gras parades (notably with heavy downpours prior to, and drizzle during, the parade in 1995, and heavy rainfall during the parade in 2004), this has never stopped the parade. The Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
is regarded internationally as one of the world's biggest and best LGBTQI marches and festivals, and has been described as an "absolute once-in-a-lifetime must for every travelling gay man".[71] Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
is featured in the programmes of tour operators which target the gay market.[23] In the 2000s the Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
organisation struck financial trouble, and collapsed. This was attributed at the time to poor financial management and a downturn in international tourism following the attack on the World Trade Center in New York, while another explanation was given as Australia's ongoing public liability crisis, which has seen massive insurance premiums impose a significant burden on community and public events, if not preventing them. As a consequence of the impending collapse of the organisation, there was a groundswell of concern and support within Sydney's LGBTQI communities for the continuation of the work and events of Mardi Gras. A series of crisis meetings culminated in the creation of a reformed organisation "New Mardi Gras" being formed to continue the Parade, the Festival & the Party.[72] In 2008, it was announced that the Government of New South Wales
New South Wales
would provide funding for Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
as it had become part of the state's Master Events Calendar.[73] Limited funds have also been sourced from the Sleaze Ball party held in Sydney
Sydney
towards the end of the year. Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
still receives significant public support and the event now receives some limited government funding. In 2013, a temporary rainbow crossing was created by City of Sydney Council as part of the 35th anniversary celebrations.[74] The rainbow crossing proved popular with tourists and when it was removed a protest campaign, DIY rainbow crossing, emerged and was picked up by the local and international media.[75] See also[edit]

LGBT
LGBT
portal Transgender
Transgender
portal New South Wales
New South Wales
portal Sydney
Sydney
portal

LGBT
LGBT
rights in Australia List of LGBT
LGBT
events Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Film Festival Tourism in Sydney Culture of Sydney

References[edit]

^ a b c d " Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
awash with love". Star Online. Australia. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012.  ^ a b " Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
focuses on gay marriage". Ninemsn News. Australia. 5 March 2011. Archived from the original on 3 May 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2011.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-06-07. Retrieved 2014-06-08.  ^ Madeleine Coorey (23 March 2011). "Sydney's Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
pride of Aussie tourism". Yahoo News!. Retrieved 8 April 2011. [dead link] ^ Sames, Christine (7 March 2004). "Statements and sequins on parade". The Sun-Herald. Retrieved 25 February 2010.  ^ " Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
marchers push for gay marriage". ABC News. Australia. 6 March 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ a b Samandar, Lema (5 March 2011). " Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
focuses on gay marriage". Ninemsn News. Archived from the original on 3 May 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.  ^ "Mardi Gras" (transcript). George Negus Tonight. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 1 March 2004. Retrieved 7 July 2008.  ^ a b c d Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
& Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Information Kit. 1997. ^ a b Irving, Terry; Cahill, Rowan (2010). Radical Sydney: Places, Portraits and Unruly Episodes. Sydney, Australia: UNSW Press. pp. 326–327. ISBN 978-1-74223-093-1. Retrieved 17 November 2011.  ^ a b c " Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras". Australian Museum. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2008.  ^ " New South Wales
New South Wales
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Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras. Archived from the original on 2017-03-06. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Showgirl returns". 13 February 2012.  ^ "The "Queen of Austria" will perform at the Sydney
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras.

Official website Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
1978-2018 interactive Timeline on Google Arts & Culture Australian Lesbian and Gay
Gay
Archives holds extensive collections relating to the Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras, including records, photographs, publications, posters, artwork, T-shirts, badges etc. Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
festival coverage on SBS Garry Wotherspoon (2008). " Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras". Dictionary of Sydney. Dictionary of Sydney
Sydney
Trust. Retrieved 5 October 2015.  [CC-By-SA]

Coordinates: 33°52′50″S 151°13′02″E / 33.88068°S 151.21719°E / -33.88068; 151.21719

v t e

Events in the Sydney
Sydney
central business district

Note: this includes events held in the Sydney
Sydney
central business district and its fringe areas, not the Greater Sydney
Sydney
metropolitan area

Summer

December

AACTA Awards Sydney
Sydney
to Hobart Yacht Race Carols in the Domain Sydney
Sydney
New Year's Eve

January

Sydney
Sydney
International Australia
Australia
Day Sydney
Sydney
Festival Jazz in the Domain Opera in The Domain

February

Ubuntu Charity Art Exhibition at Sydney
Sydney
College of the Arts Tropfest Trop Jr

Autumn

March

Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Film Festival Sydney
Sydney
Mardi Gras Chinese New Year Festival Greek Festival of Sydney Art Express Sydney
Sydney
Carnival

April

Anzac Day
Anzac Day
Parade The Sydney
Sydney
Comedy Festival Surry Hills Festival Hoopla Festival

May

Sydney
Sydney
Writers' Festival Vivid Sydney Vivid Live

Winter

All

Biennale of Sydney
Sydney
(every even numbered year)

June

Newtown Flicks Short Film Festival Sydney
Sydney
Film Festival Sydney
Sydney
Eisteddfod Darling Harbour Jazz and Blues Festival

July

Good Food & Wine Show The Rocks Aroma Festival Sydney
Sydney
International Boat Show

August

City to Surf Westpac Indian Film Festival of Sydney

Spring

September

Ignite Film Festival Sydney
Sydney
Underground Film Festival Sydney
Sydney
Fringe Festival Festival of the Winds

October

NRL Grand Final Sydney
Sydney
International Food Festival World's Funniest Island Darling Harbour Fiesta Australian International Motor Show Graphic

November

Bondi Short Film Festival Popcorn Taxi Balmain Art & Craft Show Sculpture by the Sea ARIA Music Awards

See also Landmarks in the Sydney
Sydney
City Centre Theatres in the Sydney
Sydney
City Centre

v t e

Pride parades and festivals

Africa

Cape Town South Africa

Asia

Beirut Busan Daegu Delhi Eilat Gwangju Haifa Hong Kong Incheon Jeju Jeonju Jerusalem Kansai Mumbai Nepal (Biratnagar Kathmandu Pokhara) Pune Sapporo Seoul Shanghai Taiwan (Taipei Taichung Kaohsiung) Tel Aviv Tokyo

Europe

Aarhus Amsterdam Ankara Athens Baltics Berlin Bratislava Brussels Bucharest Budapest Cologne Copenhagen Dublin Gothenburg Hamburg Helsinki Istanbul Kreuzberg (Berlin) Kyiv Madrid Milan Moscow Minsk Nuuk Osijek Paris Porto Prague Sofia Split Stockholm Thessaloniki Varese Vienna Warsaw Zagreb

United Kingdom

Birmingham Bournemouth Brighton Bristol Doncaster Edinburgh Glasgow Leeds Leicester Liverpool London Manchester Nottingham Reading Swansea

North America

Guadalajara

Canada

Calgary Edmonton Guelph Halifax Montreal Ottawa Regina Saskatoon Simcoe County Steinbach Sudbury Toronto Vancouver Waterloo Region Windsor Winnipeg

United States

Atlanta Augusta Charleston Chicago Detroit Harrisburg Houston Indianapolis Jacksonville Lansing Los Angeles Minneapolis–Saint Paul Nashville New Orleans New York City Olympia Salt Lake City San Diego San Francisco Seattle Washington, D.C.

Oceania

Adelaide Auckland Brisbane Cairns Melbourne Sydney

South America

São Paulo

See also

Christopher Street Day Dyke March Europride Trans March WorldPride

v t e

LGBT
LGBT
in Australia

History

Daughters of Bilitis Tasty nightclub raid Murder of George Duncan Suicide of Tyrone Unsworth LGBTI holders of political offices Re Alex Re Kevin – validity of marriage of transsexual Toonen v. Australia

Culture and events

Sydney
Sydney
Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Mardi Gras Melbourne Queer
Queer
Film Festival Brisbane Pride Festival Equal Love Feast Festival
Feast Festival
(Adelaide) Midsumma Festival
Midsumma Festival
(Melbourne) Queer
Queer
Collaborations Star Observer SX News Queensland Pride QNews Magazine Joy 94.9
Joy 94.9
Melbourne radio station

Organisations

Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Support Group Australia The Aurora Group Australian Lesbian and Gay
Gay
Archives Australian Marriage Equality Coalition of Activist Lesbians Australia Community Action Against Homophobia Kaleidoscope Australia
Australia
Human Rights Foundation National LGBTI Health Alliance Intersex
Intersex
Human Rights Australia Safe Schools Coalition Australia Transgender
Transgender
Victoria Victorian Gay
Gay
and Lesbian Rights Lobby Zoe Belle Gender Collective

Laws and rights

LGBT
LGBT
rights

ACT NSW NT QLD SA TAS VIC WA

Intersex
Intersex
rights Transgender
Transgender
rights Adoption and parenting Marriage

History Public opinion Survey ACT

Marriage Amendment

.