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SWEET SORGHUM is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Sweet sorghum
Sweet sorghum
thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage , silage , and syrup production. Although, in most of the United States the term molasses refers to a sweet syrup, made as a byproduct of sugarcane or sugar beet sugar extraction, sweet sorghum syrup is known as "sorghum molasses" in some regions of the U.S .

CONTENTS

* 1 Cultivation * 2 Uses * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

CULTIVATION

Sweet sorghum
Sweet sorghum
has been widely cultivated in the U.S. since the 1850s for use in sweeteners, primarily in the form of sorghum syrup. By the early 1900s, the U.S. produced 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of sweet sorghum syrup annually. Making syrup from sorghum (as from sugar cane ) is heavily labor-intensive. Following World War II
World War II
, with the declining availability of farm labor, sorghum syrup production fell drastically. Currently, less than 1 million US gallons (3,800 m3) are produced annually in the U.S.

In India
India
it was introduced in early 1970s by Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute . Presently it is grown on large area as a fodder crop.

Most sorghum grown for syrup production is grown in Alabama
Alabama
, Arkansas
Arkansas
, Georgia , Iowa
Iowa
, Kentucky
Kentucky
, Mississippi
Mississippi
, North Carolina
North Carolina
, and Tennessee
Tennessee
.

USES

Horse-driven, antique sorghum-cane juicer being operated at an organic farm in central North Carolina, for syrup production Adding freshly squeezed juice to a simmering pan of syrup on an open fire, much as it was done in the 19th century Madhura sweet sorghum syrup sold in India
India

Sorghum syrup and hot biscuits are a traditional breakfast in the Southern United States
Southern United States
. Sorghum syrup is also used on pancakes , cornmeal mush , grits and other hot cereals. It can be used as a cooking ingredient with a similar sweetening effect as molasses , though blackstrap molasses still has a higher nutritional value than sorghum syrup in most regards. In India
India
sweet sorghum syrup is presently being promoted as a health food.

In the U.S. since the 1950s, sorghum has been raised primarily for forage and silage, with sorghum cultivation for cattle feed concentrated in the Great Plains
Great Plains
( Texas
Texas
, Kansas
Kansas
, and Nebraska
Nebraska
are the leading producers) where insufficient rainfall and high temperature make corn production unprofitable.

Grain sorghum has also been used by the ethanol industry for quite some time because it yields about the same amount of ethanol per bushel as corn. As new-generation ethanol processes are studied and improved, sorghum's role may continue to expand. Texas
Texas
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* ^ Rapuano, Rina. "Sorghum Travels From The South To The Mainstream." NPR. NPR, 12 Sept. 2012. Web. 22 May 2014. . * ^ Bitzer, Morris. Sweet Sorghum for Syrup. Publication. N.p.: U of Kentucky, 2002. Web. 22 May 2014. * ^ Curtin, Leo V. MOLASSES - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. Publication. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and University of Florida, n.d. Web. 22 May 2014. . * ^ Ventilated. "Guidance on Sorghum Production – March 19, 2008." Indiana State Department of Health Division of Consumer Protection Food Protection Program Guidance on Sorghum Production – March 19, 2008 (2008): 1-6. IN.gov. Indiana State Department of Health: Division of Consumer Protection: Food Protection Program, 19 Mar. 2008. Web. 22 May 2014. * ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/2915226_Sweet_sorghum_RD_at_the_Nimbkar_Agricultural_Research_Institute_(NARI) * ^ http://www.thebetterindia.com/17381/amazing-crop-used-as-fuel-paper-delicious-bread-spread-sweet-sorghum/ * ^ http://ffanewhorizons.org/did-you-know-facts-about-sweet-sorghum/ * ^ "Sorghum Syrup". Spiritfoods. Retrieved 6 September 2012. * ^ syrup from sweet sorghum will be next health food * ^ " Sweet sorghum
Sweet sorghum
– Opportunities for a new renewable fuel and food industry in Australia". RIRDC. Retrieved 28 August 2013. * ^ Ceres and Texas
Texas
A">"". Agriculture Business Week. 30 June 2008.

* ^ "Icrisat embarks on biofuels initiative for dryland farmers". International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). Mar 14, 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2016. * ^ Sweet sorghum
Sweet sorghum
for food, feed and fuel New Agriculturalist, January