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The Swedish Army
Army
(Swedish: Armén) is a branch of the Swedish Armed Forces in which its main responsibility is land operations.

Contents

1 History 2 Organization

2.1 Leadership

2.1.1 Chiefs of the Army 2.1.2 Chiefs of Army
Army
Staff 2.1.3 Inspectors General of the Army 2.1.4 Inspectors of the Army 2.1.5 Chiefs of Army

3 Active regiments 4 Operational units 5 Equipment 6 Territorial Defense Forces 7 Size 8 Recruitment 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Main article: Military history of Sweden Organization[edit] The peace-time organization of the Swedish Army
Army
is divided into a number of regiments for the different branches. The number of active regiments has been reduced since the end of the Cold War. The regiment forms training organizations that train the various battalions of the army and home guard. The Swedish Armed Forces
Swedish Armed Forces
recently underwent a transformation from conscription-based recruitment to a professional defense organisation. This is part of a larger goal to abandon the mass army from the Cold War and develop an army better suited to modern maneuver warfare and at the same time retain a higher readiness. Since 2014, the Swedish army has had around 50,000 soldiers in either full-time or part-time duty, with eight mechanized infantry battalions instantly available at any time and the full force of 71 battalions ready to be deployed within one week. The regular army consists of 8 mechanized maneuver battalions, 19 support battalions of different kinds including artillery battalions, anti-aircraft battalions, combat engineer battalions, rangers, logistics battalions and 4 reserve heavy armored battalions and 40 territorial defense battalions. The battalion is the core unit but all units are completely modular and can be arranged in combat teams from company to brigade level with different units depending on the task. There are a total of 6 permanent staffs under the central command capable of handling large battlegroups, 4 regional staffs and 2 brigade staffs. Leadership[edit] Main article: Chief of Army
Army
(Sweden) Until 1975 the Swedish monarch was the formal head of the army. In 1937, the staff agency Chief of the Army
Army
(Swedish: Chefen för armén, CA) was created to lead the army in peace time. Following a larger reorganization of the Swedish Armed Forces
Swedish Armed Forces
in 1994, CA ceased to exist as an independent agency. Instead, the post Chief of Army
Army
Staff (Swedish: Chefen för arméledningen) was created at the then newly instituted Swedish Armed Forces
Swedish Armed Forces
Headquarters (Swedish: Högkvarteret, HKV). In 1998, the Swedish Armed Forces
Swedish Armed Forces
was again reorganized. Most of the duties of the Chief of Army
Army
Staff were transferred to the newly instituted post of " Inspector General of the Army" (Swedish: Generalinspektören för armén). The post is similar to that of the " Inspector General of the Swedish Navy" (Swedish: Generalinspektören för marinen) and the " Inspector General of the Swedish Air Force" (Swedish: Generalinspektören för flygvapnet), later renamed to "Inspector of the Army" (Swedish: Arméinspektören). In 2014, the Chief of Army
Army
(Swedish: Arméchefen, AC) position was reinstated. Chiefs of the Army[edit]

Maj. Gen. Karl Engelbrektson
Karl Engelbrektson
is the current Chief of Army.

Per Sylvan, 1937–1940 Ivar Holmquist, 1940–1944 Archibald Douglas, 1944–1948 Carl August Ehrenswärd, 1948–1957 Thord Bonde, 1957–1963 Curt Göransson, 1963–1969 Carl Eric Almgren, 1969–1976 Nils Sköld, 1976–1984 Erik G. Bengtsson, 1984–1990 Åke Sagrén, 1990–1994

Chiefs of Army
Army
Staff[edit]

Åke Sagrén, 1994–1996 Mertil Melin, 1996–1998

Inspectors General of the Army[edit]

Paul Degerlund, 1998–2000 Alf Sandqvist, 2000–2003

Inspectors of the Army[edit]

Alf Sandqvist, 2003–2005 Sverker Göranson, 2005–2007 Berndt Grundevik, 2007–2012 Anders Brännström, 2012–2013

Chiefs of Army[edit]

Anders Brännström, 2013–2016 Karl Engelbrektson, 2016–present

Active regiments[edit]

Swedish soldiers during a training exercise.

Swedish Army
Army
regiments are tasked with training conscripts and Home Guard troops. Additionally each regiment can mobilize in times of crisis or war operational battalions for the army's rapid reaction organization. The currently active regiments and their main peacetime subordinate units are:

Life Guards (LG), in Stockholm

Stockholm
Stockholm
Command Staff Armed Forces International Centre (Swedint) Armed Forces Dog Service Unit (FHTE) Armed Forces Music (FöMus) Dalregementsgruppen (DRG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Dalarna County

Dalarna Battalion
Battalion
(17. hvbat), in Falun

Gävleborgsgruppen (GABG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Gävleborg County

Gävleborg Battalion
Battalion
(18. hvbat), in Gävle

Livgardesgruppen (LGAG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Stockholm
Stockholm
County

Attundaland Battalion
Battalion
(23. hvbat), in Kungsängen Stockholm
Stockholm
Battalion
Battalion
(24. hvbat), in Kungsängen Taeliehus Battalion
Battalion
(25. hvbat), in Kungsängen Järva Battalion
Battalion
(26. hvbat), in Kungsängen

Göta Engineer Regiment
Göta Engineer Regiment
(Ing 2), in Eksjö

Engineer Battalion, trains the troops of the 21st and 22nd engineer battalions Field Works School Norra Smålandsgruppen (NSG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Jönköping County

North Småland Battalion
Battalion
(33. hvbat), in Eksjö

Life Regiment Hussars
Life Regiment Hussars
(K 3), in Karlsborg

Training companies, train the troops of the 31st light and 32nd reconnaissance battalions Armed Forces Survival School Örebro-Värmlandsgruppen (ÖVG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Örebro
Örebro
and Värmland counties

Värmland Battalion
Battalion
(19. hvbat), in Karlstad Sannahed Battalion
Battalion
(20. hvbat), in Örebro

Skaraborg Regiment (P 4), in Skövde

Training unit (KFE), trains the troops of the 41st and 42nd mechanized battalions, 18th battle group, 1st heavy transport company, and 2nd brigade reconnaissance company Skaraborgsgruppen (SKG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Västra Götaland County

Kinne Battalion
Battalion
(38. hvbat), in Skövde Kåkind Battalion
Battalion
(39. hvbat), in Skövde

Bohusdalgruppen (BDG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Bohuslän and Dalsland

Bohusläns Battalion
Battalion
(40. hvbat), in Skredsvik

Air Defence Regiment (Lv 6), in Halmstad

Air Defence Battalion, trains the troops of the 61st and 62nd air defence battalions Hallandsgruppen (HAG), trains and supports the Home Guard in Halland County

Halland Battalion
Battalion
(45. hvbat), in Halmstad

South Scania Regiment
South Scania Regiment
(P 7), in Revingehed

Training companies, train the troops of the 71st light mechanized and 72nd mechanized battalions Skånska Gruppen (SSK), trains and supports the Home Guard in Skåne County

South Scania Battalion
Battalion
(46. hvbat), in Revingehed Malmöhus Battalion
Battalion
(47. hvbat), in Malmö Scania Dragoon Battalion
Battalion
(48. hvbat), in Helsingborg North Scania Battalion
Battalion
(49. hvbat), in Hässleholm

Artillery
Artillery
Regiment (A 9), in Boden

Artillery
Artillery
Battalion, trains the troops of the 91st and 92nd artillery battalions Artillery
Artillery
Combat School

Norrbotten Regiment
Norrbotten Regiment
(I 19), in Boden

Norrbotten Tank Battalion
Battalion
(Pbat / I 19), in Boden, trains the troops of the 191st and 192nd mechanized battalions, and 3rd brigade reconnaissance company Army
Army
Jäger Battalion, in Arvidsjaur, trains the troops of the 193rd Jäger Battalion Armed Forces Winter Unit (FMVE), in Boden and Arvidsjaur Lapplandsjägargruppen (G 66), trains and supports the Home Guard in the northern and eastern part of Norrbotten County

Lapland Jäger Battalion
Battalion
(10. hvbat), in Kiruna Border Jäger Battalion
Battalion
(11. hvbat), in Kalix

Norrbottensgruppen (G 63), trains and supports the Home Guard in the southern part of Norrbotten County

North Bothnia Battalion
Battalion
(12. hvbat), in Boden

Västerbottensgruppen (G 61), trains and supports the Home Guard in Västerbotten County

West Bothnia Battalion
Battalion
(13. hvbat), in Umeå

Fältjägargruppen (G 22), trains and supports the Home Guard in Jämtland County

Field Jäger Battalion
Battalion
(14. hvbat), in Östersund

Västernorrlandsgruppen (G 23), trains and supports the Home Guard in Västernorrland County

Ångermanland Battalion
Battalion
(15. hvbat), in Härnösand Medelpad Battalion
Battalion
(16. hvbat), in Härnösand

Operational units[edit] The Swedish Army
Army
formed a Rapid Reaction Organisation (Insatsorganisation in Swedish) in 2014. Under the organisation the training regiments of the Swedish army would be able to form two combat brigades and a number of independent combat battalions within a few days. This plan, however, was considered by the Supreme Commander to be impossible due to the economic situation at the time.[1] In 2013, the Armed Forces issued a statement saying that the reorganisation would only suffice for a reasonable defense of Swedish territory for one week.[2] The force was to include the following units:[3] As of 2017 the Army's units of the Rapid Reaction Organisation are:

Life Guards (LG), in Kungsängen]]

10th Life Guards Battalion
Battalion
(10. livbataljonen)

Staff and support company, life guards company, life guards mounted squadron, cavalry mounted squadron

11th Military Police Battalion
Battalion
(11. militärpolisbataljonen)

Personnel protection company, 2x military police companies, staff and support platoon, investigative team

12th Light Mechanized Battalion
Battalion
(12. lätta mekaniserade bataljonen)

Staff and support company, 3x Patria AMV
Patria AMV
mechanized companies, logistic company

13th Security Battalion
Battalion
(13. säkerhetsbataljonen)

Functions squadron, security squadron

Life Regiment Hussars
Life Regiment Hussars
(K 3), in Karlsborg

31st Light Battalion
Battalion
(31. lätta bataljonen)

Staff and support squadron, 3x rifle squadrons, logistic squadron

32nd Reconnaissance Battalion
Battalion
(32. underrättelsebataljonen)

Functions squadron, 2x reconnaissance squadrons, parachute Jäger company

Skaraborg Regiment (P 4), in Skövde

2nd Brigade
Brigade
Staff (2. brigadstaben) 18th Battle Group (18. stridsgruppen), on Gotland

Staff and support company, Stridsvagn 122
Stridsvagn 122
tank company, CV90 mechanized company, logistic company

41st Mechanized Battalion
Battalion
(41. mekaniserade bataljonen)

Staff and support company, 2x Stridsvagn 122
Stridsvagn 122
tank companies, 2x CV90 mechanized companies, logistic company

42nd Mechanized Battalion
Battalion
(42. mekaniserade bataljonen)

Staff and support company, 2x Stridsvagn 122
Stridsvagn 122
tank companies, 2x CV90 mechanized companies, logistic company

1st Heavy Transport Company (1. tung transportkompaniet) 2nd Brigade
Brigade
Reconnaissance Company (2. brigadspaningskompaniet), equipped with CV90

South Scania Regiment
South Scania Regiment
(P 7), in Revingehed

71st Light Mechanized Battalion
Battalion
(71. lätta mekaniserade bataljonen)

Staff and support company, 3x Patria AMV
Patria AMV
mechanized companies, logistic company

72nd Mechanized Battalion
Battalion
(72. mekaniserade bataljonen)

Staff and support company, 2x Stridsvagn 122
Stridsvagn 122
tank companies, 2x CV90 mechanized companies, logistic company

Norrbotten Regiment
Norrbotten Regiment
(I 19), in Boden

3rd Brigade
Brigade
Staff (3. brigadstaben) 191st Mechanized Battalion
Battalion
(191. mekaniserade bataljonen)

Staff and support company, 2x Stridsvagn 122
Stridsvagn 122
tank companies, 2x CV90 mechanized companies, logistic company

192nd Mechanized Battalion
Battalion
(192. mekaniserade bataljonen)

Staff and support company, 2x Stridsvagn 122
Stridsvagn 122
tank companies, 2x CV90 mechanized companies, logistic company

193rd Jäger Battalion
Battalion
(193. jägarbataljonen), in Arvidsjaur 3rd Brigade
Brigade
Reconnaissance Company (3. brigadspaningskompaniet), equipped with CV90

Artillery
Artillery
Regiment (A 9), in Boden

91st Artillery
Artillery
Battalion
Battalion
(91. Artilleribataljon)

Staff and logistic battery, 3x Archer batteries, sensor battery

92nd Artillery
Artillery
Battalion
Battalion
(92. Artilleribataljon)

Staff and logistic battery, 3x Archer batteries, sensor battery

Göta Engineer Regiment
Göta Engineer Regiment
(Ing 2), in Eksjö

21st Engineer Battalion
Battalion
(21. Ingenjörbataljonen)

Staff and logistic company, 2x engineer companies, machine/bridging company

22nd Engineer Battalion
Battalion
(22. Ingenjörbataljonen)

Staff and logistic company, 2x engineer companies, machine/bridging company

Air Defence Regiment (Lv 6), in Halmstad

61st Air Defence Battalion
Battalion
(61. Luftvärnsbataljonen) 62nd Air Defence Battalion
Battalion
(62. Luftvärnsbataljonen)

Army
Army
Rapid Reaction Organisation Units 2017

Additionally the following Armed Forces's establishments provide units for the Rapid Reaction Organisation:

Command and Control Regiment (LedR), in Enköping

10th PSYOPS
PSYOPS
Unit (10. PSYOPS-förbandet) 11th Command and Control Battalion
Battalion
(11. ledningsplatsbataljonen)

3x Staff companies, public affairs/ interpreter/ combat camera company

12th Signal Battalion
Battalion
(12. sambandsbataljonen)

Staff company, 2x signal companies, signal reinforcement company

13th Electronic Warfare Battalion
Battalion
(13. telekrigsbataljonen)

Logistic Regiment
Logistic Regiment
(TrängR), in Skövde

1st Logistic Battalion
Battalion
(1. logistikbataljonen) 2nd Logistic Battalion
Battalion
(2. logistikbataljonen) 1st Traffic and Movement Control Company (1. trafik- och transportledningskompaniet)

Armed Forces Medical Center, in Gothenburg

1st Hospital Company (1. sjukhuskompaniet) 2nd Hospital Company (2. sjukhuskompaniet) 1st Medical Reinforcement Company (1. sjukvårdsförstärkningskompaniet) 2nd Medical Reinforcement Company (2. sjukvårdsförstärkningskompaniet)

National CBRN Defence Centre
National CBRN Defence Centre
(SkyddC), in Umeå

1st CBRN defense
CBRN defense
Company (1. CBRN-kompaniet)

Armed Forces Technical School, in Halmstad

1st Maintenance Battalion
Battalion
(1. teknikbataljonen)

If activated the two brigades of the Rapid Reaction Force would be formed with the following units:

2nd Brigade[4]

111th Staff Company 42nd Mechanized Battalion 71st Light Mechanized Battalion 191st Mechanized Battalion 21st Engineer Battalion 61st Air Defence Battalion 91st Artillery
Artillery
Battalion 1st Logistic Battalion 2nd Brigade
Brigade
Reconnaissance Company

3rd Brigade

112th Staff Company 41st Mechanized Battalion 72nd Mechanized Battalion 192nd Mechanized Battalion 22nd Engineer Battalion 62nd Air Defence Battalion 92nd Artillery
Artillery
Battalion 2nd Logistic Battalion 3rd Brigade
Brigade
Reconnaissance Company

Equipment[edit] Main article: Equipment of the Swedish Army Territorial Defense Forces[edit] The Territorial Defense Forces/Home Guard (Hemvärnet) consists of 40 battalions with a total of 22 000 men. Many of the soldiers have served abroad in the various missions of the regular army.[5] Size[edit] Between the introduction of universal conscription in 1902 until the start of World War II, the army was usually maintained at a consistent strength of 100 000 men, with two-thirds of the force being conscripts for two years. From 1942 onwards, the Swedish government embarked upon a massive and ambitious militarization program in which conscription was strictly enforced and compulsory service was extended for three years. This combined with propaganda about conscription being a part of social duty and defending the Swedish principle of Folkhemmet, led to an army a size of about 700 000 active duty soldiers in late 1945. Since the late winter of 1945 the size of the army was slowly decreased as entire reserve battalions and brigades were gradually demobilized, and by late 1947 the size of the army was around 170 000 soldiers and was planned to stabilize at such a quantity of personnel. However, due to the rise in tensions between the East and West over the political landscape of Europe, the threat from the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1949 and 1950, coinciding with the start of the Cold War, led to a return to the militaristic policy by the Swedish government. From 1950 until around 1976 the size of the army was at an average of 250 000 soldiers with a peak of 400 000 active duty soldiers during the late 1950s and early 1960s. The mandatory period of service during this period was 22 months for non-educated conscripts and 14 months for college educated ones, with 30 years in the reserve and 30 days of reserve service obligation per 18 months. The compulsory service period included 2 months of basic training and 3 months of advanced occupational training. The rules were badly enforced, but dodging the draft was punishable with a year of imprisonment and the refusal of state social welfare benefits. Only in 1976–77 was there a change in policy where the compulsory service period of all conscripts was reduced and equalized at 14 months. During the 1980s the size of the army was around 180 000 soldiers and was slowly increased as time progressed until around 1988. The end of the Cold War
Cold War
led to a massive restructuring of the Swedish Army. Every year after 1988, the Army
Army
discharged around 40 000 conscripts and recruited only 20 000, so that by 1995 the size was down to 80 000 soldiers. Around this time the compulsory service obligation was further reduced to 10 months, reserve service became more flexible, and changes made in enforcement so that forceful enforcement became withdrawn as policy. By 2004 the size of the Swedish Army
Army
was down to 60 000 soldiers, and in 2013, three years after the end of conscription, the size was at an all-time low of just 16 000 soldiers, though the army plans to reach a level of 50 000 professional soldiers by 2020, mostly through a large media campaigns. Recruitment[edit] From the 17th century until 2010, the Swedish Army
Army
recruitment was based upon Prussian-style conscription. All personnel were drafted as conscripts for a year of national service, after which the unit the soldier trained with was put in reserve. Upon completion of conscript service with sufficient service marks, conscripts are eligible to apply for commissioned officer training, NCO/Warrant Officer or from 2007 stay in the Army
Army
as a professional private, mainly to be employed in the Nordic Battle Group. The army has employed soldiers for UN service on short time contracts since the 1950s for service abroad. From July 2010 until March 2017, the Swedish Army
Army
was an all-professional fighting force. March the 3rd, the Swedish government reinstated national service. In 2017, around 13,000 men and women are to sign up for the draft, and of them 4,000 will be selected for national service starting January 2018. The government stated that the number of conscripts may increase in response to foreign events.[6] See also[edit]

Military ranks of the Swedish Armed Forces Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences Swedish Army
Army
Museum List of wars involving Sweden List of Swedish field marshals Swedish military areas List of Swedish military commanders List of Swedish monarchs List of Swedish regiments List of military aircraft of Sweden 91:an (comic strip) Allotment system List of equipment of the Swedish Army Swedish Military Uniform

References[edit]

^ Sondsson, Eva (26 January 2011). "Ofolkligt försvar". Sundsvalls Tidning (in Swedish). Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ Wallberg, Peter (10 January 2013). "Politiker till attack: Vill ha mer än en veckas skydd". Sydsvenskan
Sydsvenskan
(in Swedish). Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "Försvarsmaktens delårsrapport 2011" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 2011-08-12. Retrieved 27 August 2011.  ^ "Krigsförbandschefer samlade". Försvarsmakten. Retrieved 4 December 2017.  ^ "Rikshemvärnschefens brev till hemvärnspersonalen, dec 2009" (PDF) (Press release) (in Swedish). Home Guard. December 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2010.  ^ " Sweden
Sweden
brings back military conscription amid Baltic tensions". BBC News. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

Swedish Army
Army
– official website (in English) Soldf.com – unofficial weapons, vehicles and equipment page of the Swedish Armed forces Nordic military vehicles site Scandinavian Armour by Roy Haaland Svante Wendel's Unofficial Royal Swedish Army
Army
Page

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Swedish Army Swedish Navy Swedish Air Force Home Guard

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