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The Sundance Film Festival, a program of the Sundance Institute, takes place annually in Park City, Utah. With over 46,660 attendees in 2016, it is the largest independent film festival in the United States.[1] Held in January in Park City and Salt Lake City, Utah, as well as at the Sundance Resort, the festival is a showcase for new work from American and international independent filmmakers.[2] The festival comprises competitive sections for American and international dramatic and documentary films, both feature films and short films, and a group of out-of-competition sections, including NEXT, New Frontier, Spotlight, Midnight, Premieres, and Documentary Premieres. The 2018 Sundance Film Festival
Festival
took place from January 18 to January 28, 2018.

The Egyptian Theater hosts the Sundance Film Festival
Festival
2018

Contents

1 History

1.1 Utah/US Film Festival 1.2 Change to Sundance 1.3 Sundance London 1.4 Sundance Hong Kong 1.5 Sundance at BAM 1.6 Notability of festivals 1.7 Growth of the festival 1.8 Directors

2 In popular culture 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

History[edit] Utah/US Film Festival[edit] Sundance began in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in August 1978, as the Utah/US Film Festival
Festival
in an effort to attract more filmmakers to Utah.[3] It was founded by Sterling Van Wagenen (then head of Wildwood[4], Robert Redford's company), John Earle, and Cirina Hampton Catania (both serving on the Utah
Utah
Film Commission at the time). The 1978 festival featured films such as Deliverance, A Streetcar Named Desire, Midnight Cowboy, Mean Streets, and The Sweet Smell of Success.[5] With chairman Robert Redford, and the help of Utah
Utah
Governor Scott M. Matheson, the goal of the festival was to showcase strictly American-made films, highlight the potential of independent film, and to increase visibility for filmmaking in Utah. At the time, the main focus of the event was to conduct a competition for independent American films, present a series of retrospective films and filmmaker panel discussions, and to celebrate the Frank Capra
Frank Capra
Award. The festival also highlighted the work of regional filmmakers who worked outside the Hollywood
Hollywood
system. The jury of the 1978 festival was headed by Gary Allison, and included Verna Fields, Linwood G. Dunn, Katharine Ross, Charles E. Sellier Jr., Mark Rydell, and Anthea Sylbert. In 1979, Sterling Van Wagenen left to head up the first-year pilot program of what was to become the Sundance Institute, and James W. (Jim) Ure took over briefly as executive director, followed by Cirina Hampton Catania as executive director. More than 60 films were screened at the festival that year, and panels featured many well-known Hollywood
Hollywood
filmmakers. Also that year, the first Frank Capra Award went to Jimmy Stewart. The festival also made a profit for the first time. In 1980, Catania left the festival to pursue a production career in Hollywood. Several factors helped propel the growth of Utah/US Film Festival. First was the involvement of actor and Utah
Utah
resident Robert Redford, who became the festival's inaugural chairman. By having Redford's name associated with the festival, it received great attention. Secondly, the country was hungry for more venues that would celebrate American-made films as the only other festival doing so at the time was the USA Film Festival in Dallas
Dallas
(est. 1971). Response in Hollywood was unprecedented, as major studios did all they could to contribute their resources. In 1981, the festival moved to Park City, Utah, and changed the dates from September to January. The move from late summer to midwinter was done by the executive director Susan Barrell with the cooperation of Hollywood
Hollywood
director Sydney Pollack, who suggested that running a film festival in a ski resort during winter would draw more attention from Hollywood. It was called the US Film and Video Festival. Change to Sundance[edit] In 1984, the now well-established Sundance Institute, headed by Sterling Van Wagenen, took over management of the US Film Festival. Gary Beer and Van Wagenen spearheaded production of the inaugural US Film Festival
Festival
presented by Sundance Institute
Sundance Institute
(1985), which included Program Director Tony Safford and Administrative Director Jenny Walz Selby. The branding and marketing transition from the US Film Festival to the Sundance Film Festival
Festival
was managed under the direction of Colleen Allen, Allen Advertising Inc., by appointment of Robert Redford. In 1991, the festival was officially renamed the Sundance Film Festival, after Redford's character the Sundance Kid from the film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.[6] Sundance London[edit]

This section's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2012)

UK-based publisher C21 Media first revealed in October 2010 that Robert Redford
Robert Redford
was planning to bring the Sundance Film Festival
Festival
to London,[7] and in March the following year, Redford officially announced that Sundance London would be held at The O2, in London from 26–29 April 2012; the first time it has traveled outside the US.[8] In a press statement, Redford said, "We are excited to partner with AEG Europe to bring a particular slice of American culture to life in the inspired setting of The O2, and in this city of such rich cultural history. [...] It is our mutual goal to bring to the UK, the very best in current American independent cinema, to introduce the artists responsible for it, and in essence help build a picture of our country that is broadly reflective of the diversity of voices not always seen in our cultural exports."[8] The majority of the film screenings, including the festival's premieres, would be held within the Cineworld
Cineworld
cinema at The O2 entertainment district.[9] The 2013 Sundance London Festival
Festival
was held 25–28 April 2013, and sponsored by car-maker Jaguar.[10] Sundance London 2014 took place on 25–27 April 2014 at the O2 arena.[11] The Sundance London 2015 Festival
Festival
was cancelled in an announcement on 16 January 2015.[12] Sundance London returned to London from 2–5 June 2016[13] and again 1–4 June 2017,[14] both at Picturehouse Cinema in London's West End. Sundance Hong Kong[edit] Inaugurated in 2014, Sundance Film Festival: Hong Kong took place from 22 September to 2 October 2016 and is scheduled again for 21 September to 1 October 2017. It is held at The Metroplex in Kowloon Bay each year.[15] Sundance at BAM[edit] From 2006 through 2008, Sundance Institute
Sundance Institute
collaborated with the Brooklyn Academy of Music
Brooklyn Academy of Music
(BAM) on a special series of film screenings, performances, panel discussions, and special events bringing the institute's activities and the festival's programming to New York City.[16] Notability of festivals[edit] Many notable independent filmmakers received their big break at Sundance, including Kevin Smith, Robert Rodriguez, Quentin Tarantino, Todd Field, David O. Russell, Steve James, Paul Thomas Anderson, Steven Soderbergh, Darren Aronofsky, James Wan, Edward Burns, and Jim Jarmusch. The festival is also responsible for bringing wider attention to such films as Saw, Garden State, Super Troopers, The Blair Witch Project, Spanking the Monkey, Reservoir Dogs, Primer, In the Bedroom, Better Luck Tomorrow, Little Miss Sunshine, Donnie Darko, El Mariachi, Moon, Clerks, Thank You for Smoking, Sex, Lies, and Videotape, The Brothers McMullen, (500) Days of Summer, Napoleon Dynamite, Whiplash, Boyhood, and Get Out. Three Seasons
Three Seasons
was the first in festival history to ever receive both the Grand Jury Award and Audience Award, in 1999. Later films that won both awards are: God Grew Tired of Us
God Grew Tired of Us
in 2006 (documentary category), Quinceañera in 2006 (dramatic category), Precious in 2009, Fruitvale (later retitled Fruitvale Station) in 2013, Whiplash in 2014, Me and Earl and the Dying Girl in 2015, and The Birth of a Nation in 2016. At the 2016 Sundance Film Festival, three films went on to garner eight Oscar nominations.[17] Manchester by the Sea took the lead in Sundance-supported films with six Oscar nominations, including Best Picture.[18] The next year, about 40 films were acquired by distributors, among them including Amazon, Netflix, Lionsgate, and Universal.[19] Growth of the festival[edit] The festival has changed over the decades from a low-profile venue for small-budget, independent creators from outside the Hollywood
Hollywood
system to a media extravaganza for Hollywood
Hollywood
celebrity actors, paparazzi, and luxury lounges set up by companies not affiliated with Sundance. Festival
Festival
organizers have tried curbing these activities in recent years, beginning in 2007 with their ongoing Focus On Film campaign. The 2009 film Official Rejection documented the experience of small filmmakers trying to get into various festivals in the late 2000s, including Sundance. The film contained several arguments that Sundance had become dominated by large studios and sponsoring corporations. A contrast was made between the 1990s, in which non-famous filmmakers with tiny budget films could get distribution deals from studios like Miramax Films
Miramax Films
or New Line Cinema, (like Kevin Smith's Clerks), and the 2000s, when major stars with multimillion-dollar films (like The Butterfly Effect with Ashton Kutcher) dominated the festival. Kevin Smith doubted that Clerks, if made in the late 2000s, would be accepted to Sundance.[20] Numerous small festivals sprung up around Sundance in the Park City area, including Slamdance, Nodance, Slumdance, It-dance, X-Dance, Lapdance, Tromadance, The Park City Film Music Festival, etc., though all except[citation needed] Slamdance are no longer held.[21] Included in the Sundance changes made in 2010, a new programming category titled "NEXT" (often denoted simply by the characters "<=>", which mean "less is more") was introduced to showcase innovative films that are able to transcend the confines of an independent budget. Another recent addition was the Sundance Film Festival
Festival
USA program, in which eight of the festival's films are shown in eight different theaters around the United States.[22] Directors[edit]

Geoff Gilmore – 1991–2009[23][24] John Cooper – 2009–present[25]

In popular culture[edit] In August 1998, the animated television series South Park
South Park
episode "Chef's Chocolate Salty Balls" depicts the directors of the Sundance Festival
Festival
moving it to a "different small mountain town," that of the show's main setting South Park, in order to "drain it and morph it into a new LA." In the episode " Hollywood
Hollywood
A.D." of The X-Files, Fox Mulder
Fox Mulder
is relieved that the fictitious movie The Lazarus Bowl about his work will never be screened at the Sundance Festival. In the television series Entourage, one of the independent movies that Vincent Chase
Vincent Chase
stars in (Queens Boulevard) premieres at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival, where it begins to gain in popularity. In the animated television series The Simpsons
The Simpsons
"Any Given Sundance" episode, Lisa Simpson
Lisa Simpson
enters a documentary about her family into the Sundance Film Festival. In Season 7, Episode 22 of One Tree Hill, Julian Baker takes his film Seven Dreams Till Tuesday to the festival. Referenced in Season 3, Episode 12 of Gilmore Girls
Gilmore Girls
when Paris Geller tells Rory Gilmore
Rory Gilmore
to "save her act for Sundance." In Season 1, Episode 5 of Nirvanna the Band the Show, Matt and Jay fly to Utah
Utah
after Matt convinces Jay that their amateur film was accepted overnight, where Matt instead hijacks the projection of a completely different film. See also[edit]

List of Sundance Film Festival
Festival
award winners List of Sundance Film Festival
Festival
selections Sundance Channel

References[edit]

^ Stambro, Jan Elise. "The Economic Impacts of the 2016 Sundance Film Festival" (pdf). Bureau of Economic and Business Research. University of Utah. Retrieved 2012-11-06.  ^ Cairns, Becky. "Sundance Film Festival
Festival
drops Ogden as screening location". Standard-Examiner. Retrieved 2017-06-28.  ^ "BBC - Films - Sundance Film Festival
Festival
- A Brief History". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "Redford's Wildwood Enterprises and PBS Bring "Skinwalkers" to the Small Screen PBS About". Redford's Wildwood Enterprises and PBS Bring "Skinwalkers" to the Small Screen PBS About. Retrieved 2018-01-28.  ^ Craig, Benjamin. "History of the Sundance Film Festival". Sundance-A Festival
Festival
Virgin's Guide. Retrieved 2012-10-08.  ^ Peden, Lauren David (December 2005). "Sundance Subdued". Freedom Orange County Information (coastmagazine.com). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-11-11.  ^ Benzine, Adam (October 7, 2010). "Exclusive: Redford plans London Sundance". C21 Media. Retrieved May 29, 2013.  ^ a b Farmer, Stephen (October 2012). "Robert Redford, Sundance Institute And Aeg Europe Launch Sundance London At The O2". AEG Worldwide. Retrieved 2012-10-22.  ^ "Robert Redford, Sundance Institute
Sundance Institute
and AEG Europe launch Sundance London at The O2". Sundance London. March 15, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Sundance London 2013". Sundance London. March 1, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.  ^ "Sundance London 2014 unveils lineup". Digital Spy. 2014-03-24. Retrieved 2015-11-16.  ^ "Sundance London 2015 cancelled, festival's future under review". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-16.  ^ Pierrot, John-Paul (2016-04-20). "Sundance Film Festival: London 2016 – Programme Announced". Picturehouse Blog. Retrieved 2017-07-21.  ^ Pierrot, John-Paul (2017-04-25). "2017 Sundance Film Festival: London – Programme Announced". Picturehouse Blog. Retrieved 2017-07-21.  ^ "Sundance". hk.sundance.org. Retrieved 2017-07-21.  ^ "Sundance Mixed With Stars, Politicians". BAM. Archived from the original on 2008-01-12. Retrieved April 4, 2014.  ^ Quinnette, Celia (January 24, 2017). "8 oscar nominations for films from the 2016 sundance film festival". Sundance TV. Retrieved August 8, 2017.  ^ Quinnette, Celia (January 24, 2017). "8 oscar nominations for films from the 2016 sundance film festival". Sundance TV. Retrieved August 8, 2017.  ^ "The Complete List of Movies Sold at Sundance 2016, and Why Amazon and Netflix
Netflix
Went All Out". Vulture. Retrieved 2017-08-08.  ^ Kevin Smith, interviewed in Official Rejection, documentary film, 2009, directed by Paul Osborne ^ Official Rejection, documentary film, 2009, directed by Paul Osborne ^ Clark, Cody (January 22, 2010). "Redford launches 2010 Sundance Film Festival
Festival
in Park City". The Daily Herald. Retrieved 2010-01-22.  ^ Kay, Jeremy (11 March 2009). "John Cooper steps up as director of Sundance Film Festival". ScreenDaily.com. Retrieved 2010-01-31. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Cieply, Michael (17 February 2009). "Shakeup in Film Festivals as a Familiar Face Moves". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-31.  ^ " Sundance Institute
Sundance Institute
announces John Cooper as Director, Sundance Film Festival" (pdf) (Press release). Sundance Institute. 11 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

Anderson, John. Sundancing: Hanging Out And Listening In At America's Most Important Film Festival. Harper Paperbacks, 2000. Biskind, Peter. Down and Dirty Pictures: Miramax, Sundance, and the Rise of Independent Film. Simon & Schuster, 2004. Craig, Benjamin. Sundance - A Festival
Festival
Virgin's Guide: Surviving and Thriving at America's Most Important Film Festival. Cinemagine Media Publishing, 3rd ed., 2016, ISBN 0-9541737-8-3. Smith, Lory. Party in a Box: The Story of the Sundance Film Festival
Festival
. Gibbs Smith Publishers, 1999. Staff. "Sundance Film Festival". IndieWire. Archived from the original on May 4, 2016.  Gaita, Paul (December 2, 2009). "Sundance Film Festival
Festival
announces 2010 competition lineup". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times.  von Roon, Alexander. "Grass and dark Tunnels: Sundance is a Marketing-Tool for the US Film Industry", Berliner Zeitung 2000.

External links[edit]

Official website Sundance Film Festival
Festival
1985–1996

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