A studio is an artist or worker's workroom. This can be for the
purpose of acting, architecture, painting, pottery (ceramics),
sculpture, origami, woodworking, scrapbooking, photography, graphic
design, filmmaking, animation, industrial design, radio or television
production broadcasting or the making of music. The term is also used
for the workroom of dancers, often specified to dance studio.
The word studio is derived from the Italian: studio, from Latin:
studium, from studere, meaning to study or zeal.
The French term for studio, atelier, in addition to designating an
artist's studio is used to characterize the studio of a fashion
Atelier also has the connotation of being the home of an
alchemist or wizard.
Studio is also a metonym for the group of people who work within a
1 Art studio
2 Educational studio
4 Production studios
5 Instructional studio
5.1 Mastering studio
5.3 Movie studio
5.4 Photographic studio
5.6 Recording studio
5.7 Television studio
6 Yoga and martial arts studios
7 See also
9 External links
Jane Frank in her studio, 1960s or 1970s. The studio of a
contemporary mixed media artist can be quite a messy affair.
The studio of a successful artist, especially from the 15th to the
19th centuries, characterized all the assistants, thus the designation
of paintings as "from the workshop of..." or "studio of..." An art
studio is sometimes called an atelier, especially in earlier eras. In
contemporary, English language use, "atelier" can also refer to the
Atelier Method, a training method for artists that usually takes place
in a professional artist's studio.
The above-mentioned "method" calls upon that zeal for study to play a
significant role in the production which occurs in a studio space. A
studio is more or less artful to the degree that the artist who
occupies it is committed to the continuing education in his or her
formal discipline. Academic curricula categorize studio classes in
order to prepare students for the rigors of building sets of skills
which require a continuity of practice in order to achieve growth and
mastery of their artistic expression. A versatile and creative mind
will embrace the opportunity of such practice to innovate and
experiment, which develops uniquely individual qualities of each
artist's expression. Thus the method raises and maintains an art
studio space above the level of a mere production facility or
Safety is or may be a concern in studios, with some painting materials
required to be handled, stored, or used properly to prevent poisoning,
chemical burns, or fire.
Media related to atelier at Wikimedia Commons
In educational studios, students learn to develop skills related to
design, ranging from architecture to product design. In specific,
educational studios are studio settings where large numbers of
students learn to draft and design with instructional help at a
college. Educational studios are colloquially referred to as "studio"
by students, who are known for staying up late hours into the night
doing projects and socializing.
The studio environment is characterized by 2 types in education:
The workspace where students do usually visually-centered work in an
open environment. This time and space is beyond that of instructional
time and faculty guidance is not available. It allows for students to
engage each other, help each other, and inspire each other while
A type of class that takes the above-mentioned workshop space, and
recreates its core component of an open working environment. It
differentiates itself based on a topic of instruction, isolated space,
instructor led/included, and an added focus of directed criticism. A
great take on this latter type of "studio classroom" is described by
Studio pottery is made by an individual potter working on his own in
his studio, rather than in a ceramics factory (although there may be a
design studio within a larger manufacturing site).
Production studios are those studios which act as centres for the
production in any of the arts; alternatively they can also be the
financial and commercial entity behind such endeavours. In radio and
television production studio is the place where programs and radio
commercial and television advertising are recorded for further
Animation studios, like movie studios, may be production facilities,
or financial entities. In some cases, especially in anime, they
continue the tradition of a studio where a master or group of talented
individuals oversee the work of lesser artists and crafts persons in
realising their vision.
Animation studios are a fast rising entity and
they include established firms such as Walt Disney and Pixar.
Artists or writers, predominantly those producing comics, still employ
small studios of staff to assist in the creation of a comic strip,
comic book or graphic novel. In the early days of Dan Dare, Frank
Hampson employed a number of staff at his studio to help with the
production of the strip.
Eddie Campbell is another creator who has
assembled a small studio of colleagues to help him in his art, and the
comic book industry of the United States has based its production
methods upon the studio system employed at its beginnings.
Student using a laptop in an instructional studio.
Many universities are creating studio settings for courses outside the
artist's realm. There are several different projects along these
lines, most notably the
SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Active Learning
Environment for Undergraduate Programs) initiated at NC State.
In audio, a mastering studio is a facility specialised in audio
mastering. Tasks may include but not be limited to audio restoration,
corrective and tone-shaping EQ, dynamic control, stereo or 5.1
surround editing, vinyl and tape transfers, vinyl cutting, and CD
compilation. Depending on the quality of the original mix, the
mastering engineer's role can change from small corrections to
improving the overall sound of a mix drastically. Typically studios
contain a combination of high-end analogue equipment with low-noise
circuitry and digital hardware and plug-ins. Some may contain tape
machines and vinyl lathes. They may also contain full-range monitoring
systems and be acoustically tuned to provide an accurate reproduction
of the sound information contained in the original medium. The
mastering engineer must prepare the file for its intended destination,
which may be radio, CD, vinyl or digital distribution.
In video production, a mastering studio is a facility specialized in
the post-production of video recordings. Tasks may include but not be
limited to: video editing, colour grading correction, mixing, DVD
authoring and audio mastering. The mastering engineer must prepare the
file for its intended destination, which may be broadcast, DVD or
An "acting studio" is an institution or workspace (similar to a dance
studio) in which actors rehearse and refine their craft. The
Neighborhood Playhouse and
Actors Studio are legendary acting studios
in New York.
Main article: Movie studio
A movie studio is a company which develops, equips and maintains a
controlled environment for filmmaking. This environment may be
interior (sound stage), exterior (backlot) or both.
Main article: Photographic studio
A photographic studio is both a workspace and a corporate body. As a
workspace it provides space to take, develop, print and duplicate
A radio studio is a room in which a radio program or show is produced,
either for live broadcast or for recording for a later broadcast. The
room is soundproofed to avoid unwanted noise being mixed into the
Main article: Recording studio
A recording studio is a facility for sound recording which generally
consists of at least two rooms: the studio or live room, and the
control room, where the sound from the studio is recorded and
manipulated. They are designed so that they have good acoustics and so
that there is good isolation between the rooms.
Main article: Television studio
A television studio is an installation in which television or video
productions take place, for live television, for recording video tape,
or for the acquisition of raw footage for post-production. The design
of a studio is similar to, and derived from, movie studios, with a few
amendments for the special requirements of television production. A
professional television studio generally has several rooms, which are
kept separate for noise and practicality reasons.
Yoga and martial arts studios
Many of the healing arts and activities such as yoga, judo, karate are
"studied" in a studio. It is very common to see yoga studios and
martial arts studios established in settings that might previously
have been for other uses, described as studios. These are not really
recreation centers, or gyms in the traditional sense, but places where
students of these activities practice or study their art.
^ Friel, Michael (2010). Still Life
Painting Atelier: An Introduction
to Oil Painting, p.20. ISBN 978-0-8230-3408-6.
^ "What is studio teaching?". Retrieved 22 July 2011.
The dictionary definition of studio at Wiktionary
Rooms and spaces of a house
Shared residential rooms
Entryway / Genkan
Utility and storage
Furnace room / Boiler room
Laundry room / Utility room
Mechanical room / floor
Storm cellar / Safe room
Wiring closet / Demarcation point
Bedroom / Guest room
Jack and Jill bathroom
Great house areas
Single-family detached home