Stanmore is a suburban residential district of northwest
London in the
London Borough of Harrow. It is centred 11 miles (18 km)
northwest of Charing Cross. The area, based on the ancient parish of
Stanmore includes southern slopes of the unnamed ridge of hills
Stanmore Hill, one of the highest points of London, 152
metres (499 ft) high. The population of the appropriate London
Borough of Harrow Ward (
Stanmore Park) was 11,229 at the 2011
Census. The Canons ward which covers
Stanmore railway station and
eastern areas had a population of 12,471 at the same census.
2.1 Parish church
3 Modern Stanmore
5 Notable natives and residents
6.1 Nearby places
6.3 Main bus routes
8 External links
The area was recorded in the
Domesday Book as Stanmere, the name
deriving from the
Old English stan, 'stony' and mere, 'a pool'. There
are outcrops of gravel on the clay soil here and the mere may have
been one of the ponds which still exist. By 1574 the area had become
known as Great
Stanmore to distinguish it from Little Stanmore.
Bentley Priory (c.1800)
Stanmore Village railway station
Aerial shot of
RAF Stanmore Park
RAF Stanmore Park (1945)
W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert in the library at
Grim's Dyke (1891)
Until the late 19th century,
Stanmore was a small rural community. In
the Middle Ages, a monastic community of cell of Augustinian Canons
was established at Bentley Priory. It was dissolved in 1536 during the
Dissolution of the Monasteries.
In 1729 Andrew Drummond, the founder of the
Drummonds Bank and
Jacobite sympathiser, purchased
Stanmore House and the
estate as his country residence.
The wealthy businessman James Duberley commissioned
Sir John Soane
Sir John Soane to
design a large mansion house north of the original
Bentley Priory in
1775. This house was added to throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth
centuries by various owners. It was significantly extended in 1788,
again by Sir John Soane, for John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn.
The Priory was the final home of the Dowager Queen Adelaide, queen
consort of William IV, before her death there in 1849. In 1882 Bentley
Priory was acquired by the hotel millionaire Frederick Gordon, who
turned it into a country house hotel for wealthy guests.
The railways first reached
Stanmore in 1890 when Frederick Gordon
Stanmore branch line
Stanmore branch line to improve access to Bentley, in the
hope of attracting more affluent customers. Great
Council stipulated that Gordon's new station building should be of the
highest quality, and so
Stanmore station (later renamed Stanmore
Village) was designed to resemble a small English church, complete
with a spire and gargoyles. Trains were run by the
London and North
Western Railway (LNWR). Gordon also purchased land near the station
and laid out a wide avenue — named Gordon Avenue — lined with new
superior houses, in the hope of attracting wealthy Londoners to come
to live in the country and commute into the city on his new railway.
Despite his efforts, Gordon's business ventures at
Stanmore were not
successful, and in 1899 he sold the railway to the LNWR. Gordon
died in 1904 at his Hotel Metropole in Cannes. His body was brought
Stanmore and buried in the family grave at the church of St.
In the early years of the 20th century as the population of London
Stanmore was affected by increasing urbanisation and the small
rural village was rapidly becoming a suburb of London. In December
Metropolitan Railway (MR) opened a new electric railway with
a station at
Stanmore (now the
London Underground station on the
Jubilee line). This rapid, direct route into
London presented strong
competition for Gordon's old railway (by now run by the London,
Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)), especially as branch line
passengers had to change trains at Harrow &
Wealdstone for London
services. After years of decline,
Stanmore Village station was closed
by British Railways in 1952.
The opera librettist
W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert (of the
Gilbert and Sullivan
Gilbert and Sullivan duo)
lived at Grim's Dyke, a country house located between
Harrow Weald. In 1911, Gibert drowned in the pond at Grim's Dyke. He
was cremated at Golders Green and his ashes buried at the churchyard
of St. John's Church, Stanmore.
During World War II,
Stanmore played an important role.
an outstation from the
Bletchley Park codebreaking establishment,
where some of the Bombes used to decode German Enigma messages were
Bentley Priory was taken over by the RAF, and in 1940 the
Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain was controlled from
RAF Bentley Priory.
also home to
Stanmore Park, the headquarters of Balloon Command.
RAF Stanmore Park
RAF Stanmore Park closed in 1997 and is now a housing estate and RAF
Bentley Priory closed in 2009.
Main article: St John the Evangelist, Great Stanmore
The Church of
St John the Evangelist
St John the Evangelist (1850), seen through the ruin of
the 1632 building
The first parish church was the 14th century St Mary's, built on the
site of a wooden
Saxon church which itself may have been built on the
site of a Roman compitum shrine. It has now completely
disappeared; one tomb survives in a back garden.
This building was replaced by a new one built in the current
churchyard consecrated in 1632 and dedicated to St John the
Evangelist. Built of brick and consecrated by Archbishop Laud,
it is one of the relatively small number of churches built in Britain
between the medieval period and the eighteenth century. By the
nineteenth century, this church had become considered outdated and
unsafe. After its replacement, its roof was pulled off and it became a
A new church was constructed in the
Gothic Revival style from
1849–50. Queen Adelaide's last public appearance was to lay the
foundation stone of the new church. She gave the font and when the
church was completed after her death, the east window was dedicated to
The suburb is characterised by numerous small restaurants and cafés,
several public houses, many unique shops like a natural health store
and boutique-style clothing stores. The centre of
dominated by the presence of a large
Sainsbury's supermarket and also
Lidl supermarket. There are also eateries such as
Costa Coffee in the centre of the town. Stanmore's extensive
residential areas are mainly leafy and predominantly affluent, with
many residents commuting daily to jobs in central
London including the
The public amenity of
Stanmore Park is at the foot of
and right next to the local library. This is one of the two outdoor
leisure fields, the other being Whitchurch Playing Fields adjacent to
Whitchurch First and Middle School and opposite to Stanburn First and
Middle School. The playing field hosts Sunday league football matches
on the individual football pitches.
On the border with
Stanmore Cricket Club, one of the oldest
in the Middlesex county championship league which celebrated 150 years
in 2003 and is still successful at the present. The club has nurtured
two famous cricketers who have played Tests for
England in the last
Angus Fraser and Mark Ramprakash.
Stanmore is home to
Park High School, Stanmore
Park High School, Stanmore College (a government
further education establishment) and a local library run by the London
Borough of Harrow. North
London Collegiate School, one of the UK's top
public schools for girls is in Stanmore. The suburb also hosts the
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital – known as RNOH – which is
famed for its spinal unit.
Stanmore has Christian, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Jain,
Jewish and Catholic
communities, including its local Synagogue,
Stanmore and Canons Park
London Road (which has one of the largest memberships of
any single synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the UK behind
Borehamwood), an Islamic Centre, KSIMC Of
London (Hujjat) and
Hindu Temple on Wood Lane.
In the 2011 census in
Stanmore Park ward, 56% of the population was
white (47% British, 7% Other, 2% Irish) and 20% Indian. 31% was
Christian, 22% Jewish, 15%
Hindu and 11% Muslim. Canons ward
(covering eastern areas) was 52% white (40% British, 10% Other, 2%
Irish) and 24% Indian. 26% was Christian, 25% Jewish, 18%
Notable natives and residents
The grave of
W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert at Stanmore
Queen Adelaide (1792–1849), queen consort of William IV, lived at
Stanmore from 1848 until death
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen — Peelite Prime
Minister (in office December 1852 – February 1855); was raised and
is buried in Stanmore
Frederick Gordon, hotel millionaire and builder of the first Stanmore
W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert — English dramatist, librettist and illustrator; lived
Grim's Dyke and died in the lake there. Ashes buried in Stanmore.
Ellen Hollond lived here. He was a balloonist and MP, she
founded London's first créche.
Clement Attlee — Labour
Prime Minister in the first post-war
government; lived in a large villa "Heywood", later replaced by mid
Chaz Jankel, singer and multi-instrumentalist, was born in Stanmore
Billy Idol, rock musician, was born in Stanmore
Dave Bassett, football coach, was born in Stanmore
Clive Anderson, radio and television presenter, was born in Stanmore
Peter Van Hooke, drummer, was raised in Stanmore
Linda Hayden, actress, was born in Stanmore
Anthony Horowitz, screenwriter and author, was born in Stanmore
Cyril Shaps, actor, lived in Stanmore
Roger Moore, actor, famous for his role as
James Bond and in The
Saint, lived in Stanmore.
Patricia Medina, actress lived in Stanmore.
Richard Greene, actor & teenage TV idol, most notably for his role
as Robin Hood, lived in
Stanmore when he was married to Patricia
Theo Walcott, footballer,
Everton F.C. and England, was born in
Keith Vaz, MP, (Lab) lives in Stanmore
Olly Mann, co-host of cult podcast
Answer Me This! was raised in
James Bord, professional poker player
Bacary Sagna a professional footballer lived in
Stanmore until 2014
while at Arsenal FC
Jay Foreman, musical comedian, was raised in Stanmore
Beardyman (Darren Foreman), performer and musician, was raised in
Matt Lucas, Performer and comedian, was born in Stanmore.
Alexis Sanchez a professional footballer playing for Manchester United
currently lives in Stanmore
Stanmore tube station, terminus of the Jubilee line
Stanmore tube station
Stanmore tube station is the northern terminus of the Jubilee line.
Main bus routes
Arriva Shires & Essex
Arriva Shires & Essex
Northwick Park Hospital
^ "Harrow Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for
National Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
^ a b "Canons". UK Census Data. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
^ a b Victoria County History, Middlesex, Harrow including Pinner,
^ H Bolitho and D Peel, The Drummonds of
Charing Cross (London:
George, Allen & Unwin, 1967)
^ a b "Andrew Drummond,
Stanmore Resident and founder of The London
bank Messrs Drummond". www.stanmoretouristboard.org.uk. Archived from
the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
^ a b "The Harrow and
Stanmore Tourist Board. Archived
from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
^ "The Harrow and
Stanmore railway". www.stanmoretouristboard.org.uk.
Stanmore Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 7 February
2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
^ Stedman, Jane W. "Gilbert, Sir William Schwenck (1836–1911)",
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press,
September 2004, online edition, May 2008, accessed 10 January 2010
(subscription or UK public library membership required)
Stanmore - Hidden London". hidden-london.com. Retrieved 11 February
^ a b c d Ellis, Mike (1996-12-26). "Notes about the Churches of Great
Stanmore". Short History of Stanmore. Mike Ellis. Retrieved 15 January
^ a b  Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Great Stanmore: Church". British History Online. Victoria County
History. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
^ T F T Baker, R B Pugh (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P
Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Great Stanmore: Church". A History of the
County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore,
Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms,
Tottenham. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 3 April
2013. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
Stanmore Synagogue Home Page". Sacps.org.uk. 1999-01-12. Retrieved
^ "Hujjat.org". Hujjat.org. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
Portal of Swaminarayan". Swaminarayan Satsang. 2013-01-19.
Stanmore Park". UK Census Data. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
^ Great Stanmore: Introduction', A History of the County of Middlesex:
Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton
Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham (1976), pp. 88-96. URL:
Date accessed: 12 May 2009.
^ Medina Cotten, Patricia (1998). Laid back in Hollywood: Remembering.
Los Angeles: Belle Publishing. pp. 1–2.
^ "Theo Walcott". TheFA.com. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
Olly Mann is a presenter, columnist and technology commentator".
ollymann.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stanmore.
Stanmore College website
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital website
London Borough of Harrow
Harrow on the Hill
St. Mary's, Harrow on the Hill
Parks and open spaces
Bentley Priory Nature Reserve
Chandos Recreation Ground
Harrow Weald Common
Kenton Recreation Ground
West Harrow Recreation Ground
Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner
Tube and rail stations
Harrow & Wealdstone
Sudbury Hill Harrow
Grade I and II* listed buildings