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Stanmore
Stanmore
is a suburban residential district of northwest London
London
in the London
London
Borough of Harrow. It is centred 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Charing Cross. The area, based on the ancient parish of Great Stanmore
Stanmore
includes southern slopes of the unnamed ridge of hills rising to Stanmore
Stanmore
Hill, one of the highest points of London, 152 metres (499 ft) high. The population of the appropriate London Borough of Harrow Ward ( Stanmore
Stanmore
Park) was 11,229 at the 2011 Census.[1] The Canons ward which covers Stanmore
Stanmore
railway station and eastern areas had a population of 12,471 at the same census.[2]

Contents

1 Toponymy 2 History

2.1 Parish church

3 Modern Stanmore 4 Demography 5 Notable natives and residents 6 Transport

6.1 Nearby places 6.2 Tube/Trains 6.3 Main bus routes

7 References 8 External links

Toponymy[edit] The area was recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Stanmere, the name deriving from the Old English
Old English
stan, 'stony' and mere, 'a pool'. There are outcrops of gravel on the clay soil here and the mere may have been one of the ponds which still exist. By 1574 the area had become known as Great Stanmore
Stanmore
to distinguish it from Little Stanmore. History[edit]

Bentley Priory
Bentley Priory
(c.1800)

Stanmore
Stanmore
Village railway station

Aerial shot of RAF Stanmore Park
RAF Stanmore Park
(1945)

Opera librettist W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert
in the library at Grim's Dyke
Grim's Dyke
(1891)

Until the late 19th century, Stanmore
Stanmore
was a small rural community. In the Middle Ages, a monastic community of cell of Augustinian Canons was established at Bentley Priory. It was dissolved in 1536 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.[3] In 1729 Andrew Drummond, the founder of the Drummonds Bank
Drummonds Bank
and Jacobite sympathiser, purchased Stanmore
Stanmore
House and the Stanmore
Stanmore
Park estate as his country residence.[4][5] The wealthy businessman James Duberley commissioned Sir John Soane
Sir John Soane
to design a large mansion house north of the original Bentley Priory
Bentley Priory
in 1775. This house was added to throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries by various owners. It was significantly extended in 1788, again by Sir John Soane, for John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn. The Priory was the final home of the Dowager Queen Adelaide, queen consort of William IV, before her death there in 1849. In 1882 Bentley Priory was acquired by the hotel millionaire Frederick Gordon, who turned it into a country house hotel for wealthy guests.[5][3] The railways first reached Stanmore
Stanmore
in 1890 when Frederick Gordon opened the Stanmore branch line
Stanmore branch line
to improve access to Bentley, in the hope of attracting more affluent customers. Great Stanmore
Stanmore
Parish Council stipulated that Gordon's new station building should be of the highest quality, and so Stanmore
Stanmore
station (later renamed Stanmore Village) was designed to resemble a small English church, complete with a spire and gargoyles. Trains were run by the London
London
and North Western Railway (LNWR). Gordon also purchased land near the station and laid out a wide avenue — named Gordon Avenue — lined with new superior houses, in the hope of attracting wealthy Londoners to come to live in the country and commute into the city on his new railway. Despite his efforts, Gordon's business ventures at Stanmore
Stanmore
were not successful, and in 1899 he sold the railway to the LNWR.[6] Gordon died in 1904 at his Hotel Metropole in Cannes. His body was brought back to Stanmore
Stanmore
and buried in the family grave at the church of St. John's Church.[7] In the early years of the 20th century as the population of London grew, Stanmore
Stanmore
was affected by increasing urbanisation and the small rural village was rapidly becoming a suburb of London. In December 1932 the Metropolitan Railway
Metropolitan Railway
(MR) opened a new electric railway with a station at Stanmore
Stanmore
(now the London Underground
London Underground
station on the Jubilee line). This rapid, direct route into London
London
presented strong competition for Gordon's old railway (by now run by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)), especially as branch line passengers had to change trains at Harrow & Wealdstone
Wealdstone
for London services. After years of decline, Stanmore
Stanmore
Village station was closed by British Railways in 1952.[6] The opera librettist W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert
(of the Gilbert and Sullivan
Gilbert and Sullivan
duo) lived at Grim's Dyke, a country house located between Stanmore
Stanmore
and Harrow Weald. In 1911, Gibert drowned in the pond at Grim's Dyke. He was cremated at Golders Green and his ashes buried at the churchyard of St. John's Church, Stanmore.[8] During World War II, Stanmore
Stanmore
played an important role. Stanmore
Stanmore
had an outstation from the Bletchley Park
Bletchley Park
codebreaking establishment, where some of the Bombes used to decode German Enigma messages were housed. Bentley Priory
Bentley Priory
was taken over by the RAF, and in 1940 the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
was controlled from RAF
RAF
Bentley Priory. Stanmore
Stanmore
was also home to RAF
RAF
Stanmore
Stanmore
Park, the headquarters of Balloon Command. RAF Stanmore Park
RAF Stanmore Park
closed in 1997 and is now a housing estate and RAF Bentley Priory
Bentley Priory
closed in 2009.[9] Parish church[edit] Main article: St John the Evangelist, Great Stanmore

The Church of St John the Evangelist
St John the Evangelist
(1850), seen through the ruin of the 1632 building

The first parish church was the 14th century St Mary's, built on the site of a wooden Saxon
Saxon
church which itself may have been built on the site of a Roman compitum shrine.[10][11] It has now completely disappeared; one tomb survives in a back garden.[10][12] This building was replaced by a new one built in the current churchyard consecrated in 1632 and dedicated to St John the Evangelist.[10][11] Built of brick and consecrated by Archbishop Laud, it is one of the relatively small number of churches built in Britain between the medieval period and the eighteenth century.[10] By the nineteenth century, this church had become considered outdated and unsafe. After its replacement, its roof was pulled off and it became a ruin. A new church was constructed in the Gothic Revival
Gothic Revival
style from 1849–50. Queen Adelaide's last public appearance was to lay the foundation stone of the new church. She gave the font and when the church was completed after her death, the east window was dedicated to her memory.[13] Modern Stanmore[edit] The suburb is characterised by numerous small restaurants and cafés, several public houses, many unique shops like a natural health store and boutique-style clothing stores. The centre of Stanmore
Stanmore
is dominated by the presence of a large Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
supermarket and also a large Lidl
Lidl
supermarket. There are also eateries such as Prezzo and Costa Coffee
Costa Coffee
in the centre of the town. Stanmore's extensive residential areas are mainly leafy and predominantly affluent, with many residents commuting daily to jobs in central London
London
including the City. The public amenity of Stanmore
Stanmore
Park is at the foot of Stanmore
Stanmore
Hill and right next to the local library. This is one of the two outdoor leisure fields, the other being Whitchurch Playing Fields adjacent to Whitchurch First and Middle School and opposite to Stanburn First and Middle School. The playing field hosts Sunday league football matches on the individual football pitches. On the border with Bushey
Bushey
is Stanmore
Stanmore
Cricket Club, one of the oldest in the Middlesex county championship league which celebrated 150 years in 2003 and is still successful at the present. The club has nurtured two famous cricketers who have played Tests for England
England
in the last two decades: Angus Fraser and Mark Ramprakash. Stanmore
Stanmore
is home to Park High School, Stanmore
Park High School, Stanmore
College (a government further education establishment) and a local library run by the London Borough of Harrow. North London
London
Collegiate School, one of the UK's top public schools for girls is in Stanmore. The suburb also hosts the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
– known as RNOH – which is famed for its spinal unit. Demography[edit] Stanmore
Stanmore
has Christian, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Jain, Jewish
Jewish
and Catholic communities, including its local Synagogue, Stanmore
Stanmore
and Canons Park Synagogue on London
London
Road (which has one of the largest memberships of any single synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the UK behind Borehamwood),[14] an Islamic Centre, KSIMC Of London
London
(Hujjat)[15] and new Hindu
Hindu
Temple[16] on Wood Lane. In the 2011 census in Stanmore
Stanmore
Park ward, 56% of the population was white (47% British, 7% Other, 2% Irish) and 20% Indian. 31% was Christian, 22% Jewish, 15% Hindu
Hindu
and 11% Muslim.[17] Canons ward (covering eastern areas) was 52% white (40% British, 10% Other, 2% Irish) and 24% Indian. 26% was Christian, 25% Jewish, 18% Hindu
Hindu
and 11% Muslim.[2] Notable natives and residents[edit]

The grave of W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert
at Stanmore

Queen Adelaide (1792–1849), queen consort of William IV, lived at Bentley Priory, Stanmore
Stanmore
from 1848 until death George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
— Peelite Prime Minister (in office December 1852 – February 1855); was raised and is buried in Stanmore Frederick Gordon, hotel millionaire and builder of the first Stanmore railway W. S. Gilbert
W. S. Gilbert
— English dramatist, librettist and illustrator; lived at Grim's Dyke
Grim's Dyke
and died in the lake there. Ashes buried in Stanmore. Robert and Ellen Hollond
Ellen Hollond
lived here. He was a balloonist and MP, she founded London's first créche.[18] Clement Attlee
Clement Attlee
— Labour Prime Minister
Prime Minister
in the first post-war government; lived in a large villa "Heywood", later replaced by mid rise apartments Chaz Jankel, singer and multi-instrumentalist, was born in Stanmore Billy Idol, rock musician, was born in Stanmore Dave Bassett, football coach, was born in Stanmore Clive Anderson, radio and television presenter, was born in Stanmore Peter Van Hooke, drummer, was raised in Stanmore Linda Hayden, actress, was born in Stanmore Anthony Horowitz, screenwriter and author, was born in Stanmore Cyril Shaps, actor, lived in Stanmore Roger Moore, actor, famous for his role as James Bond
James Bond
and in The Saint, lived in Stanmore. Patricia Medina, actress lived in Stanmore.[19] Richard Greene, actor & teenage TV idol, most notably for his role as Robin Hood, lived in Stanmore
Stanmore
when he was married to Patricia Medina Theo Walcott, footballer, Everton F.C.
Everton F.C.
and England, was born in Stanmore.[20] Keith Vaz, MP, (Lab) lives in Stanmore Olly Mann, co-host of cult podcast Answer Me This! was raised in Stanmore.[21] James Bord, professional poker player Bacary Sagna
Bacary Sagna
a professional footballer lived in Stanmore
Stanmore
until 2014 while at Arsenal FC Jay Foreman, musical comedian, was raised in Stanmore Beardyman
Beardyman
(Darren Foreman), performer and musician, was raised in Stanmore Matt Lucas, Performer and comedian, was born in Stanmore. Alexis Sanchez
Alexis Sanchez
a professional footballer playing for Manchester United currently lives in Stanmore

Transport[edit]

Stanmore
Stanmore
tube station, terminus of the Jubilee line

Nearby places[edit]

Elstree Queensbury Edgware Bushey Watford Harrow Weald

Tube/Trains[edit]

Stanmore tube station
Stanmore tube station
is the northern terminus of the Jubilee line.

Main bus routes[edit]

Route Start End Operator

142 Brent Cross Watford
Watford
Junction Arriva Shires & Essex

324 Stanmore Brent Cross London
London
Sovereign

340 Edgware Harrow Arriva Shires & Essex

H12 Stanmore South Harrow Metroline

N98 Stanmore Holborn Metroline

107 Edgware New Barnet Metroline

186 Brent Cross Northwick Park Hospital Metroline

615 Hatfield Stanmore Uno

References[edit]

^ "Harrow Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ a b "Canons". UK Census Data. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ a b Victoria County History, Middlesex, Harrow including Pinner, Manors, 1971 ^ H Bolitho and D Peel, The Drummonds of Charing Cross
Charing Cross
(London: George, Allen & Unwin, 1967) ^ a b "Andrew Drummond, Stanmore
Stanmore
Resident and founder of The London bank Messrs Drummond". www.stanmoretouristboard.org.uk. Archived from the original on 11 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.  ^ a b "The Harrow and Stanmore
Stanmore
railway". www.stanmoretouristboard.org.uk. The Stanmore
Stanmore
Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.  ^ "The Harrow and Stanmore
Stanmore
railway". www.stanmoretouristboard.org.uk. The Stanmore
Stanmore
Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.  ^ Stedman, Jane W. "Gilbert, Sir William Schwenck (1836–1911)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004, online edition, May 2008, accessed 10 January 2010 (subscription or UK public library membership required) ^ " Stanmore
Stanmore
- Hidden London". hidden-london.com. Retrieved 11 February 2018.  ^ a b c d Ellis, Mike (1996-12-26). "Notes about the Churches of Great Stanmore". Short History of Stanmore. Mike Ellis. Retrieved 15 January 2010.  ^ a b [1] Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Great Stanmore: Church". British History Online. Victoria County History. Retrieved 20 September 2016.  ^ T F T Baker, R B Pugh (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Great Stanmore: Church". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 3 April 2013. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ " Stanmore
Stanmore
Synagogue Home Page". Sacps.org.uk. 1999-01-12. Retrieved 2014-05-19.  ^ "Hujjat.org". Hujjat.org. Retrieved 2014-05-19.  ^ " Portal
Portal
of Swaminarayan". Swaminarayan Satsang. 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2014-05-19.  ^ " Stanmore
Stanmore
Park". UK Census Data. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ Great Stanmore: Introduction', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5: Hendon, Kingsbury, Great Stanmore, Little Stanmore, Edmonton Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms, Tottenham (1976), pp. 88-96. URL: Date accessed: 12 May 2009. ^ Medina Cotten, Patricia (1998). Laid back in Hollywood: Remembering. Los Angeles: Belle Publishing. pp. 1–2. ISBN 0-9649635-2-3.  ^ "Theo Walcott". TheFA.com. Retrieved 2014-05-19.  ^ " Olly Mann is a presenter, columnist and technology commentator". ollymann.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stanmore.

Stanmore
Stanmore
College website Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
website

v t e

London
London
Borough of Harrow

Districts

Belmont Canons Park Greenhill Harrow Harrow on the Hill Harrow Weald Hatch End Headstone Kenton Little Stanmore North Harrow Pinner Pinner
Pinner
Green Queensbury Rayners Lane Roxeth South Harrow Stanmore Sudbury Wealdstone West Harrow

Attractions

Harrow Museum Harrow School Headstone Manor St. Mary's, Harrow on the Hill

Parks and open spaces

Bentley Priory
Bentley Priory
Nature Reserve Chandos Recreation Ground Harrow Weald
Harrow Weald
Common Kenton
Kenton
Recreation Ground Pinner
Pinner
Park West Harrow
West Harrow
Recreation Ground

Constituencies

Harrow West Harrow East Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner

Tube and rail stations

Canons Park Harrow & Wealdstone Harrow-on-the-Hill Hatch End Headstone Lane North Harrow Northolt Park Pinner Rayners Lane South Harrow Stanmore Sudbury Hill Sudbury Hill Harrow West Harrow

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People

.