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The name Spirella
Spirella
refers to the Spirella
Spirella
Stay which was invented by Marcus Merritt Beeman in the USA in 1904 and made from tightly twisted and flattened coils of wire. The founders were Beeman, William Wallace Kincaid and Jesse Homan Pardee.[1]

Contents

1 Origins

1.1 United Kingdom

2 Locations 3 Archival Collections 4 References 5 External links

Origins[edit] The Spirella
Spirella
name was used by the Spirella
Spirella
Corset
Corset
Company Inc that was founded in 1904[2] in Meadville, Pennsylvania, USA. It was founded on a patent of dressbone,[3] for bustles, but started corset manufacture in 1904. The company manufactured made-to-measure corsets. Benefits for the company's employees included travel, education and health care.[4] United Kingdom[edit]

The Spirella
Spirella
Building in Letchworth

The UK subsidiary was The Spirella
Spirella
Company of Great Britain. Spirella co-founder and entrepreneur William Wallace Kincaid
William Wallace Kincaid
commissioned the architect Cecil Hignett to design a state-of-the art factory of architectural beauty. The design included embellishments in Arts & Crafts styling. This factory, the Spirella
Spirella
Building, was built and expanded in stages between 1912 and 1920. During World War II, the Irvin Airchute Company expanded its production of parachutes into the Spirella
Spirella
Building and women working for the British Tabulating Machine Company secretly produced components for the decoding machines called Bombes.[5] The company's most popular corset was the Model 305. Spirella
Spirella
products were not sold in shops. Instead, female staff called corsetiers (or corsetières) were sent to customers' homes.[6] After an ill-fated attempt to market garments of "Stub-tex", a form of Gore-Tex
Gore-Tex
being used under licence from W. L. Gore & Associates, the company was sold in 1985 to the rival Spencers of Banbury and finally closed in July 1989.

A 180 degree panoramic view of Oxford Circus, looking south down Regent Street. Spirella
Spirella
House is the second building from the left fronting onto the circus.

The Spirella
Spirella
Building was designed to provide workers with a highly productive and pleasant environment that focused on the comfort of factory employees. Referred to as the "factory of beauty", it offered a wide array of employee amenities including "baths, showers, gymnastics classes, a library, free eye tests and bicycle repairs".[7] In 1979 it was Grade ll* listed.[8] The Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City Foundation bought the neglected building in 1995, restored the interior and re-opened it for leased office accommodation.[9] It currently houses over twenty businesses.[10] Locations[edit] At its height the company had factories in the USA (Meadville, Pennsylvania, New Haven, Connecticut, and Lincoln Nebraska[11] ), in Canada (in 1910), in the UK (in 1910; from 1912 in the Spirella Building in Letchworth) and in Sweden (Malmö) in 1920 and Niagara Falls NY (in 1917). Their flagship location was Spirella
Spirella
House on Oxford Circus, London.[12] A factory built in 1910 in Niagara falls, Ontario, eventually became the premises of the Bird Kingdom Tropical Adventure.[13] Archival Collections[edit] A number of organisations have collected archival examples of documents and objects related to the Spirella
Spirella
Factory. The Garden City Collection in Letchworth
Letchworth
includes over forty objects and documents in its collection.[14] Additionally, collections are maintained by Hertfordshire's Community Archives Network.[15] Archival examples include: the Castle Corset
Corset
cartoon and an advertisement for the Spirella
Spirella
War Savings Association.[16][17] References[edit]

^ "Exhibitions". Garden City Collection. Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City heritage Foundation. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ "Notes on the European Offices". History of Spirella. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ Julie A. Lauffenberger, "Baleen in Museum Collections", Journal of the American Institute for Conservation (1993), Volume 32, Number 3 (pp. 213 to 230) [1] ^ "HM1194". Historical marker Project. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ McEvoy, Louise. "Corsets and Codes at Spirella
Spirella
in Letchworth". Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Life. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ "The Spirella
Spirella
Corsetière". Ivy Leaf's ~Archives. Ivy Leaf. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ www.vohm.com. "The Spirella
Spirella
Building Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City". www.letchworthgc.com. Retrieved 2018-02-07.  ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (161840)". Images of England. Retrieved 15 June 2008.  ^ "History of the Spirella
Spirella
Building". Building Futures Blog. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ " Spirella
Spirella
Building Letchworth". www.letchworth.com. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ The Ladies' Home Journal. Curtis Publishing Company. 1917-03-01. p. 65.  ^ "A Potted History of Spirella
Spirella
House". NJC (The National Joint Council for the Engineering Construction Industry). 5th Floor, Spirella
Spirella
House, 266-270 Regent Street, London, W1B 3AH: National Joint Council for the Engineering Construction Industry. Retrieved 15 May 2016. In 1959 a Spirella
Spirella
shop assistant is reported to have described three brassiere sizes “The Totalitarian – designed for suppression of the masses; the Salvation Army – to uplift the fallen; and the Political Agitator – to make mountains out of molehills”.  ^ "Bird Kingdom A Tropical Adventure". Bird Kingdom. Retrieved 11 May 2016.  ^ " Spirella
Spirella
Garden City Collection". www.gardencitycollection.com. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ " Spirella
Spirella
Factory". Herts Memories. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ "Castle Corset
Corset
cartoon". Corsetiers.net. Retrieved 15 May 2016.  ^ "Spirella-ites!: an advertisement for the Spirella
Spirella
War Savings Association". Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City Heritage Foundation. Garden City Collection. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spirella.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Portal:Spirella

Photograph of Spirella
Spirella
workers in Meadville, Pennsylvania The Ballroom of Spirella's factory in Letchworth, England Corsetiere.net's History of Spirella The Textile Society's Report of an exhibition in 2013 on 'Spirella Company - Corset
Corset
Makers & Corsetieres' [2] The Spirella_Manual (1913) The Garden City Collection, Spirella
Spirella
theme of images Historical photos of the Lincoln Nebraska location Nebraska Memories [3]

v t e

Corsets and corsetmaking

Types of corset

Basque Corsage Corselet Girdle Waist cincher

Corsetmaking

Bone (corsetry) Busk Spoon busk

History

Corset
Corset
controversy Metal corset Hourglass corset Roxey Ann Caplin

Corset
Corset
fetishism

Body modification Bondage corset Neck corset Tightlacing Training corset Wasp waist

Corset
Corset
manufacturers

Baystate Frederick's of Hollywood Kraus Spirella Strouse, Adler Vollers The Warner Brothers Corset
Corset
Co. Worcester

Categories

Corsetry Fashion Foundation garments

v t e

Listed buildings in Hertfordshire

Grade I

Broxbourne

Eleanor Cross Wormleybury

Dacorum

130–136 Piccott's End Ashridge Business School Beechwood Park Berkhamsted School
Berkhamsted School
Old Building St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Aston Bury
Aston Bury
Manor Balls Park Benington Castle
Benington Castle
(remains) Hertford Castle
Hertford Castle
Gatehouse Hunsdon House Rye House Gatehouse Scott's Grotto Shire Hall, Hertford St James' Church, Stanstead Abbotts St Leonard's Church, Bengeo St Mary's Church, Ware St Mary the Virgin's Church, Little Hormead Waytemore Castle
Waytemore Castle
(remains) Woodhall Park (Heath Mount School)

Hertsmere

Tyttenhanger House

North Hertfordshire

Holy Trinity Church, Weston St Katharine's Church, Ickleford St Mary's Church, Ashwell St Mary's Church, Baldock St Mary's Church, Hitchin St Mary and St Thomas's Church, Knebworth Royston Cave

St Albans

Clock Tower Old Gorhambury House
Old Gorhambury House
(remains) Rothamsted Manor St Albans Cathedral St Helen's Church, Wheathampstead St Mary's Church, Redbourn St Michael's Church, St Albans Verulamium

Three Rivers

Moor Park

Watford

Holy Rood Church, Watford St Mary's Church, Watford

Welwyn Hatfield

Brocket Hall Hatfield House/Old Palace New St Lawrence Church, Ayot St Lawrence

Grade II*

Broxbourne

Rawdon House Theobalds House

Dacorum

173 High Street, Berkhamsted Ashlyns Hall The Bury, Hemel Hempstead Cell Park Dean Incent's House Gaddesden Place Golden Parsonage St Peter's Church, Great Berkhamstead Tring Park Mansion

East Hertfordshire

All Nations Christian College All Saints' Church, Hertford Almshouses, Buntingford Bayfordbury Chapel at St Edmund's College, Ware County Hall Cromer Windmill Fanhams Hall Goldings Haileybury and Imperial Service College Hare Street House Hanbury Manor Marden Hill
Marden Hill
House Much Hadham Palace St Andrew's Church, Buckland Stansted Hall Youngsbury
Youngsbury
Stable Block

Hertsmere

Aldenham House Hilfield Castle Lululaund Salisbury Hall Wrotham Park

North Hertfordshire

All Saints Church, Radwell All Saints Church, Willian The Cloisters, Letchworth St Nicholas' Church, Hinxworth Hinxworth Place Homewood, Knebworth Knebworth House Princess Helena College Spirella
Spirella
Building St Margaret of Antioch's Church, Bygrave St Martin's Church, Knebworth St Mary Magdalene's Church, Caldecote St Paul's Walden Bury St Vincent's Church, Newnham

St Albans

All Saints Pastoral Centre Court House, St Albans New Gorhambury House Redbournbury Mill St Leonard's Church, Sandridge St Nicholas Church, Harpenden St Peter's Church, St Albans St Stephen's Church, St Albans Westwick Cottage

Three Rivers

Hunton Park Langleybury Oxhey Chapel Redheath

Watford

The Grove The Mrs Elizabeth Fuller Free School building

Welwyn Hatfield

Digswell Viaduct Old St Lawrence Church, Ayot St Lawrence Shaw's Corner

Other boroughs

Stevenage

Grade II

Broxbourne

Broxbourne railway station Cheshunt Great House
Cheshunt Great House
(remains)

Dacorum

Ashlyns School Goldfield Mill The Green Dragon, Flaunden Inns of Court War Memorial The Mansion, Berkhamsted Pendley Manor Rex Cinema Rossway Shendish Manor Stocks House St John's Church, Boxmoor

East Hertfordshire

All Saints' Church, Hockerill Benson Memorial Church Brent Pelham Windmill Buntingford Manor House Button Snap Christ Church, Ware Hertford Museum
Hertford Museum
Tooke House Hopper's Hall The Horns, Bull's Green Little Munden Primary School Panshanger orangery, conservatory and stables Red House, Buntingford Rowneybury House St John's Church, Letty Green The Tilbury, Datchworth The White Horse, Burnham Green The White Horse, Hertford

Hertsmere

Bhaktivedanta Manor The Chequers, Potters Bar Duke of York, Potters Bar Dyrham Park Country Club The Green Man, Potters Bar Ladbrooke School The Lion, Potters Bar Oakmere House Potters Bar War Memorial Shenley Hall Shenley Lodge Wall Hall The White Hart, South Mimms The White Horse, Potters Bar Wyllyotts Manor

North Hertfordshire

Ashwell Bury Ashwell War Memorial Breachwood Green Mill British Schools Museum Lannock Mill, Weston Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City railway station Lytton Mausoleum Minsden Chapel Putteridge Bury St George's Church, Letchworth St Nicholas' Church, Norton St Mary's Church, Letchworth Stagenhoe

St Albans

The Blue Anchor The Boot Childwickbury Manor The Cock Colney Heath Mill Fleur de Lys Hare and Hounds The Lower Red Lion The Old Kings Arms Ye Olde Fighting Cocks The Queen's Head, Sandridge Rose and Crown The Six Bells St Albans School Sopwell House Sopwell Nunnery (ruins) Verulam House The White Lion

Stevenage

The Barclay School The Thomas Alleyne Academy Trigg's Barn/37 High Street, Stevenage

Three Rivers

Croxley Green Windmill

Watford

High Elms Manor St John's Church, Watford Watford Grammar School for Boys Watford Palace Theatre

Welwyn Hatfield

The Beehive, Welwyn Garden City The Brocket Arms Digswell House The Eight Bells, Hatfield Hope and Anchor, Welham Green The Horse and Groom, Hatfield The Green Man, Hatfield The Red Lion, Hatfield Tolmers Park The W

.