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Spain
Spain
Nationals 41,539,400[1] (for a total population of 47,059,533) Hundreds of millions with Spanish ancestors in the Americas especially in the Hispanic
Hispanic
colonies Nationals Abroad : 2,183,043[2] Total abroad: 2,183,043,[3] which of them: 733,387 are born in Spain 1,303,043 are born in the country of residence 137,391 others[3]

Regions with significant populations

Argentina 404,111 (92,610 born in Spain)[2][4][4]

France 215,183 (124,153 born in Spain)[2][4]

Venezuela 188,585 (56,167 born in Spain)[2][4]

Germany 146,846 (61,881 born in Spain)[4][5][6]

 Brazil 117,523 (29,848 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Cuba 108,858 (2,114 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Mexico 108,314 (17,485 born in Spain)[2][4]

United States (including Puerto Rico) 103,474 (48,546 born in Spain)[2][4]

Switzerland 103,247 (48,546 born in Spain)[2][4]

 United Kingdom 81,519 (54,418 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Uruguay 63,827 (12,023 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Chile 56,104 (9,669 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Belgium 53,212 (26,616 born in Spain)[7]

 Colombia 30,683 (8,057 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Andorra 24,485 (17,771 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Netherlands 21,974 (12,406 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Italy 20,898 (11,734 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Peru 19,668 (4,028 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Dominican Republic 18,928 (3,622 born in Spain)[4][7]

 Australia 18,353 (10,506 born in Spain)[2][4]

 Costa Rica 16,482[8]

 Sweden 15,390[9]

 Peru 15,214[10]

 Panama 12,375[8]

 Guatemala 9,311[11]

Morocco 8,003[4]

 Ireland 6,794[12]

 Philippines 3,110[13]

 Qatar 2,500[14]

 El Salvador 2,450[8]

 Russia 2,118 - 45,935[4][15]

 Nicaragua 1,826[16]

 Greece 1,489[4]

 Poland 1,283[4]

 Czech Republic 1,007[4]

Languages

Languages of Spain (Spanish, Basque, Catalan, Galician and others)

Religion

Christian
Christian
(Mostly Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
73.4%)[17] Atheism
Atheism
24%[18] other faith 2.1% incl. Jewish Muslim Buddhist Hinduism

Related ethnic groups

Hispanics Portuguese French Italians Sephardi Jews White Latin
Latin
Americans other Europeans

Part of a series on

Spaniards

Regional groups

Andalusian Aragonese Asturian Balearic Basque Canarian Cantabrian Castilian

Leonese madrileños manchegos

Catalan Ceutan Extremaduran Galician Melillan Murcian Navarrese Valencian

Other groups

Mercheros Romani (gitanos) Sephardic Migrants, expats and refugees

Diaspora

Argentina Australia Belgium Brazil Chile Cuba France Germany Mexico Philippines Puerto Rico Switzerland UK USA Uruguay Venezuela, etc.

Languages

Spanish aka (Castilian)

Basque Catalan Galician Occitan

Other languages

Aragonese Asturian Fala Portuguese Iberian Romani

Caló Erromintxela

Quinqui Arabic Romanian English French Ladino (Judaeo-Spanish) Rif Berber, etc.

Religion

Roman Catholicism

Spain
Spain
portal

v t e

Spaniards[a] are a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain
Spain
that share a common Spanish culture and speak one of the national languages of Spain, including most numerously Spanish, as a primary language. Within Spain, there are a number of nationalisms and regionalisms, reflecting the country's complex history and diverse culture. Although the official language of Spain
Spain
is commonly known as "Spanish", it is only one of the national languages of Spain, and is less ambiguously known as Castilian, a standard language based on the medieval romance speech of the early Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of Castile
in north-central Spain
Spain
and the Mozarabic
Mozarabic
dialect of the Taifa of Toledo
Taifa of Toledo
which was incorporated by the former in the 11th century. There are several commonly spoken regional languages, most notably Basque (a Paleohispanic language), Catalan and Galician (both Romance languages
Romance languages
like Castilian). There are many populations outside Spain
Spain
with ancestors who emigrated from Spain
Spain
and who share a Hispanic
Hispanic
culture; most notably in Hispanic
Hispanic
America. The Roman Republic
Roman Republic
conquered Iberia during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC. As a result of Roman colonization, the majority of local languages, with the exception of Basque, stem from the Vulgar Latin. The Germanic Vandals
Vandals
and Suebi, with part of the Iranian Alans
Alans
under King Respendial conquered the peninsula in 409 AD.[19] The Iberian Peninsula was conquered and brought under the rule of the Arab Umayyads in 711 and by the Berber North African dynasties the Almohads and the Almoravids
Almoravids
in the 11th and 12th centuries. Following the eight century Christian
Christian
Reconquista
Reconquista
against the Moors, the modern Spanish state was formed with the union of the Kingdoms of Castille and Aragon, the conquest of the last Muslim Nasrid Kingdom of Granada
Nasrid Kingdom of Granada
and the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
in the late 15th century. In the early 16th century the Kingdom of Navarre was also conquered. As Spain
Spain
expanded its empire in the America's, religious minorities in Spain
Spain
were either converted or expelled and the Catholic church fiercely persecuted heresy during a period known as the Spanish Inquisition. In parallel, a wave of emigration to the Americas began, with over 16 million people emigrating to the Americas during the colonial period (1492-1832).[20] In the post-colonial period (1850–1950), a further 3.5 million Spanish left for the Americas, particularly Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico,[21] Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
and Cuba.[22] As a result, Spanish-descendants in Latin
Latin
America number in the hundreds of millions. Spain
Spain
is home to one of the largest communities of Romani people (commonly known by the English exonym "gypsies", Spanish: gitanos). The Spanish Roma, which belong to the Iberian Kale subgroup (calé), are a formerly-nomadic community, which spread across Western Asia, North Africa, and Europe, first reaching Spain
Spain
in the 15th century. The population of Spain
Spain
is becoming increasingly diverse due to recent immigration. From 2000 to 2010, Spain
Spain
had among the highest per capita immigration rates in the world and the second highest absolute net migration in the World (after the United States)[23] and immigrants now make up about 10% of the population. Nevertheless, the prolonged economic crisis between 2008 and 2015 significantly reduced both immigration rates and the total number of foreigners in the country, Spain
Spain
becoming once more a net emigrant country.

Contents

1 Historical background

1.1 Early populations 1.2 Middle Ages 1.3 Colonialism and emigration

2 Peoples of Spain

2.1 Nationalisms and regionalisms 2.2 Gitanos 2.3 Modern immigration

3 Languages 4 Religion 5 Emigration from Spain

5.1 People with Spanish ancestry

6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Sources

Historical background Early populations

Lady of Elche, a piece of Iberian sculpture
Iberian sculpture
from the 4th century BC

A young Hispano-Roman nobleman from the 1st century BC

Marble bust of Roman Emperor Trajan, born in Roman Hispania, modern-day Seville.

The earliest modern humans inhabiting Spain
Spain
are believed to have been Neolithic peoples who may have arrived in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
as early as 35,000–40,000 years ago. In more recent times the Iberians are believed to have arrived or developed in the region between the 4th millennium BC
4th millennium BC
and the 3rd millennium BC, initially settling along the Mediterranean coast. Celts
Celts
settled in Spain
Spain
during the Iron Age. Some of those tribes in North-central Spain, which had cultural contact with the Iberians, are called Celtiberians. In addition, a group known as the Tartessians and later Turdetanians inhabited southwestern Spain
Spain
and who are believed to have developed a separate civilization of Phoenician influence. The seafaring Phoenicians, Greeks, and Carthaginians successively founded trading colonies along the Mediterranean coast over a period of several centuries. The Second Punic War between the Carthaginians and Romans was fought mainly in what is now Spain
Spain
and Portugal.[24] The Roman Republic
Roman Republic
conquered Iberia during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC transformed most of the region into a series of Latin-speaking provinces. As a result of Roman colonization, the majority of local languages, with the exception of Basque, stem from the Vulgar Latin that was spoken in Hispania
Hispania
(Roman Iberia), which evolved into the modern languages of the Iberian Peninsula, including Castilian, which became the main lingua franca of Spain, and is now known in most countries as Spanish. Hispania
Hispania
emerged as an important part of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and produced notable historical figures such as Trajan, Hadrian, Seneca and Quintilian. The Germanic Vandals
Vandals
and Suebi, with part of the Iranian Alans
Alans
under King Respendial, arrived in the peninsula in 409 AD. Part of the Vandals
Vandals
with the remaining Alans, now under Geiseric
Geiseric
in personal union removed themselves to North Africa
North Africa
after a few conflicts with another Germanic tribe, the Visigoths, who established in Toulouse
Toulouse
supported Roman campaigns against the Vandals
Vandals
and Alans
Alans
in 415–19 AD and became the dominant power in Iberia for three centuries. The Visigoths were highly romanized in the eastern Empire and already Christians, so their integration within the late Iberian-Roman culture was full; they accepted the laws and structures of the late Roman World with little change, more than any other successor barbarian state in the West after the Ostrogoths, and all the more so after converting away from Arianism.[citation needed] The other Germanic tribe remaining in the peninsula, the Suebi
Suebi
(including the Buri), became established according to sources as federates of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the old North western Roman province of Gallaecia, but in fact largely independent and predatory on neighboring provinces to stretch their political control over ever-larger portions of the southwest after the Vandals and Alans
Alans
left, creating a totally independent Suebic Kingdom. After being checked and reduced in 456 AD by the Visigoths
Visigoths
moving to settle in the peninsula, it survived until 585 AD, when it was annihilated as an independent political unit by the Visigoths, after involvement in the internal affairs of the kingdom, supporting Catholic rebellions and sedition within the Royal family[citation needed]. The Suebi became the first Germanic kingdom to convert officially to Roman Catholicism in 447 AD. under king Rechiar. Middle Ages After two centuries of domination by the Visigothic Kingdom, the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
was invaded by a Muslim force under Tariq Bin Ziyad in 711. This army consisted mainly ethnic Berbers
Berbers
from the Ghomara tribe, which were reinforced by Arabs
Arabs
from Syria once the conquest was complete. The Visigothic Kingdom
Visigothic Kingdom
which to that point controlled the entire peninsula totally collapsed and the entire peninsula was conquered except for a remote mountainous area in the far north which would eventually become the Christian
Christian
Kingdom of Asturias. Muslim Iberia became part of the Umayyad
Umayyad
Caliphate and would be known as Al-Andalus. The Berbers
Berbers
of Al Andalus revolted as early as 740 AD, halting Arab
Arab
expansion across the Pyrenees into France. Upon the collapse of the Umayyad
Umayyad
in Damascus, Spain
Spain
was seized by Yusuf al Fihri, until the arrival of exiled Umayyad
Umayyad
Prince Abd al-Rahman I, who seized power, establishing himself as Emir of Cordoba. Abd al Rahman III, his grandson, proclaimed a Caliphate in 929, marking the beginning of the Golden Age of Al Andalus, a polity which was the effective power of the peninsula and even Western North Africa, competing with the Shiite rulers of Tunis and constantly raiding the small Christian
Christian
Kingdoms in the North. The Caliphate of Córdoba
Caliphate of Córdoba
effectively collapsed during a ruinous civil war between 1009 and 1013, although it was not finally abolished until 1031 when al-Andalus broke up into a number of mostly independent mini-states and principalities called taifas. These were generally too weak to defend themselves against repeated raids and demands for tribute from the Christian
Christian
states to the north and west, which were known to the Muslims as "the Galician nations",[16] and which had spread from their initial strongholds in Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria, the Basque country, and the Carolingian Marca Hispanica to become the Kingdoms of Navarre, León, Portugal, Castile and Aragon, and the County of Barcelona. Eventually raids turned into conquests, and in response the Taifa kings were forced to request help from the Almoravids, Muslim Berber rulers of the Maghreb. Their desperate maneuver would eventually fall to their disadvantage, however, as the Almoravids
Almoravids
they had summoned from the south went on to conquer and annex all the Taifa kingdoms. In 1086 the Almoravid ruler of Morocco, Yusuf ibn Tashfin, was invited by the Muslim princes in Iberia to defend them against Alfonso VI, King of Castile and León. In that year, Tashfin crossed the straits to Algeciras and inflicted a severe defeat on the Christians at the Battle of Sagrajas. By 1094, Yusuf ibn Tashfin had removed all Muslim princes in Iberia and had annexed their states, except for the one at Zaragoza. He also regained Valencia from the Christians. About this time a massive process of conversion to Islam took place, Muslims comprising the majority of the population Spain
Spain
the 11th century. The Almoravids
Almoravids
were succeeded by the Almohads, another Berber dynasty, after the victory of Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur over the Castilian Alfonso VIII at the Battle of Alarcos in 1195. In 1212 a coalition of Christian
Christian
kings under the leadership of the Castilian Alfonso VIII defeated the Almohads at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. The Almohads continued to rule Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
for another decade, though with much reduced power and prestige. The civil wars following the death of Abu Ya'qub Yusuf II rapidly led to the re-establishment of taifas. The taifas, newly independent but now weakened, were quickly conquered by Portugal, Castile, and Aragon. After the fall of Murcia (1243) and the Algarve (1249), only the Emirate of Granada
Emirate of Granada
survived as a Muslim state, and only as a tributary of Castile until 1492. In 1469 the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon
Aragon
and Isabella of Castile signaled the launch of the final assault on the Emirate of Granada. The King and Queen convinced the Pope to declare their war a crusade. The Christians crushed one center of resistance after another and finally, in January 1492, after a long siege, the Moorish sultan Muhammad XII surrendered the fortress palace, the renowned Alhambra. The Canary Islands
Canary Islands
were conquered between 1402 and 1496 and their indigenous Berber populations, the Guanches, were gradually absorbed by Spanish settlers. Spanish conquest of the Iberian part of Navarre was commenced by Ferdinand II of Aragon
Aragon
and completed by Charles V in a series of military campaigns extending from 1512 to 1524, while the war lasted until 1528 in the Navarre to the north of the Pyrenees. Between 1568-1571, Charles V armies fought and defeated a general insurrection of the Muslims of the mountains of Granada, after which he ordered the dispersal of up to 80,000 Granadans throughout Spain. The union of the Christian
Christian
kingdoms of Castile and Aragon
Aragon
as well as the conquest of Granada, Navarre and the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
led to the formation of the Spanish state as known today. This allowed for the development of a Spanish identity based on the Spanish language
Spanish language
and a local form of Catholicism, which slowly took hold in a territory which remained culturally, linguistically and religiously very diverse. A majority of Jews were forcibly converted to Catholicism during the 14th and 15th centuries and those remaining were expelled from Spain in 1492. The open practice of Islam was by Spain's sizeable Mudejar population was similarly outlawed. Furthermore, between 1609 and 1614, a significant number of Moriscos— (Muslims who had been baptized Catholic) were expelled by royal decree.[25] Although initial estimates of the number of Moriscos expelled such as those of Henri Lapeyre reach 300,000 moriscos (or 4% of the total Spanish population), the extent and severity of the expulsion has been increasingly challenged by modern historians. Nevertheless, the eastern region of Valencia, where ethnic tensions were highest, was particularly affected by the expulsion, suffering economic collapse and depopulation of much of its territory.

People of Granada

Colonialism and emigration In the 16th century, following the military conquest of most of the new continent, perhaps 240,000 Spaniards
Spaniards
entered American ports. They were joined by 450,000 in the next century.[26] Since the conquest of Mexico
Mexico
and Peru
Peru
these two regions became the principal destinations of Spanish colonial settlers in the 16th century.[27] In the period 1850–1950, 3.5 million Spanish left for the Americas, particularly Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico,[21] Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, and Cuba.[22] From 1840 to 1890, as many as 40,000 Canary Islanders emigrated to Venezuela.[28] 94,000 Spaniards
Spaniards
chose to go to Algeria in the last years of the 19th century, and 250,000 Spaniards
Spaniards
lived in Morocco
Morocco
at the beginning of the 20th century.[22] By the end of the Spanish Civil War, some 500,000 Spanish Republican refugees had crossed the border into France.[29] From 1961 to 1974, at the height of the guest worker in Western Europe, about 100,000 Spaniards
Spaniards
emigrated each year.[22] Peoples of Spain Nationalisms and regionalisms Main articles: Nationalisms and regionalisms of Spain
Spain
and Nationalities and regions of Spain Within Spain, there are various regional populations including the Andalusians, Castilians, the Catalans, Valencians
Valencians
and Balearics (who speak Catalan, a distinct Romance language in eastern Spain), the Basques
Basques
(who live in the Basque country and speak Basque, a non-Indo-European language), and the Galicians
Galicians
(who speak Galician, a descendant of old Galician-Portuguese). Respect to the existing cultural pluralism is important to many Spaniards. In many regions there exist strong regional identities such as Asturias, Aragon, the Canary Islands, León, and Andalusia, while in others (like Catalonia, Basque Country or Galicia) there are stronger national sentiments. Some of them refuse to identify themselves with the Spanish ethnic group and prefer some of the following:

Regional ethnic groups

Andalusian people Aragonese people Asturian people Balearic people Basque people Canary Islanders Cantabrian people Castilian people Catalan people Extremaduran people Galician people Leonese people Valencian
Valencian
people

Gitanos Main article: Romani people
Romani people
in Spain Spain
Spain
is home to one of the largest communities of Romani people (commonly known by the English exonym "gypsies", Spanish: gitanos). The Spanish Roma, which belong to the Iberian Kale subgroup (calé), are a formerly-nomadic community, which spread across Western Asia, North Africa, and Europe, first reaching Spain
Spain
in the 15th century. Data on ethnicity is not collected in Spain, although the Government's statistical agency CIS estimated in 2007 that the number of Gitanos present in Spain
Spain
is probably around one million.[30] Most Spanish Roma live in the autonomous community of Andalusia, where they have traditionally enjoyed a higher degree of integration than in the rest of the country. A number of Spanish Calé also live in Southern France, especially in the region of Perpignan. Modern immigration Main article: Immigration to Spain The population of Spain
Spain
is becoming increasingly diverse due to recent immigration. From 2000 to 2010, Spain
Spain
had among the highest per capita immigration rates in the world and the second highest absolute net migration in the World (after the United States)[23] and immigrants now make up about 10% of the population. Since 2000, Spain
Spain
has absorbed more than 3 million immigrants, with thousands more arriving each year.[31] Immigrant population now tops over 4.5 million.[32] They come mainly from Europe, Latin
Latin
America, China, the Philippines, North Africa, and West Africa.[33] Languages

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The vernacular languages of Spain
Spain
(simplified)

  Spanish official; spoken all over the country   Catalan/Valencian, co-official   Basque, co-official   Galician, co-official

  Aranese, co-official (dialect of Occitan)   Asturian, recognised   Aragonese, recognised   Leonese, recognised   Extremaduran, unofficial   Fala, unofficial

Main article: Languages of Spain Languages spoken in Spain
Spain
include Spanish (castellano or español) (74%), Catalan (català, called valencià in the Valencian
Valencian
Community) (17%), Galician (galego) (7%), and Basque (euskara) (2%).[34] Other languages are Asturian (asturianu), Aranese Gascon (aranés), Aragonese (aragonés), and Leonese, each with their own various dialects. Spanish is the official state language, although the other languages are co-official in a number of autonomous communities. Peninsular Spanish is largely considered to be divided into two main dialects: Castilian Spanish (spoken in the northern half of the country) and Andalusian Spanish (spoken mainly in Andalusia). However, a large part of Spain, including Madrid, Extremadura, Murcia, and Castile–La Mancha, speak local dialects known as "transitional dialects" between Andalusian and Castilian Spanish.[35] The Canary Islands also have a distinct dialect of Castilian Spanish which is very close to Caribbean Spanish. Linguistically, the Spanish language is a Romance language and is one of the aspects (including laws and general "ways of life") that causes Spaniards
Spaniards
to be labelled a Latin people. The strong Arabic
Arabic
influence on the language (nearly 4,000 words are of Arabic
Arabic
origin, including nouns, verbs and adjectives.[36]) and the independent evolution of the language itself through history, most notably the Basque influence at the formative stage of Castilian Romance, partially explain its difference from other Romance languages. The Basque language
Basque language
left a strong imprint on Spanish both linguistically and phonetically. Other changes in Spanish have come from borrowings from English and French, although English influence is stronger in Latin
Latin
America than in Spain. The number of speakers of Spanish as a mother tongue is roughly 35.6 million, while the vast majority of other groups in Spain
Spain
such as the Galicians, Catalans, and Basques
Basques
also speak Spanish as a first or second language, which boosts the number of Spanish speakers to the overwhelming majority of Spain's population of 46 million. Spanish was exported to the Americas due to over three centuries of Spanish colonial rule starting with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
in 1492. Spanish is spoken natively by over 400 million people and spans across most countries of the Americas; from the Southwestern United States
United States
in North America down to Tierra del Fuego, the southernmost region of South America in Chile
Chile
and Argentina. A variety of the language, known as Judaeo-Spanish
Judaeo-Spanish
or Ladino (or Haketia
Haketia
in Morocco), is still spoken by descendants of Sephardim (Spanish and Portuguese Jews) who fled Spain
Spain
following a decree of expulsion of practising Jews in 1492. Also, a Spanish creole language known as Chabacano, which developed by the mixing of Spanish and native Tagalog and Cebuano languages during Spain's rule of the country through Mexico
Mexico
from 1565 to 1898, is spoken in the Philippines (by roughly 1 million people).[37] Religion

Religious affiliation in Spain
Spain
in (2013) according to Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas.[38]

Religion

Percent

Roman Catholic

71%

Non-religious

25%

Other religions

2%

Not stated

2%

Main article: Religion in Spain Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
is by far the largest denomination present in Spain. According to a study by the Spanish Centre for Sociological Research in 2013 about 71% of Spaniards
Spaniards
self-identify as Catholics, 2% other faith, and about 25% identify as atheists or declare they have no religion. Emigration from Spain Main article: Spanish diaspora Outside of Europe, Latin
Latin
America has the largest population of people with ancestors from Spain. These include people of full or partial Spanish ancestry. People with Spanish ancestry

Country Population (% of country) Reference Criterion

Spanish Mexican 94,720,000 (>80%) [39] estimated: 20% as Whites 75-80% as Mestizos.

Spanish American 50,000,000 (16%) [40] 10,017,244 Americans who identify themselves with Spanish ancestry.[41] 26,735,713 (53.0%) (8.7% of total U.S. population) Hispanics in the United States
United States
are white (also mixed with other European origins), others are different mixes or races but with Spaniard ancestry.[citation needed]

Spanish Venezuelan 25,079,923 (90%) [42] 42% as white and 50% as mestizos.

Spanish Brazilian 15,000,000 (8%) [43] estimate by Bruno Ayllón.[44]

Spanish Colombian 39,000,000 (86%)[citation needed]

Self-description as "Mestizo, white and mulatto"

Spanish Cuban 10,050,849 (89%) [45] Self-description as white, mulatto and mestizo

Spanish Puerto Rican 3,064,862 (80.5%) [46][47] [48][49] Self-description as white 83,879 (2%) identified as Spanish citizens

Spanish Canadian 325,730 (1%) [50] Self-description

Spanish Australian 58,271 (0.3%) [51] Self-description

The listings above shows the ten countries with known collected data on people with ancestors from Spain, although the definitions of each of these are somewhat different and the numbers cannot really be compared. Spanish Chilean of Chile
Chile
and Spanish Uruguayan of Uruguay could be included by percentage (each at above 40%) instead of numeral size. See also

Hispanosphere Genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula Nationalisms and regionalisms of Spain Nationalities and regions of Spain Spanish regional identities

Andalusian people Aragonese people Asturian people Balearic people Basque people Cagot Canarian people Cantabrian people Castilian people Catalan people Extremaduran people Galician people Leonese people Valencian
Valencian
people Vaqueiros de alzada

Languages of Spain

Spanish (see also dialects and varieties) Catalan/Valencian Basque Galician Aranese Aragonese Asturian Judaeo-Spanish Leonese Murcian language

Ancient Spanish peoples

Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

Iberians Celtiberians Gallaeci, Lusitanians, Cantabrians, Vascones

Greeks
Greeks
and Punics
Punics
(Phoenicians and Carthaginians) Guanches
Guanches
(in the Canary Islands) Romans Suebi Vandals
Vandals
and Alans Visigoths Moors
Moors
of the Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
(Arabs/Berbers) History of the Jews in Spain

Peoples with Spanish ancestry

Afro-Spaniards Criollos Emancipados Fernandinos Hispanic
Hispanic
Americans Isleños Louisiana Creole people Spanish Americans Spanish Argentinians Spanish Australians Spanish Brazilians Spanish Britons Spanish Canadians Spanish Central Americans Spanish Chileans Spanish Equatoguineans Spanish Filipino Spanish Mexican Spanish Peruvians Spanish Puerto Ricans Spanish Uruguayans Spanish Colombians White Hispanic
Hispanic
Americans

Notes

^ a b Native names and pronunciation:

Asturian and Spanish: españoles [espaˈɲoles]

Dialectally also:

Castilian: [ɛspaˈɲɔlɛs] (emphatic speech), [es̥paˈɲoles̥] (normal speech with optional /s/ devoicing) East Andalusian, Murcian: [ɛpːaˈɲɔlɛ] West Andalusian, Extremaduran (Spanish): [ɛʰpːaˈɲɔlɛʰ] Extremaduran (Astur-Leonese): [ɛʰpːaˈɲɔlɪʰ] Leonese (Astur-Leonese): [espaˈɲoles -lɪs] Manchego: [ɛˣpːaˈɲɔlɛˣ]

Basque: espainiarrak [espaɲiarak] or espainolak [espaɲiolak] Aragonese and Catalan: espanyols

Aragonese: [espaˈɲols] Eastern Catalan: [əspəˈɲɔlˠs, -ˈɲɒlˠs] Western Catalan: [espaˈɲɔlˠs, -ˈɲɒlˠs]

Galician: españóis [espaˈɲɔjs, -ˈɲɔjʃ] Occitan: espanhòls [espaˈɲɔls]

References

^ "Official Population Figures of Spain. Population on the 1 January 2013". INE Instituto Nacional de Estadística.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Explotación estadística del Padrón de Españoles Residentes en el Extranjero a 1 de enero de 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 18 March 2015.  ^ a b "Españoles residentes en el extranjero 2015 (CERA) por país" (PDF).  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Padrón de Españoles Residentes en el Extranjero (PERE)" (PDF). Retrieved 5 December 2015.  ^ [1] 31 Dec. 2014 German Statistical Office. Zensus 2014: Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2014 ^ "Ausländeranteil in Deutschland bis 2015 - Statistik".  ^ a b "Explotación estadística del Padrón de Españoles Residentes en el Extranjero a 1 de enero de 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 19 June 2014.  ^ a b c Censo electoral de españoles residentes en el extranjero 2009 Archived 27 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Födelseland Och Ursprungsland".  ^ "Explotación estadística del Padrón de Españoles Residentes en el Extranjero a 1 de enero de 2012" (PDF).  ^ "Embassy of Spain
Spain
in Guatemala
Guatemala
City, Guatemala
Guatemala
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Ethnic groups in Spain

Indigenous groups

Andalusians Aragonese Asturians Basques Canary Islanders Cantabrians Catalans Castilians Extremadurans Galicians Leonese Valencians

Historic minorities

Arabs Jews

Xuetas

Romani

Related topics

Genetic history Immigration

Authority control

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