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Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
(born 25 July 1929) is an Indian politician who had been associated with the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Communist Party of India (Marxist)
for most of his life, though he is currently an independent. He was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(House of the People) from 2004 to 2009.

Contents

1 Education and family background 2 Political career

2.1 Expulsion from the CPI (M) 2.2 Awards and honors

3 Controversies 4 Personal life 5 References 6 External links

Education and family background[edit] Born in Tezpur, Assam, his father, Nirmal Chandra Chatterjee, was a prominent lawyer, intellectual, and Hindu revivalist and nationalist around the time of India's independence, and his mother, Binapani Debi[1] ran the home. Nirmal Chandra Chatterjee was one of the founders and one-time president of the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha. In 1948, when the Communist Party of India
India
was banned by the Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
led Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
government in India, and its party leaders arrested, Nirmal Chandra Chatterjee formed the All India
India
Civil Liberties Union, and agitated for their release. In the process, he came close to Jyoti Basu, in spite of continuing ideological political differences between the two.[2] Somnath was educated at Mitra Institution
Mitra Institution
School, Presidency College and then the University of Calcutta
University of Calcutta
in Calcutta. He also attended Jesus College, Cambridge
Jesus College, Cambridge
and graduating with a B.A. in 1952 and a M.A. in 1957, both in law, has been awarded an honorary fellowship by the college in 2007. He was called to the bar from the Middle Temple
Middle Temple
in London
London
and took up legal practice as an advocate at the Calcutta High Court before joining active politics. Political career[edit] Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
was a member of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) from 1968 to 2008. In 1971, he was nominated to contest an interim election caused by the death of his father, who had been elected from that constituency. He became a Member of the Lok Sabha in 1971 and was elected the first time as an independent candidate supported by the CPI(M). Subsequently he was re-elected nine times, except once when he lost to Mamata Banerjee
Mamata Banerjee
in the Jadavpur
Jadavpur
Lok Sabha constituency in 1984. From 1989 until 2004 he was the leader of his party in the Lok Sabha. He was elected for the tenth time in 2004 as a member of the 14th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
from Bolpur
Bolpur
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency, which is considered to be a CPI(M) stronghold. Following the 2004 election, he was appointed as the pro tem speaker and subsequently on 4 June 2004 he was unanimously elected as the Speaker of the 14th Lok Sabha. He was the second pro tem Speaker after Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar to achieve this feat. Expulsion from the CPI (M)[edit] After the CPI (M) withdrew its support for the United Progressive Alliance-led government in mid-2008, the party included Chatterjee's name on its list of MPs who were withdrawing their support from the government, despite his non-partisan position as Speaker. Chatterjee, however, appeared unwilling to follow the party line to vote against the government in a crucial July 2008 confidence vote, as voting against the government would mean voting alongside the right-wing opposition BJP.[3] Ignoring the party's instructions, he decided to stay on in his post as Speaker of the House, acting in this capacity during the confidence vote. Following the vote, which the government survived, on 23 July 2008, the CPI (M) expelled him from the party for violation of party discipline.[4] A CPI (M) press release said, "The Politburo of the Communist Party of India-Marxist has unanimously decided to expel Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
from the membership of the party with immediate effect. This action has been taken under Article XIX, clause 13 of the Party Constitution for seriously compromising the position of the party."[5] Bengal secretary Biman Bose said "Chatterjee may have acted according to the Indian Constitution but the party constitution is supreme in [the] case of party members."[6] According to Chatterjee, the expulsion was "one of the saddest days" of his life. He suggested that future speakers should resign from their parties while serving in that office to help ensure its non-partisan standing.[7] His constituency of Bolpur
Bolpur
had already been reserved for the Scheduled Castes, meaning he would have been unable to contest the seat in the next election; he announced in August 2008, following his expulsion from the CPI(M), that he would retire from politics at the time of the next election in 2009. He was broadly respected in his constituency; the CPI(M)'s 2009 candidate, Ramchandra Dom, expressed admiration for Chatterjee and vowed to continue his work, while the Congress candidate, Asit Mal, said that the people of Bolpur
Bolpur
were "hurt at the way [Chatterjee] was driven out of the CPI-M" and that their feelings would "be reflected in the results".[8] Awards and honors[edit] In 1996 he won the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award. Controversies[edit] In 2005, he was caught in a controversy over his statement on the Supreme Court orders related to the vote of confidence in the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Assembly. He said that the Supreme Court was encroaching on the right of the Legislature by issuing orders on the proceedings of the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Assembly.[9] He asked for a Presidential reference
Presidential reference
to the Supreme Court under Article 143 of the Indian Constitution. This remark was criticised by Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party
which supported the Supreme Court's decision.[10] The Opposition demanded his resignation because he held an office of profit as Chairman of Santiniketan Sriniketan Development Authority (SSDA). He argued that since he did not profit from the office, the demand was baseless.[11] Personal life[edit] Chatterjee married Renu Chatterjee, who comes from the zemindar family in Lalgola, on 7 February 1950.[2] The couple have one son, Pratap and two daughters, Anuradha and Anushila. Pratap Chatterjee is presently practising in Calcutta High Court. Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
is known for his fiscal integrity. When in 2004, as speaker, he moved into the official residence at 20 Akbar Road, he discontinued the practice of paying for toiletries and tea from the national exchequer.[12] On trips abroad, he bore the expenses of any accompanying family members. References[edit]

^ http://164.100.47.134/newls/Biography.aspx?mpsno=73 ^ a b "Latest News, Breaking News Live, Current Headlines, India
India
News Online - The Indian Express". www.indianexpress.com.  ^ "Speaker adamant, may quit both House and party", Hindustan Times, 17 July 2008. ^ "Somnath pays price for violating party line" Archived 7 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine., IANS (headlinesindia.com), 23 July 2008. ^ "CPI-M fails to pull down Govt, sacks Somnath". CNN IBN. 23 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-23.  ^ "The Telegraph".  ^ Santosh H K Narayan, "No taker of Speaker's suggestion" Archived 7 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine., headlinesindia.com, 1 August 2008. ^ Sirshendu Panth, "Retired Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
omnipresent in old constituency", IANS (thaindian.com), 3 April 2009. ^ "The Conscientious Marxist" Tehelka
Tehelka
Retrieved 2008-08-18 ^ Speaker to seek Kalam’s view on SC order, The Tribune India, 10 March 2006. Accessed 27 September 2006. ^ Not holding any office of profit, says Somnath, The Hindu, 25 March 2006. Accessed 27 September 2006. ^ Chatterji, Saubhadra (14 July 2008). "Somnath Chatterjee: House arrest" – via Business Standard. 

External links[edit] Media related to Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
at Wikimedia Commons

Biography of Shri Somnath Chaterjee News article in the Hindu Business Line: Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
likely to be Speaker Biography from Calcutta Yellow Pages.com Official biographical sketch in Parliament of India
India
website

v t e

Speakers of the Lok Sabha

Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar M. A. Ayyangar Sardar Hukam Singh Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Gurdial Singh Dhillon Bali Ram Bhagat K. S. Hegde Balram Jakhar Rabi Ray Shivraj Patil P. A. Sangma G. M. C. Balayogi Manohar Joshi Somnath Chatterjee Meira Kumar Sumitra Mahajan

v t e

Members of the 11th to 14th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
from West Bengal

Basudeb Acharia Basudeb Barman Hiten Barman Ranen Barman Sandhya Bauri Susmita Bauri Anil Basu Joachim Baxla Krishna Bose Subrata Bose Sudip Bandyopadhyay Mamata Banerjee Ajay Chakraborty Sujan Chakraborty Swadesh Chakraborty Santasri Chatterjee Somnath Chatterjee A. B. A. Ghani Khan Choudhury Saifuddin Choudhury Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Bansa Gopal Chowdhury Bikash Chowdhury Alakesh Das Gurudas Dasgupta Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi Ram Chandra Dome Sudhir Kumar Giri Indrajit Gupta Abul Hasnat Khan Samik Lahiri Moinul Hassan Abdul Mannan Hossain Bir Singh Mahato Sanat Kumar Mandal Hannan Mollah Geeta Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee Satyabrata Mookherjee Rupchand Murmu Amitava Nandy Dawa Narbula Prabodh Panda Ajit Kumar Panja Rupchand Pal Amarendra Nath Roy Pradhan Prasanta Pradhan Mohammed Salim Lakshman Chandra Seth Minati Sen Jyotirmoyee Sikdar Tapan Sikdar Tarit Baran Topdar

1st-10th LS members 15th LS members

v t e

Members of the 1st to 10th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
from West Bengal

Zainal Abedin Basudeb Acharia Mamata Banerjee Anil Basu Chitta Basu Kamal Basu Joachim Baxla Nani Bhattacharya Renu Chakravartty Somnath Chatterjee A. B. A. Ghani Khan Choudhury Sachindra Chaudhuri Tridib Chaudhuri Pratap Chandra Chunder Basanta Kumar Das Mono Mohan Das Biplab Dasgupta Khagendra Nath Dasgupta Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi Sushil Kumar Dhara Ram Chandra Dome Atulya Ghosh Ganesh Ghosh Nalini Ranjan Ghosh Sudhir Kumar Giri Phulrenu Guha Samar Guha Indrajit Gupta Kansari Halder Lutfal Haque Dinesh Chandra Joarder Humayun Kabir Sanat Kumar Mandal Abha Maiti Hannan Mollah Geeta Mukherjee Hirendranath Mukherjee Samar Mukherjee Amar Roy Pradhan Debi Prasad Pal Rupchand Pal Ajit Kumar Panja Renuka Ray Siddhartha Shankar Ray Saugata Roy Satish Chandra Samanta Nikhilananda Sar Ashoke Kumar Sen Prafulla Chandra Sen Atish Chandra Sinha Chowdhury Abu Taleb Pius Tirkey Tarit Baran Topdar Golam Yazdani Mahboob Zahedi

11-14th LS members

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 1605531

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