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SKY BLUE is the name of a colour that resembles the colour of the sky at noon. The entry for "sky-blue" in Murray's _New English Dictionary _ (1919) reports a first sighting of the term in the article on "silver" in Ephraim Chambers 's _Cyclopaedia _ of 1728. However, many writers had used the term "sky blue" to name a colour before Chambers. For example, we find "sky blue" in _A Collection of Voyages and Travels_ (London: Awnsham and John Churchill, 1704), vol. 2, p. 322, where John Nieuhoff describes certain flowers: "they are of a lovely sky blue colour, and yellow in the middle". The sense of this colour may have been first used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas de Nicolay where he stated "the tulbant of the merchant must be _skie coloured_".

Displayed at right is the web colour _sky blue_.

CONTENTS

* 1 Variations

* 1.1 Celeste

* 1.1.1 Gradations * 1.1.2 Bianchi bicycles

* 1.2 Light * 1.3 Medium * 1.4 Vivid * 1.5 Neon Blue * 1.6 Deep * 1.7 French * 1.8 Spanish * 1.9 Dark

* 2 In culture * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

VARIATIONS

CELESTE

CELESTE

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #B2FFFF

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (178, 255, 255)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (30, 0, 0, 0)

HSV (H , S , V ) (180°, 30%, 100%)

SOURCE S.Fantetti e C.Petracchi (2001). Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia. Zanichelli. ISBN 8808079953 .

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

CELESTE (Italian: , English: /sᵻˈlɛst/ ) is the colloquial name for the pale turquoise blue colour associated with Italian bicycle manufacturer Bianchi S.p.A and sometimes known as _Bianchi Green_. In Italian, as the name indicates (Celestial ), it is an attempt to reproduce the colour of clear skies. In English, this colour may also be referred to as ITALIAN SKY BLUE.

Bleu celeste ("sky blue") is a rarely occurring tincture in heraldry (not being one of the seven main colours or metals or the three "staynard colours"). This tincture is sometimes also called CIEL or simply CELESTE. It is depicted in a lighter shade than the range of shades of the more traditional tincture azure , which is the standard blue used in heraldry.

Gradations

The Italian Wikipedia cites _Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia_ by S.Fantetti and C.Petracchi and describes multiple variants of Celeste as shown below, plus details as defined in the infobox above.

COLOUR NAME C M Y K R G B HEX

celeste (sky blue, heavenly blue) 030 000 000 000 178 255 255 B2FFFF

celeste polvere (dusty) 010 000 000 000 230 255 255 E6FFFF

celeste pallido (pale) 016 000 003 000 204 255 255 CCFFFF

celeste velato (veiled / overcast) 020 010 010 000 204 230 230 CCE6E6

celeste opaco (opaque) 050 020 020 000 128 204 204 80CCCC

Bianchi Bicycles

Bianchi bicycles are traditionally painted celeste, also known as Bianchi Green (and sometimes, incorrectly Tiffany Blue ). Contradictory myths say celeste is the colour of the Milan sky; the eye colour of a former queen for whom Edoardo Bianchi made a bicycle; and that it was a mixture of surplus military paint.

The exact shade of turquoise used by the company has varied over time, but has always been described as Celeste. In Anglophone countries Celeste is sometimes reported as Pantone -#332 (Seafoam green ) (or #333), and with various other shades.

LIGHT

LIGHT SKY BLUE

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #87CEFA

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (135, 206, 250)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (46, 18, 0, 2)

HSV (H , S , V ) (203°, 46%, 98%)

SOURCE X11 color names

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web colour LIGHT SKY BLUE. It is close in shade to baby blue .

MEDIUM

SKY BLUE (CRAYOLA)

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #80DAEB

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (128, 218, 235)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (46, 7, 0, 8)

HSV (H , S , V ) (190°, 46%, 92 %)

SOURCE Crayola

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

Displayed at right is the colour MEDIUM SKY BLUE. This is the colour that is called _sky blue_ in Crayola crayons. This colour was formulated by Crayola in 1958.

" Sky blue" appears in the 32, 48, 64, 96 and 120 packs of crayons.

VIVID

VIVID SKY BLUE

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #00CCFF

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (0, 204, 255)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (100, 20, 0, 0)

HSV (H , S , V ) (192°, 100%, 100 %)

SOURCE Crayola C.P.

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

Displayed at right is the colour VIVID SKY BLUE.

NEON BLUE

NEON BLUE

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #00CFFF

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (0, 207, 255)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (100, 20, 0, 0)

HSV (H , S , V ) (192°, 100%, 100 %)

SOURCE

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

Displayed at right is the colour NEON BLUE

DEEP

DEEP SKY BLUE

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #00BFFF

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (0, 191, 255)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (100, 25, 0, 0)

HSV (H , S , V ) (195°, 100%, 100%)

SOURCE X11

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

DEEP SKY BLUE is an azure -cyan colour associated with deep sky blue .

_Deep sky blue_ is a web colour .

This colour is the colour on the colour wheel (RGB/HSV colour wheel ) halfway between azure and cyan.

The traditional name for this colour is CAPRI.

The first use of _Capri_ as a colour name in English was in 1920.

The colour _Capri_ in general is named for the azure-cyan colour of the Mediterranean sea around the island of Capri off Italy , the site of several villas belonging to the Roman Emperor Tiberius , including his Imperial residence in his later years, the _ Villa Jovis _. Specifically, the colour Capri is named after the colour of the Blue Grotto on the island of Capri. as it appears on a bright sunny day. Today the island of Capri is a resort island popular with tourists .

The colour name _deep sky blue_ for this colour did not come into use until the promulgation of the X11 colour list in 1987.

The name _Capri_ is still used for this colour as well as the name _deep sky blue_.

FRENCH

SKY BLUE (POURPRE.COM)

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #77B5FE

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (119, 181, 254)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (53, 29, 0, 0)

HSV (H , S , V ) (212°, 53%, 100 %)

SOURCE Pourpre.com

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

At right is displayed the colour FRENCH SKY BLUE, which is the tone of sky blue that is called _sky blue_ (_bleu ciel_) in the Pourpre.com colour list, a colour list widely popular in France .

SPANISH

SKY BLUE (G FLOAT: RIGHT; FONT-SIZE: 70%"> COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #00AAE4

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (0, 178, 228)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (85, 5, 0, 0)

HSV (H , S , V ) (195°, 100%, 89%)

SOURCE Gallego and Sanz

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

SPANISH SKY BLUE is the colour that is called _celeste_ (the Spanish word for "sky blue") in the _Guía de coloraciones_ (_Guide to colourations_) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a colour dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

DARK

SKY BLUE (PANTONE)

COLOUR COORDINATES

HEX TRIPLET #8CBED6

SRGB B (R , G , B ) (140, 190, 214)

CMYK H (C , M , Y , K ) (35, 11, 0, 16)

HSV (H , S , V ) (199°, 35%, 84 %)

SOURCE Pantone TPX

B: Normalized to (byte) H: Normalized to (hundred)

Displayed at right is the colour DARK SKY BLUE.

This is the colour called _sky blue_ in Pantone .

The source of this colour is the " Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" colour list, color #14-4318 TPX— Sky Blue.

IN CULTURE

Music

* There is a rapper called SkyBlu .

Religion

* Although the headquarters of the Church of Scientology near Hemet, California is called the Gold Base , all of the buildings there are coloured various tones of sky blue. * _A Piece of Blue Sky : Scientology, Dianetics and L. Ron Hubbard Exposed_, published in 1990, is an examination from a critical perspective by former British Scientologist Jon Atack of the history of L. Ron Hubbard (1911–1986) and the development of Dianetics and the Church of Scientology. The title originates from a quote of Hubbard's from 1950, when he reportedly said he wanted to sell potential church members a "piece of blue sky." * Marian blue

Sports

* Several professional teams use the colour _sky blue_:

* Argentina : Racing Club de Avellaneda , Belgrano de Córdoba , Racing de Córdoba , Club Atlético Temperley , Atlético Rafaela , Villa San Carlos , Gimnasia y Esgrima de Jujuy , Gimnasia y Tiro de Salta , Gimnasia y Esgrima de Concepción del Uruguay and Argentina National Football Team * Australia : Sydney FC * England : Manchester City F.C. , Coventry City F.C. * Chile : O\'Higgins F.C. , Deportes Iquique * Italy : S.S. Lazio , S.S.C. Napoli * Japan : Júbilo Iwata , Sagan Tosu , Yokohama F.C. , Kamatamare Sanuki * Peru : Sporting Cristal * Republic of Ireland : University College Dublin F.C. * Serbia : Hajduk Kula * Spain : Celta de Vigo * San Marino : sky blue is the main colour of many sports teams representing this microstate . * United States : New York City FC , _ Sky Blue Soccer_ (Somerset County, New Jersey ), the parent organization of WPS club Sky Blue FC * Uruguay : Colour of various national sport teams; the most well known being the national football team . The team nickname is _La Celeste_ (The Sky Blue ). * Sky blue is the colour of the Australian state of New South Wales ' cricket , rugby league and rugby union teams.

SEE ALSO

* Azur