The Info List - Shikoku

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(四国, "four provinces") is the smallest (225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide) and least populous (3.8 million as of 2015[update]) of the four main islands of Japan, located south of Honshu
and east of the island of Kyushu. Its ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島). The current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.[2]


1 Geography 2 Transportation

2.1 Air travel

3 Culture

3.1 Movements 3.2 Traditions 3.3 Food 3.4 Sports

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Geography[edit] Shikoku
island, comprising Shikoku
and its surrounding islets, covers about 18,800 square kilometres (7,259 sq mi) and consists of four prefectures: Ehime, Kagawa, Kōchi, and Tokushima. Across the Inland Sea lie Wakayama, Osaka, Hyōgo, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Yamaguchi Prefectures on Honshu. To the west lie Ōita and Miyazaki Prefectures on Kyushu. The 50th largest island by area in the world, Shikoku
is smaller than Sardinia
and Bananal, but larger than Halmahera
and Seram. By population, it ranks 23rd, having fewer inhabitants than Sicily
or Singapore, but more than Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
or Negros. Mountains running east and west divide Shikoku
into a narrow northern subregion, fronting on the Inland Sea, and a southern part facing the Pacific Ocean. The Hydrangea hirta
Hydrangea hirta
species can be found in these mountain ranges. Most of the 3.8 million inhabitants live in the north, and all but one of the island's few larger cities are located there. Mount Ishizuchi
Mount Ishizuchi
(石鎚山) in Ehime at 1,982 m (6,503 ft) is the highest mountain on the island. Industry is moderately well developed and includes the processing of ores from the important Besshi copper mine. Land is used intensively. Wide alluvial areas, especially in the eastern part of the zone, are planted with rice and subsequently are double cropped with winter wheat and barley. Fruit is grown throughout the northern area in great variety, including citrus fruits, persimmons, peaches, and grapes. Because of wheat production Sanuki udon
Sanuki udon
(讃岐うどん) became an important part of the diet in Kagawa Prefecture
Kagawa Prefecture
(former Sanuki Province) in the Edo period. The larger southern area of Shikoku
is mountainous and sparsely populated. The only significant lowland is a small alluvial plain at Kōchi, the prefectural capital. The area's mild winters stimulated some truck farming, specializing in growing out-of-season vegetables under plastic covering. Two crops of rice can be cultivated annually in the southern area. The pulp and paper industry took advantage of the abundant forests and hydroelectric power. The major river in Shikoku
is the Yoshino River. It runs 196 km (121.8 mi) from its source close to Mount Ishizuchi, flowing basically west to east across the northern boundaries of Kōchi and Tokushima Prefectures, reaching the sea at the city of Tokushima. The Yoshino is famous for Japan's best white-water rafting, with trips going along the Oboke Koboke sections of the river. Shikoku
has four important capes. Gamōda in Anan, Tokushima
Anan, Tokushima
is the easternmost point on the island, and Sada in Ikata, Ehime
Ikata, Ehime
the westernmost. Muroto in Muroto, Kōchi
Muroto, Kōchi
and Ashizuri, the southern extreme of Shikoku, in Tosashimizu, Kōchi, jut into the Pacific Ocean. The island's northernmost point is in Takamatsu, Kagawa. Unlike the other three major islands of Japan, Shikoku
has no volcanoes.[3] Transportation[edit]

Kōchi Castle

Anraku-ji in Kamiita, Tokushima

is connected to Honshu
by three expressways, which together form the Honshū– Shikoku
Bridge Project.

Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway (Eastern Shikoku) Seto-Chūō Expressway (Central Shikoku) Nishiseto Expressway
Nishiseto Expressway
(Western Shikoku)

The eastern gateway to Shikoku, Naruto in Tokushima Prefecture
Tokushima Prefecture
has been linked to the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway since 1998. This line connects Shikoku
to the Kansai
area which has a large population, including the large conurbations of Osaka, Kyoto, and Kobe. Therefore, the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway carries a large traffic volume. Many highway buses are operated between Kansai
and Tokushima Prefecture. The central part of Shikoku
is connected to Honshu
by ferry, air, and – since 1988 – by the Great Seto Bridge
Great Seto Bridge
network. Until completion of the bridges, the region was isolated from the rest of Japan. The freer movement between Honshuū and Shikoku
was expected to promote economic development on both sides of the bridges, which has not materialized yet. Within the island, a web of national highways connects the major population centers. These include Routes 11, 32, 33, 55, and 56. The Shikoku Railway Company
Shikoku Railway Company
(JR Shikoku) serves the island and connects to Honshu
via the Great Seto Bridge. JR lines include:

Yosan Line Dosan Line Kōtoku Line Tokushima Line Mugi Line Naruto Line Uchiko Line Yodo Line Honshi Bisan Line Seto Ōhashi Line

Private railway lines operate in each of the four prefectures on Shikoku. Air travel[edit] Shikoku
lacks a full international airport but has four regional/domestic airports (Tokushima Airport, Takamatsu Airport, Kōchi Ryōma Airport and Matsuyama Airport). All of these airports have flights to Tokyo
and other major Japanese cities such as Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, and Fukuoka. International flights to Seoul, South Korea are serviced by Asiana Airlines
Asiana Airlines
from Matsuyama and Takamatsu. There are periodic international charter flights as well. Ferries link Shikoku
to destinations including Honshu, Kyūshu, and islands around Shikoku. Culture[edit] Movements[edit] Pioneering natural farmer Masanobu Fukuoka, author of The One-Straw Revolution, developed his methods here on his family's farm. Traditions[edit] Shikoku
is also famous for its 88-temple pilgrimage of temples associated with the priest Kūkai. Most modern-day pilgrims travel by bus, rarely choosing the old-fashioned method of going by foot. They are seen wearing white jackets emblazoned with the characters reading dōgyō ninin meaning "two traveling together". Tokushima Prefecture
Tokushima Prefecture
also has its annual Awa Odori
Awa Odori
running in August at the time of the Obon
festival, which attracts thousands of tourists each year from all over Japan
and from abroad. Kōchi Prefecture
Kōchi Prefecture
is home to the first annual Yosakoi
festival. The largest festival in Kōchi, it takes place in August every year and attracts dancers and tourists from all over Japan. Food[edit] One of the major foods of Shikoku
is udon.[4] Udon
is often served hot as a noodle soup in its simplest form, as kake udon, in a mildly flavoured broth called kakejiru,which is made of dashi, soy sauce (shōyu), and mirin. It is usually topped with thinly chopped scallions. Other common toppings include tempura, often prawn or kakiage (a type of mixed tempura fritter), or aburaage, a type of deep-fried tofu pockets seasoned with sugar, mirin, and soy sauce. A thin slice of kamaboko, a halfmoon-shaped fish cake, is often added. Shichimi
can be added to taste. Another is Kōchi's signature dish, seared bonito. The warm climate of Shikoku
lends itself to the cultivation of citrus fruits. As a result, yuzu, mikan and other citrus fruits are plentiful on Shikoku
and have become synonymous with the regions they are grown in. Sports[edit] Historically no Shikoku-based sports team has competed in the top Japanese division of baseball, football (soccer) or even rugby union. Currently the major teams competing in Shikoku's major cities include:

Naruto, Tokushima: Tokushima Vortis
Tokushima Vortis
(football, J. League Division 2), Tokushima Indigo Socks (baseball, Shikoku-Kyūshū Island
League) Matsuyama, Ehime: Ehime F.C.
Ehime F.C.
(J2), Ehime Mandarin Pirates (SKIL) Takamatsu, Kagawa: Kamatamare Sanuki
Kamatamare Sanuki
(JFL), Kagawa Olive Guyners (SKIL) Kōchi, Kōchi: Kōchi Fighting Dogs
Kōchi Fighting Dogs

See also[edit]

portal Islands portal Geography portal

Geography of Japan Regions of Japan Shikoku


^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/japan-admin.php?adm2id=38201 ^ " Shikoku
and Awaji Island" (PDF). Japan
National Tourism Organization. September 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-02.  ^ "Shikoku: Frommer's Guide from". Answers.com. Retrieved 2012-02-28.  ^ "tourism shikoku". tourism shikoku. Organization for Promotion of Tourism in Shikoku. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/. – Japan

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shikoku.

Look up shikoku in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Shikoku.

Kitaro Shikoku
Peace Bell Project

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan


Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands


Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures




Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima


Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa


Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi


Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama


Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi


Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi


Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 33°45′N 133°30′E / 33.750°N 133.500°E / 33.750; 133.500

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 257570635 GND: 42247