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Shem
Shem
(/ʃɛm/; Hebrew: שֵׁם‎ Šēm; Greek: Σήμ Sēm; Ge'ez: ሴም, Sēm; "renown; prosperity; name"; Arabic: سام Sām) was one of the sons of Noah
Noah
in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
as well as in Islamic literature. Genesis 10:21 refers to relative ages of Shem
Shem
and his brother Japheth, but with sufficient ambiguity to have yielded different English translations. The verse is translated in the KJV
KJV
as "Unto Shem
Shem
also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth
Japheth
the elder, even to him were children born.". However, the New American Standard Bible
New American Standard Bible
gives, "Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born." Genesis 11:10 records that Shem
Shem
was 100 years old at the birth of Arphaxad, two years after the flood; and that he lived for another 500 years after this, making his age at death 600 years. The children of Shem
Shem
were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram, in addition to daughters. Abraham, the patriarch of the Hebrews and Arabs, was one of the descendants of Arphaxad. Islamic literature
Islamic literature
describes Shem
Shem
as one of the believing sons of Noah. Some sources even identify Shem
Shem
as a prophet in his own right and that he was the next prophet after his father.[1] In one Muslim legend, Shem
Shem
was one of the people whom God
God
made Jesus
Jesus
resurrect as a sign to the Children of Israel.[2] The 1st-century historian Flavius Josephus, among many others, recounted the tradition that these five sons were the progenitors of the nations of Elam, Assyria, Chaldea, Lydia, and Levantine, respectively. The associated term Semitic is still a commonly used term for the Semitic languages, as a subset of the Afro-Asiatic languages, denoting the common linguistic heritage of Arabic, Aramaic, Akkadian, Ethiopic, Hebrew and Canaanite-Phoenician languages. According to some Jewish traditions (e.g., B. Talmud
B. Talmud
Nedarim 32b; Genesis Rabbah 46:7; Genesis Rabbah 56:10; Leviticus Rabbah
Leviticus Rabbah
25:6; Numbers Rabbah
Numbers Rabbah
4:8.), Shem
Shem
is believed to have been Melchizedek, King of Salem whom Abraham
Abraham
is recorded to have met after the battle of the four kings. Shem
Shem
is mentioned several times in Genesis 5-11[3] as well as 1 Chronicles 1:4.

Geographic identifications of Flavius Josephus, c. 100 AD; Japheth's sons shown in red, Ham's sons in blue, Shem's sons in green.

The genealogy of Shem
Shem
to Abraham
Abraham
according to the Bible, showing the origin of the Moabites, Israelites, Ammonites, Ishmaelites, Edomites, Midianites, Assurites, Leturites and Leumites.

Contents

1 Descendants

1.1 Genesis 10 1.2 Genesis 11 1.3 Book of Jasher 1.4 Book of Luke 1.5 Early biographies of the Islamic prophet Muhammad

2 Family tree 3 See also 4 Footnotes

4.1 Notes 4.2 References

5 External links

Descendants[edit] Genesis 10[edit] According to Genesis 10:22-31 (Jewish Publication Society Translation of 1917):

22 The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram. 23 And the sons of Aram: Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash. 24 And Arpachshad
Arpachshad
begot Shelah; and Shelah begot Eber. 25 And unto Eber were born two sons; the name of the one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. 26 And Joktan begot Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah; 27 and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah; 28 and Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba; 29 and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. 30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest toward Sephar, unto the mountain of the east. 31 These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations. 32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations; and of these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.

Genesis 11[edit] Excerpts from Genesis 11:10-27— (Jewish Publication Society translation of 1917):

' Shem
Shem
was a hundred years old, and begot Arpachshad
Arpachshad
two years after the flood. ... Arpachshad
Arpachshad
lived five and thirty years, and begot Shelah. 13 And Arpachshad
Arpachshad
lived after he begot Shelah ... Shelah lived thirty years, and begot Eber. ... Eber
Eber
lived four and thirty years, and begot Peleg. ... Peleg
Peleg
lived thirty years, and begot Reu. ... Reu lived two and thirty years, and begot Serug. '... Serug
Serug
lived thirty years, and begot Nahor. ... Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begot Terah. ... Terah
Terah
lived seventy years, and begot Abram, Nahor, and Haran. ... and Haran begot Lot.

Book of Jasher[edit] A rabbinic document that surfaced in the 17th century, claiming to be the lost Book of Jasher provides some names not found in any other source. Some have reconstructed more complete genealogies based on this information as follows: Shem. Also Sem Literal meanings are named or renown (father of the Semitic races - Shemites). The sons of Shem
Shem
were:

Elam
Elam
"eternity" (sons were Shushan, Machul and Harmon)[4] - (Elamites and Khuzestanis)[5] Asshur "a step" or "strong" (sons were Mirus and Mokil)[6] - (Assyrians) Arphaxad
Arphaxad
(sons were Shelach, Anar and Ashcol)[6] - Chaldeans, Hebrews (Israelites, Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Ishmaelites, and Qahtanites) Ziezi - son of Shem
Shem
and a grandson of Noah. His name is mentioned in the excerpt Ziezi ex quo vulgares meaning "Ziezi, of whom the Bulgars" but being regarded by some as the first European reference to the Bulgars
Bulgars
as a people. ( Bulgars
Bulgars
and Thracians—though modern scholarship classifies neither as Semitic; the former being Turkic and the latter Indo-European) Lud or Lub "strife" (sons were Pethor and Bizayon)[7] - (Ludim, Lubim, Ludians, Ludu, Libyans). Aram "exalted" (sons were Uz, Chul, Gather and Mash)[7] - (Aramaeans).

Book of Luke[edit] According to Luke 3:36 Jesus
Jesus
is a descendant of Shem. Early biographies of the Islamic prophet Muhammad[edit] Early Islamic historians like Ibn Ishaq and Ibn Hisham always included Shem's name in the genealogy of Muhammad.[8] Family tree[edit] The following family tree contains information from the Hebrew Bible, without data from any other sources. According to Luke 3, an additional figure named Cainan is the son of Arpachshad
Arpachshad
and the father of Shelah.

Shem

Elam

Ashur

Arpachshad

Lud

Aram

Salah

Uz

Hul

Gether

Mash

Eber

Peleg

Joktan

Reu

Almodad Sheleph Hazarmaveth Jerah Hadoram Uzal Diklah Obal Abimael Sheba Ophir Havilah Jobab

Serug

Nahor

Terah

Abraham

Sarah

Nahor

Haran

See also[edit]

Wives aboard the Ark

Footnotes[edit] Notes[edit]

References[edit]

^ Historical Dictionary of Prophets in Islam
Islam
and Judaism, Wheeler, Shem ^ Stories of the Prophets, Ibn Kathir, Story of Jesus ^ Genesis 5:32, 6:10; 7:13; 9:18,23,26-27; 10; 11:10 ^ Parry, J. H. (ed.). "7:15". Book of Jasher. Translated by Moses, Samuel.  ^ "The Table of Nations: Ham, Shem
Shem
and Japheth, Sons of Noah
Noah
- Courtesy of Return To Glory". Freemaninstitute.com. Retrieved 2013-12-17.  ^ a b Parry, J. H. (ed.). "7:16". Book of Jasher. Translated by Moses, Samuel.  ^ a b Parry, J. H. (ed.). "7:17". Book of Jasher. Translated by Moses, Samuel.  ^ Ibn Ishāq, Sīrat Rasūl Allāh, tr. A. Guillaume (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), p. 3

External links[edit]

Look up Shem
Shem
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

 Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Sem (Shem)". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 

v t e

Semitic topics

Peoples

Adnanites Algerians Amhara people Amorites Arab diaspora Arabs Arabs
Arabs
in India Arabs
Arabs
in Turkey Arameans Argobba people Arma people Assyrian people Bahrani people Bedouin Chaldeans Chaush Egyptians Emiratis Gurage people Habesha people Hadhrami people Harari people Hyksos Iranian Arabs Iraqis Ishmaelites Israelis

Israeli Arabs Israeli Jews

Israelites Jewish diaspora Jews Jordanians Lebanese people

Maronites

Libyans Mandaeans Marsh Arabs Mauritanians Mhallami Moors Moroccans Nabataeans Omanis Palestinians Qahtanite Qataris Sabians Samaritans Saracen Soqotri Sudanese people Syrian people Tigrayans Tigre people Tigrinyas Tunisians Yemenis

Politics

Algerian nationalism Arab nationalism Arab socialism Assyrian nationalism Canaanism Egyptian nationalism Iraqi nationalism Jewish political movements

Bundism Zionism

Jewish religious movements Lebanese nationalism

Phoenicianism

Libyan nationalism Palestinian nationalism Pan-Arabism Pan-Islamism Syrian nationalism Tunisian nationalism

Origins

Generations of Noah Genetic studies on Jews Haplogroup IJ Haplogroup IJK Haplogroup J-M172 Haplogroup J-M267 Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) Shem Y-chromosomal Aaron Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of the Near East

History

Abbasid Caliphate Akkadian Empire Amorites Arabization Aram Rehob Aram-Damascus Aram-Naharaim Assyria Babylonia Bit Adini Canaan Carthage Chaldea Davidic line Edom Fatimid Caliphate Ghassanids Hasmonean dynasty Herodian kingdom Herodian Tetrarchy Himyarite Kingdom Judaization Kindah Kingdom of Aksum Kingdom of Awsan Kingdom of Israel
Israel
(Samaria) Kingdom of Israel
Israel
(united monarchy) Kingdom of Judah Lakhmids Lihyan Midian Minaeans Moab Nabataeans Neo-Assyrian Empire Neo-Babylonian Empire Paddan Aram Palmyrene Empire Phoenicia Qataban Qedarite Rashidun Caliphate Sabaeans Solomonic dynasty Thamud Umayyad Caliphate Zagwe dynasty ʿĀd

Countries

Algeria Arab world Bahrain Comoros Djibouti Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Iraq Israel Jordan Lebanon Libya Mauritania Palestinian territories1 Qatar Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1 (Western Sahara) Saudi Arabia Somalia Sudan Syria Tunisia United Arab Emirates Yemen

Flags and coats of arms

Algeria Arab flags Aramean-Syriac flag Assyria Bahrain Cedrus libani The Coromos Crescent Djibouti Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia
Ethiopia
(emblem) Ethiopia
Ethiopia
(flag) Hamsa Iraq Israel
Israel
(emblem) Israel
Israel
(flag) Janbiya Jordan Khanjar Kuwait Lebanon Libya Lion of Judah Mauritania Menorah (Temple) Morocco Oman Palestine Pan-Arab colors Qatar Saudi Arabia Scimitar Shamash Star of David Sudan Syria Takbir Tanit Tunesia United Arab Emirates Yemen Zulfiqar

Studies

Arabist Assyriology Hebraist Semitic Museum Semitic studies Syriac studies

Religions

Abrahamic religions Ancient Canaanite religion Ancient Mesopotamian religion Ancient Semitic religion Babylonian religion Christianity Druze
Druze
religion Islam Judaism Mandaeism pre-Islamic Arabia Samaritan religion Semitic neopaganism

Organizations

Arab European League Arab League Assyrian Universal Alliance World Council of Arameans
Arameans
(Syriacs) World Zionist Congress

1 Is a state with limited international recognition

v t e

Descendants of Noah
Noah
in Genesis 10

Shem
Shem
and Semitic

Elam Ashur Arpachshad Lud Aram

Ham and Hamitic

Cush Mizraim Phut Canaan

Japheth
Japheth
and Japhetic

Gomer Magog Madai Javan Tubal Meshech Tiras

v t e

Adam
Adam
to David
David
according to the Bible

Creation to Flood

Adam Seth Enos Kenan Mahalalel Jared Enoch Methuselah Lamech Noah Shem

Cain line

Adam Cain Enoch Irad Mehujael Methusael Lamech Tubal-cain

Patriarchs after Flood

Arpachshad Cainan Shelah Eber Peleg Reu Serug Nahor Terah Abraham Isaac Jacob

Tribe of Judah
Tribe of Judah
to Kingdom

Judah Perez Hezron Ram Amminadab Nahshon Salmon Boaz Obed Jesse David

Names in italics only appear in the Greek Septuagint
Septuagint
version

v t e

Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
media

Source

Genesis flood narrative
Genesis flood narrative
in the Book of Genesis

Characters

Noah Shem Ham Japheth Wives aboard Noah's Ark

Television

Captain Noah
Noah
and His Magical Ark (1967) Noah's Island (1997) Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1999) The Ark (2015)

Film

Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1928) Father Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1933) The Bible: In the Beginning... (1966) O Trapalhão na Arca de Noé (1983) La Biblia en pasta
La Biblia en pasta
(1984) Genesis: The Creation and the Flood (1994) Noah
Noah
(1998) Raining Cats and Frogs
Raining Cats and Frogs
(2003) Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(2007) Evan Almighty
Evan Almighty
(2007) 40 Days and Nights
40 Days and Nights
(2012) Noah
Noah
(2014) Ooops! Noah
Noah
Is Gone... (2015)

Stage

The Flowering Peach (1954 play) Two by Two (1970 musical)

Opera

Il diluvio universale
Il diluvio universale
(1830) Le Déluge (1875) Noé (1885) Noye's Fludde
Noye's Fludde
(1958)

Songs

Captain Noah
Noah
and His Floating Zoo (1970) "The Prophet's Song" (1975) "Animals" (1980) "Forever Not Yours" (2002)

Games

Noah's Ark Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1992) Super 3D Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1994)

Literature

The Moon in the Cloud
The Moon in the Cloud
(1969) Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
(1977) Not Wanted on the Voyage
Not Wanted on the Voyage
(1984) Many Waters
Many Waters
(1986) Not the End of the World (2004)

Other cultures

Flood myth Sumerian creation myth Gilgamesh flood myth Ancient Greek flood myths Finnish flood myth Great Flood of China Mesoamerican flood myths Cessair Bergelmir Noah
Noah
in Islam Noah
Noah
in rabbinic literature

Science

Black Sea deluge hypothesis Flood geology Searches for Noah's Ark

Geography

In Search of Noah's Ark Mountains of Ararat Mount Judi Mosque of Ibn Tulun

Theories

Ararat anomaly Durupınar site

Story within a story

Angel's Egg Doctor Dolittle and the Secret Lake Fantasia 2000 "Homer and Ned's Hail Mary Pass" "This Is the Way the World Ends"

Exclusions

"The Unicorn" Peluda

Related theology

Book of Noah Generations of Noah Gopher wood Noah's wine Seven Laws of Noah

Other

Noah's Brother Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
replicas and derivatives Boner's Ark Noah's Ark
Noah's Ark
silver coins

v t e

Extra-Quranic Prophets of Islam

In Stories of the Prophets

Enoch Eber Khidr Joshua Samuel Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Ezra Daniel

In Islamic tradition

Seth Shem Eli Ahijah Shemaiah Iddo Hanani Jehu Micaiah Eliezer Zechariah ben Jehoiada Urijah Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah Berechiah Samī Joel Amos Obadiah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Malachi Hanzalah Khaled bin Sinan

In Quranic exegesis

Abel Saduq, Masduq, and Shalum Hosea Zechariah

.