SHEM (/ʃɛm/ ; Hebrew : שֵׁם, Modern _Shem_, Tiberian _Šēm_;
Greek : Σήμ _Sēm_; Ge\'ez : ሴም, _Sēm_; "renown; prosperity;
name"; Arabic : سام _Sām_) was one of the sons of
Hebrew Bibleas well as in
to relative ages of
Shemand his brother
Japheth, but with sufficient
ambiguity to have yielded different English translations. The verse is
translated in the
Shemalso, the father of all the
Eber, the brother of
Japheththe elder, even to him were
children born.". However, the
New American Standard Biblegives, "Also
to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother
of Japheth, children were born."
Genesis11:10 records that
Shemwas 100 years old at the birth of
Arphaxad, two years after the flood ; and that he lived for another
500 years after this, making his age at death 600 years.
The children of
Elam, Asshur ,
Arphaxad, Lud and Aram ,
in addition to daughters.
Abraham, the patriarch of the Hebrews and
Arabs, was one of the descendants of Arphaxad.
Shemas one of the believing sons of
Noah. Some sources even identify
Shemas a prophet in his own right
and that he was the next prophet after his father. In one Muslim
Shemwas one of the people whom
Jesusresurrect as a
sign to the
Children of Israel
Children of Israel.
The 1st-century historian
Flavius Josephus, among many others,
recounted the tradition that these five sons were the progenitors of
the nations of
Lydia, and Levantine ,
The associated term _Semitic_ is still a commonly used term for the
Semitic languages, as a subset of the
denoting the common linguistic heritage of Arabic , Aramaic , Akkadian
, Ethiopic , Hebrew and Canaanite-Phoenician languages.
According to some Jewish traditions (e.g.,
B. TalmudNedarim 32b;
Shemis believed to have been
of Salem whom
Abrahamis recorded to have met after the battle of the
Shemis mentioned in
Genesis5:32, 6:10; 7:13; 9:18,23,26-27; 10;
11:10; also in
1 Chronicles1:4. Geographic identifications of
Flavius Josephus, c. 100 AD;
Japheth's sons shown in red, Ham 's
sons in blue, Shem's sons in green. The genealogy of
Abrahamaccording to the Bible, showing the origin of the
Israelites, Ammonites ,
Assurites , Leturites and Leumites .
* 1 Descendants
* 1.3 Book of Jasher
* 1.4 Book of Luke
* 1.5 Early biographies of the Islamic prophet
* 2 Family tree
* 3 See also
* 4 Footnotes
* 4.1 Notes
* 4.2 References
* 5 External links
22 The children of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and
Arphaxadand Lud and
23 And the children of Aram; Uz and Hul, and
Arphaxadbegat Salah and Salah begat Eber.
25 And unto
Eberwere born two sons: the name of one __ Peleg; for in
his days was the earth divided;
and his brother's name __ Joktan.
Joktanbegat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah.
27 And Hadoram, and
28 And Obal, and
29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of
30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a
mount of the east
31 These __ the sons of Shem, after their families, after their
tongues, in their lands, after their nations.
Shem an hundred years old, and begat
Arphaxadtwo years after the
Arphaxadlived five and thirty years, and begat Salah ...
Salah lived thirty years, and begat
Eberlived four and thirty years, and begat
Peleglived thirty years, and begat
Reulived two and thirty years, and begat
Seruglived thirty years, and begat Nahor ...
Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat
Terahlived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and
BOOK OF JASHER
A rabbinic document that surfaced in the 17th century, claiming to be
the lost Book of Jasher provides some names not found in any other
source. Some have reconstructed more complete genealogies based on
this information as follows:
Shem. Also Sem Literal meanings are named or renown (father of the
Semitic races - Shemites). The sons of
Elam"eternity" (sons were Shushan, Machul and Harmon) -
Elamitesand Khuzestanis )
* Asshur "a step" or "strong" (sons were Mirus and Mokil) -
Arphaxad(sons were Shelach, Anar and Ashcol) - Chaldeans,
Moabites, Ammonites ,
and Qahtanites )
Ziezi- son of
Shemand a grandson of Noah. His name is mentioned
in the excerpt
Zieziex quo vulgares meaning "Ziezi, of whom the
Bulgars" but being regarded by some as the first European reference to
Bulgarsas a people. (
scholarship classifies neither as Semitic; the former being Turkic and
the latter Indo-European )
* Lud "strife" (sons were Pethor and Bizayon) - (Ludim, Lubim,
Lydians, and other related groups in Asia Minor
—generally classified today as Indo-European).
* Aram "exalted" (sons were Uz, Chul, Gather and Mash) - (Aramaeans
BOOK OF LUKE
According to Luke 3:36
Jesusis a descendant of Shem.
EARLY BIOGRAPHIES OF THE ISLAMIC PROPHET MUHAMMAD
Early Islamic historians like
included Shem's name in the genealogy of
The following family tree contains information from the Hebrew Bible
, without data from any other sources. According to Luke 3, an
additional figure named
Cainanis the son of
Arpachshadand the father
Wives aboard the Ark
* ^ The 1557
Anno Mundibirthdate for
Shemis based on the standard
Masoretic text as represented in the Authorized Version. Septuagint
and Samaritan texts have different values. See Chronology of the Bible
* ^ _Historical Dictionary of Prophets in
* ^ _Stories of the Prophets_, Ibn Kathir, _Story of Jesus_
* ^ Parry, J. H. (ed.). "7:15". _Book of Jasher _. Translated by
* ^ "The Table of Nations: Ham,
Shemand Japheth, Sons of
Courtesy of Return To Glory". Freemaninstitute.com. Retrieved
* ^ _A_ _B_ Parry, J. H. (ed.). "7:16". _Book of Jasher _.
Translated by Moses, Samuel.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Parry, J. H. (ed.). "7:17". _Book of Jasher _.
Translated by Moses, Samuel.
* ^ Ibn Ishāq, _Sīrat Rasūl Allāh_, tr. A. Guillaume (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 2004), p. 3