SHAUL TCHERNICHOVSKY (20 August 1875 – 14 October 1943;
* 1 Life * 2 Awards and honours * 3 Works * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links
He published his first poems in
From 1899 to 1906 he studied medicine at the University of Heidelberg
, finishing his medical studies in Lausanne. From then on, he mingled
his activities as a doctor with his activities as a poet. After
completing his studies he returned to
From 1925 to 1932 he was one of the editors of the newspaper Hatekufa. He also edited the section on medicine in the Hebrew encyclopedia Eshkol .
From 1929 to 1930 he spent time in America. In 1931 he immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine and settled there permanently. Besides being a poet, Tchernichovsky was known as an excellent translator . His translation of Homer 's Iliad and Odyssey particularly earned recognition. He also translated Sophocles, Horace, Shakespeare, Molière, Pushkin, Goethe, Heine, Byron, Shelley, the Kalevala, the Gilgamesh Cycle, the Icelandic Edda, etc. Tchernichovsky on the 50 NIS banknote
Tchernichovsky served as doctor of the
Herzliya Hebrew High School in
Tel Aviv . In his later years he served as doctor for the Tel Aviv
schools. He was active in writers' organizations and a member of the
Committee of the
He was a friend of the distinguished Klausner family of Jerusalem, including the child who would grow up to become the novelist Amos Oz , to whom he was "Uncle Shaul."
AWARDS AND HONOURS
Tchernichovsky was twice awarded the Bialik Prize for literature , in 1940 (jointly with Zelda Mishkovsky ) and in 1942 (jointly with Haim Hazaz ).
After his death, the Tel Aviv municipality dedicated a prize for exemplary translation in his name. A school in Tel Aviv is named after him, as is the center for the Hebrew Writers Association in Israel . Many other towns in Israel have also named streets and schools after him.
Tchernichovsky's grave in Tel Aviv
In the poetry of Tchernichovsky there is a blend of the influences of
Jewish cultural heritage and world cultural heritage. He writes on
Tchernichovsky is the
Even with his yen for world culture, Tchernichovsky is identified
with the fate of his people. In response to the
Toward the end of his life he composed some poems that are centered
on images from his childhood point of view. These poems, which can
properly be termed idylls , are regarded by many as his most splendid
poetic works. Some even believe that Tchernichovsky's idylls serve as
an example and a model for all of the idylls that have been written in
Many of his poems have been set to music by the best
Jewish Virtual Library , Shaul Tchernichovsky
* ^ "List of
Bialik Prize recipients 1933–2004, Tel Aviv
Municipality website (in Hebrew)" (PDF).
* ^ Nadav Shemer,
National Library of Israel