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SHAANXI (Chinese : 陕西; pinyin : _Shǎnxī_) is a province of the People\'s Republic of China
China
. Officially part of the Northwest China region, it lies in central China, bordering the provinces of Shanxi (NE, E), Henan
Henan
(E), Hubei
Hubei
(SE), Chongqing
Chongqing
(S), Sichuan
Sichuan
(SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia
Ningxia
(NW), and Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
(N). It covers an area of over 205,000 km2 (79,151 sq mi) with about 37 million people. Xi\'an —which includes the sites of the former Chinese capitals Fenghao
Fenghao
and Chang\'an —is the provincial capital. Xianyang
Xianyang
, which served as the Qin capital, is located nearby. The other prefecture -level cities into which the province is divided are Ankang , Baoji
Baoji
, Hanzhong
Hanzhong
, Shangluo
Shangluo
, Tongchuan
Tongchuan
, Weinan
Weinan
, Yan\'an and Yulin .

Shaanxi
Shaanxi
comprises the Wei Valley and much of the surrounding fertile Loess Plateau
Loess Plateau
, stretching from the Qin Mountains and Shannan in the south to the Ordos Desert
Ordos Desert
in the north. Along with areas of adjacent Shanxi
Shanxi
and Henan
Henan
, it formed the cradle of Chinese civilization, with its Guanzhong
Guanzhong
region sheltering the capitals of the Zhou , Qin , Han , Jin , Sui , and Tang dynasties . It does not include the full territory of the Yellow River
Yellow River
's Ordos Loop
Ordos Loop
, with the Great Wall of China
China
separating it from the grasslands and deserts of Inner Mongolia .

CONTENTS

* 1 Name

* 2 History

* 2.1 Pre-historic site

* 3 Geography * 4 Administrative divisions * 5 Politics

* 6 Economy

* 6.1 Economic and technological development zones

* 6.1.1 Baoji
Baoji
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone * 6.1.2 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Xi\'an Export Processing Zone * 6.1.3 The Western Triangle * 6.1.4 Xi\'an Economic margin: 0.2em 0;">THIS SECTION HAS MULTIPLE ISSUES. Please help IMPROVE IT or discuss these issues on the TALK PAGE . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages )_

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The geography of the area is described as being part of the Ordos Desert in the north along the border with Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
, the Loess Plateau in the central part of the province, the Qin Mountains (Qinling) running east to west in the south central part, and subtropical climate south of the Qinling. In between the Loess Plateau and the Qinling
Qinling
lies the Wei River
Wei River
Valley, or Guanzhong
Guanzhong
, a cradle of early Chinese civilization.

Going clockwise, Shaanxi
Shaanxi
borders Shanxi
Shanxi
(E, NE), Henan
Henan
(E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing
Chongqing
(S), Sichuan
Sichuan
(SW), Gansu
Gansu
(W), Ningxia
Ningxia
(NW), and Inner Mongolia (N). In terms of number of bordering provincial-level divisions, Shaanxi
Shaanxi
ties Inner Mongolia.

Due to its large span in latitude, Shaanxi
Shaanxi
has a variety of climates. Under the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
, the northern parts , including the Loess Plateau, have either a cold arid (Köppen _BWk_) or cold semi-arid (Köppen _BSk_), with cold and very dry winters, dry springs and autumns, and hot summers. The area known as Guanzhong
Guanzhong
is mostly semi-arid, though there are a few areas with a humid subtropical climate (Köppen _Cwa_), with cool to cold winters, and hot, humid summers that often see early-season heatwaves. The southern portion is much more humid and lies in the humid subtropical zone, with more temperate winters and long, hot, humid summers. Annual mean temperature is roughly between 8 to 16 °C (46 to 61 °F), with January temperatures ranging from −11 to 3.5 °C (12.2 to 38.3 °F) and July temperatures ranging from 21 to 28 °C (70 to 82 °F).

Besides the provincial capital of Xi'an, other cities include: Baoji , Hanzhong
Hanzhong
, Lintong
Lintong
, Tongchuan
Tongchuan
, Xianyang
Xianyang
, Yan\'an and Ankang .

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Shaanxi and List of township-level divisions of Shaanxi
Shaanxi

Shaanxi
Shaanxi
consists of ten prefecture-level divisions : all prefecture-level cities (including a sub-provincial city ):

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF SHAANXI

№ DIVISION CODE ENGLISH NAME CHINESE PINYIN AREA IN KM2 POPULATION 2010 SEAT DIVISIONS

DISTRICTS COUNTIES CL CITIES

610000 SHAANXI 陕西省 Shǎnxī Shěng 205800.00 37,327,378 Xi\'an 28 76 3

1 610100 XI\\'AN 西安市 Xī'ān Shì 10096.81 8,467,837 Weiyang District 10 3

6 610200 TONGCHUAN 铜川市 Tóngchuān Shì 3884.81 834,437 Yaozhou District 3 1

3 610300 BAOJI 宝鸡市 Bǎojī Shì 18116.93 3,716,731 Jintai District 3 9

8 610400 XIANYANG 咸阳市 Xiányáng Shì 10323.99 4,894,834 Qindu District 3 10 1

7 610500 WEINAN 渭南市 Wèinán Shì 13030.56 5,286,077 Linwei District 2 7 2

9 610600 YAN\\'AN 延安市 Yán'ān Shì 37030.54 2,187,009 Baota District 2 11

4 610700 HANZHONG 汉中市 Hànzhōng Shì 27096.43 3,416,196 Hantai District 1 10

10 610800 YULIN 榆林市 Yúlín Shì 42920.18 3,351,437 Yuyang District 2 10

2 610900 ANKANG 安康市 Ānkāng Shì 23536.31 2,629,906 Hanbin District 1 9

5 611000 SHANGLUO 商洛市 Shāngluò Shì 19587.31 2,341,742 Shangzhou District 1 6

Sub-provincial cities

The ten prefecture-level divisions of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
are subdivided into 107 county-level divisions (28 districts , 3 county-level cities , and 76 counties ).

POLITICS

Main articles: Politics of Shaanxi and List of provincial leaders of the People\'s Republic of China
China
Shaanxi
Shaanxi
People's Government

The politics of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
is structured in a triple party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Governor of Shaanxi is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Shaanxi. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor is considered to have less power than the Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
Provincial Committee Secretary (中共陕西省委书记), colloquially termed the " Shaanxi
Shaanxi
CPC Party Chief "; since the Governor is always ranked as the First-Deputy Secretary in the Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Communist Party of China Provincial Committee.

Shaanxi
Shaanxi
was established as a provincial government since Qing Dynasty . On 10 January 1950, the People's Government of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
was established in Xi\'an . Ma Minfang was then appointed as the first Governor of Shaanxi.

ECONOMY

As of the mid-19th century, Shaanxi
Shaanxi
exported animal skins, wine, liquor, and musk . Money loans were also common, with Shaanxi
Shaanxi
business people involved in the Guangzhou loan business. Shaanxi
Shaanxi
commonly imported European animal skins, watches, Chinese language
Chinese language
books, and cloth.

The fossil fuel and high technology sectors compose the two largest industries in Shaanxi
Shaanxi
province. During 2009, the province ranked third in China
China
for production of coal, natural gas and crude oil. As the home of several of the leading universities and research institutes in Western China, Shaanxi
Shaanxi
province also plays a major role in China's burgeoning aircraft and aerospace industries, producing more than 50% of the R&D and manufacturing equipment for the country's domestic commercial air industry. Nominal GDP for 2011 was 1,239 billion RMB (US$ 196.7 billion) and GDP per capita was 21,729 RMB (US$3,179), ranking 17th in the PRC.

ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT ZONES

Baoji
Baoji
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Established in 1992, Baoji
Baoji
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was approved as a national hi-tech zone by State Council. It has a long-term planned area of 40 km2 (15 sq mi). The transportation system around the zone includes Xi'an- Xianyang
Xianyang
International Airport and National Highway 310. Its encouraged industries are auto parts, electronics, IT, pharmaceuticals and bioengineering industries and new materials.

Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Xi\\'an Export Processing Zone

Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Xi'an
Xi'an
Export Processing Zone (XEPZ) was approved on 21 June 2002 by the State Council for its establishment and was put on 5 April 2004. As the first state-level export processing zone in northwest China, XEPZ has become one of the seven pioneer EPZs with the function of bonded logistics in China. XEPZ is under the leadership of the Administrative Committee of Xi'an
Xi'an
Economic and Technological Development Zone (XETDZ), which is designated by Xi'an
Xi'an
municipal government to exercise economic and administrative power within the zone. XEPZ is a special economic zone. By now, there are more than 40 enterprises home and abroad settled in XEPZ. The pillar industries feature aviation, machinery, electronics and new energy.

The Western Triangle

The Western Triangle is a new economic zone composing the three major city-level economies of Western China: Xi\'an , Chongqing
Chongqing
and Chengdu . It is believed that the addition of Xi'an
Xi'an
to the Triangle will spur economic growth in the region and allow the city an opportunity to capitalize on the commercial potential of its high-technology industries.

Xi\'an Economic border-left:solid 1px #aaa">

YEAR POP. ±%

1964 20,766,915 +30.8%

1982 28,904,423 +39.2%

1990 32,882,403 +13.8%

2000 35,365,072 +7.6%

2010 37,327,378 +5.5%

Xi'an
Xi'an
part of Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Province.

RELIGION

Religion in Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Chinese ancestral religion
Chinese ancestral religion
(7.58%) Christianity
Christianity
(1.57%) Other religions or not religious people (90.85%)

The predominant religions in Shaanxi
Shaanxi
are Chinese folk religions , Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism
Chinese Buddhism
. According to surveys conducted in 2007 and 2009, 7.58% of the population believes and is involved in ancestor veneration , while 1.57% of the population identifies as Christian. The reports didn't give figures for other types of religion; 90.85% of the population may be either irreligious or involved in worship of nature deities , Buddhism, Confucianism
Confucianism
, Taoism, folk religious sects , and small minorities of Muslims .

*

Temple of the Chenghuangshen
Chenghuangshen
(City God) of Weinan
Weinan
. *

Guangren Temple of the Tibetan Buddhist tradition in Xi\'an . *

Road to the stupa of the Famen Temple
Famen Temple
(Chinese Buddhist). *

Temple of Xuanyuan in Huangling , Yan\'an .

CULTURE

Shaanxi cuisine
Shaanxi cuisine

* Shaanxi cuisine
Shaanxi cuisine
* Qinqiang
Qinqiang
, the representative folk opera of Shaanxi. * Also see Xi\'an#Culture

TOURISM

Terracotta Army
Terracotta Army

Banpo
Banpo
Neolithic village, near Xi'an
Xi'an

* Daqin Pagoda
Daqin Pagoda
* Imperial mausoleums * Zhao Mausoleum * Mount Hua
Mount Hua
, one of the five best known mountains in China. * Taibaishan (Mount Taibai), the highest peak of the Qinling
Qinling
Range. * Mausoleum and Terracotta Army
Terracotta Army
Museum of the First Qin Emperor in Xi'an
Xi'an
( World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
) * The city of Xi'an: City Walls, Great Mosque, Bell Tower and Drum Tower , Forest of Stone Steles Museum , Shaanxi History Museum
Shaanxi History Museum
, Wild Goose Pagoda * Yan'an, the destination of the Long March
Long March
and the center of Chinese Communist revolution from 1935 to 1948 * Biángbiáng noodles
Biángbiáng noodles
, one of the "ten strange wonders of Shaanxi" (陝西十大怪)

MEDIA

* Shaanxi Radio serves Xi'an
Xi'an
and the surrounding Shaanxi
Shaanxi
province area with music, and news. * The Story of Yue Fei
Yue Fei
, a 17 – 18th century wuxia fiction novel about the life of Song Dynasty
Song Dynasty
general Yue Fei
Yue Fei
, says his military arts teacher, Zhou Tong , was from Shaanxi.

EDUCATION

Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Science and Technology Museum

UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES

Main article: List of universities and colleges in Shaanxi

SPORTS

Professional sports teams based in Shaanxi
Shaanxi
include:

* Chinese Basketball Association
Chinese Basketball Association

* Shaanxi Kylins

* Chinese Football Association

* Chinese Super League: Shaanxi Renhe Commercial Chanba F.C.
Shaanxi Renhe Commercial Chanba F.C.
* Jia League: Xi\'an Anxinyuan

SEE ALSO

* List of prisons in Shaanxi * Major national historical and cultural sites in Shaanxi
Shaanxi

NOTES

* ^ The data was collected by the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) of 2009 and by the Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) of 2007, reported and assembled by Xiuhua Wang (2015) in order to confront the proportion of people identifying with two similar social structures: ① Christian churches, and ② the traditional Chinese religion of the lineage (i. e. people believing and worshipping ancestral deities often organised into lineage "churches" and ancestral shrines ). Data for other religions with a significant presence in China
China
(deity cults, Buddhism, Taoism, folk religious sects, Islam, et. al.) was not reported by Wang.

* ^ This may include:

* Buddhists ; * Confucians ; * Deity worshippers ; * Taoists ; * Members of folk religious sects ; * Small minorities of Muslims ; * And people not bounded to, nor practicing any, institutional or diffuse religion.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Doing Business in China
China
– Survey". Ministry Of Commerce – People's Republic Of China. Retrieved 5 August 2013. * ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People\'s Republic of China
China
on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census (No. 2)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013. * ^ 《2013中国人类发展报告》 (PDF) (IN CHINESE). UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME CHINA. 2013. RETRIEVED 2014-01-05. * ^ The State Council of the People\'s Republic of China * ^ Romanization comparison chart * ^ _Silk Road, North China_, C.Michael Hogan, the Megalithic Portal, ed. A. Burnham * ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部. * ^ 深圳市统计局. _《深圳统计年鉴2014》_. _深圳统计网_. 中国统计出版社. Retrieved 2015-05-29. * ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China
China
by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). _Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao_ (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing
Beijing
Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2 . * ^ 中华人民共和国民政部 (2014.08). _《中国民政统计年鉴2014》_. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9 . Check date values in: date= (help ) * ^ Roberts, Edmund (1837). _Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat_. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 123. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ China
China
Economy @ China
China
Perspective * ^ RightSite.asia Baoji
Baoji
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone * ^ RightSite.asia Shaanxi
Shaanxi
Xi\'an Export Processing Zone * ^ RightSite.asia Xi\'an Economic & Technological Development Zone * ^ RightSite.asia Xi\'an High-tech Industrial Development Zone * ^ RightSite.asia Xi’an Software Park * ^ RightSite.asia Yangling Agriculture Hi-Tech Industrial Zone * ^ "1912年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014. * ^ "1928年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014. * ^ "1936–37年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014. * ^ "1947年全国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014. * ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于第一次全国人口调查登记结果的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China
National Bureau of Statistics of China
. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. * ^ "第二次全国人口普查结果的几项主要统计数字". National Bureau of Statistics of China
National Bureau of Statistics of China
. Archived from the original on 2012-09-14. * ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九八二年人口普查主要数字的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China
National Bureau of Statistics of China
. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10. * ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九九〇年人口普查主要数据的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China
National Bureau of Statistics of China
. Archived from the original on 2012-06-19. * ^ "现将2000年第五次全国人口普查快速汇总的人口地区分布数据公布如下". National Bureau of Statistics of China
National Bureau of Statistics of China
. Archived from the original on 2012-08-29. * ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People\'s Republic of China
China
on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China
National Bureau of Statistics of China
. Archived from the original on 2013-07-27. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ China
China
General Social Survey 2009, Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) 2007. Report by: Xiuhua Wang (2015, p. 15) * ^ Qian, Cai. _General Yue Fei_. Trans. Honorable Sir T.L. Yang. Joint Publishing (H.K.) Co., Ltd., 1995 (ISBN 978-962-04-1279-0 )

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official website (in Chinese) * Economic profile for Shaanxi
Shaanxi
at HKTDC

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to SHAANXI _.

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for SHAANXI _.

‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

_ Ningxia
Ningxia
Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
Shanxi
Shanxi

Gansu
Gansu

Henan
Henan

SHAANXI

Sichuan
Sichuan
Chongqing
Chongqing
Hubei
Hubei

* v * t * e

Provincial-level divisions of the People\'s Republic of China
China

PROVINCES

* Anhui
Anhui
* Fujian
Fujian
* Gansu
Gansu
* Guangdong
Guangdong
* Guizhou
Guizhou
* Hainan
Hainan
* Hebei

.