SERGIO MATTARELLA, OMRI , OMCA (Italian pronunciation: ; born 23
July 1941) is an Italian politician, lawyer and judge who is the 12th
President of Italy
President of Italy since 2015. He was a member of
Parliament from 1983 to 2008, serving as Minister of Education from
1989 to 1990 and as Minister of Defence from 1999 to 2001. In 2011, he
became an elected judge on the Constitutional Court . On 31 January
2015, he was elected by parliament to be the 12th President of the
Italian Republic . He is the first Sicilian to have held the post.
* 1 Early life
* 2 Political career
President of Italy
President of Italy
* 3.1 2016 political crisis
* 4 Personal life
* 5 References
* 6 External links
Sergio Mattarella was born in
Palermo of a prominent Sicilian family.
Bernardo Mattarella , was an anti-fascist who, alongside
Alcide De Gasperi
Alcide De Gasperi and other prominent Catholic politicians, helped
found the Christian Democracy (DC) party, which dominated the Italian
political scene for almost fifty years, with Bernardo serving as a
minister several times. Sergio Mattarella's brother, Piersanti
Mattarella , was also a Christian Democratic politician and President
Sicily from 1978 until his death in 1980, when he was killed by the
Sicilian Mafia .
During his youth,
Sergio Mattarella was a member of Azione Cattolica
, a large
Catholic lay association . In 1964, he graduated in law at
Sapienza University of Rome
Sapienza University of Rome ; after a few years he started
Parliamentary procedure at the University of
Sergio Mattarella in 1983
Mattarella entered politics after the assassination of his brother
Piersanti by the Mafia. His parliamentary career began in 1983, when
he was elected a member of the Chamber of Deputies in left-leaning
faction of the DC that had supported an agreement with the Italian
Communist Party (PCI) led by
Enrico Berlinguer , the so-called
Historic Compromise . The following year he was entrusted by the
Secretary of the Christian Democrat,
Ciriaco De Mita , to "clean up"
the Sicilian faction of the party from Mafia control, at a time when
made men of Cosa Nostra like
Salvo Lima and
Vito Ciancimino were
powerful political figures. In 1985 Mattarella helped the young
Leoluca Orlando , who had worked alongside his brother
Piersanti during his governorship of Sicily, to become the new Mayor
Mattarella was appointed Minister for Parliamentary Affairs in the
governments led by Christian Democratic Prime Ministers Giovanni Goria
Ciriaco De Mita , and in 1989 he became Minister of Education in
the sixth cabinet of
Giulio Andreotti . Mattarella stood down from his
position, together with other ministers, in 1990 upon parliament's
passing of the Mammì Act, liberalising the media sector in Italy,
which they saw as a favour to the media magnate
Silvio Berlusconi .
Sergio Mattarella in 1994
In 1990 Mattarella was appointed Vice-Secretary of Christian
Democracy. He left the post two years later to become director of Il
Popolo , the official newspaper of the party. Following the Italian
referendum of 1993 he drafted the new electoral law nicknamed
Mattarellum. In 1994, when Christian Democracy was dissolved in the
wake of the
Tangentopoli corruption scandal, he helped found the
Italian People\'s Party (PPI), along with its first leader Mino
Martinazzoli and other former Christian Democrats. In the ensuing
1994 general election (in which the newly founded PPI fared poorly)
Martinazzoli was again elected to the Chamber of Deputies. He soon
found himself engaged in an internal dispute after the election of a
new party leader,
Rocco Buttiglione , who wished to steer the Italian
People's Party towards an electoral alliance with Berlusconi's Forza
Italia . Following Buttiglione's appointment, Mattarella resigned as
director of Il Popolo in opposition to this policy.
Mattarella was one of the first supporters of the economist Romano
Prodi at the head of the centre-left coalition known as The Olive Tree
(L'Ulivo) in the 1996 general election . After the electoral victory
of the centre-left, Mattarella served as President of the PPI's
parliamentary group. Two years later, when Prodi\'s first government
fell, Mattarella was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of
Defence in the government of Massimo D\'Alema , then-leader of the
Democrats of the Left
Democrats of the Left (DS) . As Defence Minister he supported the NATO
Intervention in Yugoslavia against the Serbian President Slobodan
Milošević ; he also approved a reform of the Italian Armed Forces
which abolished conscription . After the resignation of D'Alema in
2000, Mattarella kept his position as Minister of Defence in the
Giuliano Amato . Mattarella with the U.S.
Secretary of Defense
William Cohen in March 2000.
In October 2000 the PPI joined with other centrist parties to form an
alliance called The Daisy (DL), later to merge into a single party in
March 2002. Mattarella was re-elected to the
Italian Parliament in the
2001 and 2006 general elections, standing as a candidate for The Daisy
in two successive centre-left coalitions – The Olive Tree and The
In 2007 he was one of the founders of the Democratic Party (PD), a
big tent centre-left party formed from a merger of left-wing and
centrist parties which had been part of The Olive Tree, including The
Daisy and the
Democrats of the Left
Democrats of the Left (heirs of the Italian Communist
On 5 October 2011 he was elected by the
Italian Parliament with 572
votes to be a judge of the Constitutional Court . He was sworn in on
11 October 2011. He served until he was sworn in as president of the
Republic of Italy.
PRESIDENT OF ITALY
Sergio Mattarella with his predecessor,
On 31 January 2015 Mattarella was elected President of the Italian
Republic at the fourth ballot with 665 votes out of 1,009, with
support from the Democratic Party (PD),
New Centre-Right (NCD), Civic
Choice (SC), Union of the Centre (UDC) and
Left Ecology Freedom (SEL).
Mattarella was officially endorsed by the Democratic Party, after his
name was put forward by the Prime Minister
Matteo Renzi . Mattarella
Giorgio Napolitano , who had served for nine years, the
longest presidency in the history of the Italian Republic. His first
statement as new President was: "My thoughts go first and especially
to the difficulties and hopes of our fellow citizens".
His first presidential visit was on the day of his election, when he
Fosse Ardeatine where, in 1944 during
World War II
World War II , the
Nazi occupation troops killed 335 people as a reprisal for a partisan
attack. Mattarella stated that "Europe and the world must be united to
defeat whoever wants to drag us into a new age of terror ".
On 6 May 2015 President Mattarella signed the new Italian electoral
law , known as Italicum, which provides for a two-round system based
on party-list proportional representation , corrected by a majority
bonus and a 3% election threshold . Candidates run for election in 100
multi-member constituencies with open lists , except for a single
candidate chosen by each party who is the first to be elected.
2016 POLITICAL CRISIS
On 7 December 2016, Prime Minister
Matteo Renzi announced his
resignation, following the rejection of his proposals in the 2016
Italian constitutional referendum . On 11 December Mattarella
appointed the incumbent Minister of Foreign Affairs
Paolo Gentiloni as
new head of the government.
He was married to Marisa Chiazzese, daughter of Lauro Chiazzese, a
Roman law and rector of the University of
Palermo . His
wife died in 2012. He has three children.
* ^ A B C "
Sergio Mattarella chi è?". Il Post (in Italian). 29
January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
* ^ Walker, Keith (31 January 2015). "73-year-old Sicilian Sergio
Mattarella is Italy’s new president". Euronews. Reuters. Retrieved 5
* ^ Gigante Lorenzo. "Personaggi Trapanesi - Bernardo Mattarella".
* ^ "The Andreotti Affair: Supergrasses target Andreotti", The
Independent, April 16, 1993.
* ^ Messina, Sebastiano (29 January 2015). "Sergio Mattarella:
dalla morte di Piersanti al no sulla Mammì, una carriera con la
schiena dritta". Repubblica.it.
* ^ A B C D E Cedrone, Giovanni (30 January 2015). "Sergio
Mattarella, 35 anni di politica all\'insegna della riservatezza". La
Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 31 January 2015.
* ^ "È il Mattarellum il piano B del governo - Corriere.it".
Corriere della Sera.
* ^ Credazzi, Guido (2 August 1994). "Mancino: non saro\'
capogruppo, e Mattarella lascia il \'Popolo\'". Corriere della Sera
(in Italian). Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved
2 February 2015.
* ^ "The Constitutional Court: Composition of the Court".
Constitutional Court of Italy. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
* ^ Scacchioli, Michela (31 January 2015). "Mattarella eletto al
Quirinale con 665 voti. "Pensiero a difficoltà e speranze dei
* ^ Italy\'s Lawmakers Elect
Sergio Mattarella as President
* ^ "PM backs anti-mafia figure for
Italy President". Yahoo News
UK. 29 January 2015.
* ^ "Mattarella: "Il pensiero va alle difficoltà e alle speranze
dei nostri concittadini"". Video Corriere.
* ^ "
Italy MPs elect judge
Sergio Mattarella as president". BBC
News. 1 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
* ^ "
Italy Elects President, While Mulling a Change in Role". New
York Times. 1 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
* ^ Saviano, Carmine (31 January 2015). "Mattarella, davanti alla
tv con i figli. Poi in Panda e, a sorpresa, va alle Fosse Ardeatine".
* ^ "Sergio Mattarella: profilo privato di un uomo misurato" (in
Italian). Panorama. January 30, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.