SERGIO MATTARELLA, OMRI , OMCA (Italian pronunciation: ; born 23 July 1941) is an Italian politician, lawyer and judge who is the 12th and current President of Italy since 2015. He was a member of Parliament from 1983 to 2008, serving as Minister of Education from 1989 to 1990 and as Minister of Defence from 1999 to 2001. In 2011, he became an elected judge on the Constitutional Court . On 31 January 2015, he was elected by parliament to be the 12th President of the Italian Republic . He is the first Sicilian to have held the post.
* 1 Early life * 2 Political career
* 3.1 2016 political crisis
* 4 Personal life * 5 References * 6 External links
During his youth,
Mattarella entered politics after the assassination of his brother
Piersanti by the Mafia. His parliamentary career began in 1983, when
he was elected a member of the Chamber of Deputies in left-leaning
faction of the DC that had supported an agreement with the Italian
Communist Party (PCI) led by
Enrico Berlinguer , the so-called
Historic Compromise . The following year he was entrusted by the
Secretary of the Christian Democrat,
Ciriaco De Mita , to "clean up"
the Sicilian faction of the party from Mafia control, at a time when
made men of _Cosa Nostra_ like
Salvo Lima and
Vito Ciancimino were
powerful political figures. In 1985 Mattarella helped the young
Leoluca Orlando , who had worked alongside his brother
Piersanti during his governorship of Sicily, to become the new Mayor
Mattarella was appointed Minister for Parliamentary Affairs in the
governments led by Christian Democratic Prime Ministers Giovanni Goria
Ciriaco De Mita , and in 1989 he became Minister of Education in
the sixth cabinet of
Giulio Andreotti . Mattarella stood down from his
position, together with other ministers, in 1990 upon parliament's
passing of the Mammì Act, liberalising the media sector in Italy,
which they saw as a favour to the media magnate
In 1990 Mattarella was appointed Vice-Secretary of Christian
Democracy. He left the post two years later to become director of _Il
Popolo _, the official newspaper of the party. Following the Italian
referendum of 1993 he drafted the new electoral law nicknamed
_Mattarellum_. In 1994, when Christian Democracy was dissolved in the
wake of the _
Tangentopoli _ corruption scandal, he helped found the
Italian People\'s Party (PPI), along with its first leader Mino
Martinazzoli and other former Christian Democrats. In the ensuing
1994 general election (in which the newly founded PPI fared poorly)
Martinazzoli was again elected to the Chamber of Deputies. He soon
found himself engaged in an internal dispute after the election of a
new party leader,
Mattarella was one of the first supporters of the economist Romano
Prodi at the head of the centre-left coalition known as The Olive Tree
(_L'Ulivo_) in the 1996 general election . After the electoral victory
of the centre-left, Mattarella served as President of the PPI's
parliamentary group. Two years later, when Prodi\'s first government
fell, Mattarella was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of
Defence in the government of Massimo D\'Alema , then-leader of the
Democrats of the Left (DS) . As Defence Minister he supported the NATO
Intervention in Yugoslavia against the Serbian President Slobodan
Milošević ; he also approved a reform of the Italian Armed Forces
which abolished conscription . After the resignation of D'Alema in
2000, Mattarella kept his position as Minister of Defence in the
Giuliano Amato . Mattarella with the U.S.
Secretary of Defense
In October 2000 the PPI joined with other centrist parties to form an alliance called The Daisy (DL), later to merge into a single party in March 2002. Mattarella was re-elected to the Italian Parliament in the 2001 and 2006 general elections, standing as a candidate for The Daisy in two successive centre-left coalitions – The Olive Tree and The Union (_L'Unione_).
In 2007 he was one of the founders of the Democratic Party (PD), a big tent centre-left party formed from a merger of left-wing and centrist parties which had been part of The Olive Tree, including The Daisy and the Democrats of the Left (heirs of the Italian Communist Party).
On 5 October 2011 he was elected by the Italian Parliament with 572 votes to be a judge of the Constitutional Court . He was sworn in on 11 October 2011. He served until he was sworn in as president of the Republic of Italy.
PRESIDENT OF ITALY
On 31 January 2015 Mattarella was elected President of the Italian Republic at the fourth ballot with 665 votes out of 1,009, with support from the Democratic Party (PD), New Centre-Right (NCD), Civic Choice (SC), Union of the Centre (UDC) and Left Ecology Freedom (SEL).
Mattarella was officially endorsed by the Democratic Party, after his name was put forward by the Prime Minister Matteo Renzi . Mattarella replaced Giorgio Napolitano , who had served for nine years, the longest presidency in the history of the Italian Republic. His first statement as new President was: "My thoughts go first and especially to the difficulties and hopes of our fellow citizens".
His first presidential visit was on the day of his election, when he
Fosse Ardeatine where, in 1944 during
World War II
On 6 May 2015 President Mattarella signed the new Italian electoral law , known as _Italicum_, which provides for a two-round system based on party-list proportional representation , corrected by a majority bonus and a 3% election threshold . Candidates run for election in 100 multi-member constituencies with open lists , except for a single candidate chosen by each party who is the first to be elected.
2016 POLITICAL CRISIS
On 7 December 2016, Prime Minister Matteo Renzi announced his resignation, following the rejection of his proposals in the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum . On 11 December Mattarella appointed the incumbent Minister of Foreign Affairs Paolo Gentiloni as new head of the government.
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