The prehistoric and ancient history of the
Serer people of modern-day
Senegambia has been extensively studied and documented over the years.
Much of it comes from archaeological discoveries and Serer tradition
rooted in the
Serer religion . The archaeologist Henri Lhote
next to rock art in modern-day
* 1 Ancient history
In Charles Becker’s paper titled "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays Sereer", two types of Serer relics were noted: "the non-material remains which are cultural in nature" and "material remains, which are many revealed through products or artefacts ." The historical vestiges of Serer country in modern-day Senegambia , the diversity of Serer culture manifested across dialects, family and social organisation which reflect different historical territories were observed.
Although many Serer artefacts remain unknown, unlisted and preserved despite the efforts in the 1960s and 1970s to collect, archive and document them all, many material relics were found in different Serer countries, most of which refer to the past origins of Serer families, villages and Serer Kingdoms. Some of these Serer relics included gold , silver and metals. The known objects found in Serer countries, are divided into two types:
1. the remnants of earlier populations. " These are the traces left by the proto-populations with which the Sereer were in contact when they came from the Fuuta".
The following table lists the archaeological sites in some of the Serer countries with their densities. Note: Some of these are now regions with their cities, towns and villages:
SERER ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES
Tassett and Diobas – 37 sites and 121 tumulus.
Fissel, Diak, Mbadane and Dimag – 114 sites and 503 tumulus.
Lambaye , Kaba, Polek and Gat – 63 sites and 324 tumulus.
Baba Garage, Pègue, Guéoul and Ndogal – 41 sites and 178 tumulus.
Mbacké. La (Lâ) and Kael – 78 sites and 607 tumulus.
* The Sine ( Kingdom of Sine ):– with 3 sectors, has 248 sites and 977 tumulus.
Tataguine, Diéghem (Njegem), Western Sine – 41 sites and 251 tumulus.
Diakhao , North-East Sine – 82 sites and 268 tumulus.
Maroute 125 sites and 458 tumulus.
Gandiaye, North-East Saloum, Marigots de Gandiaye, Sikhane, Diokoul and Ngouloul – 129 sites and 450 tumulus.
Ouadiour – 99 sites and 335 tumulus.
Kolobane – Ngaye–Signy – 55 sites and 233 tumulus.
Mbos – 22 sites and 53 tumulus.
Left bank of
Shell mounds are also found in the islands and around the estuary of
Saloum. In the provinces of the Gandun, Numi,
There are two types of Serer relics relating to two lineages that come into play in the social organisation of the Serer people:
* "kucarla" - which means paternal lineage or paternal inheritance . * "ƭeen yaay" - which means maternal lineage or maternal inheritance.
The history of the Serer people who resided at Takrur (now Futa Toro) which was part of what is generally referred to as Serer country, the influence of their culture , history, religion and tradition on the land is summarized by Becker in the following terms :
“ Finally we should remember the important relic call Sereer in Fouta , but also in the former countries of the Ferlo, Jolof and Kajoor , which marked the migration of proto-Sereer, whose imprint on the Fouta was so significant and remains in the memory of the Halpulaareen . ”
* ^ A B C Gravrand, Henry: "La Civilisation Sereer – Pangool". Published by Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal. 1990. pp, 9, 20 & 77. ISBN 2-7236-1055-1 .
* From top to bottom: The first image is of the
circles (megaliths) which runs from
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