The prehistoric and ancient history of the
1 Ancient history
Ancient history In Charles Becker’s paper titled "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays Sereer", two types of Serer relics were noted: "the non-material remains which are cultural in nature" and "material remains, which are many revealed through products or artefacts." The historical vestiges of Serer country in modern-day Senegambia, the diversity of Serer culture manifested across dialects, family and social organisation which reflect different historical territories were observed. Although many Serer artefacts remain unknown, unlisted and preserved despite the efforts in the 1960s and 1970s to collect, archive and document them all, many material relics were found in different Serer countries, most of which refer to the past origins of Serer families, villages and Serer Kingdoms. Some of these Serer relics included gold, silver and metals. The known objects found in Serer countries, are divided into two types: 1. the remnants of earlier populations.
" These are the traces left by the proto-populations with which the Sereer were in contact when they came from the Fuuta".
The sand tumulus, on the other hand which resembles ancestral tombs ("lomb" in Serer language) still built by Serers are observed everywhere including the Kingdom of Sine, Jegem (Njegem), Kingdom of Saloum.
Serer archaeological sites
The Baol:– with 6 sectors, totalling 383 sites and 1921 tumulus.
Tassett and Diobas – 37 sites and 121 tumulus. Fissel, Diak, Mbadane and Dimag – 114 sites and 503 tumulus. Lambaye, Kaba, Polek and Gat – 63 sites and 324 tumulus. Baba Garage, Pègue, Guéoul and Ndogal – 41 sites and 178 tumulus. Diourbel. Bounkoye, Ndadène, Diète and Salao – 50 sites and 188 tumulus. Mbacké. La (Lâ) and Kael – 78 sites and 607 tumulus.
The Sine (Kingdom of Sine):– with 3 sectors, has 248 sites and 977 tumulus.
Tataguine, Diéghem (Njegem), Western Sine – 41 sites and 251 tumulus. Diakhao, North-East Sine – 82 sites and 268 tumulus. Maroute 125 sites and 458 tumulus.
Gandiaye, North-East Saloum, Marigots de Gandiaye, Sikhane, Diokoul
and Ngouloul – 129 sites and 450 tumulus.
Ouadiour – 99 sites and 335 tumulus.
Kaolack – 66 sites and 292 tumulus.
Kolobane – Ngaye–Signy – 55 sites and 233 tumulus.
Mbos – 22 sites and 53 tumulus.
Left bank of Saloum – 22 sites and 151 tumulus.
Shell mounds are also found in the islands and around the estuary of
Saloum. In the provinces of the Gandun, Numi,
"kucarla" - which means paternal lineage or paternal inheritance. "ƭeen yaay" - which means maternal lineage or maternal inheritance.
The history of the
Finally we should remember the important relic call Sereer in Fouta,
but also in the former countries of the Ferlo, Jolof and Kajoor, which
marked the migration of proto-Sereer, whose imprint on the Fouta was
so significant and remains in the memory of the Halpulaareen [speakers
Pulaar language in
^ a b c Gravrand, Henry: "La Civilisation Sereer – Pangool". Published by Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal. 1990. pp, 9, 20 & 77. ISBN 2-7236-1055-1.
From top to bottom: The first image is of the
Becker, Charles: "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays sereer". Dakar. 1993. CNRS – ORS TO M
Further information :
Timeline of Serer history
^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du
passé clans les pays Sereer". Dakar. 1993. CNRS – ORS TO M
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^ Henry Gravrand. La Civilisation Sereer – Pangool. Published
by Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal. 1990. p-p, 9, 20
& 77. ISBN 2-7236-1055-1
^ Charles Becker et Victor Martin, Rites de sépultures préislamiques
au Sénégal et vestiges protohistoriques, Archives Suisses
d'Anthropologie Générale, Imprimerie du Journal de Genève, Genève,
1982, tome 46, N° 2, p. 261-293
^ Cyr Descamps, Guy Thilmans et Y. ThommeretLes tumulus coquilliers
des îles du
v t e
Laalaa Ndut Niominka Noon Palor Saafi Seex
Ciiɗ Classical Ndut teachings Creation myth Criticism Festivals Jaaniiw Junjung Lamane Sadax Saltigue Symbolism Women
Kopé Tiatie Cac
Kumba Njaay Takhar Tiurakh
Saints and ancestral spirits
Ginaaru Julang Joof Laga Ndong Lunguñ Joof Mindiss Moussa Sarr Njemeh (of Languème) Njoxona Ngojil Joof Ngolum Joof Pangool
Fatick Sine River Sine-Saloum Somb Point of Sangomar Tattaguine Tukar Yaboyabo
History Philosophy Science Law Geography Politics
Cekeen Tumulus Khasso Kingdom of Baol Kingdom of Biffeche kingdom of Saloum Kingdom of Sine Serer ancient history Serer history (medieval era to present) States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune The Battle of Logandème Timeline of Serer history Western Sahara
CEMETRA Loup (healer)
Saltigues and Loup practitioners
MALANGO Philosophy of beauty Jom principle Cosmology Customary law
Farba Kaba Jaraff Serer countries
Gambia Mauritania Senegal
Cangin Lehar Ndut Noon Palor Safen Serer
Birth Chere Death Inheritance Marriage Mbalax Njuup Sabar Tama Tassu Njom
Kings and lamanes
Queens and queen mothers
Dynasties and royal houses
Families and royal titles
Buumi Faye family Joof family Lamane Lingeer Loul Maad Saloum Maad a Sinig Njie family Sarr family Sene family Teigne Thilas