HOME
The Info List - Serer Ancient History



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

The prehistoric and ancient history of the Serer people of modern-day Senegambia
Senegambia
has been extensively studied and documented over the years. Much of it comes from archaeological discoveries and Serer tradition rooted in the Serer religion . The archaeologist Henri Lhote next to rock art in modern-day Mauritania
Mauritania

CONTENTS

* 1 Ancient history * 2 Archaeological
Archaeological
sites * 3 See also * 4 Notes

ANCIENT HISTORY

In Charles Becker’s paper titled "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays Sereer", two types of Serer relics were noted: "the non-material remains which are cultural in nature" and "material remains, which are many revealed through products or artefacts ." The historical vestiges of Serer country in modern-day Senegambia
Senegambia
, the diversity of Serer culture manifested across dialects, family and social organisation which reflect different historical territories were observed.

Although many Serer artefacts remain unknown, unlisted and preserved despite the efforts in the 1960s and 1970s to collect, archive and document them all, many material relics were found in different Serer countries, most of which refer to the past origins of Serer families, villages and Serer Kingdoms. Some of these Serer relics included gold , silver and metals. The known objects found in Serer countries, are divided into two types:

1. the remnants of earlier populations. " These are the traces left by the proto-populations with which the Sereer were in contact when they came from the Fuuta".

2. Laterite
Laterite
megaliths carved planted in circular structures with stones directed towards the east are found only in small parts of the ancient Serer kingdom of Saloum
Saloum
. The sand tumulus, on the other hand which resembles ancestral tombs ("lomb" in Serer language ) still built by Serers are observed everywhere including the Kingdom of Sine , Jegem (Njegem), Kingdom of Saloum.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES

The following table lists the archaeological sites in some of the Serer countries with their densities. Note: Some of these are now regions with their cities, towns and villages:

SERER ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES

* The Baol
Baol
:– with 6 sectors, totalling 383 sites and 1921 tumulus .

Tassett and Diobas – 37 sites and 121 tumulus.

Fissel, Diak, Mbadane and Dimag – 114 sites and 503 tumulus.

Lambaye , Kaba, Polek and Gat – 63 sites and 324 tumulus.

Baba Garage, Pègue, Guéoul and Ndogal – 41 sites and 178 tumulus.

Diourbel
Diourbel
. Bounkoye, Ndadène, Diète and Salao – 50 sites and 188 tumulus.

Mbacké. La (Lâ) and Kael – 78 sites and 607 tumulus.

* The Sine ( Kingdom of Sine ):– with 3 sectors, has 248 sites and 977 tumulus.

Tataguine, Diéghem (Njegem), Western Sine – 41 sites and 251 tumulus.

Diakhao , North-East Sine – 82 sites and 268 tumulus.

Maroute 125 sites and 458 tumulus.

* The Saloum
Saloum
( Kingdom of Saloum ):– with 6 sectors, possessing 393 sites and 1514 tumulus.

Gandiaye, North-East Saloum, Marigots de Gandiaye, Sikhane, Diokoul and Ngouloul – 129 sites and 450 tumulus.

Ouadiour – 99 sites and 335 tumulus.

Kaolack
Kaolack
– 66 sites and 292 tumulus.

Kolobane – Ngaye–Signy – 55 sites and 233 tumulus.

Mbos – 22 sites and 53 tumulus.

Left bank of Saloum
Saloum
– 22 sites and 151 tumulus.

Megalithic zone: Many megalithic sites include mounts in the ancient Kingdom of Saloum, with a frequent association of mound of sand with megalithic stones – front to East.

Shell mounds are also found in the islands and around the estuary of Saloum. In the provinces of the Gandun, Numi, Saloum
Saloum
and south-western Sine around Joal
Joal
, 139 sites have been identified and they sometimes have shaped burial mounds . These relics are very numerous and imposing. The graves of the founding ancestors were also very often sanctified as "Fangool " (singular of Pangool: "ancestral spirit" or "saint " in Serer religion ). Such relics associated with the ancestors are often venerated relics. For example, the relics evoking memories of migration or foundation of states are sometimes sacralised. The remnants of royalty in the Kingdoms of Sine and Saloum are similar because the "Geulowars " (the last maternal dynasty in Sine and Saloum
Saloum
- 14th to 20th century ) have the same Serer tradition, but there are peculiarities in the objects and the scene of the coronation of royalty and power which have existed since the beginnings of dynasty with the annual ritual and mandatory ceremonies. The family relics in other Serer countries which are brought from Takrur (now Futa Toro ) or Kaabu by the founders were also noted in places of worship of the village or province history. This may be stone, wood, musical instruments , ceremonial objects used by the Saltigue (Serer High Priests and Priestesses) or "Yaal Pangool". These relics kept by families since ancient times remain largely unknown.

There are two types of Serer relics relating to two lineages that come into play in the social organisation of the Serer people:

* "kucarla" - which means paternal lineage or paternal inheritance . * "ƭeen yaay" - which means maternal lineage or maternal inheritance.

The history of the Serer people who resided at Takrur (now Futa Toro) which was part of what is generally referred to as Serer country, the influence of their culture , history, religion and tradition on the land is summarized by Becker in the following terms :

“ Finally we should remember the important relic call Sereer in Fouta , but also in the former countries of the Ferlo, Jolof and Kajoor , which marked the migration of proto-Sereer, whose imprint on the Fouta was so significant and remains in the memory of the Halpulaareen . ”

SEE ALSO

* Serer people * Roog (Serer deity) * Serer religion * Lamane * States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes
States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes
* Timeline of Serer history * Serer history (medieval era to present)

* Serer portal * Senegal
Senegal
portal * Gambia
Gambia
portal * Mauritania
Mauritania
portal * History portal * Religion
Religion
portal * Africa portal

NOTES

* ^ A B C Gravrand, Henry: "La Civilisation Sereer – Pangool". Published by Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal. 1990. pp, 9, 20 & 77. ISBN 2-7236-1055-1 .

* From top to bottom: The first image is of the Senegambian
Senegambian
stone circles (megaliths) which runs from Senegal
Senegal
all the way to The Gambia and described by UNESCO
UNESCO
as "the largest concentration of stone circles seen anywhere in the world." It is believed that the site itself was an ancient burial ground. The second image is in (modern-day Mauritania
Mauritania
) see West Saharan montane xeric woodlands . The third image is rock art in modern-day Mauritania
Mauritania
. For all image references including the Tasili , see: Henry Gravrand. La Civilisation Sereer – Pangool. Published by Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal. 1990. pp, 9, 20 name "Becker.2C_Charles" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page ). * ^ Henry Gravrand . La Civilisation Sereer – Pangool. Published by Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal. 1990. p-p, 9, 20 ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Serer topics

PEOPLES

SERER PEOPLES

* * Laalaa * Ndut * Niominka * Noon * Palor * Saafi * Seex

RELIGION

KEY TOPICS

* * Ciiɗ * Classical Ndut teachings * Creation myth * Criticism * Festivals * Jaaniiw * Junjung
Junjung
* Lamane * Sadax * Saltigue * Symbolism * Women

SUPREME DEITIES

* * Kokh Kox
Kokh Kox
* Koox
Koox
* Kopé Tiatie Cac
Kopé Tiatie Cac
* Roog
Roog
(main)

OTHER DEITIES

* * Kumba Njaay * Takhar
Takhar
* Tiurakh
Tiurakh

Saints and ancestral spirits

* * Ginaaru * Julang Joof * Laga Ndong * Lunguñ Joof * Mindiss * Moussa Sarr * Njemeh (of Languème ) * Njoxona * Ngojil Joof * Ngolum Joof

* Pangool

* list

SACRED SITES

* * Fatick
Fatick
* Sine River * Sine-Saloum * Somb
Somb
* Point of Sangomar
Point of Sangomar
* Tattaguine
Tattaguine
* Tukar
Tukar
* Yaboyabo

* History * Philosophy * Science * Law * Geography * Politics

HISTORY

* Cekeen Tumulus * Khasso
Khasso
* Kingdom of Baol
Baol
* Kingdom of Biffeche
Biffeche
* kingdom of Saloum
Saloum
* Kingdom of Sine * Serer ancient history
Serer ancient history
* Serer history (medieval era to present) * States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes
States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes
* The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune * The Battle of Logandème
The Battle of Logandème
* Timeline of Serer history * Western Sahara
Western Sahara

Philosophy

* Science * Law

* Medicine

* medicinal plants

* CEMETRA

* Loup (healer)

* Saltigues and Loup practitioners

* MALANGO * Philosophy of beauty * Jom principle * Cosmology * Customary law

Geography Politics

* Farba Kaba * Jaraff * Serer countries

* Demographics * Culture

DEMOGRAPHICS

BY REGION

* * Gambia
Gambia
* Mauritania
Mauritania
* Senegal
Senegal

LANGUAGE

* * Cangin * Lehar * Ndut * Noon * Palor * Safen * Serer

CULTURE

* Birth * Chere * Death * Inheritance
Inheritance
* Marriage * Mbalax
Mbalax
* Njuup * Sabar
Sabar
* Tama * Tassu * Njom

ROYALTY

Kings and lamanes

* Lamane Jegan Joof * Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
* Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
* Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Fa Ndeb Joof
Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Fa Ndeb Joof
* Maad a Sinig Mahecor Joof
Maad a Sinig Mahecor Joof
* Maad a Sinig Maysa Wali Jaxateh Manneh
Maad a Sinig Maysa Wali Jaxateh Manneh
* Maad a Sinig Ama Joof Gnilane Faye Joof * Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof
Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof
* Maad Semou Njekeh Joof
Maad Semou Njekeh Joof

Queens and queen mothers

* Lingeer Fatim Beye * Lingeer Ndoye Demba * Serer maternal clans
Serer maternal clans

Dynasties and royal houses

* Faye family
Faye family
* Guelowar
Guelowar
* Joof family * Joos Maternal Dynasty * The Royal House of Boureh Gnilane Joof * The Royal House of Jogo Siga Joof
The Royal House of Jogo Siga Joof
* The Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof
The Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof

Families and royal titles

* Buumi
Buumi
* Faye family
Faye family
* Joof family * Lamane * Lingeer
Lingeer
* Loul
Loul
* Maad Saloum
Saloum
* Maad a Sinig * Njie family * Sarr family * Sene family * Teigne * Thilas
Thilas

* SERER PEOPLE CATEGORY

* SERER RELIGION CATEGORY

* Serer people portal

* Serer religion portal

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Serer_prehistory additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------ /wiki/Prehistoric /wiki/Serer_people

.