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 South Korea

Major cities Seoul Incheon Suwon Ansan Anyang Goyang Seongnam Bucheon Yongin

Area

 • Capital area 11,704 km2 (4,519 sq mi)

Population
Population
(2016)

 • Metro[1] 25,514,000

 • Percentage of South Korea's total population ~50% (51 million)

GDP Nominal / PPP US$684 billion / $918 billion

GDP per capita (Nominal / PPP) US$27,055 / $36,127(2015) [2]

Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area

Hangul 수도권

Hanja 首都圈

Revised Romanization Sudogwon

McCune–Reischauer Sudokwŏn

The Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area (SCA), Sudogwon (Hangul: 수도권; Hanja: 首都圈; RR: Sudogwon; MR: Sudokwŏn, [sudoɡwʌn]) or Gyeonggi region (Hangul: 경기 지방; Hanja: 京畿地方; RR: Gyeonggi Jibang; MR: Kyŏnggi Jibang) is the metropolitan area of Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do located in north-west South Korea. It has a population of 25 million (as of 2017)[1] and is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world. Its area is about 11,704 km2. It forms the cultural, commercial, financial, industrial, and residential center of South Korea. The largest city is Seoul, with a population of approximately 10 million people, followed by Incheon, with 3 million inhabitants.

Contents

1 Geography and climate 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Government 6 Subdivisions

6.1 Seoul 6.2 Incheon 6.3 Gyeonggi-do

6.3.1 Suwon 6.3.2 Goyang 6.3.3 Yongin 6.3.4 Seongnam 6.3.5 Bucheon 6.3.6 Ansan 6.3.7 Anyang

7 Transportation 8 See also 9 Notes 10 External links

Geography and climate[edit] See also: Geography of South Korea The Capital Area occupies a plain in the Han River valley. It contains some of the most fertile land on the Korean peninsula, although relatively little of it is now used for agriculture. The Gimpo
Gimpo
Plain, one of the country's larger expanses of level arable land, covers much of the area of the cities of Gimpo
Gimpo
and Bucheon. History[edit] See also: History of South Korea
South Korea
and History of Seoul

Satellite image of Seoul
Seoul
and greater area

The Capital Area has been home to a Korean capital for around 2,000 years. Its central location and relatively gentle landscape have given it a central role in the country's affairs. The first capital to be constructed in the region was that of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. The country's first capital was built in 19 BC and was named Wiryeseong. This is believed to have been constructed near the modern-day boundary of Seoul
Seoul
and Gwangju
Gwangju
City. However, Baekje
Baekje
was unable to hold this territory, and surrendered the Han River valley to Goguryeo
Goguryeo
in the 5th century. The land was then taken over by Silla
Silla
in the 6th century, at which point it came to play a critical role in helping Silla
Silla
to establish ties with China. After the fall of Silla, Taejo of Goryeo
Taejo of Goryeo
established the capital of his kingdom in Kaesŏng, now just north of the Demilitarized Zone. During the Mongol invasions of Korea in the 12th century, the seat of government briefly shifted to Ganghwa Island, now just south of the DMZ in Incheon
Incheon
metropolitan city, where the Mongol naval attacks were repelled for about a decade before the king voluntarily surrendered to stop the carnage the Mongols committed in the peninsula, in order to lure the king out. After the fall of Goryeo Dynasty
Goryeo Dynasty
in 1392, the newly founded Joseon Dynasty had its capital (then called Hanseong or Hanyang), less than 100 km south of the old dynasty's capital, Kaesŏng. Hanyang was chosen to be the new capital for mountains surrounding it making it safe from enemies, and for the Han River, separating the north and south parts of the city that let the trade business flourish. During the new dynasty's rule, extensive road systems, administrative buildings, royal palaces, and new ports were built, quickly attracting wealth from all over the kingdom. During the Korean Empire
Korean Empire
period, Hanseong's public transportation was improved with the installation of streetcars and manually drawn trolleys similar to taxis. Horse carriage systems similar to the ones in Europe were also established. Following the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910, Hanseong was renamed Keijo (Gyeongseong) and served as colonial Korea's capital. Upon Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945, the former colonial capital was renamed Seoul
Seoul
and became capital of South Korea. In the Korean War
Korean War
(1950–1953), the Capital Area became the focus of battles so destructive that most of Seoul
Seoul
and the surrounding regions were eradicated. Seoul
Seoul
was especially hit hard, since it exchanged hands four times during the course of the war. During the latter half of the 20th century, the Capital Area began to rapidly develop as South Korea's economic wealth expanded. Population expanded fourfold since the Korean War. In 2001, the new Incheon International Airport took over all international flights to Seoul. Demographics[edit] See also: Demographics of South Korea Covering only about 12% of the country's area, the Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is home to more than 48.2% of the national population, and is the world's fifth largest urban area. This percentage has risen steadily since the mid-20th century, and the trend is expected to continue. Currently more than half of the people who move from one region to another are moving to the capital area.[2] By 2020, it is projected that more than 52% of South Korea's population will live within the area, or 26,310,000 people.[3] However, the Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area reached 25,620,000 people by 2015, bringing the chance of reaching a population of 26.31 Million in less than 5 years. Economy[edit] In 2014, Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area's gross regional product was ₩663,833 billion(US$630 billion), generating 48.2% of the country's total gdp. It is the fourth largest urban economy in the world after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles,[3] and the region hosts headquarters of 14 Fortune Global 500 companies.[4] Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is now experiencing a fast transition toward knowledge economy, so South Korean government set out a plan to build a number of high-tech business parks, such as Digital Media City and Pangyo Techno Valley.

Industrial Clusters in Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area

The South Korean government is now implementing a plan to create several industrial clusters in the Capital Area. According to the plan, for example, Seoul
Seoul
is a 'Northeast Asia's Financial and Business Hub', and southwestern coast, with Incheon
Incheon
and Suwon, is 'International logistics and High-tech Industrial Belt'. The Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is home to the most affluent and livable cities and apartments in Korea but there are significant discrepancies between cities and districts, particularly between those built in the older and newer generations. Newer areas with more modern and luxurious apartments and infrastructure are more expensive, along with proximity to Gangnam District, the commercial center of the region.[5] Government[edit] See also: Government of South Korea Various agencies have been set up to deal with the intergovernmental problems of the region. Proposals for consolidating some or all of the cities of the capital area into a handful of metropolitan cities have thus far not been implemented. Development in the area is currently governed by the Capital Region Readjustment Planning Act (수도권정비계획법), first passed in 1982 and last revised in 1996. Subdivisions[edit] See also: Administrative divisions of South Korea The Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is divided among the special city of Seoul, the metropolitan city of Incheon, and province of Gyeonggi-do. Seoul
Seoul
has 25 gu (local government wards), Incheon
Incheon
has 8 gu and 2 counties, and Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
has 27 cities and 4 counties as the subdivisions.

Suwon

Bundang, Seongnam

Anyang, Gyeonggi

Seoul[edit] Main article: List of districts of Seoul Further information: Seoul The 25 districts of Seoul.

Dobong District
Dobong District
(도봉구; 道峰區) Dongdaemun District
Dongdaemun District
(동대문구; 東大門區) Dongjak District
Dongjak District
(동작구; 銅雀區) Eunpyeong District
Eunpyeong District
(은평구; 恩平區) Gangbuk District
Gangbuk District
(강북구; 江北區) Gangdong District
Gangdong District
(강동구; 江東區) Gangnam District
Gangnam District
(강남구; 江南區) Gangseo District (강서구; 江西區) Geumcheon District
Geumcheon District
(금천구; 衿川區)

Guro District (구로구; 九老區) Gwanak District
Gwanak District
(관악구; 冠岳區) Gwangjin District
Gwangjin District
(광진구; 廣津區) Jongno District
Jongno District
(종로구; 鍾路區) Jung District (중구; 中區) Jungnang District
Jungnang District
(중랑구; 中浪區) Mapo District
Mapo District
(마포구; 麻浦區) Nowon District
Nowon District
(노원구; 蘆原區)

Seocho District
Seocho District
(서초구; 瑞草區) Seodaemun District
Seodaemun District
(서대문구; 西大門區) Seongbuk District
Seongbuk District
(성북구; 城北區) Seongdong District
Seongdong District
(성동구; 城東區) Songpa District
Songpa District
(송파구; 松坡區) Yangcheon District
Yangcheon District
(양천구; 陽川區) Yeongdeungpo District
Yeongdeungpo District
(영등포구; 永登浦區) Yongsan District
Yongsan District
(용산구; 龍山區)

Incheon[edit] Main article: List of districts and counties of Incheon Further information: Incheon The 8 districts and 2 counties of Incheon.

Bupyeong District
Bupyeong District
(부평구; 富平區) Dong District (동구; 東區) Gyeyang District
Gyeyang District
(계양구; 桂陽區) Jung District (중구; 中區)

Nam District (남구; 南區) Namdong District
Namdong District
(남동구; 南洞區) Seo District (서구; 西區) Yeonsu District
Yeonsu District
(연수구; 延壽區)

Ganghwa County
Ganghwa County
(강화군; 江華郡) Ongjin County (옹진군; 甕津郡)

Gyeonggi-do[edit] Main article: List of cities and counties of Gyeonggi Province 27 cities and 4 counties of Gyeonggi-do. Below are seven of the largest cities, sorted by their population size:

Suwon[edit] Further information: Suwon The 4 gu of Suwon
Suwon
(수원; 水原).

Paldal-gu
Paldal-gu
(팔달구; 八達區) Yeongtong-gu
Yeongtong-gu
(영통구; 霊通區) Jangan-gu
Jangan-gu
(장안구; 長安區) Gwonseon-gu
Gwonseon-gu
(권선구; 勸善區)

Goyang[edit] Further information: Goyang The 3 gu of Goyang
Goyang
(고양; 高陽).

Deogyang-gu
Deogyang-gu
(덕양구; 德陽區) Ilsandong-gu
Ilsandong-gu
(일산동구; 一山東區) Ilsanseo-gu
Ilsanseo-gu
(일산서구; 一山西區)

Yongin[edit] Further information: Yongin The 3 gu of Yongin
Yongin
(용인; 龍仁).

Cheoin-gu
Cheoin-gu
(처인구; 處仁區) Giheung-gu
Giheung-gu
(기흥구; 器興區) Suji-gu
Suji-gu
(수지구; 水枝區)

Seongnam[edit] Further information: Seongnam The 3 gu of Seongnam
Seongnam
(성남; 城南).

Bundang-gu (분당구; 盆唐區) Jungwon-gu
Jungwon-gu
(중원구; 中原區) Sujeong-gu
Sujeong-gu
(수정구; 壽井區)

Bucheon[edit] Further information: Bucheon Ansan[edit] Further information: Ansan The 2 gu of Ansan
Ansan
(안산; 安山).

Danwon-gu
Danwon-gu
(단원구; 檀園區) Sangnok-gu
Sangnok-gu
(상록구; 常綠區)

Anyang[edit] Further information: Anyang, Gyeonggi The 2 gu of Anyang (안양; 安養).

Dongan-gu
Dongan-gu
(동안구; 東安區) Manan-gu
Manan-gu
(만안구; 萬安區)

Anseong
Anseong
(안성; 安城) Dongducheon
Dongducheon
(동두천; 東豆川) Gimpo
Gimpo
(김포; 金浦) Goyang
Goyang
(고양; 高陽) Gunpo
Gunpo
(군포; 軍浦) Guri
Guri
(구리; 九里) Gwacheon
Gwacheon
(과천; 果川)

Gwangju
Gwangju
(광주; 廣州) Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
(광명; 光明) Hanam
Hanam
(하남; 河南) Hwaseong (화성; 華城) Icheon
Icheon
(이천; 利川) Namyangju
Namyangju
(남양주; 南楊州) Osan
Osan
(오산; 烏山)

Paju
Paju
(파주; 坡州) Pocheon
Pocheon
(포천; 抱川) Pyeongtaek
Pyeongtaek
(평택; 平澤) Siheung
Siheung
(시흥; 始興) Uijeongbu
Uijeongbu
(의정부; 議政府) Uiwang
Uiwang
(의왕; 儀旺) Yangju
Yangju
(양주; 楊州)

Yeoju
Yeoju
(여주; 驪州) Gapyeong County
Gapyeong County
(가평군; 加平郡) Yangpyeong County
Yangpyeong County
(양평군; 揚平郡) Yeoncheon County
Yeoncheon County
(연천군; 漣川郡)

Transportation[edit] See also: Transportation in South Korea
South Korea
and Transportation in Seoul

Incheon
Incheon
International airport

Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan subway, Line 3

Map of Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway

The cities of the capital area are tightly interconnected by road and rail. Many of the country's railroad lines, most notably the Gyeongbu Line, terminate in the region. In addition, the needs for commuter rail are served by the Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Subway, which passes through Seoul, Incheon, and most of the outlying cities. The region is a nexus for travel by air and water. The country's two largest airports, Incheon
Incheon
International Airport and Gimpo
Gimpo
Airport, are in the metropolitan area. International and domestic ferries depart from Incheon's ferry terminals several times a day. Massive volumes of international freight pass through the container terminals of Incheon (primarily bound to and from China). Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway (Expressway No. 100) connects satellite cities around Seoul: Ilsan, Toegyewon, Hanam, Pyeongchon, Songnae, Bundang, Pangyo and Gimpo. See also[edit]

Geography of South Korea Demographics of South Korea Capital Region List of metropolitan areas by population List of metropolitan areas in Asia by population Subdivisions of South Korea List of Korea-related topics Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway

Notes[edit]

^ A government publication states that on 1 November 2010, the population of " Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Area" stood at 23,616 thousand, which is the sum of the figures given for Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
(11,270 thousand), Seoul
Seoul
(9,708 thousand) and Incheon
Incheon
(2,638 thousand), apparently including the periphery. Source: "Preliminary Results of the 2010 Population
Population
and Housing Census" (PDF). Statistics Korea. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011. ^ "국가지표체계". www.index.go.kr.  ^ "통계청 - KOSIS 국가통계포털". kosis.kr.  ^ " Fortune Global 500 List 2017: See Who Made It". Fortune.  ^ ""미군 잔류로 낙후된 동두천, 특별법 제정해야"". www.yonhapnews.co.kr. 

^ Korea National Statistical Office (2008-07-22). "e나라지표:수도권 인구 집중 현황" (in Korean).  ^ Ryu Boseon (류보선) (2005-08-23). 수도권 인구 편중현상 계속 (in Korean). Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO) News.  ^ Hong, Yong-deok (홍용덕) (2005-06-01). 각종 분산정책 불구하고 수도권은 ‘인구 블랙홀’ (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 

External links[edit]

Official website of Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan government Metropolitan Air Quality Management Office, in Korean Capital Region Development Institute, in Korean Chosun Ilbo metro news, in Korean [4]

v t e

Public transport in the Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Area

Railways

High-speed rail
High-speed rail
(KTX, SRT)

Gyeongbu Line Honam
Honam
Line Suseo Line

Metropolitan Subway Lines

Line 1 Line 2 Line 3 Line 4 Line 5 Line 6 Line 7 Line 8 Line 9 Gyeongui–Jungang (K1, K3) Gyeongchun (P1) Bundang
Bundang
(K2) Suin (K2) Gyeonggang (K4) Shinbundang AREX Incheon
Incheon
1 (I1) Incheon
Incheon
2 (I2) Everline U Line Ui LRT

Under construction

Gimpo
Gimpo
Goldline (2018) Seohae Line (2018) Sillim (2021)

Planned

Indeogwon– Suwon
Suwon
(2021) Sinansan (2023) Dongbuk Line (2024) Wolgot–Pangyo (2027) Seoul
Seoul
LRT lines GTX Incheon
Incheon
3

Expressways

#1 #15 #35 #37 #50 #60 #100 #110 #120 #130

Buses

Seoul Gyeonggi-do Incheon Seoul
Seoul
Express Bus Terminal Central City Dongseoul Bus Terminal Sangbong Intercity Bus Terminal Seoul
Seoul
Nambu Bus Terminal

Airports

Incheon
Incheon
International Gimpo
Gimpo
International Seoul
Seoul
Airfield

Maglev and Monorail

Incheon
Incheon
Airport Maglev Wolmi Monorail

Related topics

T-money Upass Mybi KTX Family Card hi-pass CashBee

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea

Regions

Sudogwon (Capital area) Gwandong

Yeongdong Yeongseo

Hoseo

Daejeon-Sejong-Chungnam Chungbuk

Honam Yeongnam

Daegu-Gyeongbuk Busan-Ulsan-Gyeongnam Southeastern MIR

Jeju

Provinces

North Chungcheong South Chungcheong Gangwon Gyeonggi North Gyeongsang South Gyeongsang North Jeolla South Jeolla

Special
Special
self-governing province

Jeju

Special
Special
city

Seoul

Special
Special
self-governing city

Sejong

Metropolitan cities

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces

North Hamgyeong South Hamgyeong Hwanghae North Pyeongan South Pyeongan

Authority control

.