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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

South Korea
South Korea
-------------------------

MAJOR CITIES Seoul
Seoul
Special
Special
City Incheon
Incheon
Metropolitan City Suwon Ansan Anyang Goyang
Goyang
Seongnam Bucheon
Bucheon
Yongin

POPULATION (2016)

• METRO 25,514,000

• PERCENTAGE OF SOUTH KOREA\'S TOTAL POPULATION ~50% (50,100,000)

SMA = Seoul
Seoul
(10 mil.) + Incheon
Incheon
(3 mil.) + Gyeonggi (12 mil.)

GDP(NOMINAL) USD
USD
0.77 trillion(2015)

GDP PER CAPITA(NOMINAL) USD
USD
30,000(2015)

Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area

HANGUL 수도권

HANJA 首都圈

REVISED ROMANIZATION Sudogwon

MCCUNE–REISCHAUER Sudokwŏn

THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS KOREAN TEXT. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Hangul
Hangul
and Hanja
Hanja
.

The SEOUL CAPITAL AREA (SCA), SUDOGWON ( Hangul
Hangul
: 수도권; Hanja
Hanja
: 首都圈; RR : Sudogwon; MR : Sudokwŏn, ) or GYEONGGI REGION ( Hangul
Hangul
: 경기 지방; Hanja
Hanja
: 京畿地方; RR : Gyeonggi Jibang; MR : Kyŏnggi Jibang) is the metropolitan area of Seoul
Seoul
, Incheon
Incheon
, and Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
located in north-west South Korea
South Korea
. It has a population of 24 million (as of 2012) and is ranked as the fourth largest metropolitan area in the world. Its area is about 11,704 km2. It forms the cultural, commercial, financial, industrial, and residential center of South Korea. The largest city is Seoul, with a population of approximately 10 million people, followed by Incheon, with 3 million inhabitants.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography and climate * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 4 Economy * 5 Government

* 6 Subdivisions

* 6.1 Seoul
Seoul
* 6.2 Incheon
Incheon

* 6.3 Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do

* 6.3.1 Suwon * 6.3.2 Goyang
Goyang
* 6.3.3 Yongin * 6.3.4 Seongnam * 6.3.5 Bucheon
Bucheon
* 6.3.6 Ansan * 6.3.7 Anyang

* 7 Transportation * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 External links

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

See also: Geography of South Korea
South Korea

The Capital Area occupies a plain in the Han River valley. It contains some of the most fertile land on the Korean peninsula
Korean peninsula
, although relatively little of it is now used for agriculture. The Gimpo
Gimpo
Plain , one of the country's larger expanses of level arable land, covers much of the area of the cities of Gimpo
Gimpo
and Bucheon
Bucheon
.

HISTORY

See also: History of South Korea
South Korea
and History of Seoul
Seoul
Satellite image of Seoul
Seoul
and greater area

The Capital Area has been home to a Korean capital for around 2,000 years. Its central location and relatively gentle landscape have given it a central role in the country's affairs.

The first capital to be constructed in the region was that of Baekje , one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
. The country's first capital was built in 19 BC and was named Wiryeseong . This is believed to have been constructed near the modern-day boundary of Seoul
Seoul
and Gwangju City . However, Baekje
Baekje
was unable to hold this territory, and surrendered the Han River valley to Goguryeo
Goguryeo
in the 5th century. The land was then taken over by Silla
Silla
in the 6th century, at which point it came to play a critical role in helping Silla
Silla
to establish ties with China
China
.

After the fall of Silla
Silla
, Taejo of Goryeo established the capital of his kingdom in Kaesŏng , now just north of the Demilitarized Zone . During the Mongol invasions of Korea in the 12th century, the seat of government briefly shifted to Ganghwa Island , now just south of the DMZ in Incheon
Incheon
metropolitan city, where the Mongol naval attacks were repelled for about a decade before the king voluntarily surrendered to stop the carnage the Mongols committed in the peninsula, in order to lure the king out.

After the fall of Goryeo Dynasty in 1392, the newly founded Joseon Dynasty had its capital (then called Hanseong or Hanyang), less than 100 km south of the old dynasty's capital, Kaesŏng. Hanyang was chosen to be the new capital for mountains surrounding it making it safe from enemies, and for the Han River , separating the north and south parts of the city that let the trade business flourish. During the new dynasty's rule, extensive road systems, administrative buildings, royal palaces, and new ports were built, quickly attracting wealth from all over the kingdom. During the Korean Empire
Korean Empire
period, Hanseong's public transportation was improved with the installation of streetcars and manually drawn trolleys similar to taxis. Horse carriage systems similar to the ones in Europe were also established.

Following the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910, Hanseong was renamed Keijo (Gyeongseong) and served as colonial Korea's capital. Upon Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945, the former colonial capital was renamed Seoul
Seoul
and became capital of South Korea.

In the Korean War
Korean War
(1950–1953), the Capital Area became the focus of battles so destructive that most of Seoul
Seoul
and the surrounding regions were eradicated. Seoul
Seoul
was especially hit hard, since it exchanged hands four times during the course of the war.

During the latter half of the 20th century, the Capital Area began to rapidly develop as South Korea's economic wealth expanded. Population expanded fourfold since the Korean War. In 2001, the new Incheon International Airport took over all international flights to Seoul.

DEMOGRAPHICS

See also: Demographics of South Korea
South Korea

Covering only about 12% of the country's area, the Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is home to more than 48.2% of the national population, and is the world's third largest urban area . This percentage has risen steadily since the mid-20th century, and the trend is expected to continue. Currently more than half of the people who move from one region to another are moving to the capital area. By 2020, it is projected that more than 52% of South Korea's population will live within the area, or 26,310,000 people. However, the Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area reached 25,620,000 people by 2015, bringing the chance of reaching a population of 26.31 Million in less than 5 years.

ECONOMY

In 2014, Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area's gross regional product was ₩663,833 billion(US$630 billion), generating 48.2% of the country's total gdp. It is the fourth largest urban economy in the world after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles, and the region hosts headquarters of 14 Fortune Global 500 companies. Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is now experiencing a fast transition toward knowledge economy , so South Korean government set out a plan to build a number of high-tech business parks, such as Digital Media City and Pangyo Techno Valley . Industrial Clusters in Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area

The South Korean government is now implementing a plan to create several industrial clusters in the Capital Area. According to the plan, for example, Seoul
Seoul
is a 'Northeast Asia's Financial and Business Hub', and southwestern coast, with Incheon
Incheon
and Suwon, is 'International logistics and High-tech Industrial Belt'.

The Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is home to the most affluent and livable cities and apartments in Korea but there are significant discrepancies between cities and districts, particularly between those built in the older and newer generations. Newer areas with more modern and luxurious apartments and infrastructure are more expensive, along with proximity to Gangnam District , the commercial center of the region.

GOVERNMENT

See also: Government of South Korea
South Korea

Various agencies have been set up to deal with the intergovernmental problems of the region. Proposals for consolidating some or all of the cities of the capital area into a handful of metropolitan cities have thus far not been implemented.

Development in the area is currently governed by the Capital Region Readjustment Planning Act (수도권정비계획법), first passed in 1982 and last revised in 1996.

SUBDIVISIONS

See also: Administrative divisions of South Korea
South Korea

The Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area is divided among the special city of Seoul
Seoul
, the metropolitan city of Incheon
Incheon
, and province of Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
. Seoul has 25 gu (local government wards), Incheon
Incheon
has 8 gu and 2 counties, and Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
has 27 cities and 4 counties as the subdivisions. Suwon Bundang , Seongnam Anyang, Gyeonggi

SEOUL

Main article: List of districts of Seoul
Seoul
Further information: Seoul
Seoul

The 25 districts of Seoul.

* Dobong District (도봉구; 道峰區) * Dongdaemun District (동대문구; 東大門區) * Dongjak District (동작구; 銅雀區) * Eunpyeong District (은평구; 恩平區) * Gangbuk District (강북구; 江北區) * Gangdong District
Gangdong District
(강동구; 江東區) * Gangnam District (강남구; 江南區) * Gangseo District (강서구; 江西區) * Geumcheon District (금천구; 衿川區)

* Guro District (구로구; 九老區) * Gwanak District
Gwanak District
(관악구; 冠岳區) * Gwangjin District (광진구; 廣津區) * Jongno District (종로구; 鍾路區) * Jung District (중구; 中區) * Jungnang District (중랑구; 中浪區) * Mapo District (마포구; 麻浦區) * Nowon District (노원구; 蘆原區)

* Seocho District (서초구; 瑞草區) * Seodaemun District (서대문구; 西大門區) * Seongbuk District (성북구; 城北區) * Seongdong District (성동구; 城東區) * Songpa District (송파구; 松坡區) * Yangcheon District (양천구; 陽川區) * Yeongdeungpo District (영등포구; 永登浦區) * Yongsan District (용산구; 龍山區)

INCHEON

Main article: List of districts and counties of Incheon
Incheon
Further information: Incheon
Incheon

The 8 districts and 2 counties of Incheon.

* Bupyeong District (부평구; 富平區) * Dong District (동구; 東區) * Gyeyang District (계양구; 桂陽區) * Jung District (중구; 中區)

* Nam District (남구; 南區) * Namdong District (남동구; 南洞區) * Seo District (서구; 西區) * Yeonsu District (연수구; 延壽區)

* Ganghwa County (강화군; 江華郡) * Ongjin County (옹진군; 甕津郡)

GYEONGGI-DO

Main article: List of cities and counties of Gyeonggi Province

27 cities and 4 counties of Gyeonggi-do. Below are seven of the largest cities, sorted by their population size:

Suwon

Further information: Suwon

The 4 gu of Suwon (수원; 水原).

* Paldal-gu
Paldal-gu
(팔달구; 八達區) * Yeongtong-gu (영통구; 霊通區) * Jangan-gu
Jangan-gu
(장안구; 長安區) * Gwonseon-gu (권선구; 勸善區)

Goyang

Further information: Goyang
Goyang

The 3 gu of Goyang
Goyang
(고양; 高陽).

* Deogyang-gu (덕양구; 德陽區) * Ilsandong-gu (일산동구; 一山東區) * Ilsanseo-gu
Ilsanseo-gu
(일산서구; 一山西區)

Yongin

Further information: Yongin

The 3 gu of Yongin (용인; 龍仁).

* Cheoin-gu (처인구; 處仁區) * Giheung-gu (기흥구; 器興區) * Suji-gu (수지구; 水枝區)

Seongnam

Further information: Seongnam

The 3 gu of Seongnam (성남; 城南).

* Bundang-gu (분당구; 盆唐區) * Jungwon-gu (중원구; 中原區) * Sujeong-gu (수정구; 壽井區)

Bucheon

Further information: Bucheon
Bucheon

Ansan

Further information: Ansan

The 2 gu of Ansan (안산; 安山).

* Danwon-gu (단원구; 檀園區) * Sangnok-gu (상록구; 常綠區)

Anyang

Further information: Anyang, Gyeonggi

The 2 gu of Anyang (안양; 安養).

* Dongan-gu (동안구; 東安區) * Manan-gu (만안구; 萬安區)

-------------------------

* Anseong
Anseong
(안성; 安城) * Dongducheon (동두천; 東豆川) * Gimpo
Gimpo
(김포; 金浦) * Goyang
Goyang
(고양; 高陽) * Gunpo
Gunpo
(군포; 軍浦) * Guri (구리; 九里) * Gwacheon
Gwacheon
(과천; 果川)

* Gwangju
Gwangju
(광주; 廣州) * Gwangmyeong (광명; 光明) * Hanam (하남; 河南) * Hwaseong (화성; 華城) * Icheon (이천; 利川) * Namyangju (남양주; 南楊州) * Osan
Osan
(오산; 烏山)

* Paju
Paju
(파주; 坡州) * Pocheon
Pocheon
(포천; 抱川) * Pyeongtaek (평택; 平澤) * Siheung (시흥; 始興) * Uijeongbu (의정부; 議政府) * Uiwang
Uiwang
(의왕; 儀旺) * Yangju (양주; 楊州)

* Yeoju (여주; 驪州) * Gapyeong County (가평군; 加平郡) * Yangpyeong County (양평군; 揚平郡) * Yeoncheon County (연천군; 漣川郡)

TRANSPORTATION

See also: Transportation in South Korea
South Korea
and Transportation in Seoul
Seoul
Incheon
Incheon
International airport Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan subway, Line 3 Map of Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway

The cities of the capital area are tightly interconnected by road and rail. Many of the country's railroad lines, most notably the Gyeongbu Line , terminate in the region. In addition, the needs for commuter rail are served by the Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Subway , which passes through Seoul, Incheon, and most of the outlying cities.

The region is a nexus for travel by air and water. The country's two largest airports, Incheon
Incheon
International Airport and Gimpo
Gimpo
Airport , are in the metropolitan area. International and domestic ferries depart from Incheon's ferry terminals several times a day. Massive volumes of international freight pass through the container terminals of Incheon
Incheon
(primarily bound to and from China
China
).

Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway (Expressway No. 100) connects satellite cities around Seoul: Ilsan , Toegyewon, Hanam , Pyeongchon , Songnae, Bundang , Pangyo and Gimpo
Gimpo
.

SEE ALSO

* Geography of South Korea
South Korea
* Demographics of South Korea
South Korea
* Capital Region * List of metropolitan areas by population * List of metropolitan areas in Asia by population * Subdivisions of South Korea
South Korea
* List of Korea-related topics * Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway

NOTES

* ^ A government publication states that on 1 November 2010, the population of " Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Area" stood at 23,616 thousand, which is the sum of the figures given for Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
(11,270 thousand), Seoul
Seoul
(9,708 thousand) and Incheon
Incheon
(2,638 thousand), apparently including the periphery. Source: "Preliminary Results of the 2010 Population
Population
and Housing Census" (PDF). Statistics Korea. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011. * ^ http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=1008 * ^ http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=1008 * ^ http://kosis.kr/statisticsList/statisticsList_02List.jsp?vwcd=MT_GTITLE01&parmTabId=M_02_02_01#SubCont * ^ http://fortune.com/global500/ * ^ http://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/bulletin/2014/12/24/0200000000AKR20141224141700060.HTML?input=1195m

* ^ Korea National Statistical Office (2008-07-22). "e나라지표:수도권 인구 집중 현황" (in Korean). * ^ Ryu Boseon (류보선) (2005-08-23). 수도권 인구 편중현상 계속 (IN KOREAN). KOREA NATIONAL STATISTICAL OFFICE (KNSO) NEWS. * ^ Hong, Yong-deok (홍용덕) (2005-06-01). 각종 분산정책 불구하고 수도권은 ‘인구 블랙홀’ (in Korean). The Hankyoreh .

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official website of Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan government * Metropolitan Air Quality Management Office, in Korean * Capital Region Development Institute, in Korean * Chosun Ilbo metro news, in Korean *

* v * t * e

Public transport in the Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Area

RAILWAYS

HIGH-SPEED RAIL (KTX , SRT )

* Gyeongbu Line * Honam
Honam
Line * Suseo Line (2016)

METROPOLITAN SUBWAY LINES

* Line 1 * Line 2 * Line 3 * Line 4 * Line 5 * Line 6 * Line 7 * Line 8 * Line 9 * Gyeongui–Jungang (K1, K3) * Gyeongchun (P1) * Bundang (K2) * Suin (K2) * Gyeonggang (K4) * Shinbundang * AREX
AREX
* Incheon
Incheon
1 (I1) * Incheon
Incheon
2 (I2) * Everline * U Line * Ui LRT

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

* Gimpo
Gimpo
Goldline (2018) * Sosa–Wonsi (2018) * Daegok–Sosa (2021) * Sillim (2021)

PLANNED

* Indeogwon– Suwon (2021) * Sinansan (2023) * Wolgot–Pangyo (2027) * Seoul
Seoul
LRT lines * GTX * Incheon
Incheon
3

EXPRESSWAYS

* #1 * #15 * #35 * #37 * #50 * #60 * #100

.