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Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
(French pronunciation: ​[sɛn maʁitim]) is a department of France
France
in the Normandy
Normandy
region of northern France. It is situated on the northern coast of France, at the mouth of the Seine, and includes the cities of Rouen
Rouen
and Le Havre. Until 1955 it was named Seine-Inférieure.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Heraldry

2 Geography 3 Administration 4 Transport 5 Culture 6 Tourism 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit]

1790 - Creation of the Seine-Inférieure department The department was created from part of the old province of Normandy during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, through the application of a law of 22 December 1789.

1815 - Occupation After the victory at Waterloo of the coalition armies, the department was occupied by British forces from June 1815 till November 1818.

1843 – Railways and industry In Rouen, Elbeuf, and Bolbec, the number of textile factories is increasing. Metallurgy and naval construction as well.

1851 - A republican department Following the then president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte's 1851 Coup d'état, Seine-Inférieure was one of several departments placed under a state of emergency (literally, in French, state of siege) [1] following fears of significant resistance to the new government.

World War II In 1942, during occupation by Nazi Germany, at the channel coast of Seine-Inférieure took place two Allied raids, the Bruneval raid and Dieppe raid.

2005 - Inhabitants renamed Previously lacking a demonym, the inhabitants of Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
(as the department had been renamed in 1955) determined, following a public consultation, that they should be known in official documents as "Seinomarins" [2] (males) and "Seinomarines" (females).

Heraldry[edit]

The arms of the departement Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
are blazoned : Gules a fess wavy argent between two lions passant gardant or armed and langued azure.

Geography[edit] The department can be split into three main areas:[3]

The Seine
Seine
valley. The Seine
Seine
flows through the provincial capital Rouen. The chalk plateau Pays de Caux, with its abrupt coastline (the Alabaster Coast). The Norman Pays de Bray, with its hills and bocage landscape.

Administration[edit] The département was created in 1790 as Seine-Inférieure, one of five departements that replaced the former province of Normandy. In 1800 five arrondissements were created within the département, namely Rouen, Le Havre, Dieppe, Neufchatel and Yvetot, although the latter two were disbanded in 1926. On 18 January 1955 the name of the département was changed to Seine-Maritime, in order to provide a more positive-sounding name and in-keeping with changes made in a number of other French departements. Transport[edit] In 1843 the railway from Paris
Paris
reached the region. The département is connected to the adjacent Eure
Eure
department via the Tancarville and Pont de Normandie bridge crossings of the Seine. Culture[edit] Madame Bovary
Madame Bovary
by Gustave Flaubert
Gustave Flaubert
is set in Seine
Seine
Maritime. The novel La Place by Annie Ernaux
Annie Ernaux
largely takes place in Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
and describes events and changes that take place in relation to French society in the 20th century especially in relation to the rural population. The first story of long-running series Valérian and Laureline
Valérian and Laureline
is set in Seine-Maritime, with the character Laureline originating from the area. Cauchois is the dialect of the Pays de Caux, and is one of the most vibrant forms of Norman language
Norman language
beyond Cotentinais Tourism[edit]

Notre-Dame of Rouen

Element of the Atlantic Wall
Atlantic Wall
near Fécamp

Entirely destroyed during World War II, Le Havre
Le Havre
has been rebuilt in modernist style

Limestone cliffs of Étretat

Pont de Normandie
Pont de Normandie
above the Seine
Seine
estuary

See also[edit]

Normandy
Normandy
portal

Cantons of the Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
department Communes of the Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
department Arrondissements of the Seine-Maritime
Seine-Maritime
department

References[edit]

^ Jacques Olivier Boudon, Les Bonaparte : regards sur la France impériale. La Documentation photographique, dossier 8073, janvier-février 2010, p. 11 (carte de Gilles Pécout) ^ "Seinomarins, un beau nom !". Commune76.  ^ " Seine
Seine
Maritime". France-For-Visitors.com. Rough Guides. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 

External links[edit]

(in French) General Council website (in French) Communes 76 (in French) Prefecture website

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Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 169128770 LCCN: n81050232 GND: 4118572-9 SUDOC: 026556618 BNF:

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