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SECRETARY is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority , power , or importance in the organization. Secretaries announce important events and communicate to the organization. The term is derived from the Latin word _secernere_, "to distinguish" or "to set apart", the passive participle (_secretum_) meaning "having been set apart", with the eventual connotation of something private or confidential, as with the English word _secret._ A _secretarius_ was a person, therefore, overseeing business confidentially, usually for a powerful individual (a king, pope, etc.).

The official title of the leader of most Communist and Socialist political parties is the "GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE" or "FIRST SECRETARY OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE". When a Communist party is in power, the General Secretary
Secretary
is usually the country's _de facto _ leader (though sometimes this leader also holds state-level positions to monopolize power, such as a presidency or premiership in order to constitute _de jure _ leadership of the state), such as China and Cuba
Cuba
.

In England, the term _secretarius_ was used "from the beginning of the thirteenth century in the varying meanings of a confidential clerk, an ambassador, or a member of the king's council". In the fourteenth century, the title became strongly associated with the keeper of the king's signet. From the Renaissance to the late 19th century, men involved in the daily correspondence and the activities of the powerful assumed the title of secretary. With time, like many titles, the term was applied to more and varied functions, leading to compound titles to specify the authority associated with its use, like general secretary or financial secretary .

In some countries, such as the United States
United States
, the term _secretary_ is used to indicate the holder of a cabinet -level post. This usage derives in part from the desire of the founders of the United States to differentiate the country from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, which denoted such offices as Ministers . There are a number of popular variations of the title used to indicate that the secretary in question has a high degree of authority, such as GENERAL SECRETARY (or, following usage in the Norman language , SECRETARY-GENERAL), FIRST SECRETARY, and EXECUTIVE SECRETARY.

In a club or society , the secretary is also considered to be, in most cases, the third person in charge of the organization, after the president/chairman and vice president/vice chairman. In smaller organizations, the secretary typically takes meeting minutes , notifies members of meetings, contacts various persons in relation to the society, administers the day-to-day activities of the organization, and creates the order of business. The secretary of a non-governmental organization (NGO) or international non-governmental organization (INGO) can be vice president/vice chairman.

CONTENTS

* 1 General secretary

* 2 Secretary-General

* 2.1 International intergovernmental organizations * 2.2 International nongovernmental organizations * 2.3 Sports governing bodies

* 3 First secretary * 4 Executive secretary * 5 See also * 6 References

GENERAL SECRETARY

Main article: General Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party

General secretary occurs as the title of a ministerial position of authority found in various organizations, often including labor unions and communist party organizations. Examples include:

* General Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of China
China
* General Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of Vietnam * General Secretary
Secretary
of the Lao People\'s Revolutionary Party * General Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union * General Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of Kampuchea * General Secretary
Secretary
of the Central Committee of the Mongolian People\'s Party * General Secretary
Secretary
of the Labour Party * General Secretary
Secretary
of the Trades Union Congress * General Secretary
Secretary
of NATO

SECRETARY-GENERAL

Examples include:

INTERNATIONAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

ORGANIZATION TITLE

Andean Community (CAN)

Arab League

Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT)

Association of Caribbean States (ACS)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Secretary-General of the ASEAN

Bureau International des Expositions (BIE)

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretary-General of the Caribbean Community

Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO)

Caribbean Tourism Organization (CTO)

Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
The Commonwealth Secretary-General is the _de facto_ leader. The secretary-general advises member nations and heads conferences with the Head of the Commonwealth , currently Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

Council of Europe (COE) Secretary
Secretary
General of the Council of Europe

Council of the European Union
Council of the European Union
Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union
Council of the European Union

EDU - Intergovernmental Organization (EDU)

EUCLID (Euclid University) (EUCLID)

European Commission Secretary-General of the European Commission

European Court of Auditors Secretary-General of the European Court of Auditors

European Economic and Social Committee Secretary-General of the European Economic and Social Committee

Global Organization of Parliamentarians Against Corruption (GOPAC)

International Civil Aviation Organization

International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)

Organisation internationale de la francophonie (OIF)

International Maritime Organization

The Permanent Commission for the South Pacific(CPPS)

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

Jeunesses Musicales International (JMI)

League of Nations
League of Nations
(1919–1946) Secretary
Secretary
General of the League of Nations
League of Nations

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) The Secretary
Secretary
General of NATO is the chief administrative officer of NATO and supreme commander of NATO forces when mobilized.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Secretary-General of the OECD

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Secretary
Secretary
General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Organization of American States (OAS) Secretary
Secretary
General of the Organization of American States

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Secretary
Secretary
General of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

Pacific Islands Forum Secretary
Secretary
General of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
(SCO)

Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) Secretary
Secretary
General of the UNASUR

United Nations
United Nations
(UN) The Secretary-General of the United Nations
United Nations
is described as the chief administrative officer and the de facto head of the United Nations. The Office of the Secretary-General of the United Nations hires, terminates, and controls all United Nations
United Nations
staff and relief efforts around the World.

Western European Union (WEU) Secretary-General of the Western European Union

World Customs Organization (WCO)

INTERNATIONAL NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

ORGANIZATION

Amnesty International (AI)

Anglican Consultative Council (ACC)

Council of Diaspora Métis (CDM)

The Duke of Edinburgh's Award International Association (IAA)

European Law Students\' Association (ELSA)

The European Organisation for Civil Aviation Equipment

International Alert

International Chamber of Shipping

The International Community of Breeders of Asexually Reproduced Ornamental and Fruit Varieties - CIOPORA

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

International People's Conference Organisation (IPCO)

International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS)

No Peace Without Justice

The Orange Defense Network (ODN)

Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT)

World Organization of the Scout Movement

SPORTS GOVERNING BODIES

- International Basketball Federation
International Basketball Federation
(FIBA)

FIRST SECRETARY

First secretary is the title of the chief officer or leader in many organizations, and is also a modern diplomatic rank . Examples include:

* Some church organizations, such as the National Council of Churches and the World Council of Churches * Some consumer organizations, such as the National Consumers League

* Some political parties, especially Communist or Socialist Parties * First Secretary
Secretary
of State , a cabinet position in the United Kingdom * First Secretary
Secretary
for Wales, now First Minister of Wales * First Secretary
Secretary
of the Admiralty—see Secretary
Secretary
to the Admiralty

* In Workers' Party and Communist Party organizations:

* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of Armenia (Soviet Union)

* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of China
China
—see Party chief of the Communist Party of China
China

* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Youth League of China
China

* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of Cuba
Cuba
* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia * First Secretary
Secretary
of the French Socialist Party
Socialist Party
* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Georgian Communist Party * First Secretary
Secretary
of the Workers\' Party of Korea * First Secretary
Secretary
of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania * First Secretary
Secretary
of the Central Committee of Polish United Workers\' Party * First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation

* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union—see General Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Moscow Communist Party

* First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of Tajikistan * First Secretary
Secretary
of the Communist Party of Ukraine (Soviet Union) * First Secretary
Secretary
of the Workers\' Party of Vietnam

* Some trade unions , especially in the United Kingdom * The General Secretariat for Macedonia and Thrace , a government agency for the Greek regions of Macedonia and Thrace

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY

Examples include:

* Executive Secretary
Secretary
(Commonwealth of Independent States) * Executive Secretary
Secretary
(Philippines) * Executive Secretary
Secretary
for Integral Development , Organization of American States * Executive Secretary
Secretary
of the Department of State , United States

SEE ALSO

* Secretary
Secretary
(other)

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ J. Otway-Ruthven, _The King's Secretary
Secretary
and the Signet Office in the XV Century_ (1939), p. 60. * ^ _A_ _B_ _Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised_, 4th edition, Scott, Foresman and Company, Chicago, 1915, pp. 244–247.

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