The SCIOTO RIVER (/saɪˈoʊtoʊ/ sy-OH-toh or /saɪˈoʊtə/
sy-OH-tə ) is a river in central and southern
* 1 Geography and geology
* 2 History
* 3 Pollution
* 4 Dams and reservoirs
* 5 Cities and towns along the
GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY
In western Hardin County , within one mile (1.6 km) of its source
The geologic history of the
During the antebellum years, the
A traditional fiddle tune in the Appalachian repertoire, “Big Scioty”, takes its name from the river. The melody is attributed to the Hammons family of West Virginia.
In 2012, the river dropped to record- or near-record-low water levels as a result of the acute effects of the 2012 North American drought in Ohio.
Threats facing the river include agricultural pollutants from upstream and urban-generated pollutants such as contaminated street runoff and waterborne litter. Rapid residential and commercial development in the watershed is increasing stormwater runoff.
DAMS AND RESERVOIRS
There are two major dams on the river. Griggs Dam in Columbus was built in 1904–1908 to impound a water supply for the city. Farther upstream, at Shawnee Hills, the O\'Shaughnessy Dam was built in 1922–1925 creating a larger reservoir which was billed at the time as "the finest inland waterway in the United States." Both dams are operated by the city of Columbus.
The removal of the Main Street Dam in downtown Columbus, which was
built in 1921, began in November 2013. The removal was initially
proposed in the 2010 Strategic Plan for downtown Columbus; the $35.5
million project is being funded by a coalition of public and private
entities, including the City of Columbus, Mid-
Prior to its demolition, the Main Street Dam impounded roughly 2.3 miles (3.7 km) of the Scioto River, artificially enlarging its width to an average of 500 feet (150 m) in downtown Columbus. Once completed, the Scioto Greenways project will reduce the width by nearly half, and expose 33 acres (13 ha) of land which will be reclaimed as parkland by the city. Riffles and pools will be restored to the river channel, returning it to its natural riparian state. Experts believe the restoration project will result in a healthier river and better habitat for native plant, fish, and mussel species.
CITIES AND TOWNS ALONG THE SCIOTO RIVER
Cities and towns, listed from upstream to downstream:
* Kenton * LaRue * Green Camp * Prospect * Shawnee Hills * Dublin * Upper Arlington * Grandview Heights * Columbus * Circleville * Chillicothe * Waverly * Piketon * Portsmouth
According to the Geographic Names Information System , the Scioto River has also been known as:
* Big Sciota River * Big Scioto River * Chianotho River * Great Siota River * Menkwi Siipunk * Riviere Chianouske * Sci-ou-to * Sciodoe Creek * Sciota River * Seeyotah River * Sinhioto River * Siothai River * Sioto River
* ^ "Arthur Benke & Colbert Cushing, "Rivers of North America".
Elsevier Academic Press, 2005 ISBN 0-12-088253-1
* ^ A B U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System:
* ^ "Map of