Savona
   HOME

TheInfoList



Savona (; local lij, Sann-a , lij, label=
Genoese Genoese may refer to: * a person from Genoa * Genoese dialect, a dialect of the Ligurian language * Republic of Genoa (–1805), a former state in Liguria See also

* Genovese, a surname * Genovesi, a surname * * * * * Genova (disambiguati ...
, Savonn-a) is a seaport and ''
comune The (; plural: ) is a of , roughly equivalent to a or . Importance and function The provides essential public services: of births and deaths, , and maintenance of local roads and public works. It is headed by a ( or ''sindaca'') ass ...
''in the west part of the northern
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
region of
Liguria Liguria (, ; lij, Ligûria ) is a Regions of Italy, region of north-western Italy; its Capital city, capital is Genoa. Its territory is crossed by the Alps and the Apennine Mountains, Apennines Mountain chain, mountain range and is roughly coexte ...

Liguria
, capital of the
Province of Savona The province of Savona ( it, provincia di Savona; Ligurian (Romance language), Ligurian: ''provinsa de Sann-a'') is a Provinces of Italy, province in the Liguria region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Savona, which has a population of 61,219 i ...
, in the Riviera di Ponente on the
Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by the and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by and and , on the south by , and on the east by the . The Sea has played a central role in the . Although the Mediterrane ...
. Savona used to be one of the chief seats of the Italian iron industry, having iron-works and foundries, shipbuilding, railway workshops, engineering shops, and a brass foundry. One of the most celebrated former inhabitants of Savona was the navigator
Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus * lij, Cristoffa C(or)ombo * es, Cristóbal Colón * pt, Cristóvão Colombo * ca, Cristòfor (or ) * la, Christophorus Columbus. (; born between 25 August and 31 October 1451, died 20 May 1506) was an Italian ...

Christopher Columbus
, who farmed land in the area while chronicling his journeys. 'Columbus's house', a cottage situated in the Savona hills, lay between vegetable crops and fruit trees. It is one of several residences in Liguria associated with Columbus.


History

Inhabited in ancient times by
Ligures The Ligures (singular Ligus or Ligur; English language, English: Ligurians; Ancient Greek, Greek: ) were an ancient people after whom Liguria, a region of present-day Northern Italy, north-western Italy, is named. File:Meyers b9 s0067b.jpg, Roman ...
tribes, it came under
Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *, the capital city of Italy *, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *, the people of ancient Rome *', shortened to ''Romans'', a letter in the New Testament of the Christian Bible Roman ...
influence in 180 BC, after the
Punic wars The Punic Wars were a series of wars (taking place between 264 and 146BC) that were fought between the Roman Republic The Roman Republic ( la, Rēs pūblica Rōmāna ) was a state of the ancient Rome, classical Roman civilization, run thr ...
in which the city had been allied to
Carthage Carthage was the capital city of the ancient , on the eastern side of the in what is now . Carthage was the most important trading hub of the Ancient Mediterranean and one of the most affluent cities of the . The city developed from a n colony ...

Carthage
. At the fall of the
Western Roman Empire The Western Roman Empire comprises the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court; in particular, this term is used in historiography to describe the period from ...

Western Roman Empire
, it passed under
Lombard The term Lombard refers to members of or things related to Lombardy (man) it, Lombarda (woman) lmo, Lombard (man) lmo, Lombarda (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 ...
rule in 641 AD (being destroyed in the attack) after a short period as an
Ostrogoth The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era Germanic peoples, Germanic people. In the 5th century, they followed the Visigoths in creating one of the two great Goths, Gothic kingdoms within the Roman Empire, based upon the larg ...

Ostrogoth
and then
Byzantine The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It surviv ...

Byzantine
possession. Later it recovered as county seat in the
Carolingian Empire The Carolingian Empire (800–888) was a large Frankish Frankish may refer to: * Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples The historical Germanic peoples (from lat, Germani) are a category of ancient nort ...
. In the 10th century its bishops were counts of Savona, but later the countship passed to the marquesses of
Montferrat Montferrat (, ; it, Monferrato ; pms, Monfrà ; la, Mons Ferratus) is part of the region of Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , d ...
(981) and afterwards to the marquesses
Del Vasto Del, or nabla, is an operator used in mathematics (particularly in vector calculus Vector calculus, or vector analysis, is concerned with derivative, differentiation and integral, integration of vector fields, primarily in 3-dimensional ...
(1084). After a long struggle against the
Saracens upright 1.5, Late 15th century German woodcut depicting Saracens Saracens () were primarily Arab Muslims, but also Turkish people, Turks, Persian people, Persians or other Muslims as referred to by Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Age ...
, Savona acquired independence in the 11th century, becoming a free municipality allied with the Emperor. Savona was the center of religious culture (13th to 16th centuries) due to the work of two important monasteries: Dominican and Franciscan. Subsequently, it fought against
Genoa Genoa ( ; it, Genova ; locally ; lij, Zêna ; English, historically, and la, Genua) is the capital of the of and the . In 2015, 594,733 people lived within the city's administrative limits. As of the 2011 Italian census, the , which in 2015 ...
before being definitively conquered in 1528. The Genoese destroyed the upper town and buried the port. It then shared the fortunes of the Republic of Genoa until
Napoleonic Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader. He rose to prominence during the French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) refers to the period that began with the Estates General o ...
times. In 1809 the city received Pope Pius VII, prisoner of Napoleon Bonaparte, for a few years. Between April and mid-May 1800, Austrian forces besieged the city while a small British naval force maintained a blockade; the fortress surrendered on 15 May. Subsequently, Savona was annexed to the
Kingdom of Sardinia The Kingdom of Sardinia,The name of the state was originally Latin: , or when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica. In Italian it is , in French , in Sardinian , and in Piedmontese . also referred to as the Kingdom of Savoy-Sar ...
-Piedmont (1815). Eventually, it became part of unified Italy.


Main sights


Churches

*The ''Cattedrale dell'Assunta'' (Cathedral of the Assumption), built after Genoese demolition of the old cathedral. It kept the relics of
Saint Valentine Saint Valentine ( it, San Valentino; la, Valentinus) was a 3rd-century Roman saint, commemorated in Western Christianity on February 14 and in Eastern Orthodoxy on July 6. From the High Middle Ages his Saints' Day has been associated with a t ...

Saint Valentine
. *The ''Cappella Sistina'' (Sistine Chapel), adjacent to the Cathedral and built 1480-1483, it containing the Mausoleum erected by the Della Rovere
Pope Sixtus IV Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 August 1471 to his death. His accomplishments as pope included the construction of the Sisti ...

Pope Sixtus IV
to honor his parents, Leonardo Della Rovere and Luchina Monleone. The construction was commissioned by
Giovanni D'AriaGiovanni may refer to: * Giovanni (name) Giovanni is a male Italian given name (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in ...
and his brother Michele. The chapel is architecturally similar to the chapel dedicated to the Cardinal
Pietro Riario Tomb of Cardinal Pietro Riario in Santi Apostoli, Rome, Santi Apostoli Pietro Riario (1445 – 3 January 1474) was an Italian cardinal (Catholic), cardinal and Papal diplomat. Biography Born in Savona, he was the son of Paolo Riario and Pope Sixtu ...
in the Basilica of the
Santi Apostoli, Rome Santi Dodici Apostoli (Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles; la, SS. Duodecim Apostolorum), commonly known simply as Santi Apostoli, is a 6th-century Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Foun ...
. After years of deterioration, in 1765-1767 a reconstruction was ordered by the Genovese Doge Francesco Maria Della Rovere. This updated the chapel in a Rococo style, with ceiling painted by Paolo Gerolamo Brusco. The Cathedral has a noteworthy 16th-century carved wooden choir seats. *The church of ''Nostra Signora di Castello'' (Our Lady of the Castle) has a large altarpiece by Vincenzo Foppa and Ludovico Brea painted in 1490. *The Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Misericordia (Our Lady of Mercy).


Towers and fortress

*The ''Torre Leon Pancaldo'' (Leon Pancaldo Tower), built in the 14th century and also known as "Torretta", is the symbol of the town. *The ''Torre del Brandale'' (Brandale Tower), also known as ''Campanassa'' (Commune tower, where the freedom declaration of Savona was signed in 1191) and towers Corsi and Riario. *The Priamar fortress, built by the Genoese in 1542 after their conquest of Savona, on the area of the old cathedral and old city and later used as a prison and military prison. In 1830-1831 Giuseppe Mazzini was imprisoned in the fortress and he "dreams" the "Giovine Italia". Inside the fortress there is the Museum Centre of Priamar.


Palaces and others

* The ''Palazzo Della Rovere'' (Della Rovere Palace), built by Cardinal Giulio della Rovere (future Pope Julius II) and designed by Giuliano da Sangallo as a university. * The ''Palazzo Gavotti'' (Gavotti Palace), built in the 15th century. Inside the palace there is the Art Museum of Palazzo Gavotti that contains the Pinacoteca of Savona, the artwork of ''Fondazione Museo di Arte Contemporanea Milena Milani in memoria di Carlo Cardazzo'' and the new Ceramic Museum. * The ''Palazzo Delle Piane'' (Delle Piane Palace), an important building in Liberty style of Savona. * In neighbourhood of Savona remains a house documented as property of Domenico Colombo, father of Christopher Columbus, where they lived for many years (Christopher Columbus lived in Savona for much of his youth). * The Villa Zanelli, an important Liberty-style former residence and hospital.


Geography

The town is situated west of Genoa and circa (east) of Nice, in France, on the western Italian Riviera, between the Ligurian Sea and the Ligurian Alps.


Climate

Savona has a Mediterranean climate (''Csa''). The average yearly temperature is around during the day and at night. In the coldest months: January, February and December, the average temperature is during the day and at night. In the warmest month – July and August – the average temperature is during the day and at night. Generally, a typical summer season lasts about 4 to 6 months, from May/June to September/October. The daily temperature range is limited, with an average range of about 7 °C (13 °F) between high and low temperatures. Rain occurs mainly in autumn, the summers being generally dry. Sunshine hours total above 2,097 per year, from an average 4 hours of sunshine duration per day in winter to average 9 hours in summer. Savona usually sees snow once or twice per year.


Government


People

* Paolo Boselli (1838–1932), Prime Minister of Italy during World War I * Gianni Baget Bozzo (born 1925), priest and politician * Susanna Bonfiglio (born 1974), basketball player * Carlo Aonzo (born 1967), classical mandolinist and composer * Giacomo Boselli (1744-1808), Rococo-period sculptor of ceramics * Elenoire Casalegno (born 1976), actress and TV host * Luis Fernando Centi (born 1976), footballer * Gabriello Chiabrera (1552–1638), poet *
Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus * lij, Cristoffa C(or)ombo * es, Cristóbal Colón * pt, Cristóvão Colombo * ca, Cristòfor (or ) * la, Christophorus Columbus. (; born between 25 August and 31 October 1451, died 20 May 1506) was an Italian ...

Christopher Columbus
(c. 1450-1506), explorer * Enrico Cucchi (1965–1996), footballer * Renato Dossena (born 1987), footballer * Giulia Dotta (born 1992), professional dancer * Fabio Fazio (born 1964), TV host * Giuseppe Ferrerio (1554–1610), Roman Catholic archbishop * Luca Ferro (born 1978), footballer * Nando Gazzolo (1928-2015), actor * Orazio Grassi (1583-1654), astronomer * Bartolomeo Guidobono (1654–1709), painter * Domenico Guidobono (1668-1746), painter * Pope Julius II (Albisola 1443–1513) * Michele Marcolini (born 1975), footballer * Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily (1779–1849), Queen of Sardinia, died in Savona * Leon Pancaldo (1488 or 1490–1538), explorer * Christian Panucci (born 1973), footballer * Sandro Pertini (1896 – 1990) President of the Italian Republic * Daniela Poggi (born 1956), actress * Girolamo Riario (1443–1488), lord of Imola and Forlì and one of the plotters behind the 1478 Pazzi Conspiracy *
Pietro Riario Tomb of Cardinal Pietro Riario in Santi Apostoli, Rome, Santi Apostoli Pietro Riario (1445 – 3 January 1474) was an Italian cardinal (Catholic), cardinal and Papal diplomat. Biography Born in Savona, he was the son of Paolo Riario and Pope Sixtu ...
(1447–1474), cardinal and Papal diplomat * Della Rovere noble family that flourished in the 15th century * Annalisa Scarrone (born 5 August 1985), singer and songwriter * Renata Scotto (born 1934), opera singer * Stephan El Shaarawy (born 1992), footballer *
Pope Sixtus IV Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 August 1471 to his death. His accomplishments as pope included the construction of the Sisti ...

Pope Sixtus IV
(Pecorile 1414 - 1484) *Davie504, Davide Biale (born 5 April 1994), YouTube personality and bassist


Events

* The ''Carnival'', with a parade in the centre of the town, the typical costume of Savona is Cicciulin. * The ''Patron saint's festival of Nostra Signora della Misericordia'', on 18 March. * The ''Holy Friday'', with a spectacular procession in streets of the city which takes place every two years. * The ''Santa Lucia fair'' in the central street of Via Paleocapa on 13 December. * The ''Confuoco'' (in local dialect ''U Confeugu''), it takes place the last Sunday before Christmas in the square of Sisto IV.


Twin towns and sister cities

Savona is Twin towns and sister cities, twinned with: * Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany * Saona, Dominican Republic * Bayamo, Cuba * Mariupol, Ukraine


See also

*Corale Alpina Savonese *Savona 1907 F.B.C., Savona Football Club *Nemo's Garden (Noli)


References


Sources

*


External links


Genoa Airport :: What to see :: VarazzeSavona WebConfrateernita di S. Domenico
Savona, {{Province of Savona Cities and towns in Liguria Coastal towns in Liguria Municipalities of the Province of Savona Italian Riviera Mediterranean port cities and towns in Italy Baroque architecture in Liguria