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Government (61)

     Unity (23)      Union of Greens and Farmers
Union of Greens and Farmers
(21)      National Alliance (16)

Opposition (39)

     Harmony (24)      Latvian Association of Regions (7)      For Latvia from the Heart
For Latvia from the Heart
(7)      Who owns the state?
Who owns the state?
(1)

Elections

Voting system

Open list
Open list
proportional representation with a 5% election threshold

Last election

4 October 2014

Next election

6 October 2018

Meeting place

House of the Livonian Noble Corporation, Riga

Website

www.saeima.lv

Saeima
Saeima
building

Deputies are elected from five constituencies, based on the cultural regions of Latvia.

Latvia

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Latvia

Constitution

President

Raimonds Vējonis

Government

Prime Minister

Māris Kučinskis

Cabinet

Kučinskis I

Saeima

Speaker

Ināra Mūrniece

Dissolution

Recent elections

Saeima: 2010 2011 2014

Presidential: 2007 2011 2015

European: 2004 2009 2014

Political parties

Harmony Unity ZZS NA LRA NSL LKS

Administrative divisions

Planning regions

Human rights

Language policy Non-citizenship

Foreign relations

Other countries Atlas

v t e

The Saeima
Saeima
(Latvian pronunciation: [ˈsa.ɛi.ma]) is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia. It is a unicameral parliament consisting of 100 members who are elected by proportional representation, with seats allocated to political parties which gain at least 5% of the popular vote. Elections are scheduled to be held once every four years, normally on the first Saturday of October. The most recent elections were held in October 2014. The President of Latvia
Latvia
can dismiss the Saeima
Saeima
and request early elections. The procedure for dismissing it involves substantial political risk to the president, including a risk of loss of office. On May 28, 2011, president Valdis Zatlers
Valdis Zatlers
decided to initiate the dissolution of the Saeima, which was approved in a referendum, and the Saeima
Saeima
was dissolved on 23 July 2011.[1] The current Speaker of the Saeima
Speaker of the Saeima
is Ināra Mūrniece. Deputies are elected to represent one of five constituencies: Kurzeme (13 deputies), Latgale
Latgale
(15), Riga
Riga
(30), Vidzeme
Vidzeme
(27), and Zemgale (15). Seats are distributed in each constituency by open list proportional representation among the parties that overcome a 5% national election threshold using an unmodified version of the Webster/Sainte-Laguë method.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Last election 3 History 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Etymology[edit] The word "Saeima", meaning "a gathering, a meeting, a council", was constructed by the Young Latvian Juris Alunāns. It stems from the archaic Latvian word eima meaning "to go" (derived from the PIE *ei "to go" and also a cognate with the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
eimi, Gaulish eimu, among others).[2] Despite the visual similarity to the names of the Lithuanian and Polish national parliaments – Seimas
Seimas
and Sejm
Sejm
– the name "Saeima" is linguistically distinct, and does not have any historical ties to its Lithuanian and Polish counterparts. Last election[edit] Summary of the 4 October 2014 Latvian Saeima
Saeima
election results

Party Votes % Seats +/–

Harmony 209,887 23.00 24 −7

Unity 199,535 21.87 23 +3

Union of Greens and Farmers 178,210 19.53 21 +8

National Alliance 151,567 16.61 17 +3

For Latvia
Latvia
from the Heart 62,521 6.85 7 New

Latvian Association of Regions 60,812 6.66 8 New

Latvian Russian Union 14,390 1.58 0 0

United for Latvia 10,788 1.18 0 New

Latvian Development 8,156 0.89 0 New

New Conservative Party 6,389 0.70 0 New

Freedom. Free from Fear, Hate and Anger 1,735 0.19 0 0

Growth 1,515 0.17 0 New

Sovereignty 1,033 0.11 0 New

Invalid/blank votes 6,953 – – –

Total 913,491 100 100 0

Registered voters/turnout 1,552,235 58.85 – –

Source: CVK

History[edit] In the pre-war Latvia, Saeima
Saeima
was elected for three year terms. 1st Saeima
Saeima
met from November 7, 1922 until November 2, 1925. 2nd Saeima from November 3, 1925 until November 5, 1928. 3rd Saeima
3rd Saeima
from November 6, 1928 until November 2, 1931. 4th Saeima
4th Saeima
met from November 3, 1931 until the May 15, 1934 Latvian coup d'état. See also[edit]

Deputies of the Saeima

References[edit]

^ "Zatlers nolemj rosināt Saeimas atlaišanu" [Zatlers decides to initiate thedissolution of the Saeima]. Delfi (in Latvian). May 28, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2011.  ^ Zuicena, Ieva; Migla, Ilga (2008). "Jura Alunāna devums latviešu leksikogrāfijā" (PDF). LU Raksti (in Latvian). 731: 75. ISSN 1407-2157. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 

External links[edit]

Latvijas Republikas Saeima Central Election Commission of Latvia

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Coordinates: 56°57′04″N 24°06′18″E / 56.95111°N 24.10500°E / 56.951

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