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Sadiq Aman Khan /səˈdiːk ˈkɑːn/ (born 8 October 1970) is a British politician of the Labour Party serving as Mayor of London since 2016. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tooting
Tooting
from 2005 to 2016; he is on the party's soft left wing and has been ideologically characterised as a social democrat. Born in Tooting, South London, to a working-class British Pakistani family, Khan earned a law degree from the University of North London. He subsequently worked as a solicitor specialising in human rights, and chaired Liberty for three years. Joining the Labour Party, Khan was a Councillor for the London
London
Borough of Wandsworth
Wandsworth
from 1994 to 2006 before being elected as Member of Parliament for Tooting
Tooting
at the 2005 general election. Under the Labour government of Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Khan was appointed Minister of State for Communities in 2008, later becoming Minister of State for Transport. A key ally of former Labour leader Ed Miliband, he served in the Miliband's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Secretary of State for Justice, Shadow Lord Chancellor, and Shadow Minister for London. Khan was elected Mayor of London
London
at the May 2016 mayoral election, succeeding Conservative Party mayor Boris Johnson. He immediately resigned as MP for Tooting
Tooting
upon his victory at the mayoral election. He is London's first ethnic minority mayor, and the first Muslim
Muslim
to become the mayor of a major Western capital. Khan won the largest number of votes in one election of any politician in British history. As mayor, he introduced reforms to limit charges on London's public transport, backed London
London
Gatwick Airport
Gatwick Airport
expansion, and focused on uniting the city's varied communities. He was a vocal supporter of the unsuccessful Britain Stronger in Europe
Britain Stronger in Europe
campaign to retain UK membership of the European Union.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Legal career 3 Parliamentary career

3.1 First term: 2005–10 3.2 Second and third term: 2010–16

4 Mayor of London

4.1 2016 candidacy 4.2 Mayoralty

4.2.1 Transport and housing policies 4.2.2 Air pollution

5 Political views 6 Reception 7 Personal life 8 See also 9 References

9.1 Sources

10 External links

Early life[edit] Khan was born on 8 October 1970 at St George's Hospital
St George's Hospital
in Tooting, South London
London
to a working-class Sunni Muslim
Muslim
family.[1][2][3] His grandparents migrated from Lucknow
Lucknow
in United Provinces, British India to Pakistan
Pakistan
following the partition of India in 1947.[4][1] His father Amanullah and mother Sehrun arrived in London
London
from Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1968.[4][5] Khan was the fifth of eight children, all but one of whom were boys.[5] In the city, Amanullah worked as a bus driver and Sehrun as a seamstress.[6][1]

Ernest Bevin College
Ernest Bevin College
in Tooting

Khan and his siblings grew up in a three-bedroom council flat on the Henry Prince Estate in Earlsfield.[7] He attended Fircroft Primary School and then Ernest Bevin School, a local comprehensive.[7] Khan studied science and mathematics at A-level, in the hope of eventually becoming a dentist. A teacher recommended that he read law instead, as he had an argumentative personality. The teacher's suggestion, along with the American television programme L.A. Law, inspired Khan to do so. He read Law at the University of North London
London
(now London Metropolitan University).[1] His parents later moved out of their council flat and purchased their own home.[7] Like his brothers, Khan was a fan of sport, particularly enjoying football, cricket, and boxing.[7] From his earliest years, Khan worked: "I was surrounded by my mum and dad working all the time, so as soon as I could get a job, I got a job. I got a paper round, a Saturday job—some summers I laboured on a building site."[1] The family continues to send money to relatives in Pakistan, "because we're blessed being in this country." He and his family often encountered racism, which led to him and his brothers taking up boxing at the Earlsfield
Earlsfield
Amateur Boxing
Boxing
Club.[1] While studying for his degree, between the ages of 18 and 21, he had a Saturday job at the Peter Jones department store in Sloane Square.[8] Legal career[edit] Before entering the House of Commons in 2005, Khan practised as a solicitor.[9] After completing his law degree in 1991, Khan took his Law Society finals at the College of Law in Guildford.[10][11] In 1994 he married Saadiya Ahmed, who was also a solicitor.[7] In 1994 he became a trainee solicitor at a firm of solicitors called Christian Fisher;[9] the firm specialised in legal aid cases. The partners were Michael Fisher and Louise Christian.[12] Khan became a partner in 1997,[9] and like Christian, specialised in human rights law.[1] When Fisher left in 2002, the firm was renamed Christian Khan.[9][12][13] Khan left the firm in 2004, after he became the prospective Labour candidate for the Tooting
Tooting
parliamentary constituency.[9][14] During his legal career, he acted in actions against employment and discrimination law, judicial reviews, inquests, the police, and crime, and was involved in cases including the following:

Bubbins vs The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(European Court of Human Rights – shooting of an unarmed individual by police marksmen)[15] HSU and Thompson v Met Police (wrongful arrest/police damages)[16] Reeves v Met Police (duty of care to prisoners)[17] Murray v CAB (discrimination)[18] Ahmed v University of Oxford
University of Oxford
(racial discrimination against a student)[19] Dr Jadhav v Secretary of State for Health (racial discrimination in the employment of Indian doctors by the health service)[20] CI Logan v Met Police (racial discrimination)[21] Supt Dizaei v Met Police (police damages, discrimination)[22] Inquest into the death of David Rocky Bennett (use of restraints)[23] Lead solicitor on Mayday demonstration 2001 test case litigation (Human Rights Act)[24] Farrakhan v Home Secretary
Farrakhan v Home Secretary
(Human Rights Act): in 2001, Khan represented the American Nation of Islam
Nation of Islam
leader Louis Farrakhan
Louis Farrakhan
in the High Court and successfully overturned a ban on him entering the United Kingdom, first imposed in 1986. The government subsequently won on appeal.[25][26] In February 2000, Khan represented a group of Kurdish actors who were arrested by Metropolitan Police
Metropolitan Police
during a rehearsal of the Harold Pinter play Mountain Language, securing £150,000 in damages for the group for their wrongful arrest and the trauma caused by the arrest.[27] McDowell and Taylor v Met Police: Leroy McDowell and Wayne Taylor successfully sued the Metropolitan Police
Metropolitan Police
for assault and false imprisonment.[28] Represented Maajid Nawaz, Reza Pankhurst and Ian Nisbet in Egyptian court when they were arrested on charges of trying to revive Hizb ut-Tahrir.[29][30]

Parliamentary career[edit] First term: 2005–10[edit]

Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
in 2009

Before entering Parliament, Khan represented Tooting
Tooting
as a Councillor for the London
London
Borough of Wandsworth
Wandsworth
from 1994 to 2006, and was granted the title of Honorary Alderman of Wandsworth
Wandsworth
upon his retirement from local politics.[31] In 2003, Tooting
Tooting
Constituency Labour Party decided to open its parliamentary selection to all interested candidates, including the incumbent MP since 1974, Tom Cox. This prompted Cox, then in his mid-70s, to announce his retirement rather than risk de-selection. In the subsequent selection contest, Khan defeated five other local candidates to become Labour's candidate for the seat. He was elected to Parliament at the 2005 general election. Khan was one of the Labour MPs who led the successful opposition to Prime Minister Tony Blair's proposed introduction of 90 days' detention without charge for those suspected of terrorism offences.[32] In recognition of this, The Spectator—a right-wing magazine then edited by Boris Johnson—awarded him the "Newcomer of the Year Award" at the 2005 Parliamentarian of the Year Awards.[32] The magazine's editorial board stated that he had received the award "for the tough-mindedness and clarity with which he has spoken about the very difficult issues of Islamic terror".[33] In August 2006, he was a signatory of an open letter to Tony Blair
Tony Blair
that was signed by prominent Muslims and published in The Guardian. The letter criticised UK foreign policy and in particular the 2003 invasion of Iraq, stating that Blair's policies had caused great harm to civilians in the Middle East and provided "ammunition to extremists who threaten us all".[34][35] Khan had to repay £500 in expenses in 2007 in relation to a newsletter sent to constituents featuring a 'Labour rose', which was deemed to be unduly prominent. While the content of the newsletter was not deemed to be party political, the rose logo was found to be unduly prominent which may have had the effect of promoting a political party. There was no suggestion that Khan had deliberately or dishonestly compiled his expenses claims, which were not explicitly disallowed under the rules at that time. The rules were retrospectively changed disallowing the claim, which had previously been approved by the House of Commons authorities.[36][37] On 3 February 2008, The Sunday Times[38] claimed that a conversation between Khan and prisoner Babar Ahmad – a constituent accused and later convicted of involvement in terrorism – at Woodhill Prison in Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
had been bugged by the Metropolitan Police Anti-Terrorist Branch.[39] An inquiry was launched by the Justice Secretary, Jack Straw.[39] There was concern that the bugging contravened the Wilson Doctrine
Wilson Doctrine
that police should not bug MPs. The report concluded that the doctrine did not apply because it affected only bugging requiring approval by the Home Secretary, while in Khan's case the monitoring was authorised by a senior police officer. The Home Secretary, Jacqui Smith, then announced a further policy review and said the bugging of discussions between MPs and their constituents should be banned.[40] In June 2007, Blair stood down as both Prime Minister and Labour Party leader, to be replaced by Gordon Brown. Brown thought highly of Khan, who moved up the parliamentary ranks under Brown's Premiership.[34] Brown made Khan a party whip, who was therefore charged with ensuring that Labour-sponsored legislation successfully made it through the parliamentary process to become law.[34] In July 2008, Khan helped push through a government proposal to permit the detention of those suspected of terror offenses for 42 days without charge.[34] For his part in this, Khan was criticised by Liberty's Shami Chakrabarti
Shami Chakrabarti
and others, who claimed that Khan had contravened his principles on civil liberties issues.[34]

Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
speaking in 2011

On Prime Minister Gordon Brown's Cabinet reshuffle of 3 October 2008, Khan was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
for Communities and Local Government.[34][41][42] In 2008, the Fabian Society published Khan's book, Fairness Not Favours. In this work, Khan argued that the Labour Party had to reconnect with British Muslims, arguing that it had lost the trust of this community as a result of the Iraq War.[43] He also said that British Muslims had their own part to play in reconnecting with politicians, arguing that they needed to rid themselves of a victim mentality and take greater responsibility for their own community.[44] In the House of Commons in January 2009, Khan criticised Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
for the rehabilitation of Bishop Richard Williamson following his remarks about the Holocaust, a move he described as "highly unsavoury" and of "great concern".[45] In June 2009 he was promoted to Minister of State for Transport.[44][42][46] In what was believed to be a first for an MP, Khan used his Twitter account to self-announce his promotion.[47] Though Khan was not a member of the cabinet, he attended meetings for agenda items covering his policy area,[48] thus becoming the first Muslim
Muslim
to sit in on the British Cabinet.[44] As Transport Minister, Khan supported plans to expand Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Airport
with the addition of a third runway.[49] In March 2010, Khan publicly stated that for a second successive year he would not be taking a pay rise as an MP or Minister, declaring "At a time when many people in Tooting
Tooting
and throughout the country are having to accept pay freezes I don't think it's appropriate for MPs to accept a pay rise."[50] Second and third term: 2010–16[edit] In 2010, Khan was re-elected as the MP for Tooting
Tooting
despite a swing against his party of 3.6% and a halving of his previous majority. In the subsequent Labour leadership election Khan was an early backer of Ed Miliband, becoming his campaign manager.[51] In the wake of Labour's 2010 election defeat, Acting Leader Harriet Harman
Harriet Harman
appointed Khan Shadow Secretary of State for Transport.[52] Khan orchestrated Ed Miliband's successful campaign to become Labour leader,[53] and was appointed to the senior roles of Shadow Lord Chancellor and Shadow Justice Secretary.[54]

Khan orchestrated Ed Miliband's successful campaign to become Labour leader and later served in Miliband's Shadow Cabinet.

In April 2010 it was revealed that Khan had repaid falsely claimed expenses on two occasions, when literature was sent to his constituents. The first incident concerned letters sent out before the 2010 General Election which were ruled to have the "unintentional effect of promoting his return to office", the second a £2,550 repayment for Christmas, Eid, and birthday cards for constituents, dating back to 2006.[55] Under House of Commons rules, pre-paid envelopes and official stationery can only be used for official parliamentary business.[56][57][58] Khan's claim for the greetings cards was initially rejected, but he presented a new invoice no longer identifying the nature of the claim, and this was accepted. Khan attributed the improper claim for the cards to "inexperience" and human error and apologised for breaking the expenses rules.[59][60] In early 2013, Miliband appointed Khan as the Shadow Minister for London, a position that he held in addition to his other responsibilities.[61][54] In December 2013, the Fabian Society published a collection of essays edited by Khan that was titled Our London.[61] Khan was also tasked with overseeing Labour's campaign for the 2014 London
London
local elections,[49] in which the party advanced its control in the city, gaining hold of twenty of the thirty-two boroughs.[62] By this point, there was much talk of Khan making a bid for the London
London
Mayoralty in 2016, when incumbent Mayor Boris Johnson would be stepping down.[61] His options were affected by the outcome of the 2015 general election; if Labour won, then he would be expected to become a government minister, but if they lost then he would be free to pursue the Mayoralty.[61] In December 2015, Khan voted against the Cameron government's plans to expand the bombing of targets in the Islamic State.[63] Polls had suggested that Labour could be the largest party in a hung parliament following the 2015 general election, but ultimately the Conservatives secured victory.[64] In the vote, Khan was returned for a third term as MP for Tooting, defeating his Conservative rival by 2,842 votes.[65][66] He was one of 36 Labour MPs to nominate Jeremy Corbyn as a candidate in the Labour leadership election of 2015, but has said that he was "no patsy" to Corbyn and would stand up to him.[67][68] He later stated that he nominated Corbyn to "broaden the debate" but did not then vote for him.[69] On 9 May 2016, Khan resigned as an MP by his appointment to the ancient office of Crown Steward and Bailiff of The Three Chiltern Hundreds, a customary practice in the UK. This triggered a by-election in Tooting
Tooting
to be held in June 2016.[70][71] He is regularly named among the Top 100 London
London
politicians in the London
London
Evening Standard's annual poll of the 1,000 most influential Londoners[72] and is an Ambassador for Mosaic Network,[73] an initiative set up by Prince Charles. Mayor of London[edit] 2016 candidacy[edit] Main article: London
London
mayoral election, 2016

"An affordable and secure home to rent or buy, more jobs with higher wages for the lowest paid, making it easier to set up and run a successful business, reducing the cost of commuting, and making London's environment safer, healthier and less polluted."

Khan's priorities as Mayor.[74]

After Labour's defeat at the 2015 general election, Khan resigned from the Shadow Cabinet.[75] He then announced himself as a candidate to be the Labour nominee for the London
London
Mayoral elections of 2016: his rivals in this were Diane Abbott, Christian Wolmar, Gareth Thomas, David Lammy, and Tessa Jowell.[75] Jowell, who had been an MP for 23 years and had led London's successful nomination to host the 2012 Olympic Games, was widely regarded as the favourite to win by bookmakers and opinion polls.[76] Khan soon gained the support of prominent figures in the party, including former Mayor of London
London
Ken Livingstone, who was on Labour's leftist, socialist wing, and Oona King, who was on its centrist, Blairite wing.[77] He also received the backing of the Labour-affiliated GMB and Unite unions,[78] and the nomination of 44 of Labour's 73 parliamentary constituent parties in London, leaving him as one of the top two contenders alongside Jowell.[78] A YouGov poll for LBC
LBC
suggested that while Jowell would defeat Conservative candidate Zac Goldsmith
Zac Goldsmith
in a Mayoral election, Khan would not.[79] In hustings, Khan placed an emphasis on his working-class origins, which would play against Jowell's wealthier upbringing, and argued for the need for change in London, thereby insinuating that Jowell would represent too much continuity with the outgoing Johnson administration.[80] In September 2015, Khan was announced as the winning nominee.[81] He gained 48,152 votes (58.9%) against Jowell's 35,573 (41.1%).[81][82] He was the favourite candidate in all three voting categories; Labour Party members, members of affiliated trade unions and organisations, and registered supporters who had paid £3 in order to vote.[83]

Khan's main rival was Conservative candidate Zac Goldsmith; Khan described him as a spoiled dilettante who "never finishes anything he starts".[84]

Khan vowed that if elected, he would freeze public transport fares in London
London
for four years.[84][85] He claimed that this would deprive Transport for London
London
(TfL) of £452 million, but TfL stated that it would deprive them of £1.9 billion, taking into account projected population growth over this period.[86][87] Although he had previously backed Heathrow expansion, he now opposed it, instead calling for expansion at Gatwick Airport; he was likely aware that supporting the former was a vote loser in London.[88] Aware of the severe housing shortage in London, he also spoke of clamping down on foreign property investors,[89] and proposed the establishment of both a " London
London
living rent" tenure and a not-for-profit lettings agency that could undercut commercial operators in order to ease the high cost of renting in the city.[90] He also called for house building on land owned by TfL, insisting that at least 50% of those constructed should be "genuinely affordable".[91] The YouGov poll had revealed that 31% of Londoners stated that they would not be "comfortable" with a Muslim
Muslim
mayor.[79] Aware that many voters were suspicious regarding the loyalties of British Muslims to the British state, Khan emphasised his commitment to liberal social values.[92] As part of this, he declared his opposition to homophobia,[93] and said that he would have "zero tolerance for anti-Semitism".[94] He openly condemned Islamic extremism and called on the Muslim
Muslim
community to take a leading role in combating it, although at the same time acknowledged the Islamophobia
Islamophobia
that many British Muslims faced.[95] He also distanced himself from Corbyn,[96] rebuking Labour's socialist leader for his links to armed anti-Israel groups,[97] and criticising him for not singing the national anthem at an event commemorating the Battle of Britain.[98] Concerned that Corbyn's socialist platform was alienating many of London's businesses, Khan declared that he would be "the most pro-business mayor ever",[99] and met with groups like the Federation of Small Businesses and City of London
London
Corporation.[100] He also ensured that his campaign was run entirely separate from Corbyn.[101]

Map of Greater London
London
boroughs that produced a majority for Khan (red) and Goldsmith (blue) in the 2016 mayoral election

Conversely, Goldsmith's Conservative campaign—which was orchestrated by Lynton Crosby's company[102]—emphasised connections between Khan and Corbyn.[102] Both the Conservative campaign and several Conservative-aligned newspapers sought to tar Khan as an apologist for, or even sympathiser with, Islamic extremism.[103] Goldsmith's campaign material referred to Khan as "radical and divisive",[102] while comments on the Conservatives' Facebook
Facebook
campaign material often displayed anti- Muslim
Muslim
sentiment.[104] Labour accused Goldsmith's campaign of using rhetoric that was a "dog-whistle" to Islamophobia,[102] while the Conservatives responded that it was "utterly predictable that Labour label their opponents as racists", citing the fact that during the 2008 mayoral campaign, the party had also accused Johnson of employing racist rhetoric.[105] Goldsmith claimed that his references to Khan's "radical" views referred to connections with Corbyn rather than to any connection with Islamic extremism, adding that Khan was playing "the race card".[106] He is London's first ethnic minority mayor.[107] Various press sources noted that Khan's election made him the first actively affiliated Muslim
Muslim
to become mayor of a major Western capital.[108][109] International press sources often focused on his religious identity,[110] with many right-wing American media outlets reacting with horror at his election.[111] The far right party Britain First issued a press statement declaring Khan a Muslim
Muslim
"occupier" engaged in entryism and threatened to target where he "lives, works and prays" with direct action protest.[112] Khan was officially sworn in as Mayor in a multi-faith ceremony held in Southwark Cathedral
Southwark Cathedral
the following day.[109] His first act as mayor was his appearance at a Holocaust
Holocaust
memorial ceremony in a rugby stadium in North London,[113] although due to delays with the results of the election, he only officially took office on 9 May.[114] In his first major interview upon being elected, he emphasised the need for Labour to do more to win-over those who did not normally vote for the party, a statement seen as a criticism of Corbyn's leadership.[115] Mayoralty[edit] In the buildup to the referendum on the UK's continuing membership of the European Union
European Union
(EU), Khan was a vocal supporter of the 'Remain' camp.[116] He agreed to attend a Britain Stronger in Europe
Britain Stronger in Europe
campaign event with the Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
to demonstrate cross-party support for remaining within the EU,[117][118] for which he was criticised by Labour Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell, who claimed that sharing a platform with the Conservatives "discredits us".[119] After the murder of MP Jo Cox
Jo Cox
during the campaign, Khan called for the country to "pause and reflect" on the manner in which the Leave and Remain camps had been approaching the debate, stating that it had been marred by a "climate of hatred, of poison, of negativity, of cynicism".[120] Following the success of the 'Leave' vote, Khan insisted that all EU citizens living in London
London
were welcome in the city and that he was grateful for the contribution that they made to it.[121][122] He endorsed the Metropolitan Police's 'We Stand Together' campaign to combat the rise in racial abuse following the referendum,[123] and later backed the ' London
London
is Open' campaign to encourage businesses, artists, and performers to continue coming to the city despite Brexit.[124]

Khan at Pride in London, June 2016

While fasting for the Islamic holy month of Ramadan
Ramadan
in 2016, Khan declared that he would use the period as an opportunity to help "break down the mystique and suspicion" surrounding Islam in Britain and help to "get out there and build bridges" between communities, organising iftars to be held at synagogues, churches, and mosques.[125][126] He then appeared at a Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
celebration of Eid al-Fitr, endorsing religious freedom and lambasting "criminals who do bad things and use the name of Islam to justify what they do".[127] Following the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, Khan attended a vigil in Old Compton Street, Soho, and insisted that he would "will do everything in [his] power to ensure that LGBT Londoners feel safe in every part of our city";[128] later that month he marched in the LGBT Pride London
London
parade.[129] In August 2016, Khan declared his support for Owen Smith's bid to oust Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
as Labour Party leader. Although describing him as a "principled Labour man", Khan said that Corbyn had failed to gain popularity with the electorate and that Labour would not win a general election under Corbyn's leadership.[130] Transport and housing policies[edit] On transport, Khan immediately announced the introduction of a "Hopper" bus ticket which would allow a passenger to take two bus journeys within an hour for the price of one; it was intended to benefit those on low incomes most.[131] In June, Khan announced that his electoral pledge to prevent transport fare rises would only apply to "single fares" and pay as you go fares, and not daily, monthly, weekly, or yearly railcards; he was widely criticised for this, including by the Liberal Democrat Caroline Pidgeon, who accused him of having broken his promise.[132][133] In June 2016 he ordered TfL to ban any advertising on its network that was deemed to engage in body shaming and the demeaning of women.[134] In July he urged the government to allow TfL to take control of the failing Southern rail service,[135][136] and in August launched the 24-hour Underground service on Fridays and Saturdays, an idea initially proposed by Johnson two years previously.[137] In his first weeks as Mayor, Khan criticised foreign investors for treating homes in London
London
as "gold bricks for investment", instead urging them to invest in the construction of "affordable homes" for Londoners through a new agency, Homes for Londoners, which would be funded by both public and private money.[138] However, in contrast to a pre-election statement, he revealed that he no longer supported rent freezes in the city.[139] Insisting that he would "oppose building on the Green Belt, which is now even more important than when it was created", Khan vetoed the construction of a football stadium and two blocks of flats on Green Belt land in Chislehurst, after the plan had already been supported by Bromley Council.[140] Khan backed expansion of London
London
City Airport, removing the block on this instituted by Johnson's administration; environmentalist campaigners like Siân Berry
Siân Berry
stated that this was a breach of Khan's pledge to be London's "greenest ever" mayor.[141] Opposing expansion at Heathrow Airport, he urged Prime Minister Theresa May
Theresa May
to instead support expansion at Gatwick Airport, stating that to do so would bring "substantial economic benefits" to London.[142] Khan launched a "No Nights Sleeping Rough" taskforce to tackle youth homelessness in London
London
in October 2016.[143] Air pollution[edit] Khan has called air pollution “the biggest public health emergency of a generation.”[144] In April 2017, Khan announced plans to clean up London's air by establishing an "ultra-low emissions zone (Ulez)" across London
London
that would charge owners of the most polluting cars with a fine between £3 or £12.50 per day.[145] The zone is planned to be introduced in 2019.[145] Khan criticised Great Britain's government in June 2017 for its lack of drive in improving general air quality.[146] He stated that the government’s action plan on the issue lacked “serious detail, fails to tackle all emission sources, such as from buildings, construction or the river, and does not utilise the government’s full resources and powers”, reflecting its low priorisation of the issue in the past.[146] In September, he announced that the first 50 air quality audits for primary schools in the worst-polluted areas of the city had been launched with the objective to reduce air pollution around public schools.[147] The audits will continue until the end of 2017, with reports being published in 2018.[147][144] Political views[edit] Writing for The Spectator, the political commentator Nick Cohen described Khan as a centre-left social democrat,[148] while the journalist Amol Rajan termed him "a torch-bearer for the social democratic wing" of the Labour Party.[149] The BBC describe Khan as being located on the party's soft left.[150] Conversely, in an article for Al Jazeera, the Marxist commentator Richard Seymour described Khan as a centrist,[151] while Matt Wrack, the General Secretary of the Fire Brigades Union, characterised Khan as belonging to "that part of the Labour Party that was in government under Blair and Brown".[152] The journalist Dave Hill described Khan as a social liberal,[153] and Khan has self-described as a "proud feminist".[153] Khan received death threats from Islamic extremists after voting in favour of the same-sex marriage equality bill.[154][155] He was also threatened by the far-right group Britain First, which in 2016 threatened to take "direct action" against Khan where he "lives, works and prays" as part of an anti- Muslim
Muslim
campaign.[156] Reception[edit] In January 2013 and 2015, Khan was nominated for the Politician of the Year Award at the British Muslim
Muslim
Awards.[157] He later won the award in February 2016.[158] Not all British Muslims have however supported him; some of the supporters of Lutfur Rahman—whom Khan opposed—claimed that Khan was part of an Islamophobic Labour establishment.[159] Personal life[edit] Khan is a practising Muslim,[160][161][162] who observes the fast during Ramadan,[159] and regularly attends Al-Muzzammil Mosque in Tooting.[161] Writing in The Guardian, the journalist Dave Hill described Khan as "a moderate, socially liberal Muslim".[127] He has expressed the view that "too often the people who are 'representing' the Islamic faith aren't representative, they're angry men with beards. And that is not what Islam is about."[93] Khan married Saadiya Ahmed, a fellow solicitor, in 1994 and has two daughters, Anisah (born 1999) and Ammarah (born 2001).[1][163] He has raised both daughters in the Islamic faith.[164] Khan served as chairman of the socialist Fabian Society,[165] remaining on its Executive Committee. In 2009, he won the Jenny Jeger Award (Best Fabian Pamphlet) for his writing "Fairness not Favours: How to re-connect with British Muslims".[166][167] Hill stated that Khan was "savvy, streetwise and not averse to a scrap".[104] Hill described Khan as having a "joshing, livewire off-stage personality" which differed from the formal image he often projected while onstage.[168] Khan used to perform stand-up comedy before running for Mayor, including a ten-minute money-raising Stand Up for Labour routine. Comedian Arthur Smith stated that Khan could become a "good club-level comedian one day".[169] During the 2016 Mayoral campaign, Goldsmith referred to Khan as "a caricature machine politician... the sort of politician who justified peoples' mistrust in politics", as evidence citing Khan's U-turn on supporting Heathrow expansion.[170] Another rival in the 2016 Mayoral campaign, George Galloway of the Respect Party, referred to Khan as a "flip-flop merchant" and a "product of the Blairite machine".[171] See also[edit]

London
London
mayoral election, 2016 List of British Pakistanis

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Eaton, George. "The pugilist: Sadiq Khan's quest to become mayor of London". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016. His grandparents emigrated from India to Karachi, Pakistan
Pakistan
following Partition; his parents emigrated from Pakistan
Pakistan
to London
London
shortly before his birth.  ^ Rowena Mason and Simon Hattenstone (31 May 2015). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
says 'aspiration' will be Labour leadership race's most overused word". The Observer. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.  ^ "Victory for Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
highlights tolerant face of London". Financial Times. 7 May 2016. Archived from the original on 26 June 2016.  ^ a b " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
makes historic border crossing from India to Pakistan
Pakistan
on foot". London
London
Evening Standard. 6 December 2017. Archived from the original on 7 December 2017.  ^ a b Hill 2016, p. 14. ^ Hill 2016, pp. 14–15. ^ a b c d e Hill 2016, p. 15. ^ Cooper, Goolistan (1 February 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
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Attends Holocaust
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Memorial as First Official Mayoral Act". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.  ^ " Sadiq Khan
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Sadiq Khan
uses first major interview as Mayor of London
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Sadiq Khan
warns Labour has a 'responsibility' to win EU referendum remain vote". The Telegraph. 9 June 2016. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016.  ^ Sparrow, Andrew (30 May 2016). " David Cameron
David Cameron
and Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
plan pro-EU joint appearance". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 September 2016.  ^ "PM hails 'extraordinary coalition' as he joins Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
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Sadiq Khan
calls for more respectful tone in EU referendum debate". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016.  ^ Johnston, Chris (25 June 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
tells London's Europeans they remain welcome". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 August 2016.  ^ Elledge, Jonn (24 June 2016). " London
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mayor Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
to EU citizens: "You are welcome here"". City Metric. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016.  ^ Sleigh, Sophia (8 July 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
launches crackdown on Brexit vote hate crime". London
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London
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Ramadan
to help build bridges between communities". London
London
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Ramadan
2016: Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
wants to use Islamic holy month to reduce suspicion of Muslims". The Independent. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017.  ^ a b Hill, Dave (10 July 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
speaks for peaceful Islam at Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
Eid festival". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 July 2016.  ^ Khan, Sadiq (14 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan: I'll work to preserve London's record of being LGBT-friendly". Archived from the original on 29 June 2016.  ^ "Thousands join Pride parade in London". BBC News. 25 June 2016. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016.  ^ Syal, Rajeev (21 August 2016). " Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
supporters dismiss Sadiq Khan's criticisms". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016.  ^ Crerar, Pippa. " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
confirms new £1.50 one-hour 'hopper' London
London
bus ticket". London
London
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Sadiq Khan
already broken his promise of a fares freeze?". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016.  ^ Cowburn, Ashley (8 June 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
accused of breaking flagstone electoral promise to freeze London
London
transport fares". The Independent. Archived from the original on 31 December 2017.  ^ Lewis, Kayleigh (13 June 2016). "Body-shaming adverts to be banned on London
London
transport by Sadiq Khan". The Independent. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017.  ^ Johnston, Chris (20 July 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
seeks Transport for London
London
takeover of Southern". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.  ^ Mortimer, Caroline (20 July 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
says Southern Rail should be placed under Tfl control after months of commuter misery". The Independent. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016.  ^ Weaver, Matthew (19 August 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
to launch London's night tube service". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016.  ^ Booth, Robert (25 May 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
condemns foreign investors' use of London
London
homes as 'gold bricks'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 June 2016.  ^ Foster, Dawn (27 May 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
attacks empty luxury flats, but his housing policies are also void". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016.  ^ May, Luke (22 June 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
rejects football stadium plans to protect Bromley's green space". Bromley Times. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016.  ^ Crerar, Pippa (11 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's help for London
London
City Airport expansion 'breaks green pledge'". London
London
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Sadiq Khan
urges Theresa May
Theresa May
to back Gatwick Airport expansion with second runway". London
London
Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.  ^ Crerar, Pippa (6 October 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
launches taskforce to help young people sleeping rough in London". London
London
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Sadiq Khan
plans world's first ultra-low emission zone across huge swathe of London". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ a b Taylor, Matthew (23 June 2017). "Sadiq Khan: Gove must get a grip on 'life and death' air pollution crisis". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ a b "Audit to protect 'pupils from toxic air'". BBC News. 13 September 2017. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ Nick Cohen
Nick Cohen
(10 February 2016). "Would Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
prefer George Galloway to be Mayor of London?". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 11 February 2016.  ^ Amol Rajan (15 September 2015). "After Boris, Mayor Khan for London?". Politico. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016.  ^ Esther Webber (7 May 2016). " London
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story". BBC News. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016.  ^ Richard Seymour (8 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's victory and free Londonistan". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016.  ^ Watts, Joe (22 August 2016). " Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
faces backlash after saying Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
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Mayor Sadiq Khan with 'direct action' Archived 12 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine., The Independent
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Sources[edit]

Hill, Dave (2016). Zac Versus Sadiq: The Fight to Become London
London
Mayor. Not specified: Double Q. ISBN 978-1-911079-20-0. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sadiq Khan.

Official website Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
– Labour Candidate for Mayor of London
London
official site

Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
Hansard
2010–present Contributions in Parliament during 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 at Hansard
Hansard
Archives Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
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1803–2005 Voting record at Public Whip Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record Articles authored at Journalisted @SadiqKhan Verified Twitter Account @Mayorof London
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Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by Tom Cox Member of Parliament for Tooting 2005–2016 Succeeded by Rosena Allin-Khan

Political offices

Preceded by Parmjit Dhanda Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
for Communities and Local Government 2008–2009 Succeeded by Shahid Malik

Preceded by The Lord Adonis Minister of State for Transport 2009–2010 Succeeded by Theresa Villiers

Shadow Secretary of State for Transport 2010 Succeeded by Maria Eagle

Preceded by Jack Straw Shadow Secretary of State for Justice 2010–2015 Succeeded by The Lord Falconer of Thoroton

Shadow Lord Chancellor 2010–2015

Preceded by Tessa Jowell Shadow Minister for London 2013–2015 Succeeded by None

Preceded by Boris Johnson Mayor of London 2016–present Incumbent

Party political offices

Preceded by Anne Campbell Chair of the Fabian Society 2008–2010 Succeeded by Suresh Pushpananthan

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Brown Cabinet

Cabinet members

Lord Adonis Bob Ainsworth Douglas Alexander Baroness Ashton Ed Balls Hilary Benn Hazel Blears Ben Bradshaw Gordon Brown Des Browne Liam Byrne Andy Burnham Yvette Cooper Alistair Darling John Denham Peter Hain Harriet Harman Geoff Hoon John Hutton Alan Johnson Tessa Jowell Ruth Kelly Lord Mandelson David Miliband Ed Miliband Jim Murphy Paul Murphy James Purnell Baroness Royall Jacqui Smith Jack Straw Shaun Woodward

Also attended meetings

Margaret Beckett Nick Brown Lord Drayson Caroline Flint Lord Grocott John Healey Jim Knight Lord Malloch-Brown Pat McFadden Tony McNulty Patricia Scotland

Attended while on agenda

Beverley Hughes Sadiq Khan Dawn Primarolo Rosie Winterton

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Miliband Shadow Cabinet

Shadow cabinet members

Douglas Alexander Ed Balls Lord Bassam of Brighton Hilary Benn Andy Burnham Liam Byrne Vernon Coaker Yvette Cooper Mary Creagh Margaret Curran John Denham Gloria De Piero Michael Dugher Angela Eagle Maria Eagle Caroline Flint Peter Hain Harriet Harman John Healey Meg Hillier Tristram Hunt Alan Johnson Tessa Jowell Sadiq Khan Chris Leslie Ivan Lewis Ann McKechin Ed Miliband Jim Murphy Lucy Powell Rachel Reeves Baroness Royall of Blaisdon Owen Smith Jon Trickett Stephen Twigg Chuka Umunna Tom Watson Shaun Woodward

Also attended meetings

Lord Bach Jon Cruddas Liz Kendall Emma Reynolds Patricia Scotland Emily Thornberry Lord Wood of Anfield

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Labour Party shadow cabinet election, 2010

Leader: Ed Miliband

Elected

Douglas Alexander Ed Balls Hilary Benn Andy Burnham Liam Byrne Yvette Cooper Mary Creagh John Denham Angela Eagle Maria Eagle Caroline Flint John Healey Meg Hillier Alan Johnson Tessa Jowell Sadiq Khan Ivan Lewis Ann McKechin Jim Murphy

Not elected

Diane Abbott Roberta Blackman-Woods Ben Bradshaw Kevin Brennan Chris Bryant Vernon Coaker Wayne David Jack Dromey Rob Flello Mike Gapes Barry Gardiner Helen Goodman Peter Hain David Hanson Tom Harris Huw Irranca-Davies Kevan Jones Eric Joyce Barbara Keeley David Lammy Chris Leslie Ian Lucas Fiona Mactaggart Pat McFadden Alun Michael Gareth Thomas Emily Thornberry Stephen Timms Stephen Twigg Shaun Woodward Iain Wright

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London
London
Labour Party mayoral selection, 2015

Selected

Sadiq Khan

Defeated

Diane Abbott Tessa Jowell David Lammy Gareth Thomas Christian Wolmar

Eliminated

Keran Kerai Neeraj Patil

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Mayors of London

Ken Livingstone
Ken Livingstone
(2000–08) Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
(2008–16) Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
(2016–)

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Mayors of the largest cities by GDP

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City) Sobyanin (Moscow) Park (Seoul) Khan (London) de Blasio (New York City) Emanuel (Chicago) Garcetti (Los Angeles) Bowser (Washington, D.C.) Turner (Houston) Rawlings (Dallas)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 265709443 LCCN: no2008179540 ISNI: 0000 0003 8243 7355 GND: 104615138

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