SADIQ AMAN KHAN PC (born 8 October 1970) is a British politician. He
Mayor of London , a position held since 2016. He was the
Member of Parliament (MP) for
Tooting from 2005 to 2016. A member of
the Labour Party , he is on the party's soft left wing and has been
ideologically characterised as a social democrat .
Tooting , South
London , to a working-class British Pakistani
family, Khan gained a law degree from the University of North
He subsequently worked as a solicitor specialising in human rights,
and chaired Liberty for three years. Joining the Labour Party, Khan
Councillor for the
London Borough of
Wandsworth from 1994 to
2006 before being elected as Member of Parliament for
Tooting at the
2005 general election. Under the Labour government of Prime Minister
Gordon Brown , Khan was appointed Minister of State for Communities in
2008, later becoming
Minister of State for Transport
Minister of State for Transport . A key ally of
former Labour leader
Ed Miliband , he served in the Miliband\'s Shadow
Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
Shadow Secretary of State for Justice , Shadow Lord
Chancellor , and Shadow
Minister for London .
Khan was elected
Mayor of London at the May 2016 mayoral election ,
succeeding Conservative Party Mayor
Boris Johnson . He immediately
resigned as MP for
Tooting upon his victory at the mayoral election.
He is London's first ethnic minority mayor, and the first
become the mayor of a major Western capital. Khan won the largest
number of votes in one election of any politician in British history.
As mayor, he introduced reforms to limit charges on London's public
Gatwick Airport expansion, and focused on
uniting the city's varied communities. He was a vocal supporter of the
Britain Stronger in Europe campaign to retain UK
membership of the
European Union .
* 1 Early life
* 2 Legal career
* 3 Parliamentary career
* 3.1 First term: 2005–10
* 3.2 Second and third term: 2010–16
Mayor of London
* 4.1 2016 candidacy
* 4.2 Mayoralty
* 4.2.1 Transport and housing policies
* 5 Political views
* 6 Reception
* 7 Personal life
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 9.1 Sources
* 10 External links
Khan was born at St George\'s Hospital in
Tooting , South
London to a
Muslim family of Pakistani immigrants . His
grandparents migrated from
Bombay Presidency ,
British India to
Pakistan following the partition of India in 1947. His father
Amanullah and mother Sehrun had arrived in
London from Pakistan in the
second half of the 1960s. Khan was the fifth of eight children, all
but one of whom was a boy. In the city, Amanullah worked as a bus
driver and Sehrun as a seamstress .
Ernest Bevin College in
Khan and his siblings grew up in a three-bedroom council flat on the
Henry Prince Estate in
Earlsfield . He attended Fircroft Primary
School and then Ernest Bevin School , a local comprehensive . Khan
studied science and mathematics at
A-level , in the hope of eventually
becoming a dentist. A teacher recommended that he read law instead, as
he had an argumentative personality. The teacher's suggestion, along
with the American television programme
L.A. Law , inspired Khan to do
so. He read Law at the University of North
London (now London
Metropolitan University ). His parents later moved out of their
council flat and purchased their own home. Like his brothers, Khan
was a fan of sport, particularly enjoying football, cricket, and
From his earliest years, Khan worked: "I was surrounded by my mum and
dad working all the time, so as soon as I could get a job, I got a
job. I got a paper round, a Saturday job—some summers I laboured on
a building site." The family continues to send money to relatives in
Pakistan, "because we're blessed being in this country." He and his
family often encountered racism, which led to him and his brothers
taking up boxing at the
Boxing Club. While
studying for his degree, between the ages of 18 and 21, he had a
Saturday job at the Peter Jones department store in
Sloane Square .
Before entering the House of Commons in 2005, Khan practised as a
solicitor. After completing his law degree in 1991, Khan took his Law
Society finals at the College of Law in
Guildford . In 1994 he
married Saadiya Ahmed, who was also a solicitor.
In 1994 he became a trainee solicitor at a firm of solicitors called
Christian Fisher; the firm specialised in legal aid cases. The
partners were Michael Fisher and
Louise Christian . Khan became a
partner in 1997, and like Christian, specialised in human rights law.
When Fisher left in 2002, the firm was renamed Christian Khan.
Khan left the firm in 2004, after he became the prospective Labour
candidate for the
Tooting parliamentary constituency.
During his legal career, he acted in actions against employment and
discrimination law , judicial reviews, inquests, the police, and
crime, and was involved in cases including the following:
* Bubbins vs The
United Kingdom (European Court of Human Rights –
shooting of an unarmed individual by police marksmen)
* HSU and Thompson v Met Police (wrongful arrest/police damages)
* Reeves v Met Police (duty of care to prisoners)
* Murray v CAB (discrimination)
* Ahmed v
University of Oxford
University of Oxford (racial discrimination against a
* Dr Jadhav v Secretary of State for Health (racial discrimination
in the employment of Indian doctors by the health service)
* CI Logan v Met Police (racial discrimination )
* Supt Dizaei v Met Police (police damages, discrimination)
* Inquest into the death of David Rocky Bennett (use of restraints)
* Lead solicitor on Mayday demonstration 2001 test case litigation
(Human Rights Act )
* Farrakhan v Home Secretary (Human Rights Act): in 2001, Khan
represented the American
Nation of Islam leader
Louis Farrakhan in the
High Court and successfully overturned a ban on him entering the
United Kingdom, first imposed in 1986, but the government subsequently
won on appeal.
* In February 2000, Khan represented a group of Kurdish actors who
were arrested by
Metropolitan Police during a rehearsal of the Harold
Mountain Language , securing £150,000 in damages for the
group for their wrongful arrest and the trauma caused by the arrest.
* McDowell and Taylor v Met Police: Leroy McDowell and Wayne Taylor
successfully sued the
Metropolitan Police for assault and false
Maajid Nawaz , Reza Pankhurst and Ian Nisbet in
Egyptian court when they were arrested on charges of trying to revive
Hizb ut-Tahrir .
FIRST TERM: 2005–10
Sadiq Khan in 2009
Before entering Parliament, Khan represented
Tooting as a Councillor
London Borough of
Wandsworth from 1994 to 2006, and was
granted the title of Honorary
Wandsworth upon his
retirement from local politics.
Constituency Labour Party decided to open its
parliamentary selection to all interested candidates, including the
incumbent MP since 1974, Tom Cox . This prompted Cox, then in his
mid-70s, to announce his retirement rather than risk de-selection. In
the subsequent selection contest, Khan defeated five other local
candidates to become Labour's candidate for the seat. He was elected
to Parliament at the 2005 general election .
Khan was one of the Labour MPs who led the successful opposition to
Tony Blair 's proposed introduction of 90 days
detention without charge for those suspected of terrorism offences.
In recognition of this,
The Spectator —a right-wing magazine then
Boris Johnson —awarded him the "Newcomer of the Year
Award" at the 2005 Parliamentarian of the Year Awards. The magazine's
editorial board stated that he had received the award "for the
tough-mindedness and clarity with which he has spoken about the very
difficult issues of Islamic terror". In August 2006, he was a
signatory of an open letter to
Tony Blair that was signed by prominent
Muslims and published in
The Guardian . The letter criticised UK
foreign policy and in particular the 2003 invasion of Iraq, stating
that Blair's policies had caused great harm to civilians in the Middle
East and provided "ammunition to extremists who threaten us all".
Khan had to repay £500 in expenses in 2007 in relation to a
newsletter sent to constituents featuring a 'Labour rose', which was
deemed to be unduly prominent. While the content of the newsletter was
not deemed to be party political, the rose logo was found to be unduly
prominent which may have had the effect of promoting a political
party. There was no suggestion that Khan had deliberately or
dishonestly compiled his expenses claims , which were not explicitly
disallowed under the rules at that time. The rules were
retrospectively changed disallowing the claim, which had previously
been approved by the House of Commons authorities.
On 3 February 2008,
The Sunday Times claimed that a conversation
between Khan and prisoner
Babar Ahmad – a constituent accused and
later convicted of involvement in terrorism – at
Woodhill Prison in
Milton Keynes had been bugged by the Metropolitan Police
Anti-Terrorist Branch . An inquiry was launched by the Justice
Jack Straw . There was concern that the bugging
Wilson Doctrine that police should not bug MPs. The
report concluded that the doctrine did not apply because it affected
only bugging requiring approval by the Home Secretary, while in Khan's
case the monitoring was authorised by a senior police officer. The
Jacqui Smith , then announced a further policy review
and said the bugging of discussions between MPs and their constituents
should be banned.
In June 2007, Blair stood down as both Prime Minister and Labour
Party leader, to be replaced by
Gordon Brown . Brown thought highly of
Khan, who moved up the parliamentary ranks under Brown's Premiership.
Brown made Khan a party whip, who was therefore charged with ensuring
that Labour-sponsored legislation successfully made it through the
parliamentary process to become law. In July 2008, Khan helped push
through a government proposal to permit the detention of those
suspected of terror offenses for 42 days without charge. For his part
in this, Khan was criticised by Liberty's
Shami Chakrabarti and
others, who claimed that Khan had contravened his principles on civil
Sadiq Khan speaking in 2011
On Prime Minister
Gordon Brown 's
Cabinet reshuffle of 3 October
2008, Khan was appointed
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for
Communities and Local Government . In 2008, the Fabian Society
published Khan's book, Fairness Not Favours. In this work, Khan argued
that the Labour Party had to reconnect with British Muslims, arguing
that it had lost the trust of this community as a result of the Iraq
War . He also said that British Muslims had their own part to play in
reconnecting with politicians, arguing that they needed to rid
themselves of a victim mentality and take greater responsibility for
their own community. In the House of Commons in January 2009, Khan
Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI for the rehabilitation of Bishop Richard
Williamson following his remarks about the
Holocaust , a move he
described as "highly unsavoury" and of "great concern".
In June 2009 he was promoted to
Minister of State for Transport
Minister of State for Transport .
In what was believed to be a first for an MP, Khan used his Twitter
account to self-announce his promotion. Though Khan was not a member
of the cabinet , he attended meetings for agenda items covering his
policy area, thus becoming the first
Muslim to sit in on the British
Cabinet. As Transport Minister, Khan supported plans to expand
Heathrow Airport with the addition of a third runway .
In March 2010, Khan publicly stated that for a second successive year
he would not be taking a pay rise as an MP or Minister, declaring "At
a time when many people in
Tooting and throughout the country are
having to accept pay freezes I don't think it's appropriate for MPs to
accept a pay rise."
SECOND AND THIRD TERM: 2010–16
In 2010 , Khan was re-elected as the MP for
Tooting despite a swing
against his party of 3.6% and a halving of his previous majority. In
the subsequent Labour leadership election Khan was an early backer of
Ed Miliband , becoming his campaign manager . In the wake of Labour's
2010 election defeat , Acting Leader
Harriet Harman appointed Khan
Secretary of State for Transport . Khan orchestrated Ed
Miliband 's successful campaign to become Labour leader, and was
appointed to the senior roles of
Shadow Lord Chancellor and Shadow
Justice Secretary . Khan orchestrated Ed Miliband's successful
campaign to become Labour leader and later served in Miliband's Shadow
In April 2010 it was revealed that Khan had repaid falsely claimed
expenses on two occasions, when literature was sent to his
constituents. The first incident concerned letters sent out before the
2010 General Election which were ruled to have the "unintentional
effect of promoting his return to office", the second a £2,550
repayment for Christmas, Eid , and birthday cards for constituents,
dating back to 2006. Under House of Commons rules, pre-paid envelopes
and official stationery can only be used for official parliamentary
business. Khan's claim for the greetings cards was initially
rejected, but he presented a new invoice no longer identifying the
nature of the claim, and this was accepted. Khan attributed the
improper claim for the cards to "inexperience" and human error and
apologised for breaking the expenses rules .
In early 2013, Miliband appointed Khan as the Shadow Minister for
London , a position that he held in addition to his other
responsibilities. In December 2013, the
Fabian Society published a
collection of essays edited by Khan that was titled Our London. Khan
was also tasked with overseeing Labour's campaign for the 2014 London
local elections , in which the party advanced its control in the
city, gaining hold of twenty of the thirty-two boroughs. By this
point, there was much talk of Khan making a bid for the London
Mayoralty in 2016, when incumbent Mayor
Boris Johnson would be
stepping down. His options were affected by the outcome of the 2015
general election ; if Labour won, then he would be expected to become
a government minister, but if they lost then he would be free to
pursue the Mayoralty. In December 2015, Khan voted against the
Cameron government's plans to expand the bombing of targets in the
Islamic State .
Polls had suggested that Labour could be the largest party in a hung
parliament following the 2015 general election, but ultimately the
Conservatives secured victory. In the vote, Khan was returned for a
third term as MP for Tooting, defeating his Conservative rival by
2,842 votes. He was one of 36 Labour MPs to nominate Jeremy Corbyn
as a candidate in the Labour leadership election of 2015 , but has
said that he was "no patsy" to Corbyn and would stand up to him. He
later stated that he nominated Corbyn to "broaden the debate" but did
not then vote for him.
On 9 May 2016, Khan resigned as an MP by his appointment to the
ancient office of Crown Steward and Bailiff of The Three Chiltern
Hundreds , a customary practice in the UK. This triggered a
Tooting to be held in June 2016.
He is regularly named among the Top 100
London politicians in the
London Evening Standard 's annual poll of the 1,000 most influential
Londoners and is an Ambassador for
Mosaic Network , an initiative
set up by Prince Charles .
MAYOR OF LONDON
London mayoral election, 2016 "An affordable and
secure home to rent or buy, more jobs with higher wages for the lowest
paid, making it easier to set up and run a successful business,
reducing the cost of commuting, and making London's environment safer,
healthier and less polluted." Khan's priorities as Mayor.
After Labour's defeat at the 2015 general election, Khan resigned
from the Shadow Cabinet. He then announced himself as a candidate to
be the Labour nominee for the
London Mayoral elections of 2016: his
rivals in this were
Diane Abbott ,
Christian Wolmar , Gareth Thomas ,
David Lammy , and
Tessa Jowell . Jowell, who had been an MP for 23
years and had led London's successful nomination to host the 2012
Olympic Games , was widely regarded as the favourite to win by
bookmakers and opinion polls. Khan soon gained the support of
prominent figures in the party, including former
Mayor of London Ken
Livingstone , who was on Labour's leftist, socialist wing, and Oona
King , who was on its centrist, Blairite wing. He also received the
backing of the Labour-affiliated GMB and Unite unions, and the
nomination of 44 of Labour's 73 parliamentary constituent parties in
London, leaving him as one of the top two contenders alongside Jowell.
YouGov poll for
LBC suggested that while Jowell would defeat
Zac Goldsmith in a Mayoral election, Khan would
not. In hustings, Khan placed an emphasis on his working-class
origins, which would play against Jowell's wealthier upbringing, and
argued for the need for change in London, thereby insinuating that
Jowell would represent too much continuity with the outgoing Johnson
administration. In September 2015, Khan was announced as the winning
nominee. He gained 48,152 votes (58.9%) against Jowell's 35,573
(41.1%). He was the favourite candidate in all three voting
categories; Labour Party members, members of affiliated trade unions
and organisations, and registered supporters who had paid £3 in order
to vote. Khan's main rival was Conservative candidate Zac
Goldsmith; Khan described him as a spoiled dilettante who "never
finishes anything he starts".
Khan vowed that if elected, he would freeze public transport fares in
London for four years. He claimed that this would deprive Transport
London (TfL) of £452 million, but TfL stated that it would
deprive them of £1.9 billion, taking into account projected
population growth over this period. Although he had previously
backed Heathrow expansion, he now opposed it, instead calling for
Gatwick Airport ; he was likely aware that supporting the
former was a vote loser in London. Aware of the severe housing
shortage in London, he also spoke of clamping down on foreign property
investors, and proposed the establishment of both a "
rent" tenure and a not-for-profit lettings agency that could undercut
commercial operators in order to ease the high cost of renting in the
city. He also called for house building on land owned by TfL,
insisting that at least 50% of those constructed should be "genuinely
YouGov poll had revealed that 31% of Londoners stated that they
would not be "comfortable" with a
Muslim mayor. Aware that many
voters were suspicious regarding the loyalties of British Muslims to
the British state, Khan emphasised his commitment to liberal social
values. As part of this, he declared his opposition to homophobia ,
and said that he would have "zero tolerance for anti-Semitism". He
openly condemned Islamic extremism and called on the
to take a leading role in combating it, although at the same time
Islamophobia that many British Muslims faced. He
also distanced himself from Corbyn, rebuking Labour's socialist
leader for his links to armed anti-Israel groups, and criticising him
for not singing the national anthem at an event commemorating the
Battle of Britain . Concerned that Corbyn's socialist platform was
alienating many of London's businesses, Khan declared that he would be
"the most pro-business mayor ever", and met with groups like the
Federation of Small Businesses and City of
London Corporation . He
also ensured that his campaign was run entirely separate from Corbyn.
Map of Greater
London boroughs that produced a majority for Khan
(red) and Goldsmith (blue) in the 2016 mayoral election
Conversely, Goldsmith's Conservative campaign—which was
Lynton Crosby 's company —emphasised connections
between Khan and Corbyn. Both the Conservative campaign and several
Conservative-aligned newspapers sought to tar Khan as an apologist
for, or even sympathiser with, Islamic extremism. Goldsmith's
campaign material referred to Khan as "radical and divisive", while
comments on the Conservatives'
Facebook campaign material often
Muslim sentiment. Labour accused Goldsmith's campaign
of using rhetoric that was a "dog-whistle" to Islamophobia, while the
Conservatives responded that it was "utterly predictable that Labour
label their opponents as racists", citing the fact that during the
2008 mayoral campaign, the party had also accused Johnson of employing
racist rhetoric. Goldsmith claimed that his references to Khan's
"radical" views referred to connections with Corbyn rather than to any
connection with Islamic extremism, adding that Khan was playing "the
race card ".
He is London's first ethnic minority mayor. Various press sources
noted that Khan's election made him the first actively affiliated
Muslim to become mayor of a major Western capital. International
press sources often focused on his religious identity, with many
right-wing American media outlets reacting with horror at his
election. The far right party
Britain First issued a press statement
declaring Khan a
Muslim "occupier" engaged in entryism and threatened
to target where he "lives, works and prays" with direct action
Khan was officially sworn in as Mayor in a multi-faith ceremony held
Southwark Cathedral the following day. His first act as mayor was
his appearance at a
Holocaust memorial ceremony in a rugby stadium in
North London, although due to delays with the results of the
election, he only officially took office on 9 May. In his first major
interview upon being elected, he emphasised the need for Labour to do
more to win-over those who did not normally vote for the party, a
statement seen as a criticism of Corbyn's leadership.
In the buildup to the referendum on the UK\'s continuing membership
European Union (EU), Khan was a vocal supporter of the 'Remain'
camp. He agreed to attend a
Britain Stronger in Europe campaign event
with the Conservative Prime Minister
David Cameron to demonstrate
cross-party support for remaining within the EU, for which he was
criticised by Labour Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell , who claimed
that sharing a platform with the Conservatives "discredits us". After
the murder of MP
Jo Cox during the campaign, Khan called for the
country to "pause and reflect" on the manner in which the Leave and
Remain camps had been approaching the debate, stating that it had been
marred by a "climate of hatred, of poison, of negativity, of
cynicism". Following the success of the 'Leave' vote, Khan insisted
that all EU citizens living in
London were welcome in the city and
that he was grateful for the contribution that they made to it. He
endorsed the Metropolitan Police's 'We Stand Together' campaign to
combat the rise in racial abuse following the referendum, and later
backed the '
London is Open' campaign to encourage businesses, artists,
and performers to continue coming to the city despite Brexit.
Khan at Pride in
London , June 2016
While fasting for the Islamic holy month of
Ramadan in 2016, Khan
declared that he would use the period as an opportunity to help "break
down the mystique and suspicion" surrounding Islam in Britain and help
to "get out there and build bridges" between communities, organising
iftars to be held at synagogues, churches, and mosques. He then
appeared at a
Trafalgar Square celebration of
Eid al-Fitr , endorsing
religious freedom and lambasting "criminals who do bad things and use
the name of Islam to justify what they do". Following the 2016
Orlando nightclub shooting , Khan attended a vigil in Old Compton
Soho , and insisted that he would "will do everything in
power to ensure that LGBT Londoners feel safe in every part of our
city"; later that month he marched in the LGBT Pride
In August 2016, Khan declared his support for
Owen Smith 's bid to
Jeremy Corbyn as Labour Party leader. Although describing him as
a "principled Labour man", Khan said that Corbyn had failed to gain
popularity with the electorate and that Labour would not win a general
election under Corbyn's leadership.
Transport And Housing Policies
On transport, Khan immediately announced the introduction of a
"Hopper" bus ticket which would allow a passenger to take two bus
journeys within an hour for the price of one; it was intended to
benefit those on low incomes most. In June, Khan announced that his
electoral pledge to prevent transport fare rises would only apply to
"single fares" and pay as you go fares, and not daily, monthly,
weekly, or yearly railcards; he was widely criticised for this,
including by the Liberal Democrat
Caroline Pidgeon , who accused him
of having broken his promise. In June 2016 he ordered TfL to ban any
advertising on its network that was deemed to engage in body shaming
and the demeaning of women. In July he urged the government to allow
TfL to take control of the failing Southern rail service, and in
August launched the 24-hour Underground service on Fridays and
Saturdays, an idea initially proposed by Johnson two years previously.
In his first weeks as Mayor, Khan criticised foreign investors for
treating homes in
London as "gold bricks for investment", instead
urging them to invest in the construction of "affordable homes" for
Londoners through a new agency, Homes for Londoners, which would be
funded by both public and private money. However, in contrast to a
pre-election statement, he revealed that he no longer supported rent
freezes in the city. Insisting that he would "oppose building on the
Green Belt, which is now even more important than when it was
created", Khan vetoed the construction of a football stadium and two
blocks of flats on Green Belt land in
Chislehurst , after the plan had
already been supported by
Bromley Council .
Khan backed expansion of
London City Airport , removing the block on
this instituted by Johnson's administration; environmentalist
Siân Berry stated that this was a breach of Khan's
pledge to be London's "greenest ever" mayor. Opposing expansion at
Heathrow Airport , he urged Prime Minister
Theresa May to instead
support expansion at
Gatwick Airport , stating that to do so would
bring "substantial economic benefits" to London.
Khan launched a "No Nights Sleeping Rough" taskforce to tackle youth
London in October 2016.
The Spectator , the political commentator Nick Cohen
described Khan as a centre-left social democrat, while the journalist
Amol Rajan termed him "a torch-bearer for the social democratic wing"
of the Labour Party. The BBC describe Khan as being located on the
party's soft left . Conversely, in an article for
Al Jazeera , the
Marxist commentator Richard Seymour described Khan as a centrist ,
while Matt Wrack, the General Secretary of the
Fire Brigades Union ,
characterised Khan as belonging to "that part of the Labour Party that
was in government under Blair and Brown".
The journalist Dave Hill described Khan as a social liberal , and
Khan has self-described as a "proud feminist".
Khan received death threats from extremists after voting in favour of
the same-sex marriage equality bill . He was also threatened by the
Britain First , which in 2016 threatened to take
"direct action " against Khan where he "lives, works and prays" as
part of an anti-
In January 2013 and 2015, Khan was nominated for the Politician of
the Year Award at the British
Muslim Awards . He later won the award
in February 2016. Not all British Muslims have however supported him;
some of the supporters of Lutfur Rahman —whom Khan opposed—claimed
that Khan was part of an Islamophobic Labour establishment.
Khan is a practising
Muslim , who observes the fast during Ramadan
, and regularly attends Al-Muzzammil Mosque in Tooting. Writing in
The Guardian , the journalist Dave Hill described Khan as "a moderate,
socially liberal Muslim". He has expressed the view that "too often
the people who are 'representing' the Islamic faith aren't
representative, they're angry men with beards. And that is not what
Islam is about."
Khan married Saadiya Ahmed, a fellow solicitor, in 1994 and has two
daughters, Anisah (born 1999) and Ammarah (born 2001). He has raised
both daughters in the Islamic faith.
Khan served as chairman of the socialist
Fabian Society , remaining
on its Executive Committee. In 2009, he won the Jenny Jeger Award
(Best Fabian Pamphlet) for his writing "Fairness not Favours: How to
re-connect with British Muslims".
Hill stated that Khan was "savvy, streetwise and not averse to a
scrap". Hill described Khan as having a "joshing, livewire off-stage
personality" which differed from the formal image he often projected
while onstage. Khan used to perform stand-up comedy before running
for Mayor, including a ten-minute money-raising Stand Up for Labour
routine. Comedian Arthur Smith stated that Khan could become a "good
club-level comedian one day". During the 2016 Mayoral campaign,
Goldsmith referred to Khan as "a caricature machine politician... the
sort of politician who justified peoples' mistrust in politics", as
evidence citing Khan's U-turn on supporting Heathrow expansion.
Another rival in the 2016 Mayoral campaign,
George Galloway of the
Respect Party , referred to Khan as a "flip-flop merchant" and a
"product of the Blairite machine".
London mayoral election, 2016
List of British Pakistanis
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