Minister of the Left
Minister of the Left (左大臣, Sadaijin, ) was a government
Japan in the late Nara and Heian periods. The position was
consolidated in the
Taihō Code of 702.
Asuka Kiyomihara Code of 689 marks the initial appearance of the
sadaijin in the context of a central administrative body called the
Daijō-kan (Council of State). This early
Daijō-kan was composed
of the three ministers—the daijō-daijin (Chancellor), the sadaijin
and the udaijin (Minister of the Right).
The sadaijin was the Senior Minister of State, overseeing all
functions of government with the udaijin as his deputy.
Within the Daijō-kan, the sadaijin was second only to the
daijō-daijin (the Great Minister, or Chancellor of the Realm) in
power and influence. Frequently, a member of the
Fujiwara family would
take the position in order to help justify and exercise the power and
influence the family held.
The post of sadaijin, along with the rest of the
gradually lost power over the 10th and 11th centuries, as the Fujiwara
came to dominate politics more and more. The system was essentially
powerless by the end of the 12th century, when the Minamoto, a warrior
clan, seized control of the country from the court aristocracy (kuge).
However, it is not entirely clear when the
Daijō-kan system was
formally dismantled prior to the Meiji era.
Sesshō and Kampaku
List of Daijō-daijin
Imperial Household Agency
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