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Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is a Hindu
Hindu
pilgrimage centre located at the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the Western Ghat mountain ranges of Pathanamthitta District, Perunad
Perunad
grama panchayat in Kerala. It is one of the largest annual pilgrimages in the world with an estimated 45-50 million devotees visiting every year.[1][2] Ayyappan's temple is situated amidst 18 hills. The temple is situated on a hilltop at an altitude of 1260 m (4,133 ft) above mean sea level, and is surrounded by mountains and dense forests. The dense forest, (Periyar Tiger Reserve), around the temple is known as Poongavanam. Temples exist in each of the hills surrounding Sabarimala. While functional and intact temples exist at many places in the surrounding areas like Nilakkal, Kalaketty, and Karimala remnants of old temples survive to this day on remaining hills. The shrine at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is an ancient temple of Ayyappan
Ayyappan
also known as sasta and Dharmasasta. In the 12th century, Manikandan, a prince of Pandalam
Pandalam
dynasty, meditated at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple and became one with the divine. Manikandan was an avatar of Ayyappan. Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is linked to pilgrimage predominantly undertaken by Hindus. Sabarimala
Sabarimala
pilgrims can be identified easily, as they wear black or blue dress. They do not shave until the completion of the pilgrimage, and smear Vibhuti
Vibhuti
or sandal paste on their forehead. In 1991, the Kerala
Kerala
High Court restricted entry of women above the age of 10 and below the age of 50 from offering worship at Sabarimala Shrine as they were of the menstruating age. Presently, the Supreme Court of India has taken a petition to review the judgment of High Court and allow entry of women. As of October 2017, the Supreme Court is referring the constitution bench to make a decision on the pertaining ban.[3] The temple is open for worship only during the days of Mandalapooja (approximately 15 November to 26 December),[4] Makaravilakku
Makaravilakku
or "Makara Sankranti" (14 January) and Maha Vishuva Sankranti
Maha Vishuva Sankranti
(14 April), and the first five days of each Malayalam
Malayalam
month.

Contents

1 The pilgrimage 2 Women pilgrims 3 Origins of Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple 4 The Temple
Temple
Layout 5 Administration 6 Prasadam 7 Harivarasanam 8 Neyyabhishekam 9 Makara Vilakku 10 Aham Brahmasmi and Tattvamasi 11 Illumination and Power 12 The history behind the worshiping methods 13 Environmental efforts 14 Transport

14.1 Airport 14.2 Helicopter 14.3 Rail 14.4 Road

15 Other nearby temples 16 See also 17 References 18 External links

The pilgrimage[edit]

A sign-board that indicates the direction to Sabarimala. The multilingual board is written in Hindi, Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu and English (in that order, from top to bottom)

Crowd management of pilgrims

The devotees are expected to follow a Vratham (41-day austerity period) prior to the pilgrimage.[5] This begins with wearing of a special Mala (a chain made of Rudraksha
Rudraksha
or Tulasi
Tulasi
beads is commonly used, though still other types of chains are available.). During the 41 days of Vratham, the devotee who has taken the vow, is required to strictly follow the rules that include follow only a lacto-vegetarianism diet, follow celibacy, follow teetotalism, not use any profanity and have to control the anger, allow the hair and nails to grow without cutting. They must try their maximum to help others, and see everything around them as lord Ayyappa. They are expected to bath twice in a day and visit the local temples regularly and only wear plain black or blue colored traditional clothing. Saffron colored dresses are worn by Sannyasi who have renunciated material life. But, many devotees still continue to wear saffron colored clothes which becomes a part of Vedic culture which connects the whole Hindus worldwide.[citation needed] Hundreds of devotees still follow the traditional mountainous forest path (approximately 61 km) from Erumely,12.8 km from Vandiperiyar
Vandiperiyar
and 8 km from Chalakayam, believed to be taken by Ayyappa
Ayyappa
himself. The Erumely
Erumely
route starts from Erumely
Erumely
to Aludha river, then crosses the Aludha mountain to reach Karivilam thodu. Now comes the sacred Karimala crossing, from there to Cheriyanavattom, Valliyanavattom and finally Pamba River. Then they have to climb Neelimala and enter into the Ganesha-Bettam, Shreerama-Betta Padam. Then comes the Aranmula kottaram, which is one of the stops of holy journey 'Thiruvabharana Ghoshayatra' (the grand procession of the divine jewelery). These days people use vehicles to reach the Pamba River
Pamba River
by an alternate route. From Pamba, all the pilgrims begin trekking the steep mountain path of Neeli Mala till Sabari Mala. This route is now highly developed, with emergency shops and medical aid by the sides, and supporting aid is provided to the pilgrims while climbing the steep slope, which used to be a mere trail through dense jungle. The elderly pilgrims are lifted by men on bamboo chairs till the top, on being paid. Women pilgrims[edit] Women in large numbers did not visit the temple, due to the hardship in reaching the temple.[6] Women pilgrims above the age of 50 would visit the temple to conduct the first rice-feeding ceremony of their children (Chorroonu) in the temple premises.[6] On May 13, 1940, even the Maharani
Maharani
of Tranvancore had visited the temple.[6][7] In 1991, Justice K Paripoornan and Justice K Balanarayana Marar of the Kerala
Kerala
High Court in their ruling against the Travancore
Travancore
Devaswom Board, banned entry of women between ages above the age of 10 and below the age of 50 from offering worship at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Shrine during any period of the year stating that such restriction was in accordance with the usage prevalent from time immemorial.[6] In addition, the Justices of the High court directed the Government of Kerala, to use police force to ensure the order to ban entry of women to the temple was implemented and complied with.[6] Origins of Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple[edit]

Aiyyanar with Poorna and Pushkala. From Historical Museum of Rajendra Chola, Gangaikondacholapuram, Peramablloor District, Tamil Nadu, India.

The worship of Sastha
Sastha
forms part of the very ancient history of south India.[8] At Sabarimala, the deity is worshiped as Ayyappan
Ayyappan
and as Dharmasasta. The shrine of Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is an ancient temple. The prince of Pandalam
Pandalam
dynasty, an avatar of Ayyappan, meditated at Sabarimala temple and became one with the divine. The place where the prince meditated is the Manimandapam. There are many Sastha
Sastha
temples in South India and across the globe.[9] As per the temple history, the Sastha
Sastha
temple at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is one of the five Sastha
Sastha
temples founded by Lord Parasurama. The other Sastha temples in this group of five includes the Ayyappan
Ayyappan
Temples:[10] at Kulathupuzha, where the Sastha
Sastha
appears as a Balaka or child; at Aryankavu
Aryankavu
where the Lord appears as a Brahmachari or young man; at Achankovil
Achankovil
Shastha Temple, where the lord leads the Grihastha Ashrama life here and depicted along with his two wives - Purna and Pushkala;[11] at Sabarimala, where the lord is depicted in the Vanaprastha or form of renunciation; at Poonambala Medu the Lord appears as a yogi and where the "makaravilaku' is lit.[12] .[citation needed][citation needed] .[citation needed] After the installation of the temple, it was mostly unreachable for about three centuries. In the 12th century, a prince of Pandalam Dynasty, called Manikandan, rediscovered the original path to reach Sabarimala. He had many followers with him, including the descendants of the Vavar (a Muslim warrior whom Manikandan defeated) family. This Prince is considered an Avatar of Ayyappa, and is believed to have led a pack of Tigers to his Palace with Vavar and then later disappeared to the Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple. The temple was then renovated.[citation needed] In 1821 AD, the kingdom of Pandalam
Pandalam
was added to Travancore. 48 major temples including the Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple were also added to Travancore. The idol was erected in 1910[citation needed]. The Temple
Temple
Layout[edit] See also: Pathinettampadi

Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Picture gallery

Thirusannidhanam

Sabaripeedam

Pathinettampadi

Thirumuttam

Garba Gudi

The Sannidhanam (main temple) is built on a plateau about 40 feet high.[13][14][15] The temple was rebuilt after a fire in 1950, In 1950, the temple was suspected to be set on fire by radical Christian extremists which destroyed the entire temple and had to be reconstructed.[16][17] and the earlier stone image of the deity was replaced by a panchaloha idol, about 1 and half feet, made from an alloy from five metals. The temple consists of a sanctum sanctorum with a copper-plated roof and four golden finials at the top, two mandapams, the belikalpura which houses the altar. In 1969, the flag staff (dhwajam) was installed. The shrine of Kannimoola ganapathi prathishta is south-west to The Sreekovil of the Sannidhanam. Devotees offer part of the broken coconut (Neythenga) to Sri Ganapathi in the fireplace (Azhi). Ganapathi homam is the main offering.[15] The shrine of the Lord of snakes, Nagarajav is placed adjacent to the sreekovil. Pilgrims after the Darsan of Lord Ayyappa
Ayyappa
and Kannimoola Ganapathi, make their darsan and give offerings to Nagarajav. The Pathinettu thripadikal or the 18 sacred steps is the main stairway to the temple. As per the custom followed, no pilgrim without "Irumudikkettu" can ascend the 18 sacred steps. In 1985, the 18 steps were covered by panchaloka and later covered with gold. The stairway in northern gate is open for those who do not carry an "Irumudikkettu". The temples of Lord Ayyappan's trusted lieutenants Karuppu Sami and Kadutha Swami
Swami
are positioned as his guards at the foot of the holy 18 sacred steps. The temple of Malikappurath Amma, whose importance is almost in par with Lord Ayyappa,[14] is located few yards from Sannidhanam. It is believed that the Lord Ayyapan had specific instructions that he wanted Malikappurath Amma, on his left side. Prior to the fire disaster, there was only a Peeda Prathishta (holy seat) at Malikappuram. The idol of Malikappurath Amma was installed by Brahmasree Kandararu Maheswararu Thanthri. The Devi
Devi
at Malikappuram holds a Sankh, Chakram
Chakram
and Varada Abhya Mudra. Now the idol is covered with a gold Golaka. The temple also was reconstructed in the last decade and now the conical roof and sopanam is covered with gold.[18] Manimandapam, is the place where Ayyappan
Ayyappan
Jeeva samadhi[Arya kerala jeevasamadhi].[18] The Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple complex include Pampa Ganapathi temple, Nilakal Mahadeva temple and Palliyara Bhagavathi temple. The Nilakal Mahadeva temple and Palliyara Bhagavathi temple is as old as the Sastha
Sastha
temple and the deities are worshiped as the parents of Lord Ayyappa. Ganapathi temple at Pampa has Pampa Maha Ganapathi and Athi Ganapathi (lit. old ganapathy), sreekovil where the idol from the first Ganapathy temple is worshiped. Sabari Peedam blessed with the footprints of Sri Rama
Rama
has a temple of Sri Rama
Rama
and Hanuman
Hanuman
also.[14] Administration[edit] Administration and legal duties is managed by Travancore
Travancore
Devasvom Board, an affiliate authority of Government of Kerala. Thazhamon Madom is the traditional priest family who has powers over the religious matters to be decided in Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Temple. Tantri is the highest priest and is the head of the temple. It's the duty of the family to decide on religious matters relating to Sabarimala
Sabarimala
shrine. Tantris are to be present in all ceremonial Poojas and functions to be held at temple premises and functions associated with temple. The installation of idols of the temple was also done by Tantri of this family. Currently Brahmasri Kantararu Maheshwararu Tantri is the head priest of Sabarimala. The other famous family members include Kandararu Rajeevararu, Kandararu Mohanararu and Kandararu Mahesh Mohaner. Prasadam[edit] The prasadam at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple is Aravana payasam and Appam. These are prepared by using rice, ghee, sugar, jaggery etc. The rice needed to prepare the prasadam at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple is supplied by Chettikulangara Devi
Devi
Temple, the second largest temple under the Travancore
Travancore
Devaswom Board situated at Mavelikkara. The Chief Commissioner, Travancore
Travancore
Devaswom Board said that the board has appointed Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore as a consultant for providing technical guidance to ensure the quality of Aravana, Appam
Appam
and other prasadam preparations at Sabarimala temple.[19] Harivarasanam[edit] Harivarasanam is recited before closing the temple door every night. The Harivarasanam prayer, which is sung at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is a Urakkupattu. It is composed by Sri Kambangudi Kulathur Srinivasa Iyer in Sanskrit. It is said that Srinivasa Iyer used to recite the composition after the Athazha Puja, standing in front of the shrine of Ayyappa
Ayyappa
in the main temple. With the efforts of Swami
Swami
Vimochanananda, it came to be accepted as the lullaby by the Tantri and Melshanthi. The composition has 352 letters, 108 words in 32 lines in 8 stanzas.[20] Though there have been many versions of this song sung by many renowned vocalists, the temple plays the rendition by K. J. Yesudas, composed by the renowned music director G. Devarajan, which is in the Madhyamavathi raga of Indian Carnatic music.[21] Neyyabhishekam[edit] This significant ritual involves pouring sacred ghee brought by pilgrims in their Pallikettu or Irumudi (A two compartment bag made of handwoven cotton cloth used to carry the offerings for Sabarimala Temple
Temple
carried on their heads) on the idol of Lord Ayyappa. It symbolically means the merging of Jeevatma with the Paramatma. While a red-colored irumudi is used by a pilgrim on his first journey as a Kanni Ayyappan
Ayyappan
to Sabarimala, others use navy blue till third year and thereafter saffron colored irumudi. Makara Vilakku[edit] Main article: Makaravilakku Lord Rama
Rama
and his brother Lakshmana
Lakshmana
met Sabari, a tribal devotee, at Sabarimala. Sabari offered the Lord fruits after tasting them. But the Lord accepted them gladly and whole-heartedly. The Lord then saw a divine person doing tapasya. He asked Sabari who it was. Sabari said it was Shasta. Rama
Rama
walked towards him. Shasta stood up and welcomed the Prince of Ayodhya. The anniversary of this incident is celebrated on Makara Vilakku day. It is believed that on Makara Vilakku day, Lord Dharmashasta stops his tapasya to bless his devotees. The day is also called Makara Shankranthi Aham Brahmasmi and Tattvamasi[edit] The important message written at the temple facade is one of the four Mahāvākyas
Mahāvākyas
of Advaita
Advaita
or the non-dualistic school of philosophy. Tat Tvam Asi, the 3rd of four Mahavakyas which in sanskrit translates to "Thou Art That" is the principle philosophy that governs the temple and pilgrimage. As the pilgrimage is symbolic for the journey to self-realization that all living beings possess the essence of Brahman, pilgrims refer to each other as Swami, acknowledging their divinity. It means, in short, you are part of the Paramatma which is the quintessence of Advaita
Advaita
philosophy.

Aravana Payasam

Illumination and Power[edit] In this remote hill shrine the Kerala
Kerala
State Electricity Board (KSEB) is shouldering the task of providing sufficient illumination in base camps, trekking paths and the Sannidhanam, the shrine spot. KSEB installs and maintains around 15000 electric lamps of various types here. Power is brought here through Kochu Pampa and Thriveni substations. Through uninterrupted supply and well maintained lights KSEB has been able to maintain good reputation in the recent years.[22][23] The history behind the worshiping methods[edit] The customs of the pilgrims to Sabarimala
Sabarimala
are based on five worshipping methods; those of Shaivites, Shaktists and Vaishnavites. At first, there were three sections of devotees – the devotees of Shakti who used meat to worship their deity[citation needed], the devotees of Vishnu who followed strict penance and continence, and the devotees of Shiva
Shiva
who partly followed these two methods. Another name of Ayyappa
Ayyappa
is Sastha. All these can be seen merged into the beliefs of pilgrims to Sabarimala. The chain the pilgrims wear comes from the Rudraksha
Rudraksha
chain of the Shaivites. The strict fasting, penance and continence is taken out of the beliefs of the Vaishnavites. The offering of tobacco to Kaduthaswamy can be considered to be taken from the Shaktists. Environmental efforts[edit]

An information signage near Nadappanthal, Sabarimala, inviting all to join hands in making Sabarimala
Sabarimala
free from plastic and other wastes.

The waste disposed by the visitors to Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is threatening the wildlife of the region[24][25][26] and the evergreen forests.[27] Efforts are on to make Sabarimala
Sabarimala
free from pollution and waste. High Court of Kerala
Kerala
has directed that 'Irumudikkettu' should not contain plastic materials.[28] Projects like "Punyam Poonkavanam" has been initiated under the aegis of governmental departments.[29] Hindu organisations such as Art of Living and Mata Amritanandamayi Math
Mata Amritanandamayi Math
has been regularly contributing to keep Sabarimala
Sabarimala
and its precincts clean.[30][31][32][33] While cleaning Pamba river Sabarimala Sanndidhaanam clean is their primary objective,[34] the broader vision is to spread the message of greenness and cleanliness beyond Sabarimala. Some of the salient aspects of "Punyam Poonkavanam" project includes:[35]

Not using soap and oil while bathing in the holy Pamba River. No throwing any material, including clothes in the holy river. To prepare irumudikkettu without using any plastic and using only bio-degradable materials. To devote at least one hour in cleanliness activities at Sabarimala Sannidhaanam, River Pamba and surroundings as part of the pilgrimage.

Transport[edit]

Dolly service in Sabarimala

Airport[edit] Nearest airports are Thiruvananthapuram International Airport
Thiruvananthapuram International Airport
(170 kilometres (110 mi)) and Cochin International Airport
Cochin International Airport
(160 kilometres (99 mi)). Kerala
Kerala
cabinet gave in-principle approval for setting up a greenfield airport to be named as Sabarigiri International Airport. Among 5 sites of which 4 in Pathanamthitta, the first preference goes to Cheruvally estate in Kottayam
Kottayam
District given the strong soil, topography and other factors per the US consulting firm. The Sabarigiri International Airport will give wings for the growth of VIP and foreigners visits and make may it the most revenue generating temple in India. It will change the life and property value of many people in the nearby areas. A new airport has been planned to be set up near Cheruvally which is about 50 km from Sabarimala.[36] Helicopter[edit] Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Heliport is situated in Perunad
Perunad
about (40 kilometres (25 mi)) from pampa, which is also known as Sabarimala
Sabarimala
helipad. And Chipsan Aviation Pvt Ltd, being the sole chartered operator. Rail[edit] See also: Sabari railway line Chengannur
Chengannur
(82 kilometres (51 mi)),Kayamkulam Junction (102 kilometres (63 mi)), Sasthamkotta (100 kilometres (62 mi)), Kottayam
Kottayam
(120 kilometres (75 mi)) and Kollam
Kollam
Junction (129 kilometres (80 mi)) are some of the closest accessible railway stations from Sabarimala. Road[edit] The main trunk road of about 70 kilometres (43 mi) to Sabarimala is Pathanamthitta-Pamba, which passes through, Mannarakulanji, Vadasserikara, Perunad, Lahai & Nilakkal. Kerala
Kerala
State Road Transport Corporation operates regular daily bus services from Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam
Ernakulam
and Kumili. Direct Bus services to Pathanamthitta, Erumeli and Pamba are operated from Chengannur
Chengannur
railway station. Other nearby temples[edit]

Valiyakoikkal Temple, Pandalam Nilakkal
Nilakkal
Sree Mahadeva Temple, Nilakkal, Pathanamthitta Sreevallabha Temple, Thiruvalla Nannoor Devi
Devi
Temple, Vallamkulam Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple Rektha Kanda Swamy Temple, Omallur, Pathanamthitta Orippurathu Bhagavathy Temple, Thattayil, Pathanamthitta Sree Mahaganapathi Temple, Kottarakkara Chakkulathukavu Temple, Alappuzha Mannarasala Temple, Harippad Chettikulangara Devi
Devi
Temple, Mavelikkara Chengannur
Chengannur
Mahadeva Temple, Chengannur Perunna Subrahmanya Swami
Swami
Temple, Changanacherry Ettumanoor
Ettumanoor
Mahadevar Temple, Ettumanoor, Kottayam Vaikom Temple, Vaikkom, Kottayam Oachira
Oachira
Temple, Oachira, Kollam Puttingal Temple, Paravur Sasthamcotta Sree Dharma Sastha
Sastha
Temple

Kunnekadu Sree DDharmasastha Temple.East Othera.Thiruvalla Pathanamthitta

See also[edit]

Pathinettampadi Pettathullal Maalikapurathamma Ready To Wait campaign

References[edit]

^ "Why millions throng Sabarimala
Sabarimala
shrine". DailyBhaskar. 2011-01-15. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "Indo-Americans shocked at Sabarimala
Sabarimala
tragedy". Sify. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "Ban on entry of women: Facts, controversies about Kerala's Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-10-13. Retrieved 2017-10-13.  ^ " Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Temple
Temple
Opening Dates 2018 to 2019 - Chennaivision". Chennaivision. 2018-01-01. Retrieved 2018-01-16.  ^ http://www.haindavakeralam.com/HKPage.aspx?PageID=12948&SKIN=D ^ a b c d e Kerala
Kerala
High Court (5 April 1991) Bench: K Paripoornan, K B Marar; Source: [1] (accessed Sunday May 1, 2016) ^ " Travancore
Travancore
Devaswom Board " History of Temple, Sri Chithirathirunal Maharaja along with the Maharani
Maharani
and Diwan of Travancore
Travancore
made pilgrimage to the temple on May 13th, 1940.; Source: [2] (accessed Saturday June 25, 2016) ^ Asian MythologiesYves BonnefoyUniversity of Chicago Press, 15 May 1993 ^ "Shrines for Sastha, in eight forms". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ " Ayyappa
Ayyappa
Samaaj of San Francisco Bay Area". www.ayyappasamaaj.org. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ " Achankovil
Achankovil
Sri Dharmasastha temple Travancore
Travancore
Devaswom Board". www.sabarimalaaccomodation.com. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "The Six Sastha
Sastha
Temples and the Shat Chakras". shanmatha.blogspot.hk. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "Sannidhanam sabarimala meaning Brief on sabarimala sannidhanam". lordayyappa.com. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ a b c "Sanctity of the temple Travancore
Travancore
Devaswom Board". www.sabarimalaaccomodation.com. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ a b "Sabarimala-The pilgrimage is a symbol of love, equality, and devotion". www.sabarimala.org. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ " Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Temple
Temple
Arson Case Inquiry Report". https://www.scribd.com.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ SABARIMALA TEMPLE KERALA. "SABARIMALA TEMPLE KERALA". Kerala: God's own Country. Retrieved 30 January 2017.  ^ a b "Malikappurathamma Malikappuram Temple
Temple
Sabarimala". www.vaikhari.org. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "CFTRI to monitor quality of Sabarimala
Sabarimala
prasadom". 6 August 2012.  ^ Harivarasanam History and meaning of harivarasanam. ^ "Download Harivarasanam Songs & Lyrics, KJ Yesudas Harivarasanam Song Lyrics". www.ayyappatemple.in. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ Official Police Report on Temple
Temple
arson in 1950-http://www.firstministry.kerala.gov.in/pdf/bills/Reports/tmple_arsn.pdf ^ Reporter, Staff. " Sabarimala
Sabarimala
review meeting held". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "ശബരിമലയില്‍ ചത്ത മ്ലാവിന്റെ വയറ്റില്‍ കിലോക്കണക്കിന് പ്ലാസ്റ്റിക്ക്". mathrubhuminews.in. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "Going green? Kerala's Sabarimala
Sabarimala
temple rules against the use of plastics - Firstpost". Firstpost. 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ " Kerala
Kerala
High Court seeks probe into deer death". http://www.deccanchronicle.com/. 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  External link in newspaper= (help) ^ " Sabarimala
Sabarimala
and Periyar eternal yet threatened". Times Of India Blogs. 2014-06-22. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "'Irumudikkettu' should not contain plastic materials: HC". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ Vijayan, P. "'Punyam Poonkavanam' to cleanse Sabarimala". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "sabarimala Amala Bharatam അമലഭാരതം". e.amritapuri.org. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ " Sabarimala
Sabarimala
clean-up: 35,000 bags of garbage collected". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ Kuttoor, Radhakrishnan. "200 foreigners take part in cleaning drive at Sabarimala". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "Clean-up drive at holy Pamba River
Pamba River
in Sabarimala: 27 tons of litter removed so far". Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ Correspondent, Special. "Pampa to be included in Punyam Poonkavanam". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ "Welcome to Official Site of Punyam Poonkavanam". www.punyampoonkavanam.org. Retrieved 2016-12-02.  ^ Sabarimala
Sabarimala
Airport

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sabarimala.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sabarimala.

Official Website Of Sabarimala Sabarimala
Sabarimala
news and update (Non-official portal) Makara Jyothi in keralas ayappa swamy temple is man-made - temple Board president Website of Punyam Poonkavanam Project

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Cherai Gowreeshwara Dakshina Mookambika Temple
Temple
North Paravur Chottanikkara Eravikulangara Iringole Kavu Kalamassery Mahaganapathy Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathy Pallikal kavu Panekavu Bhagavati Shastha Sree Bhavaneeswara Sree Poornathrayesa Sree Venugopala Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha Thrikkakara Temple Thrikkara Temple Thiru Nayathode Siva Narayana Temple

Idukki

Sri Siddhi Vinayakar

Kannur

Andalur kavu Sree Vadeswaram Azhikode Palottukavu Chenankavu Chala Bhagavathi Sree Annapoorneswari Sree Chovva Shiva
Shiva
Temple Edappara Chamundi Hanumarambalam Sree Jagannathan Kadalayi Kandanthalli Keecheri Palottukavu Keezhur Mahadeva Kottiyoor Vadakkeshwaram Kunnathoor Padi Madayi Kavu Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Temple Vadukunda Mamanathambalam Manakulangara Mariamman Koil, Pilakool Mavilakkavu Mookambika Temple Muneeswaran Kovil Oorpazhachi Kavu Padavil Sree Muthappan Panoonneri Shiva Parassinikkadavu Muthappan Payyannur Sree Subramanyaswamy Temple Peralasseri Sree Subramaniaswamy Temple Pillayar Koil Neeliyaarkottam Rajarajeshwara Temple Sree Andalurkavu Tiruvangad Talap Ambalam Trichambaram Thrikkapalam Shiva Valluvan Kadav Sree Muthapan Vasudevapuram Tavanur Places of worship in Kannur
Kannur
district

Kasaragod

Ananthapura Lake Kanila Shree Bhagavathi Madhur Trikaripur Chakrapani Sri Gopalakrishna Temple
Temple
Kumble

Kollam

Ammachiveedu Muhurthi Anandavalleeshwaram Sri Mahadevar Temple Ashram Sree krishna Swamy Kadakkal Devi Kodimoottil Sri Bhadrakaali Kottankulangara Devi
Devi
Temple Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram Kottarakkulam Sree Mahaganapathy Kovil, Kollam Oachira
Oachira
Parabrahma Temple Panakkattodil Devi
Devi
Temple Poruvazhy Peruviruthy Malanada Temple Pulimukham Devi
Devi
Temple Paravur Puttingal Devi
Devi
Temple Sasthamcotta Sree Dharma Sastha
Sastha
Temple Sree Indilayappan Sree Maha Ganapathy Vayalil Thrikkovil Mahavishnu

Kottayam

Thirunakkara Sree Mahadevar Temple, Kottayam ThiruVazhappally Sree Mahadevar Chirakkadavu Sree Mahadevar Ettumanoor
Ettumanoor
Mahadevar Neendoor Subrahmanya Swami
Swami
Temple Kavinpuram Devi Morkulangara Devi Kadamuri Narasimhaswamy Temple, Kadamuri Moozhayil Sankaranarayana Temple
Temple
Anicad Kodungoor Devi
Devi
Temple Elamgulam Sree Dharma Shastha Temple Anicad Sree Bhagavathi Temple Kaduthruthy Mahadeva Temple Pullattukunnel Temple, Elamgulam Nethalloor Devi Panachikkadu Paippad Puthenkavu Bhagavathi Perunna Subrahmanya Swami Pundareekapuram Thrippakudam Vaikom Puthiyakavu Devi
Devi
Temple

Kozhikode

Azhakodi Devi Lokanarkavu Pisharikavu Valayanad Devi

Malappuram

Alathiyur Hanuman Kadampuzha Devi Kadampuzha Bhagavathy Sree Rama Thirumanthamkunnu Thirunavaya Thrikkavu

Palakkad

Brahmeeswaran Chinakkathoor Karimpuzha Sree Ramaswamy Killikkurussimangalam Kodikkunnu Bhagavathy Manapullikavu Malamakkavu Ayyappa
Ayyappa
Temple Meenkulathi Sri Nellikulangara Bhagavathi Thirupuraikkal Valliya Aarattu – Karnaki Amman Vayilyamkunnu Bhagavathi Viswanatha Swam

Pathanamthitta

Aranmula Parthasarathy anikkattilammakshethram Gurunathanmukadi Kaviyoor Mahadevar Mahadeva Mezhuveli Muringamangalam Sreemahadevar Panayannarkavu Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi Rektha Kanda Swamy Sabarimala Sree Bhuvaneswary Sree Vallabha Sreenarayanapuram Sri Chirakkakavu Bhagavthi Thazhoor Bhagavathy Kshetram Thrikkovil Sree Padmanabha Swami
Swami
Kshetram Thrippara Shiva
Shiva
Kshetram Thumpamon Vadakkumnatha Valiyakoikkal

Thiruvananthapuram

Attukal Avanavanchery Sri Indilayappan Edava Palakkavu Bhagavathi temple Irumkulangara Durga Devi Janardanaswamy Kappil Bhagavathy Mannanthala Anandavaleeswaram Padmanabhaswamy Sarkaradevi Sivagiri Sarada Mutt Sreekanteswaram Thaliyadichapuram Sree Mahadeva Vellayani Devi
Devi
Temple Venkatachalapathy

Thrissur

Arattupuzha Temple Ammathiruvadi Temple Annamanada Mahadeva Temple Chembukkavu Bhagavathy Temple Chemmanthatta Mahadeva Temple Chiravarampathukavu Bhagavathi Temple Choorakkottukavu Bhagavathy Temple Guruvayur Temple Ivor Madom Kanimangalam Sastha
Sastha
Temple Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple Koodalmanikyam Temple Kootumuchikal amma Kottekkad Temple Kuttankulangara Sri Krishna Temple Kuttumuck Siva Temple Laloor Bhagavathy Temple Mammiyoor Temple Mithrananthapuram Trimurti Temple Muthuvara Mahadeva Temple Pallimanna Siva Temple Panamukkumpally Sastha
Sastha
Temple Paramekkavu Bagavathi Temple Poonkunnam Seetha Ramaswamy Temple Poonkunnam Siva Temple Punkunnam Seetha Ramaswamy Temple Shatrughna Temple Shree Rama
Rama
Temple Sree Maheswara Temple Sringapuram Mahadeva Temple Thanikkudam Bhagavathi Temple Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna Temple Thiruvanchikulam Temple Thiruvullakkavu Sree Dharma Sastha
Sastha
Temple Thottipal Bhagavati Trikkur Mahadeva Vadakkunnathan Vailikulangara Bhagavathi Temple Vilwadrinatha Temple Peruvanam Mahadeva Temple Mathur Shiva
Shiva
Temple

Wayanad

Mazhuvannur Maha Siva Kshethram Thirune

.