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São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
(Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w̃ ʒuˈzɛ dus ˈkɐ̃pus], meaning Saint Joseph of the Fields) is a major city and the seat of the municipality of the same name in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. One of the leading industrial and research centers with emphasis in aerospace sciences in Latin America,[2] the city is located in the Paraíba Valley, between the two most active production and consumption regions in the country, São Paulo
São Paulo
(80 km (50 mi) from the city) and Rio de Janeiro (320 km (200 mi)). It is the main city of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba
Vale do Paraíba
e Litoral Norte.[3] A native of São José dos Campos is called a joseense (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒozɛˈẽsi]).

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Area 1.2 Borders 1.3 Cityscape 1.4 Topography 1.5 Climate

2 History

2.1 Cotton and coffee 2.2 Hydro-mineral retreat and industrialization

3 Government

3.1 The state administrative region of São José dos Campos 3.2 List of mayors

4 Shopping areas 5 Sites 6 Sister city 7 Entertainment, leisure and sports 8 Education and research centers

8.1 Universities and colleges 8.2 Research centers 8.3 Technical schools

9 Infrastructure

9.1 Transportation and Communication

10 Economy

10.1 Agriculture 10.2 Industry 10.3 International Trade 10.4 Service industry

11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit] Area[edit]

total area: 1,099.60 km2 (424.56 sq mi)

urban area: 353.9 km2 (136.6 sq mi) (32.18%) rural: 745.7 km2 (287.9 sq mi) (67.82%)

Source: City
City
administration website (in Portuguese) [4] Borders[edit]

Northern Border: Camanducaia, Sapucaí Mirim
Sapucaí Mirim
in Minas Gerais Southern Border: Jacareí, Jambeiro
Jambeiro
in São Paulo
São Paulo
State Eastern Border: Monteiro Lobato, Caçapava
Caçapava
in São Paulo
São Paulo
State Western border: Igaratá, Joanópolis, Piracaia
Piracaia
in São Paulo
São Paulo
State

Cityscape[edit]

The municipality comprises three districts: São José dos Campos — the city itself, (also the seat), Eugênio de Melo and São Francisco Xavier. The last one is known for its natural sites and ecotourism. The district of São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
is also subdivided into 2 subdistricts ( São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
and Santana do Paraíba). However, for administrative purposes, the city is composed of 7 urban regions: Center, North, South, West, East, Southeast and São Francisco Xavier. Topography[edit] Highlands predominate in the northern region of the municipality with altitudes ranging from 660 to 975 m (2,165 to 3,199 ft). The northern border of the municipality lies over the Serra da Mantiqueira Mountains (Mantiqueira Range), with some peaks reaching over 2000 meters (6500 ft.). The highest point in the municipality is known as 'Pico do Selado' at an altitude of 2082 meters. In the urban area, there are rolling plateaus and hills. The lowest elevation in the city (and also in the municipality) is found in the Paraíba do Sul river, at an elevation of 550 m. The municipality is bounded at the south by the 'Serra do Jambeiro' mountains, with an elevation of about 900m.

Municipality: Elevations 550 to 2,082 m (1,804 to 6,831 ft) City: Elevations 550 to 690 m (1,800 to 2,260 ft).

The municipality holds the 11,559 hectares (28,560 acres) São Francisco Xavier Environmental Protection Area, established in 2002.[5] It contains part of the 292,000 hectares (720,000 acres) Mananciais do Rio Paraíba do Sul Environmental Protection Area, created in 1982 to protect the sources of the Paraiba do Sul
Paraiba do Sul
river.[6] Climate[edit]

São José dos Campos

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    216     30 19

    191     30 19

    165     30 18

    81     28 15

    59     26 13

    42     24 11

    32     25 10

    35     27 12

    72     27 14

    113     28 15

    124     29 16

    174     29 18

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: Clima dos Municipios Paulistas Cepagri

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    8.5     86 65

    7.5     86 66

    6.5     85 64

    3.2     82 59

    2.3     78 55

    1.7     76 52

    1.3     76 51

    1.4     80 53

    2.8     81 57

    4.5     83 60

    4.9     84 62

    6.9     84 64

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

The climate of the city can be, perhaps, best described as a mix between the subtropical climate of southern parts of the country, the tropical climate of most of the country and the subtropical highland climate (in Portuguese: clima tropical de altitude) of neighbouring mountainous regions. Technically, the city has a humid subtropical climate with significant less precipitation during winters (transitioning between Cfa and Cwa climatic types in the Köppen classification[7]). Winters are very mild, with average temperature in the coldest month of 17 °C. Summers are not excessively hot, with average temperature of the hotttest month of 24 °C. With global warming it is very likely that the city's climate will transition to a true tropical climate (type 'Aw' in the Köppen climate classification) in the near future. Frosts are very rare, happening on average once per decade. There's no record of snow precipitation in the city. The peaks at the northern border of the municipality (some over 2000 m high) due to altitude have a colder Cwb/Cfb climates, with very occasional snowfalls (about once per decade).[8] History[edit]

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The origins of São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
lie at the end of the 16th Century when Jesuits founded a cattle farm, Aldeia do Rio Comprido. The farm was created through a concession of settlements around 1590 to the Society of Jesus. The farm was located on the banks of the Rio Comprido, natural division between São José and the city of Jacareí today.

Historical populations

Census year Population

1940 36,279

1950 44,804

1960 77,533

1970 148,332

1980 287,513

1991 442,370

2000 539,313

2002 est. 559,710

2004 est. 589,050

2005 est. 600,089

2006 est. 610,965

2011 (IBGE) 636,876

The farm status was an artifice to hide a religious outpost, one of the several Jesuit Reductions
Jesuit Reductions
in Brazil, known for their resistance to enslavement, from the Portuguese expedition leaders and indigenous people hunters, known as the Bandeirantes. On September 10, 1611, the local was officially recognized and the farmers precluded from utilizing the Natives as slaves. However, a turmeric conflict between farmers and the religious led to the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1640 from the region and the consequent dispersion of the mission. Nevertheless, the Jesuits returned and reestablished a new settlement, where the current city center is spotted. It was about 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of the previous mission, on a higher plain with a privileged view above a geological depression, which guaranteed security against invasions and floods. Again, despite being a new mission, it was officially treated as a cattle farm. The initial urbanization plan is attributed to the Jesuit priest Manoel de Leão, whose main occupation was really to be an administrator of the community. In 1692, documents named the village as Residência do Paraíba do Sul; in 1696 as Residência de São José. At the beginning of the gold mining economic cycle in Brazil, the settlement goes through serious difficulties due to the exit of labor to the mines. After the definitive expulsion of Jesuits from the Portuguese Empire in 1759, all the religious order's assets, such as farms, colleges and villages were taken under the Portuguese Crown's custody. The governor, D. Luis Antonio Botelho Mourão, had as a priority to turn these new assets into productive units and increase tax collection. For that, Boutelho Mourão successfully requested authorization from the Viceroy
Viceroy
to create civil parishes, known as freguesias, and to change the fiscal status of villages to the category of Vila (town). Then, on July 27, 1767, São José reached the official status of town, with a hall and a pillory, passing over the status of civil parish; and the name Vila de São José do Paraíba was formalized. But for many years it maintained the same rural characteristics. The main difficulty was the fact that the Estrada Real (Royal Road) passed by its limits, far from the village. Cotton and coffee[edit] In the middle of the 19th century, the village of São José do Paraíba had demonstrated some signs of economic growth through the development of agriculture. Cotton production evolved rapidly in the region, exported to the English textile industry. The production reached a peak in 1864. In the same year, on April 22, the town became the seat of a municipality, acquiring finally, in 1871, the current name of São José dos Campos, followed by the creation of a judiciary district in 1872. Almost simultaneously, there was development of coffee crops in Paraíba Valley, which started to take off in 1870. In 1886, after the opening of the Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil railway (1877), the coffee production peaked. Then started to decay, running steady until the 1930s. Hydro-mineral retreat and industrialization[edit]

Inauguration of the General Motors Factory in São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
by President Juscelino Kubitschek, 1959.

The call for the municipality of São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis by sanatoriums became noticed at the beginning of last century, due to its supposedly favorable climate conditions. The city became to be known as the Sanatorium
Sanatorium
City. The country's then-largest hospital, the Vicentina Aranha Sanitarium, was opened in town in 1924, and in 1935 the municipality was officially recognized as a health retreat. With the advent of antibiotics in the 1940s, tuberculosis begins to be treated anywhere, thus ending the healthcare advantage carried out by São José, whereas the establishment of industries was about just to start. The industrialization process of the municipality takes hold from the installation of the Technological Institute of Aeronautics in 1950 and also with the opening of the Dutra Highway (BR-116), thus making possible a faster connection between Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
and São Paulo
São Paulo
and cutting into the urban area of São José dos Campos. Altogether, these factors allowed the municipality to make strides towards fulfilling its scientific and technological potential. Government[edit] São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
has a "strong mayoral" system in which the mayor is vested with extensive executive powers, as it is in all municipalities in Brazil. The mayor is elected to a four-year term by universal voting. The City
City
Council is elected every four years with the mayor. The current mayor is Felicio Ramuth, from the political party PSDB and was elected in 2016. The state administrative region of São José dos Campos[edit]

The State of São Paulo
São Paulo
is divided politically and administratively into 15 regions. São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
is the seat and the name of the 3rd Administrative Region, which includes the North Coast of São Paulo state and the Paraíba Valley. The region comprises 39 municipalities with sharp contrasts. São José dos Campos is a densely populated city, with approximately 2,100 inhabitants/square kilometers in urban area, whereas the quiet municipality of São José do Barreiro
São José do Barreiro
has only seven inhabitants/square kilometer.[citation needed] There are both highly industrialized cities and the others in the region are focused on agriculture and tourism. São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
is well known as the Capital do Vale which means that São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
is the most important city of the Paraíba Valley. It is one of the state's most dynamic areas, the fourth one in terms of population density, and covers 11.3% of the state's territory. The main municipalities are São José dos Campos, Taubaté, Jacareí, Guaratingueta, Caraguatatuba, Campos do Jordão, São Sebastião, Lorena, Pindamonhangaba, Ubatuba
Ubatuba
and Caçapava.

Population of the region: 2,243,687 (est. 2006/IBGE) Population Density: 288.56 inhabitants per square kilometer

List of mayors[edit]

João Cursino (1908/1910, 1913/1916, 1919/1930) Rui Dória (1931) Francisco José Longo (1938/1941) Elmano Ferreira Veloso (1949/1950, 1953/1956, 1958/1961, 1966/1970) Jorge Zarur (1947 and 1950) José Marcondes Pereira (1962/1966) Sérgio Sobral de Oliveira (1970/1975) Ednardo José de Paula Santos (1975/1978) Joaquim Vicente Ferreira Bevilacqua (1978/1982, 1989/1990) Hélio Augusto (1986) Ângela Guadagnin
Ângela Guadagnin
(1993/1996) Emanuel Fernandes (1997/2000, 2001/2004) Eduardo Cury (2005/2008, 2009/2012) Carlinhos Almeida (2013/2016) Felicio Ramuth (2017/-)

Shopping areas[edit] All the major hypermarkets, supermarket chains and discount and department stores are in city.[clarification needed] The largest malls are:

CenterVale Shopping; Shopping Colinas; Vale Sul Shopping; Shopping Faro; Shopping Centro.

Besides those malls, the most important[clarification needed] commercial centers include:

The Old Downtown area including:

Rua Sete de Setembro - Calçadão - a popular street shopping area. Rua XV de Novembro - located in Praça Afonso Pena, the town square. This street was the main street in São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
in the 1950s and 1960s. On the weekends, handcraft exhibitions are held there and in other squares. Other streets: Rua Rubião Júnior, Rua Vilaça, Rua Siqueira Campos and Rua Sebastião Hummel. the Municipal Market (popular groceries, stores);

And newer[vague] areas such as:

Avenida Francisco José Longo and Avenida Nelson D´Ávila (hotels and maintenance services); Avenida Nove de Julho (fashionable boutiques and restaurants) Rua Luis Jacinto (nightclubs and restaurants); Avenida São João (with a small mall with exquisite boutiques called Shopping Esplanada, as well as restaurants and schools); Avenida Adhemar de Barros, where there are schools and the Santos-Dumont Park.

The Vila Ema district has sites for nightlife including bars and restaurants. Sites[edit] Several fairs and expositions are done at the two pavilions located in the city. A list of notable sites:

Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve Burle Marx
Burle Marx
Municipal Park with the Olivo Gomes residence CTA and MAB (Brazilian Aerospace
Aerospace
Memorial) Espaço Mário Covas (former City
City
Council seat) INPE - (National Institute for Space Research) Sanatorium
Sanatorium
Vicentina Aranha Santos Dumont Park (total area: 46.347 m²)

Sister city[edit]

Kadoma, Osaka[9][10]

A Japanese garden
Japanese garden
is open for visits within the Santos-Dumont Park, celebrating the sister cities. Entertainment, leisure and sports[edit] Although São José is an industrial center, the city still preserves green areas and quiet town districts. Around 62% of the area from the municipality is characterized as an environmental preservation area.[citation needed] On the oustskirts of the urban area, Augusto Ruschi Ecology Reserve has many local plant species. The natural reserve has 2,500,000 m2 (27,000,000 sq ft), being a government protect area for the local flora. São Francisco Xavier is a community the offers many of those attributes as well. Furthermore, there is easy access to the mountain cities (Campos do Jordão, Santo Antônio do Pinhal) and to the beaches of the Northern Coast of São Paulo. The city has three parks and several sports and country clubs. Tenis Clube and Associação Esportiva São José
Associação Esportiva São José
have hosted the 35th Banana Bowl International Tennis Federation
International Tennis Federation
Juniors Circuit in 2005 and 2006.[citation needed] A soccer stadium, called Estádio Martins Pereira, is the home ground of São José Esporte Clube, a professional soccer team. Notable teams from the city:

Club Sport Arena Foundation of the Club Logo

Associação Esportiva São José Basketball Ginásio Linneu de Moura 1913

Associação Esportiva São José Swimming Ginásio Linneu de Moura 1913

São José Esporte Clube Football Estádio Martins Pereira 1933

Tenis Clube São José Basketball Ginásio Municipal José Edvar Simões 1948

Tenis Clube São José Volleyball Ginásio Esportivo Manoel Bosco Ribeiro 1948

São José Rugby Clube Rugby union Estádio Martins Pereira 1987

Clube Atlético Joseense Football Estádio Martins Pereira
Estádio Martins Pereira
/ Estádio ADC Parahyba 1998

Scott-Marcondes Cesar-São José dos Campos Cycling n/a 1993 N/a

São José/Vale Sul Futsal Indoor Soccer/Futsal Tenis Clube São José na n/a

FC Primeira Camisa Football Estádio ADC Parahyba 2007

There are 19 movie theaters and 2 theaters including one inside the Univap - University of Vale do Paraíba. Education and research centers[edit]

Library of ITA, designed by Oscar Niemeyer

The Brazilian National Institute for Space Research
National Institute for Space Research
(INPE) has its headquarters in São José dos Campos. It coordinates intensive research and development in areas such as Earth observation, space sciences and space technologies. Also the Brazilian General Command for Aerospace
Aerospace
Technology (CTA) has its facilities in the city. There are 53 secondary schools, 54 primary schools and 109 preschools. Universities and colleges[edit]

Faculdade INPG - INPG college campus in S.J dos Campos; Nationally ranked MBA School by Magazine Você S/A, Edition Nov/2010. IBTA - Instituto Brasileiro de Tecnologias Avançadas Unip - Universidade Paulista Unifesp - Federal University of São Paulo Univap - University of Vale do Paraíba Faap - Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado Unesp
Unesp
-Universidade do Estado de São Paulo Fatec -Faculdade de Tecnologia de São José dos Campos ITA - Aeronautics Technological Institute Instituto de Filosofia Santa Terezinha Faculdades de Ciências Aplicadas EEI - Escola de Engenharia Industrial de São José dos Campos Inea - National Advanced Instruction Institute FGV - Fundação Getulio Vargas - Conveniado Conexão Desenvolvimento Empresarial

Research centers[edit]

INPE - The Brazilian National Institute for Space Research Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology (CTA)
Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology (CTA)
with its four institutes: Aeronautics and Space Institute (IAE), Institute for Advanced Studies (IEAv), Industrial Foment and Coordination Institute (IFI) and ITA

Technical schools[edit]

ETEP - Escola Técnica Everardo Passos CETEX - Expoente Technical Center

Infrastructure[edit] Transportation and Communication[edit]

São José dos Campos.

The city has two bus stations, having lines to cities in all regions of the country and international routes to Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
Uruguay
and Chile. São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
boasts an extensive bus system. Operated by three companies (Expresso Maringa, Julio Simões and Viação Capital do Vale), these lines serve nearly all areas in the city with 319 buses. São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
also has an alternative system with minivans to supplement the regular buses. The city uses a ring road system, that interconnects it to important national and state highways:

BR-116 (federal highway), which crosses the urban area of São José. It runs in a north-south direction in the country, near but not on Brazil's coastline. The section that connects Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
to São Paulo is known as Presidente Dutra. It is widely used inside the urban area of São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
for commuting purposes; SP-070 (state highway) also known as Rodovia Carvalho Pinto
Rodovia Carvalho Pinto
which connects São Paulo
São Paulo
to Taubaté; SP-065 Connects São Jose dos Campos to Campinas SP-099
SP-099
(state highway) also known as Rodovia dos Tamoios
Rodovia dos Tamoios
which connects São José to the coastal lowlands of the city of Caraguatatuba;

Tamoios Highway

SP-050 (state highway) - the old road which connects São José dos Campos to Campos do Jordão
Campos do Jordão
and the southern region of Minas Gerais.

The city is also served by a railway (the former Central do Brasil), administered by MRS Logística, which today only carries freight. The ports of São Sebastião and Santos can be reached by the highways SP-099, SP-155, and BR-101. The transportation of cargo to the domestic and foreign markets is made through both ports.

São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
Airport

The São José dos Campos Airport
São José dos Campos Airport
(IATA: SJK, ICAO: SBSJ) has a heavy passenger flow, mainly business trips during weekdays, and it is an important connection between São Paulo
São Paulo
and Rio de Janeiro. With a 3,000 m (9,800 ft) runaway, the airport also serves people who come to visit the tourist city of Campos de Jordão. The airlines Azul Brazilian Airlines
Azul Brazilian Airlines
and TRIP Linhas Aéreas
TRIP Linhas Aéreas
fly from São José dos Campos to several destinations and presently are the only commercial airlines operating on São José dos Campos. It is also used for the transportation of cargo from the several industries located in the so-called Cone Leste Paulista ("São Paulo's East Cone"). Infraero
Infraero
and the Federal Revenue Agency are also introducing a new concept called airport-industry, that will offer fiscal incentives and fast importation and exportation procedures. The municipality has also a Customs Station for the Hinterland (dry port), controlled by the Federal Revenue Agency. São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
receives natural gas from two gas pipelines, and large companies such as General Motors, Kodak, Monsanto and Embraer are among the main users. The city is the third largest in the country referring to the distribution net of natural gas for residential use.[citation needed] It has also a large network of fiber optics, with broadband services covering 75% of the city. There is 1 telephone for each 3 inhabitants and a vast service network of cellular telephones.[citation needed] Economy[edit]

Economic statistics

GDP BRL
BRL
17.6 billion (2004)

Value added BRL
BRL
14,795 million (2005)

GDP per capita BRL
BRL
29,950 (2004)

Labour force 267,332 (2003) (from 45% to 50% of pop.)

Labour force by occupation industry (19.4%), commerce (17.3%), services (50.9%), construction (2.2%), public sector (9.6%), other (0.5%) (2003)

Main industries aerospace, defense, automotive, chemical, pharmaceutical, telecommunications, components, consumer durables, oil and petrochemical

Foreign commerce

Exports BRL
BRL
4,947 million (2005)

Imports BRL
BRL
2,619 million (2005)

Public finances

Municipal Budget BRL
BRL
868 million (2005)

Announced investments $0.436 billion (2004)

Social statistics

Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(UNDP) 0.849 - high (2000) versus Brazilian HDI of 0.800 - high (2005)

Literacy rate 96.3% (2003)

Agriculture[edit] The municipality cultivates different crops: rice, tomato, potatoes, orange and many vegetables; cattle are raised for beef and milk supply. There are also farms for production of eggs and chicken.[citation needed] Industry[edit]

Embraer
Embraer
Aircraft: the third largest aircraft manufacturer in the world, the company is headquartered at São José dos Campos

In contrast to the rural town in 1950s, today São José is an important manufacturing center and holds a large array of industries. Over 1,251 industries are in the municipality and nearby 47,000 inhabitants work for industries. The three main industries are automotive, oil/petrochemical and aerospace. There are significant pharmaceutical, consumer durables, chemical, and telecommunication companies in the city.[specify] It is also known as the "Brazilian aeronautics capital" because it is home of CTA and one of the biggest aircraft manufacturers in the world, Embraer. International Trade[edit]

Treemap showing the market share of exports, by product, for the city of São José Dos Campos in 2014 generated by DataViva

In 2014 São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
ranked as the 5th largest exporter, by value, of all Brazilian municipalities exporting $4.6B (USD) worth of materials.[11] In that year, between aircraft and aircraft parts categories, São José Dos Campos exported $3.57B (USD) or 81.9% of the total exports of the municipality.[12][13] Service industry[edit]

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Since the 1990s, the local economy has been evolving in a different direction. The manufacturing economy has been downsized or replaced by tertiary and quaternary sectors of industries. For instance, the Entrepreneurial District of Chacaras Reunidas concentrates companies of micro, small and medium size, which are mainly the result of downsizing from old large local industries. Yet even though most of these are industries, these companies provide service as well. Two technological parks and five (one in project) business incubators have been created within universities or industrial facilities. There are incubators with technological start-up companies installed at Univap and at Henrique Lage Refinery of Petrobrás. The CTA houses other incubator, Incubaero, specialized in the aeronautical field. Univap features a technological park with capacity for around 40 small to medium-sized innovating companies in the areas of materials, electronics and telecommunications, information technology, aerospace, energy, environment control, biotechnology, bioinformatics, chemical engineering, and software among others. A new technological park, managed by the municipality and the state government of São Paulo, will house two new think tanks: the Institute for Technological Research (IPT) and the ItecBio (Instituto de Tecnologias Biomédicas). As a result of its geographical location, the city became an important distribution center, having several logistics providers. Activities like purchasing, transport, planning and warehousing have employed many people recently. Commerce and real estate ventures have developed in the last years, reflecting the changes in the economy. For instance, the largest shopping mall in the region was an old manufacturing facility. Serving the region's population of approximately one million, the city is the regional hub for shopping and services for the Vale do Paraíba, the northern coast of São Paulo
São Paulo
and southern Minas Gerais. References[edit]

^ "Estimativa Populacional 2015" (PDF). Pesquisa Demográfica por Amostra de Domicílios 201 (in Portuguese). Codeplan. 2015. Retrieved 2016-08-08.  ^ Inter-American Development Bank, Professor (2001). "Innovation Systems in Latin America". Competitiveness: The Business of Growth--Economic and Social Progress in Latin America, 2001 Report. Inter-American Development Bank. p. 229. ISBN 1886938962. Retrieved 2015-05-04.  ^ Assembleia Legislativa do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar Nº 1.166 ^ http://www.sjc.sp.gov.br/sao_jose/dados_da_cidade.aspx ^ Área de Proteção Ambiental São Francisco Xavier (in Portuguese), SAP: Sistema Ambiental Paulista, retrieved 2016-10-01  ^ Unidade de Conservação: Área de Proteção Ambiental Bacia Hidrográfica do Paraíba do Sul (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-10-01  ^ "Climatic classification in São Paulo
São Paulo
State" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Instituto Agronômico de Campinas. Retrieved September 11, 2016.  ^ http://www.monteverdemg.com.br/vm-clima.htm ^ "A lista de cidades-irmãs". Estadão.com.br. October 13, 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2009.  ^ "S. José tem cidade-irmã no Japão desde 1973". Vale Paraibano. June 18, 2003. Retrieved 18 March 2009.  ^ DataViva. "2014 Brazilian Trade by Municipality", DataViva, Retrieved on June 24, 2015. ^ DataViva. "International Trade Data for São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
in 2014", DataViva, Retrieved on June 24, 2015. ^ DataViva. "Exports of São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
(2014)", DataViva, Retrieved June 24, 2015.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to São José dos Campos.

São José dos Campos
São José dos Campos
travel guide from Wikivoyage (in Portuguese) Official website

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Araraquara

Américo Brasiliense Araraquara Boa Esperança do Sul Borborema Dobrada Gavião Peixoto Ibitinga Itápolis Matão Motuca Nova Europa Rincão Santa Lúcia Tabatinga Trabiju

São Carlos

Analândia Descalvado Dourado Ibaté Ribeirão Bonito São Carlos

Assis

Assis

Assis Borá Campos Novos Paulista Cândido Mota Cruzália Florínia Ibirarema Iepê Lutécia Maracaí Nantes Palmital Paraguaçu Paulista Pedrinhas Paulista Platina Quatá Tarumã

Ourinhos

Bernardino de Campos Canitar Chavantes Espírito Santo do Turvo Fartura Ipaussu Manduri Óleo Ourinhos Piraju Ribeirão do Sul Salto Grande Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo São Pedro do Turvo Sarutaiá Taguaí Tejupá Timburi

Bauru

Avaré

Águas de Santa Bárbara Arandu Avaré Cerqueira César Iaras Itaí Itatinga Paranapanema

Bauru

Agudos Arealva Areiópolis Avaí Balbinos Bauru Borebi Cabrália Paulista Duartina Guarantã Iacanga Lençóis Paulista Lucianópolis Paulistânia Pirajuí Piratininga Pongaí Presidente Alves Reginópolis Ubirajara Uru

Botucatu

Anhembi Bofete Botucatu Conchas Pardinho Pratânia São Manuel

Jaú

Bariri Barra Bonita Bocaina Boraceia Dois Córregos Igaraçu do Tietê Itaju Itapuí Jaú Macatuba Mineiros do Tietê Pederneiras

Lins

Cafelândia Getulina Guaiçara Guaimbê Júlio Mesquita Lins Promissão Sabino

Campinas

Amparo

Águas de Lindoia Amparo Lindoia Monte Alegre do Sul Pedra Bela Pinhalzinho Serra Negra Socorro

Campinas

Americana Campinas Cosmópolis Elias Fausto Holambra Hortolândia Indaiatuba Jaguariúna Monte Mor Nova Odessa Paulínia Pedreira Santa Bárbara d'Oeste Sumaré Valinhos Vinhedo

Mogi Mirim

Artur Nogueira Engenheiro Coelho Estiva Gerbi Itapira Mogi Guaçu Mogi Mirim Santo Antônio de Posse

Pirassununga

Aguaí Pirassununga Porto Ferreira Santa Cruz das Palmeiras

São João da Boa Vista

Águas da Prata Caconde Casa Branca Divinolândia Espírito Santo do Pinhal Itobi Mococa Santo Antônio do Jardim São João da Boa Vista São José do Rio Pardo São Sebastião da Grama Tambaú Tapiratiba Vargem
Vargem
Grande do Sul

Itapetininga

Capão Bonito

Apiaí Barra do Chapéu Capão Bonito Guapiara Iporanga Itaóca Itapirapuã Paulista Ribeira Ribeirão Branco Ribeirão Grande

Itapetininga

Alambari Angatuba Campina do Monte Alegre Guareí Itapetininga

Itapeva

Barão de Antonina Bom Sucesso de Itararé Buri Coronel Macedo Itaberá Itapeva Itaporanga Itararé Nova Campina Riversul Taquarituba Taquarivaí

Tatuí

Boituva Cerquilho Cesário Lange Laranjal Paulista Pereiras Porangaba Quadra Tatuí Torre de Pedra

Litoral Sul Paulista

Itanhaém

Itanhaém Itariri Mongaguá Pedro de Toledo Peruíbe

Registro

Barra do Turvo Cajati Cananéia Eldorado Iguape Ilha Comprida Jacupiranga Juquiá Miracatu Pariquera-Açu Registro Sete Barras

Macro Metropolitana Paulista

Bragança Paulista

Atibaia Bom Jesus dos Perdões Bragança Paulista Itatiba Jarinu Joanópolis Morungaba Nazaré Paulista Piracaia Tuiuti Vargem

Jundiaí

Campo Limpo Paulista Itupeva Jundiaí Louveira Várzea Paulista

Piedade

Ibiúna Piedade Pilar do Sul São Miguel Arcanjo Tapiraí

Sorocaba

Alumínio Araçariguama Araçoiaba da Serra Cabreúva Capela do Alto Iperó Itu Mairinque Porto Feliz Salto Salto de Pirapora São Roque Sarapuí Sorocaba Votorantim

Marília

Marília

Álvaro de Carvalho Alvinlândia Echaporã Fernão Gália Garça Lupércio Marília Ocauçu Oriente Oscar Bressane Pompeia Vera Cruz

Tupã

Arco-Íris Bastos Herculândia Iacri Queiroz Quintana Tupã

Metropolitana de São Paulo

Franco da Rocha

Caieiras Francisco Morato Franco da Rocha Mairiporã

Guarulhos

Arujá Guarulhos Santa Isabel

Itapecerica da Serra

Cotia Embu-Guaçu Itapecerica da Serra Juquitiba São Lourenço da Serra Taboão da Serra Vargem
Vargem
Grande Paulista

Mogi das Cruzes

Biritiba-Mirim Ferraz de Vasconcelos Guararema Itaquaquecetuba Mogi das Cruzes Poá Salesópolis Suzano

Osasco

Barueri Cajamar Carapicuíba Itapevi Jandira Osasco Pirapora do Bom Jesus Santana de Parnaíba

Santos

Bertioga Cubatão Guarujá Praia Grande Santos São Vicente

São Paulo

Diadema Mauá Ribeirão Pires Rio Grande da Serra Santo André São Bernardo do Campo São Caetano do Sul São Paulo

Piracicaba

Limeira

Araras Conchal Cordeirópolis Iracemápolis Leme Limeira Santa Cruz da Conceição Santa Gertrudes

Piracicaba

Águas de São Pedro Capivari Charqueada Jumirim Mombuca Piracicaba Rafard Rio das Pedras Saltinho Santa Maria da Serra São Pedro Tietê

Rio Claro

Brotas Corumbataí Ipeúna Itirapina Rio Claro Torrinha

Presidente Prudente

Adamantina

Adamantina Flora
Flora
Rica Flórida Paulista Inúbia Paulista Irapuru Lucélia Mariápolis Osvaldo Cruz Pacaembu Parapuã Pracinha Rinópolis Sagres Salmourão

Dracena

Dracena Junqueirópolis Monte Castelo Nova Guataporanga Ouro Verde Panorama Pauliceia Santa Mercedes São João do Pau d'Alho Tupi Paulista

Presidente Prudente

Alfredo Marcondes Álvares Machado Anhumas Caiabu Caiuá Emilianópolis Estrela do Norte Euclides da Cunha Paulista Indiana João Ramalho Marabá Paulista Martinópolis Mirante do Paranapanema Narandiba Piquerobi Pirapozinho Presidente Bernardes Presidente Epitácio Presidente Prudente Presidente Venceslau Rancharia Regente Feijó Ribeirão dos Índios Rosana Sandovalina Santo Anastácio Santo Expedito Taciba Tarabai Teodoro Sampaio

Ribeirão Preto

Barretos

Barretos Colina Colômbia

Batatais

Altinópolis Batatais Cajuru Cássia dos Coqueiros Santa Cruz da Esperança Santo Antônio da Alegria

Franca

Cristais Paulista Franca Itirapuã Jeriquara Patrocínio Paulista Pedregulho Restinga Ribeirão Corrente Rifaina São José da Bela Vista

Ituverava

Aramina Buritizal Guará Igarapava Ituverava

Jaboticabal

Bebedouro Cândido Rodrigues Fernando Prestes Guariba Jaboticabal Monte Alto Monte Azul Paulista Pirangi Pitangueiras Santa Ernestina Taiaçu Taiúva Taquaral Taquaritinga Terra Roxa Viradouro Vista Alegre do Alto

Ribeirão Preto

Barrinha Brodowski Cravinhos Dumont Guatapará Jardinópolis Luís Antônio Pontal Pradópolis Ribeirão Preto Santa Rita do Passa Quatro Santa Rosa de Viterbo São Simão Serra Azul Serrana Sertãozinho

São Joaquim da Barra

Guaíra Ipuã Jaborandi Miguelópolis Morro Agudo Nuporanga Orlândia Sales Oliveira São Joaquim da Barra

São José do Rio Preto

Auriflama

Auriflama Floreal Gastão Vidigal General Salgado Guzolândia Magda Nova Castilho Nova Luzitânia São João de Iracema

Catanduva

Ariranha Cajobi Catanduva Catiguá Elisiário Embaúba Novais Palmares Paulista Paraíso Pindorama Santa Adélia Severínia Tabapuã

Fernandópolis

Estrela d'Oeste Fernandópolis Guarani d'Oeste Indiaporã Macedônia Meridiano Mira Estrela Ouroeste Pedranópolis São João das Duas Pontes Turmalina

Jales

Aparecida
Aparecida
d'Oeste Aspásia Dirce Reis Dolcinópolis Jales Marinópolis Mesópolis Nova Canaã Paulista Palmeira d'Oeste Paranapuã Pontalinda Populina Rubinéia Santa Albertina Santa Clara d'Oeste Santa Fé do Sul Santa Rita d'Oeste Santa Salete Santana da Ponte Pensa São Francisco Três Fronteiras Urânia Vitória Brasil

Nhandeara

Macaubal Monções Monte Aprazível Neves Paulista Nhandeara Nipoã Poloni Sebastianópolis do Sul União Paulista

Novo Horizonte

Irapuã Itajobi Marapoama Novo Horizonte Sales Urupês

São José do Rio Preto

Adolfo Altair Bady Bassitt Bálsamo Cedral Guapiaçu Guaraci Ibirá Icém Ipiguá Jaci José Bonifácio Mendonça Mirassol Mirassolândia Nova Aliança Nova Granada Olímpia Onda Verde Orindiúva Palestina Paulo de Faria Planalto Potirendaba São José do Rio Preto Tanabi Ubarana Uchoa Zacarias

Votuporanga

Álvares Florence Américo de Campos Cardoso Cosmorama Parisi Pontes Gestal Riolândia Valentim Gentil Votuporanga

Vale do Paraíba
Vale do Paraíba
Paulista

Bananal

Arapeí Areias Bananal São José do Barreiro Silveiras

Campos do Jordão

Campos do Jordão Monteiro Lobato Santo Antônio do Pinhal São Bento do Sapucaí

Caraguatatuba

Caraguatatuba Ilhabela São Sebastião Ubatuba

Guaratinguetá

Aparecida Cachoeira Paulista Canas Cruzeiro Guaratinguetá Lavrinhas Lorena Piquete Potim Queluz Roseira

Paraibuna/Paraitinga

Cunha Jambeiro Lagoinha Natividade da Serra Paraibuna Redenção da Serra São Luiz do Paraitinga

São José dos Campos

Caçapava Igaratá Jacareí Pindamonhangaba Santa Branca São José dos Campos

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