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Rufisque
Rufisque
is a city in the Dakar
Dakar
region of western Senegal, at the base of the Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
Peninsula. It has a population of 179,797 (2002 census).[citation needed] In the past it was an important port city in its own right, but is now a suburb of Dakar. Rufisque
Rufisque
is also the capital of the department of the same name and is lying 25 kilometres (16 mi) south-east of Dakar, the capital of Senegal.

Contents

1 History 2 Decline of port 3 Industry 4 Administration 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

Rufisque
Rufisque
train station, 1910.

Originally a Lebou fishing village called Tenguedj (Wolof: Tëngéej), Rufisque
Rufisque
became important in the 16th century as the principal port of the kingdom of Cayor, being frequented by Portuguese (who named it Rio Fresco, in which the name of the city originated from, meaning in English:"Freshwater River"), Dutch, French and English traders. A Euro-African Creole, or Métis, community of merchants grew up there, in close contact with similar communities in Saint Louis, Gorée
Gorée
and other places along the Petite Côte (Portudal, Joal) south to the Gambia River.

Rufisque, on the Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
Peninsula, Senegal

In 1840 a couple of Saint Louis merchants built warehouses on the waterfront to stock peanuts. Gorée
Gorée
merchants followed suit. There followed a period of commercial expansion as peanut production in Cayor boomed. In 1859 a fort was built by the French and Rufisque
Rufisque
was annexed to the Colony of Senegal. The "Escale" commercial and administrative neighborhood along the waterfront was laid out in 1862—the African inhabitants being pushed out in the process. Rufisque
Rufisque
became a "commune" in 1880 and its port was connected to the Dakar-Saint Louis railroad in 1885. In 1909 Galandou Diouf (died 1941) was elected to represent Rufisque
Rufisque
in the General Council of the colony in Saint Louis, being the first African elected to that position. Decline of port[edit] Early in the 20th century the growth of neighboring Dakar, with its superior port facilities, signaled the decline of Rufisque. No longer an active port, Rufisque
Rufisque
has experienced steep decline of industrial activities and is certainly the most neglected of Senegal's four historic "communes", with no tourism sector and a chronic lack of investment in public infrastructure. Industry[edit] Rufisque
Rufisque
has a cement works.[1] Administration[edit] Ndiawar Touré took office as Mayor of Rufisque
Rufisque
on 8 June 2002. Previously, Mbaye-Jacques Diop
Mbaye-Jacques Diop
was Mayor from 1987 to 2002, and he was subsequently designated as Honorary Mayor. See also[edit]

Railway stations in Senegal

References[edit]

^ Europa Publications (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Routledge. p. 937. ISBN 9781857431834. Retrieved 2014-12-10. 

External links[edit]

Rufisque
Rufisque
News, online version of Rufisque-based newspaper. Portions of this article were translated from French language Wikipedia's fr:Rufisque.

Coordinates: 14°43′N 17°16′W / 14.717°N 17.267°W / 14.717; -17.267

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157095665 BNF:

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