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Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
is a region of northwestern Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
state of India, named after the Rohilla
Rohilla
Afghan tribes. The region was known as Madhyadesh in the Hindu
Hindu
epic Mahabharata.[1] Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
lies on the upper Ganges
Ganges
alluvial plain and has an area of about 25,000 km²/10,000 square miles (in and around the City of Bareilly). It is bounded by the Ganges
Ganges
River on the south and the west by Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
and Nepal
Nepal
on the north, and by the Awadh
Awadh
region to the east. It includes cities of Bareilly, Moradabad, Rampur, Bijnore, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur, Budaun, Amroha

Contents

1 History 2 Rulers 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The area was made famous by the previous settlement of Rohillas, who were Afghan highlanders of the Yusufzai and other tribes who were awarded the Katehr region in northern India
India
by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
to suppress Rajput
Rajput
uprisings. Later it gained fame as Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
due to large settlements of Rohilla
Rohilla
Pathans in the City of Bareilly
Bareilly
and Rampur. Roh means mountains in Pashto and Rohilla
Rohilla
means mountaineer.[2] Today, the Afghan proper refer to themselves as Ban-i-Afghan to differentiate themselves from the Indian Pathan.[3] About 1673, two brothers, left their native hills in shahdarah and obtained some petty office under the Mughals. mr. Rohilla's grandson,Chirag -eh- Rohilla
Rohilla
was eventually appointed governor of Shahdarah in East Delhi. In 1737, an Afghan named Jai-AL- Rohilla
Rohilla
was the jagirdar of area around Farrukhabad
Farrukhabad
(southwest border of Rohilkhand), and Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
was then known as Kuttahir was in the occupation of a band of Afghan mercenary soldiers known as Rohillas. Taking advantage of the invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali, Ali Mahomed added in 1748 to the lands already acquired by him those formerly owned by officers absent on field service. In this way, he acquired the whole of Kuttahir and changed its name to Rohilkhand.[citation needed] Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
was invaded by the Marathas
Marathas
after 3rd Panipat war. The first invasion of Maratha on Rohillakhand took place on 1751–1752,the invasion was result of charming persona of three beautiful queens of rohillkhand, name, begum-eh-khaas Pragya, paulmi -eh-sahiba and Sadhna-eh-hayat wives of chirag The Marathas
Marathas
were requested by Safdarjung, the Nawab of Oudh, in 1752, to help him defeat Afghani Rohilla. The Maratha forces and Awadh
Awadh
forces besieged Rohillas, who had sought refuge in Kumaon but had to retreat when Ahmad Shah Abdali
Ahmad Shah Abdali
invaded India
India
.[4][4][5] In 1772, Marathas, led by Mahadji Sindhia
Mahadji Sindhia
defeated Rohilla
Rohilla
chieftain Zabita Khan, whose possessions lay west to Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
and they also destroyed Rohilla
Rohilla
tribal chief Najib-ul-Daula's grave, scattering the bones all around.[6] During 1772-73, Mahadji destroyed the power of Pashtun Rohillas
Rohillas
in Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
and captured Najibabad. After plundering Rohillakhand Maratha proceed towards Oudh. Sensing the same fate as Rohilla, Nawab made frantic calls to British troops in Bengal. British company knew that Nawab of Oudh
Nawab of Oudh
didn't possess any danger for British company, whereas Maratha will try to invade Bengal
Bengal
and Bihar after overrunning Oudh. British company dispatched 20,000 British troops on the order of then Viceroy of British India. British wanted to free Rohillakhand from Maratha and give it to Nawab. The Maratha and British armies came face to face in Ram Ghat, but the sudden demise of then Peshwa and the civil war in Poona to choose the next Peshwa forced Maratha to retreat. Rohilla
Rohilla
decided not to pay because there was no war between the two states. Further, British made Oudh a buffer state in order to protect it from Maratha, and from there on, British troops start protecting Oudh. The subsidy of one British brigade to provide protection to Nawab and Oudh from Maratha was decided to be Rs 2,10,000.[7] Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
was under the rule of Rohillas
Rohillas
with their capital in City of Bareilly
Bareilly
until the Rohilla
Rohilla
War of 1774–75. The Rohillas
Rohillas
were defeated and driven from their former capital of Bareilly
Bareilly
by the Nawab of Oudh with the assistance of the East India
India
Company's troops. The state of Rampur was then established under the Nawab of Oudh. In 1803, British annexed Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
in Upper Doab. Rulers[edit]

Nawabs of Rampur

Name Reign Began Reign Ended

Ali Mohammed Khan 1719 15 September 1748

Faizullah Khan 15 September 1748 24 July 1793

Hafiz Rahmat Khan – Regent 15 September 1748 23 April 1774

Muhammad Ali Khan Bahadur 24 July 1793 11 August 1793

Ghulam Muhammad Khan Bahadur 11 August 1793 24 October 1794

Ahmad Ali Khan Bahadur 24 October 1794 5 July 1840

Nasrullah Khan – Regent 24 October 1794 1811

Muhammad Said Khan Bahadur 5 July 1840 1 April 1855

Yusef Ali Khan Bahadur 1 April 1855 21 April 1865

Kalb Ali Khan Bahadur 21 April 1865 23 March 1887

Muhammad Mushtaq Ali Khan Bahadur 23 March 1887 25 February 1889

Hamid Ali Khan Bahadur 25 February 1889 20 June 1930

Muhammad Said Khan Bahadur 5 July 1840 1 April 1855

Regent 25 February 1889 4 April 1894

Raza Ali Khan Bahadur 20 June 1930 6 March 1966

Murtaza Ali Khan Bahadur – Nawabat abolished in 1971 6 March 1966 8 February 1982

See also[edit]

Sarai Rohilla
Rohilla
Railway Station Jewan Khutar Pawayan

References[edit]

^ Encyclopædia Britannica Online: Rohilkhand ^ Rohilla
Rohilla
Archived 30 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. . ^ "Pathan". Isa-Masih in Lucknow. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2007.  ^ a b Agrawal, Ashvini. Studies In Mughal History.  ^ Playne, Somerset; Solomon, R. V.; Bond, J. W.; Wright, Arnold. Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey.  ^ Rathod, N. G. The Great Maratha: Mahadaji Scindia.  ^ Chaurasia, Radhey Shyam (1947). History of Modern India: 1707 A.D. to Upto 2000 A.D. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

v t e

Historical regions of North India

Ajmer Awadh Bagelkhand Bhojpur Braj Bundelkhand Delhi Doab Doaba Dhundhar Garhwal Gird Godwar Hadoti Jaisalmer Jangladesh Kumaon Magadha Mahakoshal Majha Malwa Malwa
Malwa
(Punjab) Marwar Mewar Mewat Mithila Nimar Purvanchal Rohilkhan

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