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RoboCop
RoboCop
is a 1987 American cyberpunk[3] action film[4] directed by Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
and written by Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
and Michael Miner. The film stars Peter Weller, Nancy Allen, Dan O'Herlihy, Kurtwood Smith, Miguel Ferrer, and Ronny Cox. Set in a crime-ridden Detroit, Michigan, in the near future, RoboCop
RoboCop
centers on police officer Alex Murphy (Weller) who is murdered by a gang of criminals and subsequently revived by the megacorporation Omni Consumer Products (OCP) as a superhuman cyborg law enforcer known as RoboCop. Themes that make up the basis of RoboCop
RoboCop
include media influence, gentrification, corruption, authoritarianism, greed, privatization, capitalism, identity, dystopia, and human nature. It received positive reviews and was cited as one of the best films of 1987, spawning a franchise that included merchandise, two sequels, a television series, a remake, two animated TV series, a television mini-series, video games, and a number of comic book adaptations/crossovers. The film was produced for a relatively modest $13 million.[2] Honors for the film include five Saturn Awards, two BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
nominations and the Academy Award for Best Sound Editing, along with nominations for Best Film Editing and Best Sound Mixing.

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production

3.1 Inspiration and script 3.2 Casting 3.3 Filming 3.4 RoboCop
RoboCop
design 3.5 Visual effects 3.6 Score 3.7 Rating

4 Release

4.1 Box office 4.2 Home media

5 Reception

5.1 Critical response 5.2 Accolades 5.3 Themes and analysis

6 Novelization 7 Legacy

7.1 Franchise 7.2 Statue 7.3 Remake

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Plot[edit] In the near future, Detroit, Michigan, is a dystopia on the verge of total collapse due to financial ruin and a high crime rate. The mayor signs a deal with the mega-corporation Omni Consumer Products (OCP), giving it complete control of the underfunded Detroit
Detroit
Police Department. In exchange, OCP will be allowed to turn the run-down sections of Detroit
Detroit
into a high-end utopia called Delta City. OCP's new CEO Dick Jones proposes assisting the police with the ED-209 enforcement droid. At its first demonstration, however, ED-209 malfunctions and gruesomely kills an executive. Bob Morton, an ambitious junior executive, uses the opportunity to introduce his own experimental cyborg design, "RoboCop". To Jones's anger, the company chairman (referred to as the Old Man) approves Morton's plan. OCP ostensibly reassigns officers into crime-ridden districts in anticipation that someone will be killed in action for use as a test subject for RoboCop. Alex Murphy is newly-partnered to Anne Lewis; on their first patrol, they chase a gang of criminals, led by Clarence Boddicker. Boddicker's gang hides in an abandoned steel mill and Murphy and Lewis separate on foot to find them. While Murphy manages to kill two of them, he is caught by Boddicker and the others; the gang tortures Murphy, brutally gunning him down before Boddicker personally executes him. He is declared dead and OCP selects him as the RoboCop
RoboCop
candidate; they replace most of his body with cybernetics, leaving his human brain. RoboCop
RoboCop
is programmed with three directives: serve the public trust, protect the innocent, and uphold the law; RoboCop, Morton, and his team are unaware of a classified fourth directive. RoboCop, assigned to Murphy's former district, proceeds to efficiently rid the streets of crime. This leads the human officers to believe their jobs are at risk and threaten to strike. Lewis believes Robocop is Murphy based on his exhibiting some of Murphy's behaviors. As RoboCop
RoboCop
suffers from latent memories from Murphy, he discovers his true identity and that his wife and son moved away after Murphy's death. Jones, fearing he will be displaced by the newly-promoted Morton, discreetly hires Boddicker to murder Morton. During a hold-up at a gas station, RoboCop
RoboCop
recognizes the robber as one of Boddicker's gang, triggering memories of Murphy's execution. RoboCop
RoboCop
reviews police records, identifies the other gang members including Boddicker, and confronts them. During Boddicker's arrest, he admits to being hired by Jones. With this evidence recorded on video, RoboCop
RoboCop
attempts to arrest Jones at OCP; Jones openly admits his role in Morton's death before revealing what the fourth directive is: it prevents RoboCop
RoboCop
from arresting any OCP executive officer or staff member. With RoboCop's programming limiting his abilities, Jones sends the ED-209 (which has been stationed in his office) to attack RoboCop, severely damaging him. Jones also asks police to meet them at the tower. Lewis, who had been following RoboCop, helps him escape to safety of the same steel mill and undergo repairs. The police follow through with their strike, creating chaos in the city. Boddicker and his gang are released from prison and acquire new high-powered rifles to finish off RoboCop. Boddicker, using a tracking system provided to him by Jones, head towards the steel mill. RoboCop and Lewis work together to eliminate the gang, though Lewis is injured. RoboCop
RoboCop
heads to OCP HQ alone and uses one of the rifles to destroy the ED-209 guarding the entrance. He barges in on an executive meeting where the Old Man and Jones are present and shows them the video of Jones' confession. Jones takes the Old Man as a hostage, knowing that the fourth directive still protects him. The Old Man promptly fires Jones, nullifying the protection and allowing RoboCop to shoot Jones, who falls out a window to his death. The Old Man thankfully asks for RoboCop's name; he answers, "Murphy". Cast[edit]

Peter Weller
Peter Weller
as Officer Alex J. Murphy / RoboCop Nancy Allen as Officer Anne Lewis Daniel O'Herlihy as The Old Man Ronny Cox
Ronny Cox
as Dick Jones Kurtwood Smith
Kurtwood Smith
as Clarence Boddicker Miguel Ferrer
Miguel Ferrer
as Bob Morton Robert DoQui as Sgt. Warren Reed Ray Wise
Ray Wise
as Leon C. Nash Felton Perry as Donald Johnson Paul McCrane as Emil Antonowsky Jesse Goins as Joe P. Cox Calvin Jung as Steve Minh Del Zamora as Kaplan Rick Lieberman as Walker Lee de Broux as Sal Edward Edwards as Manson Mark Carlton as Miller Michael Gregory as Lt. Hedgecock Kevin Page as Kinney Angie Bolling as Ellen Murphy James Levine as Jimmy Murphy S.D. Nemeth as Bixby Snyder Mario Machado
Mario Machado
as Casey Wong

Production[edit] Inspiration and script[edit] RoboCop
RoboCop
was written by Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
and Michael Miner. Neumeier stated that he first got the idea of RoboCop
RoboCop
when he walked with a friend past a poster for Blade Runner. He asked his friend what the film was about and his friend replied, "It's about a cop hunting robots". For him, this sparked the idea about a robot cop. While the two were attempting to pitch the screenplay to Hollywood executives, they were accidentally stranded at an airplane terminal with a high-ranking movie executive for several hours. Here, they were able to speak to him about the project, and thus began the series of events which eventually gave rise to RoboCop.[citation needed] In 1981 Neumeier wrote the first treatment, about a robot police officer who was not a cyborg but in the development of the story his computer mind became more similar to human. The plot takes place in a fairly distant future, the world is ruled by corporations and it was assumed that this world would be visually similar to the world shown in Blade Runner. The treatment was rejected by many studios because of the incompleteness of the storyline and settings. In 1984 Neumeier met music video director Michael Miner, who worked on a similar idea; his rough draft of the script was called SuperCop, which was about a police officer who has been seriously injured and becomes a donor for experiment to create a cybernetic police officer. Neumeier and Miner felt that they could successfully combine their ideas.[citation needed] RoboCop
RoboCop
marked the first major Hollywood production for Dutch director Paul Verhoeven. Although he had been working in the Netherlands
Netherlands
for more than a decade and directed several films to great acclaim, such as Soldier of Orange
Soldier of Orange
in 1977, he moved to Hollywood in 1984 to seek broader opportunities. While RoboCop
RoboCop
is often credited as his English language debut, he had in fact previously made Flesh & Blood, starring Rutger Hauer
Rutger Hauer
and Jennifer Jason Leigh, during 1985. On the Criterion Edition audio commentary (available on both the LaserDisc
LaserDisc
and DVD
DVD
versions), Verhoeven recalls that, when he first glanced through the script, he discarded it in disgust. Afterwards, his wife, after picking the script from the bin and reading it more thoroughly, convinced him that the plot had more substance than he had originally assumed.[5] Repo Man director Alex Cox was offered the opportunity to direct before Verhoeven came aboard.[6] Kenneth Johnson, creator of television series V, The Bionic Woman, and The Incredible Hulk, said that he was offered the chance to direct, but turned it down when he was not allowed to change aspects of the script that he considered to be "mean-spirited, ugly and ultra-violent."[7] The character of RoboCop
RoboCop
itself was inspired by British comic book hero Judge Dredd,[8] as well as the Japanese toku series Space Sheriff Gavan and the Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
superhero Rom.[citation needed] A Rom comic book appears onscreen during the film's convenience store robbery. Another Rom comic appears in a flashback depicting Murphy's son. Although both Neumeier and Verhoeven have declared themselves staunchly on the political left, Neumeier recalls on the audio commentary to Starship Troopers that many of his liberal friends perceived RoboCop
RoboCop
as a fascist movie. On the 20th Anniversary DVD, producer Jon Davison referred to the film's message as "fascism for liberals" – a politically liberal film done in the most violent way possible. Casting[edit] Before Peter Weller
Peter Weller
was cast, Rutger Hauer
Rutger Hauer
and Arnold Schwarzenegger were favored to play RoboCop
RoboCop
by Verhoeven and the producers, respectively. However, each man's large frame would have made it difficult for either of them to move in the cumbersome RoboCop
RoboCop
suit, which had been modeled on hockey gear and designed to be large and bulky. Weller won the role both because Verhoeven felt that he could adequately convey pathos with his lower face, and because Weller was especially lithe and could more easily move inside the suit than a bigger actor.[9] Stephanie Zimbalist, who at the time was one of the stars of the television series Remington Steele, was originally cast as Anne Lewis. NBC
NBC
had canceled Remington Steele
Remington Steele
in 1986, leaving the stars free to accept other roles, subject to options for further episodes on their contracts. However, an upsurge of interest in the show saw the network exercise the options,[10] which meant that Zimbalist was then forced to withdraw from RoboCop, to be replaced by Nancy Allen.[11] In the DVD
DVD
director's commentary, Verhoeven explained that he intentionally chose to cast Kurtwood Smith
Kurtwood Smith
and Ronny Cox
Ronny Cox
against type by making them the central villains. Cox was an actor who, until then, was primarily known for "nice-guy" roles, such as fatherly figures. Similarly, Smith had been cast as more intellectual characters.[citation needed] Verhoeven chose to outfit Smith's character Clarence Boddicker in rimless glasses because of their intellectual association, creating a disparity in the character that Verhoeven found akin to the similarly bespectacled Heinrich Himmler.[12] Filming[edit] Filming began on August 6, 1986, and wrapped on October 20, 1986. The scenes depicting Murphy's death were not filmed until the following January (1987), some months after principal shooting had ceased. Although RoboCop
RoboCop
is set in Detroit, Michigan, many of the urban settings in the film were actually filmed in Dallas, Texas.[13] The futuristic appearances of the Dallas
Dallas
buildings, such as Reunion Tower, are visible in the background during the car chase. The front of Dallas
Dallas
City Hall was used as the exterior for the fictional OCP Headquarters, combined with extensive matte paintings to make the building appear taller than it actually is. The steel mill scenes were filmed at Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel's Monessen Works, in the Pittsburgh suburb of Monessen, Pennsylvania.[13][14][15] Peter Weller
Peter Weller
had prepared extensively for the role using a padded costume, as development of the actual RoboCop
RoboCop
suit was three weeks behind schedule.[citation needed] By the time shooting was underway and the costume had arrived on set, however, Weller discovered he was almost unable to move in it and needed additional training to become accustomed to it. Weller later revealed to Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
that during filming, he was losing three pounds a day due to sweat loss while wearing the RoboCop
RoboCop
suit in 100 °F (38 °C) temperatures.[16] Weller's personal assistant, Todd Trotter, was responsible for keeping the actor cool in between takes with electric fans and, when available, large ducts connected to free-standing air conditioning units. The suit later had a fan built into it.[citation needed] Monte Hellman
Monte Hellman
acted as second unit director after Verhoeven began to fall behind schedule.[17] He directed several action scenes.[17] The 1986 Ford Taurus was used as the police cruiser in the movie, due to its then-futuristic design. As of May 2012, RoboCop's Taurus is on display at the Branson Auto Museum in Branson, Missouri.[18] Bob Morton's home was filmed in a home near Dallas
Dallas
featured in the show Beyond 2000
Beyond 2000
in 1987.[19] RoboCop
RoboCop
design[edit] The task of creating the RoboCop
RoboCop
suit was given to Rob Bottin.[20] The studio decided that Bottin would be the ideal person to create the RoboCop
RoboCop
suit, as he had just finished doing the special effects for John Carpenter's The Thing. A budget of up to one million dollars was allotted to the completion of the suit, making it the most expensive item on the set. A total of six suits were made: three intact and three showing damage. Bottin himself had produced early design sketches for the suit's prototype that the studio accepted enthusiastically, albeit with the request of some minor adjustments. Influenced by the Japanese comic The 8 Man and the first Metal Hero Space Sheriff Gavan
Space Sheriff Gavan
from Toei, Rob, Paul Verhoeven, and Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
came up with the concept of the suit being more of an outer shell, with very little of the actor's actual face being visible. Bottin explained the basis of the design:

It's meant to look very speedy and aerodynamic. All the lines are measured to go on a slant – forward, forward, forward! All the lines were geometric, and complement every shape on the body from all angles. When Verhoeven came on the project, he requested numerous design changes, additions to the suit which looked more like machine than man-like. I've never done so many conceptional drawings for a director in my entire life – changing it, and changing it, and changing it![21]

However, the design ended up bearing a closer resemblance to Bottin's original design:

RoboCop
RoboCop
looks the way he does because that's the way a man's body works! Although we went through fifty different variations, developing his character, everything came back to man-like. It's definitely a guy in the suit, which doesn't belittle it any.[21]

The suit itself was attached to the actor in sections. To wear the helmet, Peter Weller
Peter Weller
wore a bald cap that allowed the helmet to be removed easily. After almost 10 months of preparation, the RoboCop suit was completed based on life casts from Peter Weller
Peter Weller
and Bottin's six-foot clay models. The suit's color was supposed to be bright blue; however, it was given a more grayish tint to make it look more metallic and produce less glare on the camera when it was being filmed.[citation needed] Peter Weller
Peter Weller
had in the meantime hired Moni Yakim, the head of the Movement Department at Juilliard, to help create an appropriate way for him to move his body while wearing the RoboCop
RoboCop
suit.[citation needed] He and Moni had envisioned RoboCop
RoboCop
moving like a snake, dancing around its targets very elusively. The suit, however, proved to be too heavy and cumbersome. Instead, at the suggestion of Moni, it was decided that they would slow down RoboCop's movements in order to make them more appealing and plausible. Filming stopped for three days, allowing Peter and Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
to discuss new movements for the suit.[citation needed] The original gun for RoboCop
RoboCop
was a Desert Eagle, but this was deemed too small. A Beretta 93R
Beretta 93R
was heavily modified by Ray Williams of Freshour Machine, Texas City, Texas, who extended the gun barrel to make it look bigger and more proportional to RoboCop's hand. The gun holster itself was a standalone piece that was not integrated into the suit. Off-screen technicians would operate the device on cue by pulling cables that would force the holster to open up and allow the gun to be placed inside.[citation needed] Visual effects[edit] The ED-209 stop motion model was designed by Craig Davies,[22] who also built the full size models, and animated by Phil Tippett, a veteran stop-motion animator.[22] As one of the setpieces of the movie, the ED-209's look and animated sequences were under the close supervision of director Paul Verhoeven, who sometimes acted out the robot's movements himself. ED-209 was voiced by producer Jon Davison. Davies and Tippett would go on to collaborate on many more projects. In one scene, Emil attempts to run down RoboCop, but instead accidentally drives into a vat of toxic waste, causing the flesh to melt off his face and hands. These effects were also conceived and designed by Bottin, who was inspired by Rick Baker's work on The Incredible Melting Man, and who dubbed the RoboCop
RoboCop
effects "the Melting Man" as an homage to the production.[23] Chiodo Brothers Productions fabricated and animated the dinosaur puppet in the 6000 SUX commercial. The dinosaur itself was animated by Don Waller, who also had a cameo in the same sequence, reacting to the rampaging creature in a tight close-up.[24] Score[edit]

'RoboCop' theme

Soundtrack's main theme, composed by Basil Poledouris.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

The soundtrack score for the movie was composed by Basil Poledouris, who used both synthesized and orchestral music as a mirror to the man-versus-machine theme of the movie. The score alternates brass-heavy material, including the RoboCop
RoboCop
theme and ED-209's theme, with more introverted pieces for strings, such as during RoboCop's homecoming scene. The music was performed by the Sinfonia of London, conducted by Howard Blake and Tony Britten. The soundtrack initially was released by Varèse Sarabande
Varèse Sarabande
containing highlights from the score in an order different from that heard in the movie. The final four tracks were included on later CD re-issues.

RoboCop
RoboCop
(Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

Film score by Basil Poledouris

Released 1987

Genre Soundtrack

Length 54:28

Label Varèse Sarabande

RoboCop
RoboCop
(Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

No. Title Length

1. "Main Title" 0:39

2. "Van Chase" 4:52

3. "Murphy's Death" 2:38

4. "Rock Shop" 3:45

5. "Home" 4:16

6. "Robo vs. ED-209" 2:07

7. "The Dream" 3:08

8. "Across The Board" 1:52

9. "Betrayal" 2:20

10. "Clarence Frags Bob" 1:46

11. "Robo Tips His Hat" 2:11

12. "Drive To Jones' Office" 1:48

13. "We Killed You" 1:46

14. "Directive IV" 1:04

15. "Showdown" 5:24

16. "Have A Heart" 0:33

17. "OCP Monitors" 1:18

18. "Nuke 'Em" 0:28

19. "Big Is Better" 0:27

Total length: 59:00

The complete score in film sequence order was released in 2015 containing four previously unreleased tracks, the full end credits suite and the four previous CD bonus tracks.

Music From The Motion Picture RoboCop
RoboCop
(Original Score)

Film score by Basil Poledouris

Released 2015

Genre Soundtrack

Length 59:00

Music From The Film RoboCop
RoboCop
( Complete Original Score By Basil Poledouris)

No. Title Length

1. "Main Title" 0:49

2. "Have A Heart" 0:35

3. "O.C.P. Monitors" 1:43

4. "Twirl (previously unreleased)" 0:27

5. "Van Chase" 4:58

6. "Murphy Dies (previously titled "Murphy's Death)" 2:39

7. "Robo Lives (previously unreleased)" 1:06

8. "Drive Montage (previously unreleased)" 1:06

9. "Helpless Woman (previously unreleased)" 1:18

10. "Nukem" 0:29

11. "Murphy's Dream (previously titled "The Dream")" 3:09

12. "Gas Station Blow-Up (previously titled "We Killed You")" 1:46

13. "Murphy Goes Home (previously titled "Home")" 4:16

14. "Clarence Frags Bob" 1:47

15. "Rock Shop" 3:46

16. "Robo Drives To Jones (previously titled "Drive To Jones' Office")" 1:49

17. "Directive IV" 1:07

18. "Robo & ED 209 Fight (previously titled "Robo vs. ED-209")" 2:11

19. "Force Shoots Robo (previously titled "Betrayal")" 2:47

20. "Big Is Better" 2:38

21. "Care Package (previously titled "Robo Tips His Hat")" 3:01

22. "Looking For Me (previously titled "Showdown")" 5:18

23. "Across The Board/End Credits (previously unreleased extended version)" 7:33

Total length: 59:00

On the theatrical trailer, the theme of The Terminator
The Terminator
(1984) was used instead of the RoboCop
RoboCop
theme. The theme song also made its way into the arcade and NES RoboCop
RoboCop
video games. The song "Show Me Your Spine" by P.T.P. was played during the nightclub scene. P.T.P was a short-lived side project consisting of members of the band Ministry and Skinny Puppy. However, this song was not available in any official form and could only be heard in the film. It was eventually released in 2004 on a compilation album called Side Trax
Side Trax
by Ministry. Rating[edit] The movie was originally given an X rating by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) in 1987 due to its graphic violence, in sharp contrast to most other X-rated movies that received the rating due to strong sexual content. To appease the requirements of the ratings board, Verhoeven reduced the blood and gore in the most violent scenes in the movie, including ED-209's shooting of Kinney in the boardroom, Bobby being shot in the leg, the Boddicker gang's execution of Murphy with shotguns, and the final battle with Boddicker (in which RoboCop
RoboCop
stabs him in the neck with his neural spike and Boddicker's blood spatters onto RoboCop's chest). Verhoeven also added humorous commercials throughout the news broadcasts to lighten the mood and distract from the violent aspects of the movie (most of the commercials satirize various aspects of the American consumer culture, such as the commercial for the 6000 SUX sedan). After 11 original X ratings, the film was eventually given an R rating.[25] The original uncut version was included on the Criterion Collection
Criterion Collection
LaserDisc
LaserDisc
and DVD
DVD
of the film (both out of print), the 2005 trilogy box set, and the 2007 anniversary edition—the latter two were released by MGM
MGM
and were unrated. The 2014 Blu-ray 4K master edition also features this unrated cut. Regarding the omitted scenes, Verhoeven stated on the 2007 anniversary edition DVD
DVD
that he had wanted the violence to be "over the top", in an almost comical fashion (such as the scene involving the executive that is killed by ED-209, and Bob Morton immediately asking "Somebody wanna call a goddamn paramedic?!", which was meant as black comedy). Verhoeven also stated that the tone of the violence was changed to a more upsetting tone due to the deletions requested by the MPAA, and that the deletions also removed footage of the extensive animatronic puppet of Murphy just before he is executed by Boddicker. The following scenes are now presented in the uncut version of the movie available on Blu ray and DVD. 1) During the boardroom meeting, ED-209 begins to shoot Kinney who falls back on a table. Additional shots are then shown of him being shot at continuously in rapid succession. There is also an additional, quick shot of ED-209's programmer unsuccessfully trying to shut it down by ripping out its power cord. 2) Murphy's death scene is the most altered scene in the movie. Additional shots include when his hand is shot off, Murphy gets up and a visible stump is seen where his hand used to be. An additional shot shows his left arm being shot off completely and him screaming in pain. In the theatrical version, this scene is missing and Murphy is merely shown with one arm without any explanation. The final seconds of his murder shows an additional shot of the camera spinning around Murphy as he withers in pain and Clarence shoots him in the head and a hole appears. This original shot was achieved using a sophisticated animatronic puppet of Peter Weller
Peter Weller
controlled off-screen. One final overhead shot also shows the bloody aftermath of what has happened to Murphy as Lewis looks on shocked at his dead body. 3) Bob Morton's death now shows a close up of additional bullet holes puncturing his leg before he falls down. 4) When Clarence is stabbed in the neck by RoboCop
RoboCop
in the film's climax, an additional shot shows him turning around and blood squirting out of his neck before he falls to the ground. Release[edit] Box office[edit] RoboCop
RoboCop
was released in American theaters on July 17, 1987. The film opened no. 1 at the US box office and grossed over $8 million in its opening weekend[26] and another $6 million in its second weekend, again regaining the top spot at the box office. It topped rival films released at the same time, including Full Metal Jacket
Full Metal Jacket
and Superman IV.[27][28] In total, it grossed $53.4 million during its North American run,[29] making it the 16th most successful film that year.[30] It also grossed an additional $24,036,000 from video rentals in the United States.[26] Home media[edit] The R-rated cinema version of RoboCop
RoboCop
was released on VHS and LaserDisc
LaserDisc
in February 1988. It was sold for $89.98 on VHS, and for $39.98 on S-VHS.[31] It grossed $24,036,000 from rentals.[26] The film was released on Philips CD-i VCD
VCD
(Video CD) in 1994. Criterion released the uncut "director's edit" on LaserDisc
LaserDisc
in 1996. In 1998 Criterion released it on DVD
DVD
while Image Entertainment released the R-rated cinema version. It was re-released on Region 1 DVD
DVD
in 2007 and on Blu-ray in 2010 as part of the Blu-ray Robocop Trilogy. A remastered Blu-ray edition was released in January 2014 to tie into the 2014 remake.[32] Reception[edit] Critical response[edit] On Metacritic, the film has an average rating of 67/100, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[33] Rotten Tomatoes
Rotten Tomatoes
retrospectively gave it a rating of 88% based on reviews from 60 critics and an average rating of 7.8/10. The site's consensus is: "While over-the-top and gory, RoboCop
RoboCop
is also a surprisingly smart sci-fi flick that uses ultraviolence to disguise its satire of American culture".[34] Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
praised the film, calling RoboCop
RoboCop
"a thriller with a difference," praising the way it puts the audience off-guard, and calling it a thriller not easily categorized with splashes of other genres added. Ebert praised Weller for his performance and his ability to elicit sympathy despite the layers of makeup and prosthetics.[35] Walter Goodman, writing for The New York Times, believed the film's anti-corporate message "has more trouble emerging from Mr. Verhoeven's sizzling battles than poor Murphy does from his robosuit."[36] Feminist Susan Faludi
Susan Faludi
called RoboCop
RoboCop
one of "an endless stream of war and action movies" in which "women are reduced to mute and incidental characters or banished altogether."[37] Author Rene Denfeld
Rene Denfeld
disagreed with Faludi's characterization of the film, calling it her "favorite blow-'em-up movie," citing Officer Lewis as an example of an "independent and smart police officer."[38] In the commentary track of the Special
Special
Edition DVD
DVD
release, Verhoeven explained that he intentionally depicted Officer Lewis as "gender neutral", thus her hidden gender during her introductory scene, a physical fight with a male in the police station, and the choice to give the character short hair. Accolades[edit]

Award Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)

Academy Awards Best Sound Editing* * Special
Special
Achievement Award Stephen Hunter Flick and John Pospisil Won [39]

Best Film Editing Frank J. Urioste Nominated

Best Sound Mixing Michael J. Kohut, Carlos Delarios, Aaron Rochin, and Robert Wald

BAFTA Awards Best Makeup and Hair Carla Palmer [40]

Best Special
Special
Visual Effects Rob Bottin, Phil Tippett, Peter Kuran, Rocco Gioffre [41]

Saturn Awards Best Science Fiction Film

Won [42]

Best Director Paul Verhoeven

Best Writing Michael Miner and Edward Neumeier

Best Make-up Rob Bottin and Stephan Dupuis

Best Special
Special
Effects Peter Kuran, Phil Tippett, Rob Bottin and Rocco Gioffre

Best Actor Peter Weller Nominated

Best Actress Nancy Allen

Best Costume Erica Edell Phillips

In 2007, Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
named the film the 14th greatest action film of all time,[43] and Complex rated it as the 19th best action film of all time in 2016.[4] In 2008, it was selected by Empire magazine as one of The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time, placing at #404.[44] The New York Times
The New York Times
also included the film in their list of The Best 1000 Movies Ever Made.[45] AMC Filmsite.org and Film.com rated it as one of the best films of 1987.[46][47] The film was on the ballot for two of the American Film Institute's 100 Series lists. These included 100 Years…100 Thrills,[48] a list of America's most heart-pounding films, and AFI's "Ten Top Ten", a list of the best 10 films in 10 "classic" American film genres. RoboCop
RoboCop
was a candidate in the science fiction category.[49] At its release, British director Ken Russell
Ken Russell
said that this was the best science fiction film since Fritz Lang's Metropolis (1927).[50] Themes and analysis[edit] In a 2013 interview, Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
reflected on how the film's script is starting to play into reality: "We are now living in the world that I was proposing in RoboCop
RoboCop
… how big corporations will 'take care of us' and … how they won't."[51][52][53] Two of the primary themes explored by RoboCop
RoboCop
are the media and human nature. On the Criterion Edition DVD
DVD
commentary track, executive producer Jon Davison and writer Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
both relate the film to the decay of American industry from the 1970s through the early 1980s, with the abandoned " Rust Belt
Rust Belt
style" factories that RoboCop
RoboCop
and Clarence Boddicker's gang use as hideouts reflecting this concern. Massive unemployment is prevalent, being reported frequently on the news, as are poverty and the crime that results from economic hardship. Director Paul Verhoeven, known for his heavy use of Christian symbolism, states in the documentary "Flesh and Steel: The Making of RoboCop" (featured on the RoboCop
RoboCop
DVD) that his intention was to portray RoboCop
RoboCop
as a Christ
Christ
figure. This is represented in Murphy's horrific death, his resurrected return as RoboCop, and the scene at the steel mill in which RoboCop
RoboCop
is seen walking ankle-deep in water, creating the illusion of him walking on water. Darian Leader considers RoboCop
RoboCop
one example of how the cinema has dealt with the concept of masculinity, showing that to be a man requires more than having the body of a man: something symbolic that is not ultimately human must be added. He sees RoboCop
RoboCop
as similar to The Terminator
The Terminator
and The Six Million Dollar Man
The Six Million Dollar Man
in this respect. Leader wrote of RoboCop:

The RoboCop
RoboCop
is a family man who is destroyed by thugs, then rebuilt as a robot by science. His son always insists, before the transformation, that his human father perform the gun spinning trick he sees on TV. When the robot can finally do this properly, he is no longer just a male biological body: he is a body plus machinery, a body which includes within it the symbolic circuitry of science. Old heroes had bits of metal outside them (knights), but modern heroes have bits of metal inside them. To be a man today thus involves this kind of real incorporation of symbolic properties.[54]

Philosopher and cultural critic Slavoj Žižek
Slavoj Žižek
wrote that:

RoboCop, a futuristic story about a policeman shot to death and then revived after all parts of his body have been replaced by artificial substitutes, introduces a more tragic note: the hero who finds himself literally "between two deaths" – clinically dead and at the same time provided with a new, mechanical body—starts to remember fragments of his previous, "human" life and thus undergoes a process of resubjectivication, changing gradually back from pure incarnated drive to a being of desire. (...) [I]f there is a phenomenon that fully deserves to be called the "fundamental fantasy of contemporary mass culture," it is this fantasy of the return of the living dead: the fantasy of a person who does not want to stay dead but returns again and again to pose a threat to the living.[55]

The depiction of Murphy's struggles in reasserting his humanity also deals with themes of identity. This is even touched upon in the cyborg's construction. On the Robocop: 20th Anniversary Collector's Edition DVD, Paul Sammon states:

Rob Bottin and Paul Verhoeven, and Ed Neumeier had all come up with a concept that there would be such a potential for psychological disruption. Even if you had supposedly wiped someone's memories and emotions they'd still might have some kind of residual humanity where, if they'd looked at themselves as a complete robot with no relation to their past organic form, they'd completely freak out and have a psychotic breakdown. So the idea was that surgeons had literally skinned off Alex Murphy's face and then placed it on the cyborg. So it's not like they transplanted his head, they just took his face off and laid it on the cyborg, and that was to give him his own little sense of identity.[56]

Novelization[edit] The film novelization, written by Ed Naha, was released on June 1, 1987. The novel differed in several ways from the film by following one of the earlier drafts of the screenplay. It expanded on Murphy's struggle with being part man and part machine, and his memories. It also included more "humanized" dialogue from RoboCop, as opposed to the minimal, cold dialogue heard in the film.[57] Legacy[edit] Franchise[edit] Main article: RoboCop
RoboCop
(franchise) The success of the movie spawned a large franchise, including merchandise, two sequels, a television series, a remake, two animated TV series, a television mini-series, video games, and a number of comic book adaptations/crossovers. In January 2018, it was announced that original RoboCop
RoboCop
writer Ed Neumeier was writing a direct sequel to the 1987 film that would ignore the two previous sequels and the 2014 remake. “We’re not supposed to say too much. There’s been a bunch of other RoboCop movies and there was recently a remake and I would say this would be kind of going back to the old RoboCop
RoboCop
we all love and starting there and going forward. So it’s a continuation really of the first movie. In my mind. So it’s a little bit more of the old school thing” Neumeier said.[58] Statue[edit] In February 2011, a humorous ploy asked Detroit
Detroit
Mayor Dave Bing
Dave Bing
if there was to be a RoboCop
RoboCop
statue in his "New Detroit" proposal, which was planned to turn Detroit
Detroit
back into a prosperous city again. When Bing said there was no such plan, and word of this reached the Internet, several fundraising events raised enough money for the statue, which would be built at the Imagination Station.[59] There were plans to unveil the RoboCop
RoboCop
statue in spring of 2014.[60] Remake[edit] Main article: RoboCop
RoboCop
(2014 film) Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
and Sony produced a remake of RoboCop, directed by José Padilha. Joel Kinnaman
Joel Kinnaman
plays the role of Alex Murphy and Gary Oldman is "Norton", a new character, "the scientist who creates RoboCop
RoboCop
and finds himself torn between the ideals of the machine trying to rediscover its humanity and the callous needs of a corporation."[61] Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
plays a powerful and charismatic media mogul, while Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
plays the CEO of Omnicorp after Hugh Laurie dropped out of the project in August 2012.[62] Actress Abbie Cornish plays Murphy's wife and Watchmen star Jackie Earle Haley
Jackie Earle Haley
plays Maddox, the man who gives RoboCop
RoboCop
his military training.[63] The film was finally released in the United States on February 12, 2014. See also[edit]

Film in the United States portal 1980s portal

References[edit]

^ Classification.gov.au ^ a b c "Box Office Information for RoboCop". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 21, 2012.  ^ Markoff, John (November 25, 1990). "Ideas & Trends; Art Invents A Jarring New World From Technology". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2016. The British television series Max Headroom and the American film RoboCop
RoboCop
and its sequel have visually captured much of the feel of the cyberpunk vision.  ^ a b "The 50 Best Action Movies of All Time". Complex. November 23, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2017.  ^ Verhoeven, Paul; Neumeier, Edward; Davison, Jon (2004). RoboCop, Special
Special
Collector's Edition: Audio commentary (DVD). MGM.  ^ Rabin, Nathan. " Alex Cox Interview with The Onion". The A.V. Club. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ "Kenneth Johnson Director/Producer (Short Circuit 2, V) The Movie Raid". YouTube. Retrieved February 26, 2014.  ^ "Interview with Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
by Xi-Online". Xi-online.nl. Archived from the original on August 6, 2002. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ DVD
DVD
Director's Commentary ^ Sanderson Healy, Laura; Norbom, Mary Ann (11 August 1986). "The Spy Who's Loved Too Much". People Magazine. Retrieved 4 November 2015.  ^ Stephanie Zimbalist (November 24, 2003). "Actress Roles Over 40? 'It's a Big Fat Zero'". New York Observer (Interview). Interview with Alexandra Jacobs. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ Villains of Old Detroit. Featurette. 2007, RoboCop
RoboCop
20th Anniversary DVD. ^ a b King, Peter B. (October 29, 1986). "Hollywood turns to Monessen steel plant in filming 'RoboCop'". The Pittsburgh Press . p. C6. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ "Explorepahistory.com". ExplorePAHistory.com. Archived from the original on May 21, 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2011.  ^ "Technology Issue Extra – How Not to Afford a Flying Car". Vice.com. Retrieved 7 May 2012.  ^ Ebert, Roger (November 5, 1993). " RoboCop
RoboCop
3". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ a b Phillips, Keith (10 November 1999). " Monte Hellman
Monte Hellman
– Two-Lane revisted (sic)". The Onion. Retrieved 7 May 2012.  ^ Herzog, Stephen (May 15, 2012). "Holy automobiles, Batman". Branson Tri-Lakes News.  ^ " Beyond 2000
Beyond 2000
(Full Episode, BTQ-7, 1987)".  ^ Metcalfe, John (April 6, 2012). " RoboCop
RoboCop
Statue 'Definitely' Coming to Detroit". Comic Book Movie. Retrieved April 9, 2012.  ^ a b Bates, Dan (December 1987). Clarke, Frederick S., ed. "On Location with 'RoboCop'". Cinefantastique. 18 (1): 16–25.  ^ a b Duncan, Jody (February 1991). "Clash of the Robotitans". Cinefex. Archived from the original on 29 August 2000. Retrieved 21 December 2010.  ^ Sammon, Paul M. (November 1987). "Shooting RoboCop". Cinefex (32): 39.  ^ "FX Credits". Chiodobros.com. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ "Backstory RoboCop
RoboCop
AMC". YouTube. Archived from the original on July 18, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2010.  ^ a b c "Box office receipts for ''RoboCop''". IMDb.com. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ Associated Press (22 July 1987). "'Robocop' in First Place In Box Office Sales". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 June 2017.  ^ Associated Press (29 July 1987). "'Robocop' Is No. 1 Film Again at the Box Office". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 June 2017.  ^ "Box Office Information for RoboCop". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 18, 2010.  ^ "1987 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ Dennis Hunt (12 December 1988). "A Tiny Step for Super VHS in a Big Market". LA Times. Retrieved 27 June 2017.  ^ " RoboCop
RoboCop
Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. January 5, 2014.  ^ " RoboCop
RoboCop
Movie Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved July 18, 2010.  ^ " RoboCop
RoboCop
Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ Roger Ebert's review of RoboCop, July 17, 1987. ^ Goodman, Walter (July 17, 1987). "Robocop review". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 October 2014.  ^ Susan Faludi, in Backlash, Chatto & Windus, 1992, p. 169 ^ Rene Denfeld, in The New Victorians, Warner Books, 1995, p. 196 ^ "THE 60TH ACADEMY AWARDS - 1988". oscars.org. Retrieved July 2, 2016.  ^ "Film - Make-Up Artist in 1989". bafta.org. Retrieved July 2, 2016.  ^ "Film - Achievement in Special
Special
Visual Effects in 1989". bafta.org. Retrieved July 2, 2016.  ^ " Saturn Awards
Saturn Awards
1988". IMDb.com. Retrieved July 2, 2016.  ^ "The 25 Greatest Action Movies Ever!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 17, 2009.  ^ "The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time". Empire. Retrieved July 18, 2010.  ^ "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made". The New York Times. April 29, 2003. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ "Greatest Films of 1987". AMC Filmsite.org. Retrieved April 23, 2010.  ^ "The 10 Best Movies of 1987". Film.com. August 2, 2007. Retrieved April 23, 2010.  ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills: Official Ballot" (PDF). AFI.com. Retrieved July 18, 2010.  ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10: Official Ballot" (PDF). AFI.com. Retrieved July 18, 2010.  ^ "RoboCop". Criterion. 2004. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ Hamptoninstitution.org ^ CNN ^ Guernicamag.com ^ Leader, Darian (1996). Why do women write more letters than they post?. London: Faber & Faber. p. 28. ISBN 0-571-17619-4.  ^ Žižek, Slavoj (1992). Looking Awry: an Introduction to Jacques Lacan through Popular Culture. The MIT Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-262-74015-9.  ^ RoboCop
RoboCop
20th Anniversary Edition DVD ^ Naha, Ed (1988). RoboCop. Corgi Books. ISBN 0-552-13243-8.  ^ Cumberbatch, K.F. (10 January 2018). "BIFF 2018 INTERVIEW: ED NEUMEIER". Zeitgeist Magazine. Retrieved 23 January 2018.  ^ " RoboCop
RoboCop
Statue". mlive.com. Retrieved Feb 18, 2011.  ^ "Get a peek at the life-size model for Detroit's RoboCop
RoboCop
statue", Detroit
Detroit
Free Press, May 13, 2013, Freep.com ^ Nordling (May 23, 2012). " Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
Joins The ROBOCOP Remake!". Ain't it Cool News. Retrieved December 21, 2013.  ^ Kit, Borys (29 August 2012). " Michael Keaton
Michael Keaton
Replaces Hugh Laurie
Hugh Laurie
in 'RoboCop' Remake". The Hollywood Reporter.  ^ Child, Ben (13 June 2012). " Hugh Laurie
Hugh Laurie
in talks to play villain in 'RoboCop' remake". The Guardian. London. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: RoboCop

RoboCop
RoboCop
on IMDb RoboCop
RoboCop
at the TCM Movie Database RoboCop
RoboCop
at AllMovie RoboCop
RoboCop
at Box Office Mojo RoboCop
RoboCop
at Rotten Tomatoes Criterion Collection
Criterion Collection
essay by Carrie Rickey Glass, Fred (1989). "The 'new bad future': Robocop and 1980s' Sci‐Fi films". Science as Culture. 1 (5): 7–49. doi:10.1080/09505438909526234. 

v t e

RoboCop

Character

Films

RoboCop
RoboCop
(1987) RoboCop
RoboCop
2 (1990) RoboCop
RoboCop
3 (1993) RoboCop
RoboCop
(2014)

Television

Animated

RoboCop
RoboCop
(1988) RoboCop: Alpha Commando (1998–99)

Live-action

RoboCop
RoboCop
(1994) RoboCop: Prime Directives (2001)

Comics

RoboCop RoboCop
RoboCop
Versus The Terminator

Video games

RoboCop
RoboCop
Versus The Terminator

Category

v t e

Films directed by Paul Verhoeven

Business Is Business (1971) Turkish Delight (1973) Keetje Tippel
Keetje Tippel
(1975) Soldier of Orange
Soldier of Orange
(1977) All Things Pass (1979) Spetters
Spetters
(1980) The Fourth Man (1983) Flesh and Blood (1985) RoboCop
RoboCop
(1987) Total Recall (1990) Basic Instinct
Basic Instinct
(1992) Showgirls
Showgirls
(1995) Starship Troopers (1997) Hollow Man
Hollow Man
(2000) Black Book (2006) Tricked (2012) Elle (2016)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film

Slaughterhouse-Five (1972) Soylent Green
Soylent Green
(1973) Rollerball (1974/1975) Logan's Run (1976) Star Wars
Star Wars
(1977) Superman (1978) Alien (1979) The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
(1980) Superman II
Superman II
(1981) E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
(1982) Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
(1983) The Terminator
The Terminator
(1984) Back to the Future
Back to the Future
(1985) Aliens (1986) RoboCop
RoboCop
(1987) Alien Nation (1988) Total Recall (1989/1990) Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (1992) Jurassic Park (1993) Stargate (1994) 12 Monkeys
12 Monkeys
(1995) Independence Day (1996) Men in Black (1997) Armageddon/Dark City (1998) The Matrix
The Matrix
(1999) X-Men (2000) A.I. Artificial Intelligence
A.I. Artificial Intelligence
(2001) Minority Report (2002) X2: X-Men United (2003) Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004) Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005) Children of Men
Children of Men
(2006) Cloverfield
Cloverfield
(2007) Iron Man (2008) Avatar (2009) Inception
Inception
(2010) Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
(2011) The Avengers (2012) Gravity (2013) Interstellar (2014) Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) Rogue One: A Star Wars
Star Wars
Story (2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 316751620 GND: 7557609-0 SUDOC: 179271512 BNF:

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