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Robert Fagles
Robert Fagles
(/ˈfeɪɡəlz/;[1] September 11, 1933 – March 26, 2008)[2][3] was an American professor, poet, and academic, best known for his many translations of ancient Greek and Roman classics, especially his acclaimed translations of the epic poems of Homer. He taught English and comparative literature for many years at Princeton University.

Contents

1 Life 2 Awards 3 Translations 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Life[edit] Fagles was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Charles Fagles, a lawyer, and Vera Voynow Fagles, an architect. He attended Amherst College, graduating in 1955 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. The following year, he received his master's degree from Yale University. On June 17, 1956, he married Marilyn (Lynne) Duchovnay, a teacher, and they had two children. In 1959, Fagles received his Ph.D in English from Yale and for the next year taught English there. From 1960 to 1962, Fagles was an English instructor at Princeton University. In 1962 he was promoted to Assistant Professor, and in 1965 became an Associate Professor
Professor
of English and comparative literature. Later that year he became director of the comparative literature program. In 1970, he became a full professor, and from 1975 was the department chair. He retired from teaching as the Arthur W. Marks '19 Professor
Professor
of Comparative Literature in 2002, and remained a professor emeritus at Princeton. Between 1961 and 1996, Fagles translated many ancient Greek works. His first translation was of the poetry of Bacchylides, publishing a complete set in 1961. In the 1970s, Fagles began translating much Greek drama, beginning with Aeschylus's The Oresteia. He went on to publish translations of Sophocles's three Theban plays (1982), Homer's Iliad
Iliad
(1990) and Odyssey
Odyssey
(1996), and Virgil's Aeneid
Aeneid
(2006). In these last four, Bernard Knox authored the introduction and notes. Fagles' translations generally emphasize contemporary English phrasing and idiom but are faithful to the original as much as possible.[4] In 1978, Fagles published I, Vincent: Poems from the Pictures of Van Gogh. He was the co-editor of Homer: A Collection of Critical Essays (1962) and Pope's Iliad
Iliad
and Odyssey
Odyssey
(1967). Fagles died at his home in Princeton, New Jersey, on March 26, 2008, from prostate cancer. Awards[edit] Fagles was nominated for the National Book Award in Translation
Translation
and won the Harold Morton Landon Translation
Translation
Award of the Academy of American Poets in 1991 for his translation of the Iliad. In 1996, he received an Academy Award in Literature from the American Academy of Arts and Letters for his translation of the Odyssey. In 1997 he received the PEN/Ralph Manheim Medal for lifetime achievement in translation. Fagles later undertook a new English translation of the Aeneid, which was published in November 2006. In addition to the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Fagles was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
and the American Philosophical Society. He received a National Humanities Medal
National Humanities Medal
by the National Endowment for the Humanities.[5] On June 8, 2011, a resource center devoted to the study of the Classics
Classics
was dedicated to Dr. Fagles at Princeton High School. At the dedication, students and teachers paid tribute to Dr. Fagles.[6] Translations[edit]

Bacchylides, Complete Poems (1961) Aeschylus, The Oresteia
The Oresteia
(1975) Sophocles, The Three Theban Plays
The Three Theban Plays
(1982) Sophocles, Oedipus the King Sophocles, Antigone Homer, The Iliad
Iliad
(1990) Homer, The Odyssey
Odyssey
(1996) Virgil, The Aeneid
Aeneid
(2006)

See also[edit]

English translations of Homer#Fagles

References[edit]

^ Ian McKellen Reads Book I of Homer's Odyssey
Odyssey
on YouTube ^ Obituary from Princeton University ^ Robert Fagles, Translator of the Classics, Dies at 74. The New York Times. 2008. March 29. ^ [1] Archived July 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Robert Fagles: Awards & Honors: 2006 NAtional Humanities medalist". National Endowment for the Humanities. 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2012.  ^ [2] Archived April 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Edwin Frank, Andrew McCord (Summer 1999). "Robert Fagles, The Art of Translation
Translation
No. 2". Paris Review. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 120737892 LCCN: n50012046 ISNI: 0000 0001 1456 2694 GND: 151101906 SUDOC: 050357964 BNF: cb135261953 (data) MusicBrainz: 6d244957-b147-43b4

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