Robert Bosch GmbH ( pronunciation (help·info)), or Bosch,
is a German multinational engineering and electronics company
headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany. It is the world's
largest supplier of automotive components measured by 2011
revenues. The company was founded by
Robert Bosch in
1886. Bosch is 92% owned by
Robert Bosch Stiftung.
Bosch's core products are automotive components including brakes,
controls, electrical drives, electronics, fuel systems, generators,
starter motors and steering systems; industrial products, including
drives and controls, packaging technology and consumer goods; and
building products, including household appliances, power tools,
security systems and thermotechnology.
1.1 1886 - 1920
1.2 Until 1945
1.3 Until 2000
1.4 21st century
2.2 India Operations
2.3.1 Automotive components
2.3.2 Industrial technology
2.3.3 Consumer goods and power tools
2.3.4 Security systems
2.3.5 Mobile phones
3 Joint ventures
3.1 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte
3.2 Purolator Filters
3.3 SB LiMotive
4 Corporate affairs
6.1 Role in Emission Cheating Software
7 See also
9 External links
1886 - 1920
The history of the company started in a backyard in Stuttgart-West as
the Werkstätte für Feinmechanik und Elektrotechnik on 15 November
1886. One year later, Bosch presented the first low voltage magneto
for gas engines. Twenty years later, the first magneto for automobiles
The first factory was opened by Bosch in
Stuttgart in 1901. In 1906,
the company produced its 100,000-th magneto. In the same year, Bosch
introduced the 8-hours day for workers. In 1910, the Feuerbach plant
was founded and built close to Stuttgart. In this factory, Bosch
started to produce headlights in 1913.
In 1917, Bosch was transformed into a corporation.
In 1926, Bosch started to produce windscreen wipers, and in 1927,
injection pumps for diesel. Bosch bought the gas appliances production
from Junkers & Co. in 1932. In the same year, the company
developed its first power drill and presented its first car radio.
In 1937, Bosch was transformed into a limited liability company.
Bosch's subsidiary, Dreilinden Maschinenbau GmbH (DLMG) was an arms
manufacturer in Kleinmachnow. This subsidiary employed forced
laborers, prisoners of war and concentration camp detainees. There are
two books published by Angela Martin and Hanna Sjöberg that report
about Bosch's use of slave labor. Since 2006, there is a commemoration
in the former forced labor camp.
On 12 March 1942, the company's founder, Robert Bosch, died at the age
After the second world war, Bosch established a partnership with the
Japanese company Denso.
In 1964, the
Robert Bosch Stiftung was founded. Bosch founded a new
development center in Schwieberdingen in 1968, and headquarters moved
Gerlingen in 1970.
In 1981, the company participated on an equity basis in the Telefonbau
& Normalzeit GmbH that was renamed
Telenorma in 1985, and acquired
completely in 1987. In 1994, this part of the company was renamed as
Bosch Telecom GmbH.
The most relevant inventions of the company until 2000 were the oxygen
sensor (1976), the electric motor control (1979), the traction control
system (1986), the xenon light for cars (1991), the electronic
stability control (1995), the common rail direct fuel injection
(1997), and the direct fuel injection (2000).
In 2000, Bosch sold the Private Networks area (nowadays,
In 2001, Bosch acquired the Mannesmann Rexroth AG, which they later
Bosch Rexroth AG. In the same year, the company opened a
new testing center in Vaitoudden close to Arjeplog in north Sweden. A
new developing center in Abstatt,
Germany followed in 2004.
Important inventions in these years were the electric hydraulic brake
in 2001, the common rail fuel injection with piezo-injectors, the
digital car radio with a disc drive, and the cordless screwdriver with
a lithium-ion battery in 2003.
Bosch received the Deutsche Zukunftspreis (German Future Prize) from
the German president in 2005 and 2008. A new development center was
planned in 2008 in Renningen. In 2014, the first departments moved to
the new center, while the remaining departments followed in 2015.
In 2006, Bosch acquired
Telex Communications and Electro-Voice.
In 2009, Bosch invested about 3.6 billion
Euro in development and
research. Approximately 3900 patents are published per year. In
addition to increasing energy efficiency by employing renewable
energies, the company plans to invest into new areas such as
China has developed into an important market and manufacturing base
for Bosch. In 2012, Bosch had 34,000 employees and a revenue of 41.7
billion Yuan (about 5 billion Euro) in China.
2012 - Purchased SPX Service Solutions
2012 - Bosch sold its foundation brakes activities to KPS Capital
Partners, that led to the establishment of Chassis Brakes
2013 - Bosch announced, it would exit its solar business
2014 – Bosch entered talks to acquire Red Bend Software.
2014 - Bosch takes over 100% of the shares from the former BSH Bosch
and Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH joint venture 
2014 - Bosch received the 2014 U.S. Smart Partner award for Physical
Security from Ingram Micro Inc.
2015 - Bosch takes over 100% of the shares of the former ZF
Lenksysteme (Steering Systems) GmbH joint venture (was 50/50 with ZF
2015 - Bosch purchases Seeo, Inc, a start-up working on solid state
lithium ion batteries.
Bosch comprises more than 440 subsidiary companies. In addition to
automotive components, which generate around 60% of its revenues,
Bosch produces industrial machinery and hand tools.
The Bosch world headquarters in Gerlingen, Germany
Research center in Renningen, Germany
Although most of the company's plants and employees are located in
Germany (112,300 employees), Bosch is a worldwide company.
In North America,
Robert Bosch LLC (a wholly owned Bosch subsidiary)
has corporate headquarters in Farmington Hills, MI. Three Research
Technology Centers are located in Pittsburgh, PA,
Palo Alto, CA
Palo Alto, CA and
Cambridge, MA. Factories and distribution facilities are located
in Mt. Prospect, Illinois; Hoffman Estates, Illinois; Broadview,
Illinois; Kentwood, Michigan; Waltham, Massachusetts; Clarksville,
Tennessee; Anderson, South Carolina; Charleston, South Carolina; South
Bend, Indiana (to close 2011); and 11 other cities. There are also
two corporate sites in
Brazil and ten in Mexico where a central
purchasing office for all divisions of Bosch Group is located in
Broadview, Illinois. In North America, Bosch employs about 24,750
people in 80 locations, generating $8.8 billion in sales in
In May 2015,
Bosch Security Systems
Bosch Security Systems opened its newly constructed
distribution center in Greer, South Carolina. The distribution center
adds more than 50 new associates in the state and will receive, store
and ship more than 50,000 different products for video surveillance,
intrusion and fire detection, access control and management systems
and professional audio and conference systems.
There are other wholly owned Bosch subsidiaries in:
Turkey (>10,000 employees in Bursa,
Istanbul and in Manisa)
France (9,720 including 70 long term/ short term assignees )
Czech Republic (8,690)
United Kingdom (4,920)
South Korea (2,000)
South Africa (1,010)
Viet Nam (1,000)
and other countries. Bosch employs over 389 000 people in more than 60
countries, supplying a complex distribution network of new products
Bosch entered India in 1922, when Illies & Company set up a sales
office in Calcutta. For three decades, the company operated in the
Indian market only through imports. In 1951, Bosch set up its first
manufacturing plant in India.
Currently, Bosch India has a turnover of over $2 billion and over
26000 employees spread across 10 locations and 7 application
development centers. 84% of Bosch India revenues come from its
automotive business, with the remaining 16% split between its
non-automotive businesses that include packaging, energy and building
solutions, power tools and consumer retail. Bosch also has an
R&D facility in
Coimbatore and Bangalore, India. This is Bosch's
largest R&D facility outside its home market of Germany. In
September 2014, Bosch announced the launch of a locally developed
eye-care solution in India. The company’s new eye screening and
detection system offers a combination of hardware and software and
provides affordable eye care.
Bosch India is listed on the Indian stock exchanges and has a market
capitalization of over $12 billion.
The Bosch R&D center in Abstatt, Germany, which is a major site
for the development of automotive components.
About 60% of Bosch's worldwide annual sales are produced in automotive
technology. Bosch invented the first practical magneto, an early
ignition electrical source, which provided the spark to ignite the
fuel in most of the earliest internal combustion engines, and is still
used in general aviation engines. Bosch's corporate logo to this date
depicts the armature from a magneto. Bosch was an early manufacturer
of Anti-lock Braking System (ABS), and as time passed, Bosch became a
leader in such specialized fields as traction control systems (TCS),
the Electronic Stability Program (ESP), body electronics (such as
central locking, doors, windows and seats), and oxygen sensors,
injectors and fuel pumps. Even in such humble technological areas as
spark plugs, wiper blades, engine cooling fans and other aftermarket
parts, Bosch has over $1 billion in annual sales.
Bosch is a leading supplier of car stereo systems and in-car
Bosch is supplying hybrid diesel-electric technology to automakers,
including PSA Peugeot 3008.
BOSCH at the Simonyi Conference - 2014
BOSCH at the Simonyi Conference - 2014
The proposed settlement of consumer claims in the
scandal explicitly excludes claims that might be made against
Bosch Rexroth is a supplier of industrial
technology, producing hydraulic, electric and pneumatic machinery for
driving, controlling and moving machines in applications ranging from
automotive to mining.
Bosch's packaging technology division plans, designs, manufactures and
installs packaging lines for manufacturers of pharmaceutical,
confectionery, food, and similar products. Bosch is one of the largest
suppliers of packaging technology.
Consumer goods and power tools
Bosch belt sander 1274 DVS
BOSCH PSR 14,4 cordless drill
Bosch caters to the areas of consumer goods and building technology
with its power tool, thermotechnology and security systems, as well as
with its household appliances business within the BSH Bosch and
Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH joint venture. In the US, power tools are
provided by the
Robert Bosch Tool Corporation based in Mt. Prospect,
With its brands Bosch, Hawera, Dremel, RotoZip, Freud, Vermont
American, and many more, Bosch is one of the largest manufacturers of
portable power tools worldwide. Bosch manufactures power tools for the
building trade, industry and do-it-yourselfers (DIY-ers). In or around
Hans Erich Slany worked with Bosch to design one of the
first plastic power tools. Prior to this time, power tools were metal
castings that often conducted electrical sparks or current into the
user as well as being very heavy. Today the power tools designed by
TEAMS Design have been winning awards worldwide for many years. In
2011, the 12" Dual-Bevel Glide Miter Saw won an EID Silver Award.
In 2012, the
Dremel Saw Max was awarded a Good Design Award and
was chosen as an IDEA Award finalist. The product range also
includes accessories such as drill bits and saw blades, under its
Vermont American brand, as well as gardening and water gardening
products under its Gilmour, LR Nelson and Sunterra brands.
Bosch is the largest European manufacturer of thermotechnology
(heating units, etc.) with its subsidiary BBT Thermotechnik GmbH. It
had revenues of €2.8 billion in 2006. Its brands include Bosch,
Buderus, Junkers, Dakon, e.l.m leblanc S.A., Florida Heat Pump (FHP),
Geminox, IVT, Nefit, Sieger, Vulcano and Worcester.
CCTV camera manufactured by Bosch.
In 2001, Bosch bought Detection Systems and Radionics, Inc., to build
their business in the North American security and life safety products
manufacturing/supply business. Through the Detection Systems
acquisition, Bosch also obtained additional sales channels in Latin
America, Asia-Pacific (including Australia) and Europe.
In 2002, Bosch acquired
Philips Communications and Security, Inc.,
adding a video surveillance portfolio, as well as sales channels, to
In January 2006, Bosch acquired the
Telex Group comprising
Electro-Voice, Dynacord, Midas, Klark Teknik,
Telex and RTS. Midas
Klark Teknik parted company with Bosch on 8 December 2009 and are
now part of Music Group.
In 2008, Bosch acquired Extreme CCTV, a rugged camera and IP camera
manufacturer, to further expand their video surveillance
In October 2016, Bosch Security Systems, Inc. announced seamless
integration of its IP and high definition (HD) cameras and recording
solutions with Tyco Security Products' C-CURE 9000 security and event
management platform from Software House.
Bosch also used to create mobile phones for a short time. Their first
three mobile phones were the Com 906, Com 738 and World 718, all from
1996. In 1997, they released two other phones: Com 207 and Com 607.
The Com 908 came out in 1998, and in 1999 they released their final
phones: the Com 509, the 909 Dual and the 909 Dual S.
BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte
Main article: BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte
BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte
BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH, in which Bosch acquired all
shares in 2014, is one of the world's top three companies in the
household appliances industry. In
Germany and Western Europe, BSH is
the market leader. Its portfolio includes the principal brand names
Bosch and Siemens, Gaggenau, Neff, Thermador, Constructa, Viva and
ufesa brands, and further six regional brands. Bosch household
appliances for the North American market are mainly manufactured at
its factory near New Bern, North Carolina. The distribution of
manufacturing workforce in household appliances is:
36% in Germany
Western Europe (excluding Germany, but including Turkey)
15% in Asia
10% in Eastern Europe
5% in North America
4% in Latin America
with 39,000 employees overall.
Bosch owned 50% of Purolator Filters in a joint venture with
Mann+Hummel until 2013. In 2013 the
Mann+Hummel Group has taken over
the remaining 50% stake from Bosch.
Bosch owned 50% of the home appliance manufacturer Bosch-Siemens
Hausgeräte until it acquired the other half from Siemens AG in 2015
and renamed it to BSH Hausgeräte GmbH. The vehicle audio equipment
Blaupunkt was a subsidiary of Bosch until March 2009.
Main article: SB LiMotive
In June 2008 Bosch formed SB LiMotive, a 50:50 joint company with
Samsung SDI. The company held ground breaking ceremony for a
28.000 m2 lithium-ion battery cell manufacturing plant in
September 2009 and it is scheduled to start production for hybrid
vehicles in 2011 and for electric vehicles in 2012. The plant will
generate 1,000 jobs in Ulsan, Korea in addition to the 500 employees
Germany and the United States.
SB LiMotive was officially
ended in September 2012 with both companies focusing on automotive
Robert Bosch GmbH, including its wholly owned subsidiaries such as
Robert Bosch LLC in North America, is unusual in that it is an
extremely large, privately owned corporation that is almost entirely
(92%) owned by a charitable foundation. Thus, while most of the
profits are invested back into the corporation to build for the future
and sustain growth, nearly all of the profits distributed to
shareholders are devoted to humanitarian causes.
Robert Bosch GmbH.
As shown in the diagram (above), the
Robert Bosch Stiftung (Robert
Bosch Foundation) holds 92% of the shares (Beteiligung) of Robert
Bosch GmbH, but no voting rights (Stimmrecht). The Robert Bosch
Industrietreuhand KG (
Robert Bosch Industrial Trust KG), with old
members of the company management, agents of the Bosch family, and
other eminent people from the industry (such as Jürgen Hambrecht, CEO
of BASF), have 93% of the votes (Stimmen), but no shares (0.01%). The
remaining 8% of shares and 7% of voting-rights are held by the
descendants of the company founder
Robert Bosch (Familie Bosch).
For example, in 2004, the net profit was US$2.1 billion, but only
US$78 million was distributed as dividends to shareholders. Of
that figure, US$72 million was distributed to the charitable
foundation, and the other US$6 million to Bosch family
stockholders. The remaining 96% of the profits were invested back into
the company. In its core automotive technology business, Bosch invests
9% of its revenue on research and development, nearly double the
industry average of 4.7%.
Almost all Bosch locations are both ISO 9001 (quality) and ISO 14001
(environmental protection) certified. In addition to that, their
management is compliant with OHSAS 18001.
Role in Emission Cheating Software
Volkswagen executives asked Bosch for help in developing
software for their emission defeat devices.
Volkswagen is one of
Bosch's biggest customers.
Volkswagen engineers provided detailed
specifications to Bosch, which wrote the necessary code. Bosch was
apparently concerned about the legality of software and asked
Volkswagen to assume responsibility if the fraud was discovered, but
On 1 February 2017, Bosch agreed to pay consumers in the United States
$327.5 million as compensation for its role in devising the
^ a b c "A successful business year in 2017" (Press release). Robert
Bosch GmbH. January 30, 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
^ a b "
Robert Bosch Stiftung - The
Robert Bosch Stiftung". Robert
Bosch Stiftung. Archived from the original on 28 November 2015.
Retrieved 28 November 2015.
^ "German Business Confidence Fell for a Second Month in April".
Bloomberg Businessweek. 21 April 2011. Retrieved 23 September
^ a b c d e f "
Robert Bosch GmbH Company Profile".
^ "Annual Report 2010" (PDF).
Robert Bosch GmbH. Retrieved 5 November
^ Bosch in talks to buy Israel's Red Bend Software. Reuters, 20 August
^ . Siemens an Bosch, 22 September 2014
^ By Press Release, Security Info Watch. "Bosch recognized as a
top-performing U.S. technology company by Ingram Micro." 4 December
2014. 8 December 2014.
^ "Bosch 2010 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-06-01.
^ "Bosch - Bosch Research and Technology Center". Archived from the
original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
^ Ferreira, Colleen (16 November 2010). "Bosch plant to close in South
Bend". WSBT-TV. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved
17 November 2010.
^ "About Bosch in the USA". Bosch. Archived from the original on 19
March 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2008.
^ Greer Today. "Bosch celebrates opening Greer distribution center." 6
May 2015. 14 May 2015.
^ Knight, Kevin (December 2013). "UNDERSTANDING MOBILTY AT BOSCH
FRANCE WITH VALÉRIE KURZ AND EMILIE BENARD". Expatriates Magazine
(3): 10. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
^ "The Bosch Group - Locations". Bosch.com. 24 March 2010. Archived
from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
^ a b Mishra, Ashish K. (6 November 2014). "Bosch's long tryst with
India". Live Mint. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
^ "Bosch enters healthcare space in India - Times of India". Retrieved
^ Bosch says it has contract for diesel-hybrid parts - Automotive News
Audi Diesel Emissions Settlement Program".
Audi Diesel Emissions Settlement Program. US: Volkswagen.
Retrieved 1 July 2016.
^ Boston, William; Dauer, Ulrike (16 December 2015). "Auto-Parts
Robert Bosch Probed Amid Emissions Scandal". The Wall Street
Journal. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
^ "Site where many Bosch Red Dot Awards are listed". En.red-dot.org.
^ "2011 EID Silver Award for Miter Saw". Appliancedesign.com.
2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
^ Anthenaeum, Chicago. "2012 Good Design Awards" (PDF). Chicago
Anthenaeum. Retrieved 3 April 2013. [permanent dead link]
^ sangl, sangl. "IDEA Award Finalists". IDSA. Retrieved 3 April
^ Gordon, Paul (2008-09-19). "Bosch Buys Nelson and Sunterra".
Pjstar.com. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
^ Woods, Chelsie (1 December 2002). "Bosch completes
Philips CSI buy".
Security Systems News. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
^ Gural, Andrea (October 2005). "Ribinski hands over Bosch reins".
Security Director News. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
^ "Bosch to acquire
Philips CSI business unit". EE Times Asia. 12
August 2002. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
^ "Bosch in the USA, Archive". 5 March 2008. Archived from the
original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
^ "Behringer's Music Group acquires Midas and Klark Teknik".
Pro-Music-News. 5 December 2009. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
^ Harwood, Matthew (20 December 2007). "Infrared Night-Vision
CCTV to Become Part of Bosch". Security Management.
Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. Retrieved 5 April
^ "Bosch acquires Extreme CCTV". Homeland Security News Wire. 5 March
2008. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
^ "Bosch announces technology integration with Software House".
Security Info Watch. 18 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
^ Sam Abuelsamid, Auto Blog. "Bosch and
Samsung to team up on battery
development." 27 June 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
Robert Bosch Stiftung: Über uns, retrieved on 2008-08-11
^ Joann Muller (2005-11-28). "Parts for the Sensitive Car". Forbes
^ "Corporate Social Responsibility Report 2010" (PDF). Bosch. Archived
from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2012. Retrieved 28 January
^ Ewing, Jack (2017-02-01). "Supplier's Role Shows Breadth of VW's
Deceit". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved
^ McGee, Patrick (2017-02-01). "Bosch reaches $328m settlement in VW
emissions scandal". The Financial Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Robert Bosch GmbH.
Robert Bosch GmbH official website
Yahoo! Finance: Bosch-YF-profile
BSH Bosch and Siemens Home Appliances
Bosch Security Systems
Bosch Solar Energy
Former and defunct
Joint ventures and
Former and defunct
Broadcast Television Systems²
Japan Electronic Control System²
SB LiMotive (50%)
Digifant engine management system
Robert Bosch Jr.
Robert Bosch Foundation Fellowship Program
Robert Bosch Stiftung
¹Now integrated into other Bosch divisions or business
Power tool manufacturers
Apex Tool Group
Chang Type Industrial Co., Ltd.
MAT Industries, LLC
Illinois Tool Works
Stanley Black & Decker
Automotive industry in Germany
Economy of Germany
Transport in Germany
Active vehicle producers
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles
Ford of Europe
Defunct vehicle producers
North German Automobile and Engine
Opel Performance Center
PPI Automotive Design
Daimler Financial Services
Frankfurt Motor Show
German Association of the Automotive Industry
Defunct companies and marques above ar