The Info List - Rideau Canal

The Rideau Canal, also known unofficially as the Rideau Waterway, connects Canada's capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, to Lake Ontario
and the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River
at Kingston, Ontario. It is 202 kilometres in length.[1] The name Rideau, French for "curtain", is derived from the curtain-like appearance of the Rideau River's twin waterfalls where they join the Ottawa
River.[2] The canal system uses sections of two rivers, the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as several lakes. The Rideau Canal
is operated by Parks Canada. The canal was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States. It remains in use today primarily for pleasure boating, with most of its original structures intact, operated by Parks Canada. The locks on the system open for navigation in mid-May and close in mid-October.[3][4] It is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America, and in 2007 it was registered as a UNESCO
World Heritage Site.[5]


1 History

1.1 Construction deaths 1.2 Recognition

2 Waterway

2.1 Locks 2.2 Blockhouses

3 Skateway

3.1 Preparation and maintenance

4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links


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An engraving of the Rideau Canal
locks at Bytown

See also: History of Ottawa The construction of the Rideau Canal
was a preventive military measure undertaken after a report that during the War of 1812
War of 1812
the United States had intended to invade the British colony of Upper Canada
via the St. Lawrence River, which would have severed the lifeline between Montreal
and Kingston.[6] The British built a number of other canals (Grenville, Chute-à-Blondeau and Carillon Canals, all along the Ottawa
River) as well as a number of forts (Citadel Hill, La Citadelle, and Fort Henry) to impede and deter any future American invasions of Canadian territory. The initial purpose of the Rideau Canal
was military, as it was intended to provide a secure supply and communications route between Montreal
and the British naval base in Kingston. Westward from Montreal, travel would proceed along the Ottawa
River to Bytown
(now Ottawa), then southwest via the canal to Kingston and out into Lake Ontario. The objective was to bypass the stretch of the St. Lawrence bordering New York; a route which would have left British supply ships vulnerable to an attack or a blockade of the St. Lawrence.[7]

1845 painting of the canal and Lower Town
Lower Town
by Thomas Burrowes

The canal also served a commercial purpose. The Rideau Canal
was easier to navigate than the St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River
because of the series of rapids between Montreal
and Kingston. As a result, the Rideau Canal became a busy commercial artery from Montreal
to the Great Lakes. However, by 1849, the rapids of the St. Lawrence had been tamed by a series of locks, and commercial shippers were quick to switch to this more direct route.[8] The construction of the canal was supervised by Lieutenant-Colonel John By
John By
of the Royal Engineers. Private contractors such as future sugar refining entrepreneur John Redpath, Thomas McKay, Robert Drummond, Thomas Phillips, Andrew White[9] and others were responsible for much of the construction, and the majority of the actual work was done by thousands of Irish and French-Canadian labourers. Colonel John By decided to create a slackwater canal system[10] instead of constructing new channels. This was a better approach as it required fewer workers, was more cost effective, and would have been easier to build.[11]

The lock at Lower Brewers nearing completion in 1831 by Thomas Burrowes

The canal work started in the fall of 1826, and it was completed by the spring of 1832. The first full steamboat transit of the canal was done by Robert Drummond's steamboat, Rideau (aka "Pumper"), leaving Kingston on May 22, 1832 with Colonel By and family on board, and arriving in Bytown
on May 29, 1832. The final cost of the canal's construction was £822,804 by the time all the costs, including land acquisitions costs, were accounted for (January 1834). Given the unexpected cost overruns, John By
John By
was recalled to London
and was retired with no accolades or recognition for the tremendous accomplishment he'd achieved.[12]

Poonahmalee, on the Rideau River, near Smith Falls, Ontario
– October 1906

Once the canal was constructed, no further military engagements took place between Canada
and the United States. Although the Rideau Canal never had to be used as a military supply route, it played a pivotal role in the early development of Canada. Prior to the locks being completed on the St. Lawrence in the late 1840s, the Rideau served as the main travel route for immigrants heading westward into Upper Canada
and for heavy goods (timber, minerals, grain) from Canada's hinterland heading east to Montreal. Tens of thousands of immigrants from the British Isles travelled the Rideau in this period. Hundreds of barge loads of goods were shipped each year along the Rideau, allowing Montreal
to compete commercially in the 1830s and 40s with New York (which had the Erie Canal) as a major North American port. In 1841, for instance, there were 19 steamboats, 3 self-propelled barges and 157 unpowered or tow barges using the Rideau Canal.[13]

Brewer's Lower Mill – view down the Cataraqui Creek and clearing made for the Rideau Canal, 1829 by Thomas Burrowes

Construction deaths[edit] As many as one thousand of the workers died from malaria,[14] other diseases and accidents. Most deaths were from disease, principally complications from malaria (P. vivax), which was endemic in Ontario within the range of the Anopheles
mosquito, and other diseases of the day. Accidents were fairly rare for a project of this magnitude; in 1827 there were 7 accidental deaths recorded.[15] Inquests were held for each accidental death. The men, women and children who died were buried in local cemeteries, either burial grounds set up near work sites or existing local cemeteries. Funerals were held for the workers and the graves marked with wooden markers (which have since rotted away—leading to a misconception that workers were buried in unmarked graves).[15]

View on the Cataraqui Creek, Brewer's Upper Mills in the background, 1830 by Thomas Burrowes

Some of the dead remain unidentified as they had no known relatives in Upper Canada. Memorials have been erected along the canal route, most recently the Celtic Cross memorials in Ottawa, Kingston and Chaffeys Lock.[16] The first memorial on the Rideau Canal
acknowledging deaths among the labour force was erected in 1993 by the Kingston and District Labour Council and the Ontario
Heritage Foundation at Kingston Mills. Three canal era cemeteries are open to the public today: Chaffey's Cemetery and Memory Wall at Chaffey's Lock—this cemetery was used from 1825 to the late 19th century; the Old Presbyterian Cemetery near Newboro—used from 1828 to the 1940s; and McGuigan Cemetery near Merrickville—used from the early 19th century (c. 1805) to the late 1890s. Recognition[edit] The Rideau Canal
was designated a National Historic Site of Canada
in 1925, and marked with a federal plaque the next year, and again in 1962 and 2013.[17] The canal has been featured on postage stamps issued by Canada
Post. Two 45-cent stamps—'Rideau Canal, Summer Boating at Jones Falls'[18] and 'Rideau Canal, Winter Skating by Parliament'[19]—were issued on June 17, 1998, as part of the Canals and Recreational Destinations series. The stamps were designed by Carey George and Dean Martin, based on paintings by Vincent McIndoe. In 2014, the canal appeared on a $2.50 international rate stamp as part of a Canada
Post set honoring World Heritage Sites.[20] The same design was reprised on a 2016 domestic-rate stamp.[21]

Looking up from the bottom of the Ottawa
Lockstation of the Rideau Canal. Chateau Laurier
Chateau Laurier
in Center rear.

Rideau Canal
Locks looking down towards the Ottawa
River from Wellington street

In 2000 the Rideau Waterway was designated a Canadian Heritage River in recognition of its outstanding historical and recreational values.[17] In 2007 it was inscribed as a UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
recognizing it as a work of human creative genius. The Rideau Canal
was recognized as the best preserved example of a slack water canal in North America demonstrating the use of European slackwater technology in North America on a large scale. It is the only canal dating from the great North American canal-building era of the early 19th century that remains operational along its original line with most of its original structures intact. It was also recognized as an extensive, well preserved and significant example of a canal which was used for military purposes linked to a significant stage in human history – that of the fight to control the north of the American continent.[17] A plaque was erected by the Ontario
Archaeological and Historic Sites Board at Jones Falls Lockstation commemorating Lieutenant Colonel John By, Royal Engineer, the superintending engineer in charge of the construction of the Rideau Canal. The plaque notes that the 123-mile long Rideau Canal, built as a military route and incorporating 47 locks, 16 lakes, two rivers, and a 360-foot-long (110 m), 60-foot-high (18 m) dam at Jones Falls (Jones Falls Dam), was completed in 1832. Other plaques to the canal erected by the Ontario
Heritage Trust are located at Kingston Mills,[22] Smiths Falls,[23] and Rideau Lakes.[24] Waterway[edit]


v t e


Rideau Canal


Lock Nº

MP (km)


Rideau Falls

Sussex Drive

Union Street



Ottawa, St. Patrick Street

Plaza Bridge, Cummings Bridge

Mackenzie King Bridge

Laurier Avenue Bridge

Corktown Footbridge, Adàwe Crossing

Highway 417

Pretoria Bridge

George McIlraith Bridge

Bank Street Bridge

Bronson Avenue

Dow's Lake




Heron Bridge

Trillium Line



Hog's Back, Hog's Back Falls

Hog's Back Bridge

Mooney's Bay

Hunt Club Road



Black Rapids

Vimy Memorial Bridge

Jock River



Long Island

Long Island

Roger Stevens Drive

Highway 416

Kemptville Creek

Merlyn Wilson Road



Burritts Rapids

Burritts Rapids



Lower Nicholsons



Upper Nicholsons

Upper Nicholsons







County Road 43










Old Slys

Old Slys

Highway 15

Rideau Canal



Smiths Falls (formerly Locks 28-30)

Abbot St



Smiths Falls
Smiths Falls




Lower Rideau Lake



Tay Canal



Lower Beveridges



Upper Beveridges

Big Rideau Lake



Colonel By Island




The Narrows

Upper Rideau Lake

Rideau River

Cataraqui River

County Road 42



Newboro Lock

Newboro Lake



Ferry (cable)





Opinicon Lake




Sand Lake



Jones Falls

Whitefish Lake

Brass Point

Cranberry Lake



Upper Brewers

Lower Brewers



Lower Brewers

Kingston Mills



Kingston Mills

Highway 401

La Salle Causeway Highway 2

Lake Ontario

The 202 kilometres (126 mi) of the Rideau Canal
incorporate sections of the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers, as well as several lakes, including the Lower, Upper and Big Rideau lakes. About 19 km (12 mi) of the route is man-made. Communities along the waterway include Ottawa, Manotick, Kars, Burritts Rapids, Merrickville, Smiths Falls, Rideau Ferry, Portland, Westport, Newboro, Seeleys Bay and Kingston. Communities connected by navigable waterways to the Rideau Canal
include Kemptville and Perth. Today, only pleasure craft make use of the Rideau Canal. It takes approximately 3–5 days to travel one way through the Rideau Canal system by motor boat.[25] Boat tours of the canal are offered in Ottawa, Kingston, Merrickville, and Chaffeys Lock. A cruise line operates the ship Kawartha Voyageur.[26] Recreational boaters can make use of it to travel between Ottawa
and Kingston. Most of the locks are still hand-operated. A total of 45 locks at 23 stations are located along the canal, plus two locks (locks 33 and 34) at the entrance to the Tay Canal
(leading to Perth).[27] Furthermore, there are four blockhouses and some of the original 16 defensible lockmasters residences along the waterway. The waterway is home to many species of birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and fish.[28] In 1973–74 a new Smiths Falls
Smiths Falls
Combined Lock, 29a, was built a few dozen metres to the north of the original flight of 3 locks (locks 28–30). The original locks were bypassed but left in place. In normal operations the canal can handle boats up to 27.4 m (90 ft) in length, 7.9 m (26 ft) in width, and 6.7 m (22 ft) in height with a draft of up to 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) (boats drafting over 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) are asked to contact the Rideau Canal
Office of Parks Canada
prior to their trip). In special circumstances a boat up to 33.5 m (110 ft) in length by 9.1 m (30 ft) in width can be handled. Locks[edit] The Rideau Canal
uses a lock system that is still fully functioning.[25] The gates that let boats travel in and out of the locks last approximately 12–15 years.[29] When the canal was originally constructed, the gates would be made at the lock sites by carpenters and blacksmiths.[29] Today[when?] they are made in Smiths Falls, Ontario, and sometimes take up to 2 months to build 1 set of gates.[29] The gates used on the Rideau Canal
are made of Douglas Fir and are mitre-shaped to ensure a tight seal due to water pressure.[30] The average Rideau Canal
lock lift uses 1.3 million litres (1,300 m3; 1,700 cu yd) of water.[30]

First locks at Ottawa
River, locks 1–8

Hartwells Locks, lock 9, 10 not shown

Hog's Back Locks, locks 11–12

At Black Rapids, lock 13

At Long Island, Manotick, locks 14–16

At Burritts Rapids, lock 17

Lower Nicholsons Lock, lock 18

Upper Nicholsons Lock, lock 19

At Clowes, lock 20

At Merrickville, lock 21 and 22

Merrickville, lock 23, near blockhouse

At Kilmarnock, lock 24

Edmonds Lock, lock 25

Old Slys Lock, lock 27, 26 not shown

Inactive locks at Smiths Falls, locks 28 to 30

At Smiths Falls, lock 29a, replaced 28 to 30

At Smiths Falls, lock 31

At Poonamalie, lock 32 (locks 33 and 34 are on Tay Canal)

At Rideau Narrows, lock 35

At Newboro, lock 36

At Chaffeys, lock 37

At Davis, lock 38

At Jones Falls, locks 40–42, 39 not shown

Upper Brewers Locks, locks 43–44

Lower Brewers Lock, lock 45

Upper Kingston Mills
Kingston Mills
Lock, lock 46

Lower Kingston Mills
Kingston Mills
Locks, lock 47–49

Blockhouses[edit] Four blockhouses were built from 1826 to 1832 to provide protection for the canal was under the control of the British Forces:

Merrickville Blockhouse
– used briefly during 1837 Rebellion, it became a residence for the lockmaster, upper floor removed in 1909 and restored in 1960 as a museum[31] Kingston Mills
Kingston Mills
– used in 1837–1838, then enlarged to use as a residence, more alterations made in 1909 and restored to 1830 layout in the 1960s[32] Newboro Blockhouse
– built by British Ordnance Department it was also used briefly for its intended military role in the 1830s and then converted to home for lockmaster; restored in 1960s to original blockhouse configuration[33] Rideau Narrows Blockhouse
– built by William H. Tett it was also altered in the 19th century to become lockmaster's residence and restored from 1967 to 1970 to original layout[34]

A fifth blockhouse at Burritts Rapids was partial complete with foundations used for stone houseb, then rebuilt in 1914–1915 and finally demolished to be replaced by the current lock station in 1969.[35] Parliament Hill
Parliament Hill
was supposed to be the site of a fortress, Citadel Hill, where the canal ended at Ottawa

At Merrickville

At Rideau Narrows

At Newboro

At Kingston Mills


The Rideau Canal
Skateway, with the Chateau Laurier
Chateau Laurier
in the background.

In winter, a section of the Rideau Canal
passing through central Ottawa
becomes officially the world's largest and second longest skating rink.[36] The cleared length is 7.8 kilometres (4.8 mi) and has the equivalent surface area of 90 Olympic ice hockey rinks. It runs from the Hartwell locks at Carleton University
Carleton University
to the locks between the Parliament Buildings and the Château Laurier, including Dow's Lake
Dow's Lake
in between. It serves as a popular tourist attraction and recreational area and is also the focus of the Winterlude
festival in Ottawa. Beaver Tails, a fried dough pastry, are sold along with other snacks and beverages, in kiosks on the skateway. In January 2008, Winnipeg, Manitoba, achieved the record of the world's longest skating rink at a length of 8.54 kilometres but with a width of only 2 to 3 metres wide[37] on its Assiniboine River
Assiniboine River
and Red River at The Forks. In response, the Rideau Canal
was rebranded as "the world's largest skating rink". The Rideau Canal
Skateway was added to the Guinness Book of World Records in 2005 for being the largest naturally frozen ice rink in the world.[38] The Skateway is open 24 hours a day. The length of the season depends on the weather, but typically the Rideau Canal
Skateway opens in January and closes in March.[39] In 1971–1972, the Skateway's second winter, the skating season was 90 days long, which is the longest season so far.[40] 2015–2016 was the shortest Rideau Canal
Skateway season, being a mere 34 days long (and with only 18 skating days).[41]

Season Opened Closed Days of skating[42]

48th January 5, 2018 February 21, 2018 35

47th January 14, 2017 February 18, 2017 25

46th January 23, 2016 February 25, 2016 18

45th January 10, 2015 March 9, 2015 59

44th December 31, 2013 March 11, 2014 58

43rd January 18, 2013 February 28, 2013 38

42nd January 15, 2012 February 21, 2012 26

41st January 8, 2011 March 5, 2011 53

40th January 14, 2010 February 26, 2010 36

39th January 1, 2009 March 5, 2009 58

38th January 25, 2008 March 5, 2008 34

37th January 26, 2007 March 12, 2007 45

36th January 7, 2006 March 10, 2006 39

35th December 28, 2004 March 10, 2005 66

34th January 14, 2004 March 10, 2004 46

33th January 3, 2003 March 10, 2003 66

32nd February 2, 2002 March 8, 2002 26

Although some residents of Ottawa
had been using the canal as an impromptu skating surface for years, the official use of the canal as a skateway and tourist attraction is a more recent innovation. As recently as 1970, however, city government of Ottawa
considered paving over the canal to make an expressway.[43] The federal government's ownership of the canal, however, prevented the city from pursuing this proposal. When Doug Fullerton was appointed chair of the National Capital Commission, he proposed a recreational corridor around the canal, including the winter skateway between Carleton University
Carleton University
and Confederation Park. The plan was implemented on January 18, 1971, despite opposition by city council. A small section of ice near the National Arts Centre
National Arts Centre
was cleared by NCC employees with brooms and shovels,[38] and 50,000 people skated on the canal the first weekend.[43] Today the skating area of the canal is larger because of the equipment available for ice resurfacing and 24/7 maintenance crews. The skateway now has an average of one million visits per year.[38] City councillor and author Clive Doucet credits this transformation of the canal with reinvigorating the communities of the Glebe, Old Ottawa
East and Old Ottawa

An ice hockey game on the canal on Christmas Day, 1901

Preparation and maintenance[edit] The preparation for the Skateway starts as early as mid-October.[44] At the end of the boating season, the water is drained at the Ottawa locks near Parliament by Parks Canada.[44] Facilities on the ice such as shelters, chalets, and access ramps for vehicles are then installed.[44] Next, “beams are placed at the locks, and the water is raised to skating level.”[44] After this step, the essentials are added such as stairs to access the ice, and hookups for both plumbing and electricity.[44] The ice cap that forms as the canal freezes becomes the Rideau Canal
Skateway.[38] When the canal has built up a sufficient ice thickness, snow is removed from the ice surface and it is flooded in order to make the ice even more thick and smooth.[44] Samples of ice are tested for quality and thickness.[38] When it is safe to skate on, the Rideau Canal
Skateway is opened for the season. The Rideau Canal
Skateway is maintained by the NCC (National Capital Commission).[38] The ice is maintained by crews 24 hours a day, seven days a week.[44] The snow and ice shavings are cleared off the surface every day and the ice surface is flooded each night with a “water dispersion machine” (weather permitting) to fill in any cracks that were caused from the ice contracting and expanding.[44] There are approximately 20 holes along the side of the Skateway that serve the purpose of flooding the ice surface to make it smoother for skaters.[44] Two types of ice can form on the Rideau Canal
Skateway, which are “white ice” and “clear ice”.[38] White ice has a milky appearance with air bubbles, and is formed when snow and water mix and then freeze.[38] White ice can also be formed by mechanically flooding the ice surface with water to increase the thickness of the ice cap.[38] The other type of ice is called “clear ice”, which has a colourless appearance and is formed when ice crystals build up below the frozen surface in cold temperatures.[38] If snow accumulates on the ice it can negatively impact the conditions for skating. Snow depresses the ice surface and slows down the formation of ice crystals beneath the surface.[38] Ice conditions can be classified as very good, good, fair or poor.[45] They are updated twice daily by the NCC. The ideal (“very good”) conditions mean that there are “a limited number of pressure cracks”, the ice is very hard and durable overall, the ice surface is clean and smooth, there are a “limited number of rough areas”, and there is a “very good gliding surface.”[45] See also[edit]

portal Geography of Canada

Tay Canal
– a branch canal of the Rideau Capital Pathway
Capital Pathway
– the recreational pathway along the Rideau Canal Trent-Severn Waterway
Trent-Severn Waterway
– Central Ontario
System Welland Canal
– Niagara region Canal
System Saint Lawrence Seaway
Saint Lawrence Seaway
– Ontario–Quebec waterway system Parks Canada
Parks Canada
Players – Heritage Theatre Series along the Rideau Canal


World Heritage Centre. "Rideau Canal
World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2014-03-18.  ^ "Rideau Canal
Waterway – History of the Rideau Canal". Rideau-info.com. Retrieved 2013-03-03.  ^ Rideau Canal, UNESCO
World Heritage, UNESCO.org. Retrieved 2008-01-14. ^ "Rideau Canal
National Historic Site of Canada
> Lockstation Safety". Parks Canada. Retrieved 2013-11-16.  ^ UNESCO
names World Heritage sites, BBC News, 28 June 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-14. ^ Legget, Robert (1955). Rideau Waterway. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 23–25.  ^ Roy MacGregor (7 August 2016). "The story of the Rideau Canal: A major engineering feat of the 19th century". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-08-10.  ^ " Parks Canada
Parks Canada
– Rideau Canal
National Historic Site of Canada Receives World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
Designation!". Retrieved 2010-05-25.  ^ History of the Rideau Canal, Rideau-info.com. Retrieved 2008-01-14. ^ "Rideau Heritage Route – Environment".  ^ Centre, UNESCO
World Heritage. "Rideau Canal".  ^ "Rideau Canal
– Tales of the Rideau: Bye By – The Story of Lieutenant-Colonel John By, R.E."  ^ Bush, Edward Forbes (1977). Commercial Navigation on the Rideau Canal, 1832–1961. Ottawa: Parks Canada. p. 107.  ^ HISTORY of the RIDEAU CANAL, The Canadian Canal
Society ^ a b "Grave Revealed". Rideau-info.com. Retrieved 2012-03-14.  ^ Memorials, Rideau-info.com. Retrieved 2008-01-14. ^ a b c "History of the Rideau Canal". Rideau-info.com. Retrieved 2012-03-14.  ^ " Canada
Post stamp". Data4.collectionscanada.gc.ca. 1998-06-17. Retrieved 2013-03-03.  ^ " Canada
Post stamp". Data4.collectionscanada.gc.ca. 1998-06-17. Retrieved 2013-03-03.  ^ $2.50 2014 Rideau Canal
stamp, from Allnumis.com ^ UNESCO
World Heritage Sites in Canada, Canada
Post, Jan. 13, 2016 ^ Rideau Canal
1826–1832 plaque at OntarioPlaques.com ^ The Rideau Waterway plaque at OntarioPlaques.com ^ The Royal Sappers and Miners plaque at OntarioPlaques.com ^ a b "Rideau Heritage Route – About the Rideau". Rideauheritageroute.ca. Retrieved 2014-03-18.  ^ "Home page". Ontario
Waterway Cruises. Retrieved 2012-04-09.  ^ The Rideau Canal
Waterway Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved on 2009-06-24. ^ Watson, Ken. "Friends of the Rideau – Fauna of the Rideau".  ^ a b c " Parks Canada
Parks Canada
– Rideau Canal
National Historic Site – Gates". Pc.gc.ca. 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2014-03-18.  ^ a b http://www.rideau-info.com/documents/how-a-lock-works-e.pdf ^ http://www.ngtimes.ca/the-block-house-a-rideau-canal-icon/ ^ http://www.rideau-info.com/canal/history/locks/h46-49-kingstonmills.html ^ http://images.ourontario.ca/lakesandislands/2294561/data ^ http://www.rideau-info.com/canal/history/locks/h35-narrows.html ^ http://www.rideau-info.com/canal/history/locks/h17-burrittsrapids.html ^ "The Rideau 'skateway': Not the longest, but apparently among the poshest". 18 December 2014.  ^ Winnipeg
lays claim to world's longest skating path. CBC News, January 27, 2008. Retrieved 1 Oct 2010. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "The Ice National Capital Commission". Ncc-ccn.gc.ca. 2014-02-25. Retrieved 2014-03-18.  ^ "Ncc Faq". Ncc-ccn.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-03-18.  ^ "Rideau Canal
– Attractions".  ^ "Rideau Canal
Skateway closes after shortest season on record". CBC.ca. 2016-02-25. Retrieved 2016-02-25.  ^ "Well, that was quick: Rideau Canal
Skateway closes for the season after 25 skating days". 2017-02-22.  ^ a b c Doucet, Clive (2007). Urban Meltdown: Cities, Climate Change and Politics as Usual. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers. pp. 15–17. ISBN 978-0-86571-584-4. OCLC 86226079.  ^ a b c d e f g h i "Frequently Asked Questions National Capital Commission". Ncc-ccn.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-03-18.  ^ a b "Ice Condition Definitions National Capital Commission". Ncc-ccn.gc.ca. 2014-02-25. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 

Further reading[edit]

Bebee, Ed (2010), Invisible Army: Hard Times, Heartbreak & Heritage, Ed Bebee & Friends of the Rideau., ISBN 978-0-9696052-4-9  Peter Conroy (2002), Our Canal: The Rideau Canal
in Ottawa, General Store Publishing House, ISBN 978-1-894263-63-4  Nelles, Mike (2007), Steamboating on the Rideau Canal. Bytown
pamphlet series., The Historical Society of Ottawa  Legget, Robert Ferguson (1986), Rideau Waterway, University of Toronto Press, ISBN 978-0-8020-6591-9  Watson, Ken W. (2010), Tales of the Rideau, Ken W. Watson., ISBN 978-0-9780751-2-5  Watson, Ken W. (2007), The Rideau Route: Exploring the Pre-Canal Waterway, Ken W. Watson., ISBN 978-0-9780751-1-8  Watson, Ken W. (2000), A History of the Rideau Lockstations, Friends of the Rideau., ISBN 0-9696052-1-8 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rideau Canal.

Official Parks Canada
Parks Canada
Site: Rideau Canal
National Historic Site of Canada Rideau Canal
Waterway History of the canal – Bytown
Museum and the National Research Council Canada Eyewitness: Thomas Burrowes on the Rideau Canal, online exhibit on Archives of Ontario
website Friends of the Rideau Rideau Heritage Route – Tourism Rideau Canal
Skateway Heritage Passages: Bytown
and the Rideau Canal Rideau Canal
travel guide from Wikivoyage

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Entertainment and festivals

Byward Market Canadian Tulip Festival Gladstone Theatre Great Canadian Theatre Company National Arts Centre Ottawa
Bluesfest Winterlude


Billings Estate Museum Bytown
Museum Canada
Agriculture and Food Museum Canada
Aviation and Space Museum Canada
Science and Technology Museum Canadian Museum of History Canadian Museum of Nature Canadian War Museum Currency Museum Pinhey's Point Historic Site Laurier House National Gallery of Canada Nepean Museum Portrait Gallery of Canada Royal Canadian Mint

Parks, squares, and natural landmarks

Bank Street Central Experimental Farm Chaudière Falls Confederation Park Dominion Arboretum Green Island (Rideau River) Hog's Back Falls Ottawa
Greenbelt Lansdowne Park
Lansdowne Park
(redevelopment) Major's Hill Park Nepean Point Petrie Island Rideau Falls


24 Sussex Drive Chateau Laurier Diefenbunker Laurier House National War Memorial Canadian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Parliament Hill Rideau Hall Supreme Court of Canada
- (National Historic Sites of Canada
in Ottawa Designated heritage properties)

Demolished structures

Capitol Cinema First City Hall Daly Building Dey's Arena Ottawa
Auditorium Rideau Skating Rink Russell House Second City Hall The Arena Victoria Tower


Bayshore Shopping Centre Byward Market CF Rideau Centre Place d'Orléans St. Laurent Centre Sparks Street
Sparks Street


Britannia Centretown The Glebe New Edinburgh Rockcliffe Park Sandy Hill Vanier Westboro

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Coordinates: 45°25′33″N 75°41′50″W / 45.42583°N 75.69722°W / 45.4258