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Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University– Idaho
Idaho
(BYU– Idaho
Idaho
or BYU–I) is a private university located in Rexburg, Idaho. Founded in 1888, the university is owned and operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), transitioned from a junior college to a four-year institution in 2001, and was known for the greater part of its history as Ricks College. BYU- Idaho
Idaho
offers programs in liberal arts including the sciences, engineering, agriculture, management, and performing arts. The university is broadly organized into thirty-three departments within six colleges, and its parent organization, the Church Educational System (CES), sponsors sister schools in Utah and Hawaii. The university's focus is on undergraduate education, hosting 26 certificate, 20 associate and over 87 bachelor's degree programs; and it operates using a three-semester system also known as "tracks". Students at BYU- Idaho
Idaho
are required to follow an honor code, which mandates behavior in line with LDS teachings (e.g., academic honesty, adherence to dress and grooming standards, and abstinence from extramarital sex and from the consumption of drugs and alcohol). Approximately 99 percent of the university's students are members of the LDS Church, and a significant percentage of the student body take an 18- (women) or 24-month (men) hiatus from their studies to serve as missionaries.[4] A BYU- Idaho
Idaho
education is generally less expensive than similar private universities, due largely to significant funding by LDS Church
LDS Church
tithing funds, helping keep tuition rates low.[5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The Bannock and Fremont Stake Academies 1.2 Ricks College 1.3 BYU-Idaho

2 Campus 3 Organization 4 Academics 5 Athletics

5.1 Ricks College
College
Vikings 5.2 Athletics as a four-year university

6 Student life

6.1 LDS atmosphere 6.2 Culture 6.3 Honor Code

7 Alumni 8 References 9 Sources 10 External links

History[edit] See also: List of presidents of Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University-Idaho

The original Ricks Academy building, completed in 1903

The Bannock and Fremont Stake Academies[edit] On November 12, 1888, the LDS Church
LDS Church
created the Bannock Stake Academy in Rexburg. The precursor to BYU-Idaho, like several other colleges and universities across the mountain west, was established as a "stake academy" first, as Mormon
Mormon
settlers colonized the eastern Snake River Plain in the 1880s. As a stake academy, its purpose was that of a modern secondary school as public schools had not yet been established. As the population grew, it became necessary to divide the geographical area designated by the LDS Church
LDS Church
as the Bannock Stake. The Fremont Stake was created, and thus in 1898 the school was renamed the Fremont Stake Academy.[6] Ricks College[edit] In 1903, the school was renamed again as Ricks Academy in honor of Thomas E. Ricks, the Bannock Stake president
Stake president
at the time it was founded and the chairman of the school's first Board of Education.[6] By the early twentieth century, stake academies had largely been discontinued as public schools became more established in the western United States. Ricks Academy survived as it had added a year of college work to its curriculum and in 1917 was granted state certification, which allowed graduates to teach in the state of Idaho. At that point, it was known as Ricks Normal College
College
with George S. Romney as its first president. In 1923 it was renamed Ricks College and functioned as a two-year junior college.[7][8] It would serve as a junior college for most of the remainder of the twentieth century, except for a brief period from 1948 to 1956 when it operated as a four-year institution.[9] Although the school was threatened with closing in the 1930s because of the Great Depression, it emerged with the support of local patrons and accreditation with the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges. The 1950s brought renewed consideration of closing the school, and possibly moving it. However, LDS Church
LDS Church
president David O. McKay decided against this course of action after a visit to the campus.[10] During the 1976 Teton Dam
Teton Dam
flood, Ricks College
College
was used as a center for disaster relief operations.[11] By the late twentieth century, the college had become the largest private junior college in the country with over 7,500 students. BYU-Idaho[edit] On June 21, 2000, the LDS Church
LDS Church
announced that Ricks College
College
would become a four-year institution known as Brigham Young University–Idaho. This change became official just over a year later on August 10, 2001. Among the changes were the elimination of the intercollegiate athletic program and the institution of a larger activities and intramural athletics program. The school also established a "three-track" system, which admits students on a specific track of two semesters (including the Spring semester), rather than the standard fall and winter semesters. Among other changes to campus facilities to accommodate the associated growth, the Hyrum Manwaring
Hyrum Manwaring
Student Center was renovated and enlarged and a new auditorium building, the BYU- Idaho
Idaho
Center, with seating for 15,000 was built. The buildings were dedicated in December 2010.[12][13] Campus[edit]

Thomas E. Ricks Memorial Gardens

The campus sits on a hill overlooking the city of Rexburg and the Snake River Valley and includes nearly forty major buildings and residence halls on over 400 acres (1.6 km2).[14] Off-campus facilities include a Livestock Center and the Henry’s Fork Outdoor Learning Center near Rexburg, the Outdoor Learning Center at Badger Creek in Idaho’s Teton Basin, and the Natural Science Center in Island Park, Idaho. The Teton Lodge and Quickwater Lodge near Victor, Idaho, are utilized as student leadership and service centers. The main campus includes a planetarium, an arboretum, and wildlife museums. The school also operates several athletic fields and facilities around campus, which are now used as part of the Activities program, an alternative to intercollegiate sports. Facilities include a baseball field, football and track stadium, tennis courts, as well as the John Hart Physical Education building, which with 4,000 seats in its main gym was used for athletic events, graduation, and concerts. The building also includes a small field house, pool, auxiliary gymnasiums, racquetball courts, and a workout area for students. On December 17, 2010, the BYU- Idaho
Idaho
Center was dedicated and opened to students. The 435,000-square-foot (40,400 m2) building contains a 15,000-seat auditorium used for the weekly campus devotional, graduation ceremonies, and concerts. The building also features a multi-purpose area large enough for 10 full basketball courts. The David O. McKay
David O. McKay
Library holds a collection of over 300,000 volumes, with about 142,000 transactions processed by the library's circulation services annually.[15] In support of the fine arts and entertainment, the campus also includes the Ruth H. Barrus Concert Hall, which houses the acclaimed Ruffatti organ,[16] the third largest organ owned by the LDS Church after those housed in the Salt Lake Tabernacle
Salt Lake Tabernacle
and Conference Center, respectively. KBYI-FM, a 100,000 watt public radio station, also broadcasts to eastern Idaho
Idaho
and parts of Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
from the campus. Organization[edit]

The Jacob Spori Building

BYU- Idaho
Idaho
is led by Henry J. Eyring, who began serving as president in April 2017. Eyring is a former Academic Vice President and Advancement Vice President of BYU-Idaho.[17] Eyring is also the son of Henry B. Eyring, former Ricks College
College
president and a member of the LDS Church's First Presidency.[17] Along with other members of the Church Educational System, BYU- Idaho
Idaho
is under the direction of a Board of Trustees, which includes the First Presidency, members of the Quorum of the Twelve, other general authorities, and presidents of auxiliary organizations. BYU- Idaho
Idaho
is organized into six colleges:[18]

College
College
of Agriculture
Agriculture
and Life Sciences College
College
of Business and Communication College
College
of Education and Human Development

College
College
of Language and Letters College
College
of Performing and Visual Arts College
College
of Physical Sciences
Sciences
and Engineering

Academics[edit]

University
University
rankings

National

Forbes[19] 413

Regional

U.S. News & World Report[20] 10

Despite the change to a four-year institution, BYU- Idaho
Idaho
still offers several Associate-degree programs in addition to its Bachelor-degree programs. Across the six colleges, there are thirty-three departments, offering over eighty-seven bachelor-level programs and twenty associate-degree programs. The academic year is divided into three equal semesters (fall, winter, spring) of fourteen weeks and is known as the "three-track" system. It was instituted in 2001 as part of the transition from Ricks College
College
to BYU- Idaho
Idaho
and the school's "Rethinking Education" campaign.[21] When a student is admitted to BYU-Idaho, they are also assigned to a specific two-semester "track," (fall-winter, winter-spring, or spring-fall) based partly on preference, degree program, and availability to balance.[22] Initially, the fall and winter semesters were slightly longer (and thus more heavily attended) than the summer semester and had more class options. Beginning in January 2007, the school adjusted the academic calendar[23] equalizing the amount of time available in each semester, lengthening the class periods, and opening class offerings in the spring to allow more students to attend in the spring semester. There is also a short, 2-month summer session with accelerated class schedules. BYU- Idaho
Idaho
also offers "fast grad" which allows students to attend all semesters and finish their degree sooner.[24] This is usually available as an option to students who have an upper sophomore or higher standing.

The John Taylor building, used mainly for religious education

There were 17,980 full-time students enrolled at BYU– Idaho
Idaho
during the Fall 2016 semester.[25] Students come from all 50 states and more than 130 countries. According to fall 2016 enrollment numbers, 27% of BYU- Idaho
Idaho
campus students came from the state of Idaho,[26] with the majority of students coming from five states: Idaho
Idaho
27%, California 14%, Utah 10%, Washington 8%, and Arizona 4.5%. Thus, the student body at BYU– Idaho
Idaho
is notably homogeneous—not only due to its geographic representation but also due to ethnicity and religion. During the Fall 2016 semester, 83% of the students were Caucasian. Moreover, during the Fall 2016 semester, 99.7% of the students were members of the LDS Church. The school's Board of Trustees
Board of Trustees
approved an increase in the single semester enrollment. Athletics[edit]

BYU- Idaho
Idaho
Stadium (formerly Viking Stadium)

Ricks College
College
Vikings[edit] Known as the Vikings, Ricks College
College
fielded an intercollegiate athletics program from 1919-2002 in the National Junior College Athletic Association, earning 17 national championships, 61 individual national titles, and producing nearly 100 first-team All-Americans.[27] National title wins included Women's Cross Country (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001), Men's Cross Country (1965, 1966, 1986, 1999, 2000, 2001), Women's Track and Field (1997), and Women's Volleyball (1974; AIAW).[27][28] More than 25 alumni who played football for Ricks went on to play professionally in the National Football League
National Football League
or Canadian Football League. It was announced in June 2000 that the athletics program would be phased out as part of the change from a junior college to a four-year college, due mainly to the costs associated with running a college athletic department, and the desire to develop a more comprehensive participatory student activities program.[29] Athletics as a four-year university[edit] Since becoming a four-year institution, BYU- Idaho
Idaho
no longer hosts intercollegiate athletic teams but instead developed a competitive (or, as the school uses, "intracollegiate") athletics program which functions as part of Student Activities. Several teams from within the school compete against one another in a variety of sports throughout the year, complete with regular seasons and playoffs.[30] Student life[edit] LDS atmosphere[edit]

The Rexburg Idaho
Idaho
Temple, located directly adjacent to the BYU–Idaho campus

The atmosphere at BYU– Idaho
Idaho
is different from most other universities due to its affiliation with the LDS Church. For example, almost every Tuesday that school is in session, a devotional is held on campus. During the devotional, no classes are held, administrative offices close, and students and faculty are encouraged to attend the hour-long worship service either in person (in the BYU- Idaho
Idaho
Center), via campus TV, or on the radio at KBYI
KBYI
94.3 FM. Speakers are selected from the campus and local communities, as well as from LDS Church general authorities who share a spiritually uplifting message.[31] The school's honor code also requires students to regularly attend church services, which are held every Sunday . Until the construction of the Rexburg Idaho
Idaho
Temple in 2008, BYU-Idaho had been the only university affiliated with the LDS Church
LDS Church
that did not have a nearby temple. Culture[edit] Despite its transition from Ricks College
College
to BYU-Idaho, leaders of the university have maintained the desire to preserve what they call the "Spirit of Ricks," a campus tradition of service, hard work, friendliness, and compassion.[32] The school's relative geographic isolation from a metropolitan area, combined with the strong moral standards taught and encouraged by the school and its sponsoring organization, contribute to a unique student culture unlike that of many universities, but with some basic similarities to the other LDS Church-owned campuses in Utah and Hawaii. Alcohol and drug use is virtually nonexistent, as these substances are strictly prohibited by the school's honor code and the LDS Church. There is also no Greek system.

Students from the BYU– Idaho
Idaho
Jazz Combos class performing at a local club

Much of BYU– Idaho
Idaho
student life revolves around events sponsored by the school organization Student Activities, which frequently hosts dances, concerts, sports events, and service projects. Rexburg is situated in a strong northern climate in which winter dominates, and as such, winter sports such as skiing, snowboarding, ice skating, and ice hockey are popular. There are two nearby ski resorts, Grand Targhee
Grand Targhee
and Kelly Canyon, which are frequented by students. However, Rexburg also experiences warm summers that are ideal for many outdoor recreational activities. Honor Code[edit] Main article: Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University
University
Honor Code All students and faculty, regardless of religion, are required to agree to adhere to an honor code. Early forms of the BYU Honor Code are found as far back as the days of the Brigham Young Academy
Brigham Young Academy
and educator Karl G. Maeser. Maeser created the "Domestic Organization", which was a group of teachers who would visit students at their homes to see that they were following the school's moral rules prohibiting obscenity, profanity, smoking, and alcohol consumption. The Honor Code itself was created in 1940 at BYU and was used mainly for cases of cheating and academic dishonesty. Ernest L. Wilkinson
Ernest L. Wilkinson
expanded the Honor Code in 1957 to include other school standards (at the time, Wilkinson, as president of BYU, and the director of what was then the Unified Church School System, had some authority over all of the church's schools). This led to what the Honor Code represents today: rules regarding chastity, dress, grooming, drugs and alcohol in addition to academic honesty. A signed commitment to live the Honor Code is part of the application process for all LDS-affiliated schools, and must be adhered to by all students, faculty, and staff. Students and faculty found in violation of standards are either warned or called to meet with representatives of the Honor Council. In rare cases, students and faculty can be expelled from the school for excessive misbehavior.[33] In addition to the general Honor Code common at all LDS schools, the BYU– Idaho
Idaho
Honor Code prohibits bib overalls, baseball caps (worn inside classrooms), shorts or capri pants, flip-flops (sandals), and also any worn, faded, or patched clothing on campus.[34] Students must receive an ecclesiastical endorsement to be accepted to the university. To receive this endorsement, applicants meet with their local religious leaders and pledge their willingness to abide by the honor code. Once admitted, students then meet with their ecclesiastical leaders annually to renew their commitment to the honor code. Failure to receive this annual endorsement can result in temporary suspension or in rare cases expulsion from the university.[35] Single students are required to live in housing that is approved by the university. All approved housing options are located within a mile of the university. Co-ed housing is prohibited according to the Honor Code, but some complexes have separate buildings for men and women. Married students are not required to live in approved housing and may live wherever they choose.[36] Alumni[edit] Main article: List of Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University– Idaho
Idaho
alumni As of Fall 2017, BYU– Idaho
Idaho
has approximately 200,000 alumni, including those from the period when the school functioned as an academy (equivalent to a modern high school).[37] The school's alumni include two-time Olympic gold medalist in Greco-Roman wrestling (2000) Rulon Gardner
Rulon Gardner
and MLB
MLB
pitcher for the Chicago White Sox, Matt Lindstrom.[38][39] Another alumnus is Marion G. Romney, a former counselor in the LDS Church's First Presidency, who was valedictorian of the Ricks Academy class of 1918.[40][41] References[edit]

^ "Fall 2017 enrollment figures show upward, steady growth". BYU-Idaho Newsroom. 25 October 2017.  ^ "Facts and Figures". byui.edu. Retrieved 27 April 2015.  ^ "BYU- Idaho
Idaho
Color Guide". Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University–Idaho. Retrieved November 17, 2015.  ^ "Quick facts". BYUI.edu. 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-19.  ^ Madsen, Grant (2004-05-04). "BYU number two value after BYU-Hawaii, says "Consumers Digest"". BYU News. Archived from the original on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2007-08-19.  ^ a b "General History". BYU-Idaho. Retrieved 2008-08-09.  ^ Crowder 1997, Chapter 4: "'Ricksie' Drops 'Normal'" ^ Andrew C. Skinner (2000). "Ricks College". Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History. Deseret Book. ISBN 1573458228.  ^ Crowder 1997, Chapter 9: "'Lambing Sheds' for a Four-Year College" ^ Prince, G.A. & Wright, W.A. (2005). David O. McKay
David O. McKay
and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University
University
of Utah Press., p. 190. ^ Crowder 1997, Chapter 16: "Eyring, the Bicentennial, and the Great Flood" ^ "BYU-Idaho's steady, upward course continues..." BYU-Idaho. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  ^ "BYU- Idaho
Idaho
Reveals Auditorium Drawings". Local News 8. 16 May 2007. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ "BYU- Idaho
Idaho
Campus" (PDF). Madison County, Idaho. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 22 December 2008.  ^ " David O. McKay
David O. McKay
Library -- Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University". librarytechnology.org. Retrieved 2016-02-01.  ^ "Notable Ruffatti Installations". centralmusic.biz. Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved 22 December 2008.  ^ a b Faith. "President Henry J. Eyring assumes role as 17th president of BYU-Idaho". Deseret News. Retrieved 2017-05-01.  ^ "Academic Colleges and Departments". BYU–Idaho. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  ^ "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. July 5, 2016.  ^ "Best Colleges 2017: Regional Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. September 12, 2016.  ^ "Steady Upward Course". BYU–Idaho. Retrieved 2007-10-28.  ^ "Preparing to Apply". BYU-Idaho. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  ^ Anthony Sheehan. "New 14-week semester may change housing prices". The Scroll. Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  ^ "Admitted Students". BYU-Idaho. Retrieved 17 December 2008.  ^ " College
College
Navigator - Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University-Idaho". ed.gov. Retrieved 27 April 2015.  ^ Home States of Students - Fall 2005 ^ a b "Celebrating a Century of Ricks College
College
Athletics". Brigham Young University-Idaho. 2002. Retrieved 2008-06-02.  ^ "Celebrating a Century". BYU-Idaho. Retrieved 2008-08-05.  ^ Larsen, Kent (2000-06-22). "Winners and Losers In Ricks/BYU-Idaho Changes". Mormon
Mormon
News. Casper Tribune. Retrieved 2008-06-02.  ^ Gower, Scott (2005-11-29). "Intracollegiate sports increase in popularity". Scroll Online. Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University- Idaho
Idaho
Scroll. Archived from the original on October 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-06.  ^ "What is a Devotional?". BYU Broadcasting. Retrieved 2008-08-09.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ About BYU- Idaho
Idaho
– BYU–Idaho ^ Bergera, Gary James; Priddis, Ronald (1985). "Chapter 3: Standards & the Honor Code". Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University: A House of Faith. Salt Lake City: Signature Books. ISBN 0-941214-34-6. OCLC 12963965.  ^ " University
University
Standards". Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University–Idaho. Retrieved 8 October 2010.  ^ "Renew Ecclesiastical Endorsement". Byui.edu. Retrieved 2017-05-01.  ^ "Housing & Student Living". Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University–Idaho. 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2015.  ^ "Alumni". Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University-Idaho. Retrieved 2008-08-05.  ^ "Gardner bio". Brigham Young
Brigham Young
University-Idaho. Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2008-08-05.  ^ "Lindstrom bio". Houston Astros. Retrieved 2008-08-05.  ^ Crowder 1997, Chapter 13: "New Buildings! New Status?" ^ Fowler, Glenn (1988-05-21). "Obituary: Marion G. Romney, 90, President of the Mormon
Mormon
Council of Twelve". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-03. 

Sources[edit]

Crowder, David L. (1997), The Spirit of Ricks: A History of Ricks College, Ricks College
College
Press, ISBN 096115201X, retrieved 2015-03-24 

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