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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

North Rhine-Westphalia -------------------------

LARGEST CITIES Cologne
Cologne
Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Dortmund
Dortmund
Essen
Essen
Duisburg
Duisburg
Bochum Wuppertal
Wuppertal
Bonn
Bonn

AREA

• METRO 7,110 km2 (2,750 sq mi)

HIGHEST ELEVATION 494 m (1,621 ft)

LOWEST ELEVATION 20 m (70 ft)

POPULATION

• METRO 11,316,429

• METRO DENSITY 1,422/km2 (3,684/sq mi)

TIME ZONE CET ( UTC+1
UTC+1
)

GRP 20

NOMINAL €335($445) billion (3rd in EU )

Aerial view of Cologne
Cologne
Aerial view of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
, the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia Aerial view of Dortmund Aerial view of Essen
Essen

The RHINE-RUHR METROPOLITAN REGION (German : Metropolregion Rhein-Ruhr) is the largest metropolitan region in Germany
Germany
with over 11 million inhabitants. It is of polycentric nature and the only megacity in Germany. It covers an area of 7,110 square kilometers and lies entirely within the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia . The Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
metropolitan region spreads from Dortmund-Bochum-Essen- Duisburg
Duisburg
( Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
) in the north, to the urban areas of the cities of Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(the state capital), Wuppertal
Wuppertal
, Leverkusen , Cologne
Cologne
(the region's largest and Germany's fourth largest city), and Bonn
Bonn
in the south. The location of the Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
at the heart of the European blue banana makes it well connected to other major European cities and metropolitan areas like the Randstad , the Flemish Diamond and the Frankfurt
Frankfurt
Rhine Main Region .

The metropolitan area is named after the Rhine and Ruhr
Ruhr
rivers, which are the regions's defining geographical features and historically its economic backbone.

CONTENTS

* 1 Subdivisions * 2 Economy

* 3 Transportation

* 3.1 Air * 3.2 Road * 3.3 Public transport * 3.4 Waterways

* 4 Tourism

* 4.1 Events * 4.2 Landmarks * 4.3 Museums

* 5 Education * 6 Municipalities * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links

SUBDIVISIONS

The largest cities in the Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
area are Cologne
Cologne
, with over 1 million inhabitants, followed by Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
, Dortmund
Dortmund
and Essen
Essen
, which each have a population of over 500,000.

There are many different sub-definitions of what belongs to the Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
area, but the metropolitan area itself has officially defined borders with Hamm
Hamm
in the east, Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
in the west and Bonn
Bonn
in the south and the small city Wesel as its northernmost point. The northern border is similar to the border of the Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
.

The table below shows an unofficial summary of regions. In the official definition the metropolitan area is much smaller.

REGION MAJOR CITIES AREA POPULATION

Ruhr
Ruhr
Metropolitan Region

4,435 km² 5,172,745

Dortmund
Dortmund
280 km² 581,308

Essen
Essen
210 km² 576,259

Duisburg
Duisburg
233 km² 491,931

Bochum 145 km² 385,626

Gelsenkirchen
Gelsenkirchen
233 km² 268,102

Oberhausen
Oberhausen
77 km² 212,568

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Metropolitan Region

2,404 km² 2,944,700

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
217 km² 586,217

Neuss
Neuss
99 km² 151,280

Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
170 km² 258,251

Wuppertal
Wuppertal
168 km² 351,050

Cologne
Cologne
/ Bonn
Bonn
Metropolitan Region

2,920 km² 2,818,178

Cologne
Cologne
405 km² 1,000,298

Bonn
Bonn
141 km² 319,841

Leverkusen 79 km² 160,819

RHINE-RUHR METROPOLITAN REGION

9,759 KM² 10,935,623

Eurostat's Urban Audit splits the Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
region into six Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). These six Urban Zones do not cover the cities of Remscheid
Remscheid
and Solingen
Solingen
nor the district of Rhein-Kreis Neuss
Neuss
.

LARGER URBAN ZONE MAJOR CITIES AREA POPULATION

Ruhr
Ruhr
Larger Urban Zone

4,434 km² 5,172,745

Dortmund
Dortmund
280 km² 581,308

Essen
Essen
210 km² 576,259

Duisburg
Duisburg
233 km² 491,931

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Larger Urban Zone

1,200 km² 1,525,774

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
217 km² 586,217

Neuss
Neuss
99 km² 151,280

Ratingen 67 km² 91,306

Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
Larger Urban Zone

170 km² 258,251

Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
170 km² 258,251

Wuppertal
Wuppertal
Larger Urban Zone

168 km² 351,050

Wuppertal
Wuppertal
168 km² 351,050

Cologne
Cologne
Larger Urban Zone

1,627 km² 1,899,930

Cologne
Cologne
405 km² 1,000,298

Bonn
Bonn
Larger Urban Zone

1,295 km² 918,248

Bonn
Bonn
141 km² 319,841

RHINE-RUHR REGION

8,894 KM² 10,125,998

ECONOMY

Deutsche Telekom
Deutsche Telekom
headquarters in Bonn
Bonn

Historically, most of the Ruhr
Ruhr
area was for the most part characterized by heavy industry since the age of industrialisation in the late 19th and early 20th century. Since the Middle Ages, Cologne, Dortmund
Dortmund
and other cities were important regional trading cities, but during the 19th century the city of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
grew to become the administrative center of the region and since 1945 its political capital.

Today, the Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
metropolitan region accounts for roughly 15% of the GDP
GDP
of the German economy , which would place it as the 3rd largest GRP of metropolitan area in the European Union and the 16th largest GDP
GDP
in the world . Despite this size, the Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
region as a whole often lacks international competitiveness from the lack of a unified presentation, in which cities and urban areas within it, often pursue a separate investment policy against each other.

From within, Düsseldorf, Essen
Essen
and Cologne
Cologne
are by far the largest economic centers, with specialisation in financial/high tech and insurance/multi media services respectively. Other major economic centers are Bonn
Bonn
and Dortmund. The region is home to twelve Fortune Global 500 companies, among them E.ON AG , Essen, Deutsche Post AG , Bonn, Metro AG
Metro AG
, Düsseldorf, Deutsche Telekom
Deutsche Telekom
AG , Bonn, ThyssenKrupp AG , Essen/Duisburg, RWE AG , Essen, Bayer AG , Leverkusen, Franz Haniel "> Map of DB 2650 connecting Cologne
Cologne
with Hamm
Hamm

AIR

The area has four international commercial airports, and multiple smaller aerodromes for general aviation .

AIRPORT IATA CODE ICAO CODE ANNUAL PASSENGER TRAFFIC

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Airport
Airport
DUS EDDL 22,47 Mio. (2015)

Cologne
Cologne
Bonn
Bonn
Airport
Airport
CGN EDDK 10,33 Mio. (2015)

Dortmund
Dortmund
Airport
Airport
DTM EDLW 1,98 Mio. (2015)

Weeze Airport
Airport
NRN EDLV 1,91 Mio. (2015)

ROAD

North Rhine-Westphalia has the densest network of Autobahns in Germany
Germany
.

PUBLIC TRANSPORT

The rail, S-Bahn, U-Bahn and bus companies are administered through a consortium of local and regional transport lines, the Verkehrsverbund Rhein- Ruhr
Ruhr
. It offers a rapid transit system which interconnects all cities and their respective local buses, trams, U- and S-Bahn systems, partly under the umbrella of Deutsche Bahn. Their systems are highly integrated where even some subway lines continue from one city to the next (for example between Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and Duisburg
Duisburg
or Bochum and Herne, which is unique in Germany, as the city border is crossed underground). The region is divided into several urban zones and fares are paid according to the amount of urban areas (or zones) passed through. Tickets include door to door transportation with all forms covered in one ticket with the exception of high speed rail (which only stops in the major cities). Some excursions, theatre and opera tickets as well as museums offer free transportation from any point in the Rhine Ruhr
Ruhr
area to the venue and return.

WATERWAYS

Duisburg
Duisburg
Port (Duisport) and Dortmund
Dortmund
Port are large industrial inland ports and serve as hubs along the Rhine and the German inland water transport system.

TOURISM

EVENTS

Signal Iduna Park , the stadium of Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund
Dortmund
, is the largest stadium in Germany
Germany

The region is host to numerous large events, comprising fun fairs and cultural events like the Cologne
Cologne
and Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
carnivals (carnival is however a public event in almost all cities and towns of the area), the Cologne
Cologne
Comedy Festival , Ruhrfestspiele Recklinghausen, and the RuhrTriennale , as well as gamescom and other trade fairs at koelnmesse— Cologne
Cologne
Trade Fair and Messe Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
. With a capacity of up to 20,000 people, the Lanxess Arena and Westfalenhallen are amongst the largest indoor arenas in Germany.

The region is home to a total of 13 Bundesliga football clubs, of which five are active in the season of 2012/13. The most successful among them are Borussia Dortmund
Dortmund
, Borussia Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
, 1. FC Köln , FC Schalke 04 and Bayer 04 Leverkusen . Signal Iduna Park , the stadium of Borussia Dortmund, is the biggest stadium in Germany.

LANDMARKS

The Zeche Zollverein coal mine

Several tourist destinations within the region attract over 12 million tourists per year. Cologne
Cologne
Cathedral , Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces at Brühl and the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex at Essen
Essen
are UNESCO World Heritage Sites . Other sights include Schloss Benrath in Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and several anchor points of the European Route of Industrial Heritage .

MUSEUMS

NRW Forum , Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen , Kunsthalle Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
, Museum Koenig , Museum Ludwig , Romano-Germanic Museum , Wallraf-Richartz Museum , Neanderthal Museum , Museum Folkwang , Museum Ostwall , Lehmbruck Museum , German Mining Museum and Deutsches Museum Bonn
Bonn
are some of the most famous examples.

EDUCATION

The Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
metropolitan region is home to nine universities and over 30 partly postgraduate colleges , with a total of over 300.000 students. The largest and oldest university is the University of Cologne
Cologne
(Universität zu Köln), founded in 1388 AD. Other universities include:

* the University of Bochum , * the University of Bonn
Bonn
, * the German Sport University Cologne
Cologne
, * the Dortmund
Dortmund
University of Technology , * the University of Duisburg- Essen
Essen
, * the University of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
, * the FernUniversität Hagen and * the University of Wuppertal
Wuppertal
.

MUNICIPALITIES

This map of the Rhine- Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
spans approximately 130 kilometers (81 mi) from north to south. Cologne
Cologne
Cathedral at night A view of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
, the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia The skyline of Dortmund
Dortmund
The skyline of Essen
Essen
The skyline of Duisburg
Duisburg
The skyline of Bochum The skyline of Wuppertal
Wuppertal
View of Bonn
Bonn

The following register lists all municipalities that officially belong to Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
area. Demographically, these municipalities include 20 cities (German: ″Kreisfreie Städte″), each with more than 100,000 inhabitants , and 11 districts (German: "Kreis"), each with a population of more than 250,000 inhabitants. Some districts only belong partly to Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
area. In such a case only the municipalities that belong to the metro area are listed.

CITIES INDEPENDENT OF A KREIS

MUNICIPALITY Inhabitants 31. December 2009 Surface km² Inhabitants per/ km²

Bochum (BO) 376.319 145,44 2,587.45

Bonn
Bonn
(BN) 319.841 141,22 2,264.84

Bottrop (BOT) 117.241 100,61 1,165.3

Dortmund
Dortmund
(DO) 581.308 280,39 2,073.21

Duisburg
Duisburg
(DU) 491.931 232,81 2,113.01

Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(D) 586.217 217,01 2,701.34

Essen
Essen
(E) 576.259 210,38 2,739.13

Gelsenkirchen
Gelsenkirchen
(GE) 259.744 104,86 2,477.06

Hagen
Hagen
(HA) 190.121 160,36 1,185.59

Hamm
Hamm
(HAM) 181.741 226,26 803.24

Herne (HER) 165.632 51,41 3,221.79

Cologne
Cologne
(K) 998.105 405,15 2,463.54

Krefeld (KR) 235.414 137,76 1,708.87

Leverkusen (LEV) 160.593 78,85 2,036.69

Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
(MG) 258.251 170,45 1,515.11

Mülheim an der Ruhr
Ruhr
(MH) 167.471 91,29 1,834.49

Oberhausen
Oberhausen
(OB) 214.024 77,04 2,778.09

Remscheid
Remscheid
(RS) 111.422 74,60 1,493.59

Solingen
Solingen
(SG) 160.992 89,46 1,799.6

Wuppertal
Wuppertal
(W) 351.050 168,39 2,084.74

TOTAL/AVERAGE 6.503.676 3.163,74 2,055.69

KREISE (DISTRICTS)

MUNICIPALITY/KREIS (DISTRICT) Inhabitants 31. December 2009 Surface per km²

KREIS METTMANN (ME)

Erkrath
Erkrath
46.084 26,89

Haan
Haan
29.156 24,22

Heiligenhaus
Heiligenhaus
26.818 27,47

Hilden
Hilden
55.551 25,96

Langenfeld (Rheinland) 59.038 41,10

Mettmann 39.374 42,52

Monheim am Rhein
Monheim am Rhein
43.065 23,10

Ratingen 91.306 88,72

Velbert 84.633 74,90

Wülfrath 21.420 32,23

KREIS UNNA (UN)

Bergkamen 51.149 44,80

Bönen 18.630 38,02

Fröndenberg/ Ruhr
Ruhr
22.135 56,21

Holzwickede 17.264 22,36

Kamen
Kamen
44.803 40,93

Lünen 87.783 59,18

Schwerte 48.523 56,20

Selm 27.123 60,34

Unna 66.652 88,52

Werne
Werne
29.994 76,08

ENNEPE-RUHR-KREIS (EN)

Ennepetal
Ennepetal
30.778 57,42

Gevelsberg
Gevelsberg
31.651 26,29

Hattingen
Hattingen
55.817 71,39

Herdecke 24.794 22,40

Schwelm
Schwelm
29.012 20,50

Sprockhövel 25.512 47,79

Wetter 28.221 31,47

Witten
Witten
98.601 72,37

KREISE (DISTRICTS)

MUNICIPALITY/KREIS (DISTRICT) Inhabitants 31. December 2009 Surface per km²

MäRKISCHER KREIS (MK)

Hemer
Hemer
37.459 67,56

Iserlohn
Iserlohn
95.232 125,50

Menden 56.078 86,06

KREIS RECKLINGHAUSEN (RE)

Castrop-Rauxel 75.752 51,66

Datteln
Datteln
35.757 66,08

Dorsten 77.308 171,19

Gladbeck 75.520 35,91

Herten
Herten
62.639 37,32

Marl, North Rhine-Westphalia 88.202 87,63

Oer-Erkenschwick 30.499 38,69

Recklinghausen
Recklinghausen
119.050 66,43

Waltrop 29.837 46,99

RHEIN-ERFT-KREIS (BM)

Brühl 44.259 36,12

Frechen 49.752 45,11

Hürth 57.501 51,17

Wesseling 35.144 23,37

RHEIN-KREIS NEUSS (NE)

Dormagen
Dormagen
62.924 85,41

Grevenbroich 64.039 102,46

Kaarst 41.841 37,40

Korschenbroich 33.116 55,26

Meerbusch 54.190 64,38

Neuss
Neuss
151.280 99,48

KREISE (DISTRICTS)

MUNICIPALITY/KREIS (DISTRICT) Inhabitants 31. December 2009 Surface per km²

RHEIN-SIEG-KREIS (SU)

Alfter 22.895 34,77

Bornheim 48.544 82,71

Niederkassel 37.402 35,79

Sankt Augustin 55.524 34,23

Siegburg 39.654 23,46

Troisdorf 75.150 62,17

RHEINISCH-BERGISCHER KREIS (GL)

Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach
105.699 83,12

Burscheid 18.771 27,38

Leichlingen 27.476 37,33

KREIS VIERSEN (VIE)

Kempen 36.040 68,81

Tönisvorst
Tönisvorst
30.084 44,33

Viersen 75.475 91,07

Willich
Willich
51.962 67,77

KREIS WESEL (WES)

Dinslaken 69.687 47,67

Kamp-Lintfort 38.724 63,16

Moers
Moers
105.929 67,69

Neukirchen-Vluyn 27.627 43,48

Rheinberg 31.648 75,15

Voerde 37.668 53,48

Wesel 60.958 122,53

TOTAL 3.609.212 3.946,69

SEE ALSO

* NRW portal

* History of the Ruhr
Ruhr
* List of metropolitan areas in Europe by population * List of metropolitan areas in Germany
Germany
* Ruhr
Ruhr
Valley

REFERENCES

* ^ "Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
- Business location - Metropolitan areas". Duesseldorf.de. 22 September 2010. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ A B C D E F "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen von Information und Statistik Nordrhein-Westfalen (German)". It.nrw.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ "metropoleruhr.de - Metropole Ruhr
Ruhr
- Portal für das Ruhrgebiet". Metropleruhr.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ "Home: Region Köln Bonn". Region-koeln-bonn.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ Archived April 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Essen
Essen
- Städtestatistik im Internet". Staedtestatistik.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ Archived April 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Düsseldorf, LH - Städtestatistik im Internet". Staedtestatistik.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ Archived June 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Mönchengladbach
Mönchengladbach
- Städtestatistik im Internet". Staedtestatistik.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ Archived June 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Wuppertal
Wuppertal
- Städtestatistik im Internet". Staedtestatistik.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ Archived June 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Köln - Städtestatistik im Internet". Staedtestatistik.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ Archived June 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Bonn
Bonn
- Städtestatistik im Internet". Staedtestatistik.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ "Comparative Analysis of the Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
Metropolitan Region" (PDF). Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Regional Government. August 2002. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ "Metropolitane Funktionen der Städte in der Metropolregion : Rhein-Ruhr" (PDF). Raumplanung.uni-dortmund.de. Retrieved 16 October 2014. * ^ "Please create a screen name to access this feature". CNN. Money.cnn.com. Retrieved 16 October 2014.

FURTHER READING

* Knapp, Wolfgang (1998). The Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
area in transformation: Towards a European metropolitan region?. European Planning Studies. * Dieleman, Frans M. (1998). Randstad, Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
and Flemish diamond as one polynucleated macro-region?. Blackwell Publishing. * Blotevogel, Hans H. (1998). The Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
metropolitan region: Reality and discourse. European Planning Studies.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to RHEIN-RUHR .

* Megacities, University of Cologne